√лавна€    Ex Libris     ниги    ∆урналы    —татьи    —ерии     аталог    Wanted    «агрузка    ’удЋит    —правка    ѕоиск по индексам    ѕоиск    ‘орум   
blank
јвторизаци€

       
blank
ѕоиск по указател€м

blank
blank
blank
 расота
blank
Ifrah G., Bellos D. Ч The Universal History of Numbers: From Prehistory to the Invention of the Computer
Ifrah G., Bellos D. Ч The Universal History of Numbers: From Prehistory to the Invention of the Computer

„итать книгу
бесплатно

—качать книгу с нашего сайта нельз€

ќбсудите книгу на научном форуме



Ќашли опечатку?
¬ыделите ее мышкой и нажмите Ctrl+Enter


Ќазвание: The Universal History of Numbers: From Prehistory to the Invention of the Computer

јвторы: Ifrah G., Bellos D.

јннотаци€:

"Georges Ifrah is the man. This book, quite simply, rules. . . . It is outstanding . . . a mind-boggling and enriching experience." ЦThe Guardian (London) "Monumental. . . . a fascinating journey taking us through many different cultures."ЦThe Times (London)"IfrahТs book amazes and fascinates by the scope of its scholarship. It is nothing less than the history of the human race told through figures." ЦInternational Herald Tribune Now in paperback, here is Georges IfrahТs landmark international bestsellerЦthe first complete, universal study of the invention and evolution of numbers the world over. A riveting history of counting and calculating, from the time of the cave dwellers to the twentieth century, this fascinating volume brings numbers to thrilling life, explaining their development in human terms, the intriguing situations that made them necessary, and the brilliant achievements in human thought that they made possible. It takes us through the numbers story from Europe to China, via ancient Greece and Rome, Mesopotamia, Latin America, India, and the Arabic countries. Exploring the many ways civilizations developed and changed their mathematical systems, Ifrah imparts a unique insight into the nature of human thoughtЦand into how our understanding of numbers and the ways they shape our lives have changed and grown over thousands of years. "Dazzling."ЦKirkus Reviews "Sure to transfix readers."ЦPublishersWeekly


язык: en

–убрика: ћатематика/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 2000

 оличество страниц: 656

ƒобавлена в каталог: 17.08.2014

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
blank
ѕредметный указатель
'Abbas, Caliph Abu'l      520
'Ali, Abu'l Hassan      58
'Ali, caliph      519Ч520 555
'Ammar      525
'Attar, Farid ad din      527
'Isa, 'Ali ibn      525
'n' roots      528
'Umar, caliph      515 519
'Umayyad dynasty      512
'Uthman, Abu      523
'Uthman, Caliph      519Ч520
Aba, tomb of      52
abacus      125Ч133 207Ч211 333Ч334 366 556Ч562
Abacus, abacists and algorists      578 590Ч591
Abacus, Akkadian      139Ч141
Abacus, Assyro-Babylonian      140
Abacus, Chinese      125 211 283Ч294 556
Abacus, French      290
Abacus, Gerbert's      579 581Ч586 588
Abacus, Greek      200Ч203 208
Abacus, Inca      308
Abacus, Indian      434 559
Abacus, Latin      542Ч543
Abacus, Liber Abaci      361Ч362 588Ч589
Abacus, Mesopotamian tablet      155
Abacus, multiplication      208Ч209 557Ч559
Abacus, Persian      556 562Ч563
Abacus, Roman      187 202Ч207 209Ч211 577 579Ч580 582
Abacus, Russian      290
Abacus, suan pan      288Ч294
Abacus, Sumerian sexagesimal      126Ч133 140
Abacus, Table of Salamis      201Ч203
Abacus, wax or sand      207Ч209 563
Abbasid caliphs      512 514 520
Abel, Niels Henrik      596
Abenragel      356 363 524
Abjad numerals (ABC)      244 248 250 261Ч262 548Ч555
Aboriginals, Australian      6 18
Abraham      73 253Ч254 257 364
Abrasax      259
Absolute quantity      21
Abstraction      16 see "Model "Place-value "Zero"
Abstraction, counting      10 19Ч20 76
Abstraction, numbers      5 23
Abulcassis      522
Abusir      390
Abyssinia      96 246 387
Academy of Sciences (France)      42
accounting      101Ч120 187 541Ч543 see "Calculi" "Quipus" "Tablet" "Tally
Accounting, balance sheet      109Ч111
Accounting, Cretan      178
Accounting, Elamite      102Ч107
Accounting, Japan      288Ч289
Accounting, Jews      236
Accounting, Mayan      304Ч305
Accounting, Mesopotamian      132
Accounting, pocket calculator      209Ч211
Accounting, Roman      187 209Ч211
Accounting, Sumerian      122Ч124 131
Acor      406
Acrophonic number systems      186 214 387
ad Dahabi, Ahmad      252
Adab      81
Adad      161
Adam (first man)      254
Addition, abacus      127 204Ч206 285
Addition, calculi, Sumerian use      122
Addition, Egypt, Ancient      174
Addition, suan pan      291Ч292
Additive principle      231 325Ч329 333Ч336 347Ч351
Additive principle, Americas      306 308
Additive principle, India      397 434
Additive principle, Roman numerals      187
Additive principle, Sheban      186
Adelard of Bath      207 362 587
Afghanistan      377 386 522Ч523 528
Afghanistan and Arabs      512 520 523
Afghanistan, counting      94 290
Afghanistan, numerals      228 368 534
Afghanistan, writing      376 539
Aflah, Jabir ibn      526
Africa, Arabian provinces      521
Africa, base five in      36
Africa, Central      5 22
Africa, counting      10 96 125
Africa, East      72
Africa, Maghribi script      539
Africa, North, and Arab-Islamic world      520 528 587
Africa, North, calculation      559
Africa, North, counting      47 214
Africa, North, Goths      226
Africa, North, Morra      51
Africa, North, number mysticism      248 250 262 553
Africa, North, numerals      242 244 356 534Ч537
Africa, North, writing      248 539
Africa, number mysticism      93Ч94 554
Africa, South      5
Africa, West      19 24Ч25 70 74
Agade      see "Akkadian Empire"
Ages of the world      426
Aggoula, B.      335
Ah Puch, god of death      312
Aharoni, Y.      236
Ahmad, Abu Hanifa      522
Ahmad, Ali ibn      523
Ahmed      363 511 519
Ainus      36 305
Akhiram      213
Akkad      135
Akkadian Empire      81 134Ч146 see "Babylonian
Akkadian Empire, bullae      100Ч101
Akkadian Empire, counting      139Ч141
Akkadian Empire, Mari      74 81 134 142Ч146 336
Akkadian Empire, number mysticism      93 159Ч160
Akkadian Empire, numbers      90 134 136Ч139 142Ч146
Akkadian Empire, writing      130Ч133 135Ч136 159Ч160
Aksharapalli numerals      388
Aksum      246 387
al Hanbali, Mawsili      55 58
al Harran, Sinan ibn al Fath min ahl      364
al Kalwadzani, Abu Nasr Muhammad Ben Abdullah      364
al Karabisi, Ahmad ben 'Umar      364
al Ma'ali, Abu      556
al Maklati, Muhammad Ben Ahmed      252
al Malik, 'Abd      252
al Misri, Abu Kamil Shuja' ibn Aslam ibn Muhammad al Hasib      364
al Mu'aliwi, 'Ali Ben Ahmad Abu'l Qasim al Mujitabi al Antaki      364
al Mulk, Nizam      58
al Mustadi      252
al Shamishi system      248
al Tadmuri system      248
al Tarabulusi, Ahmad al Barbir      58Ч59
al Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud      51
al umam, Tabaqat      515
al Wahab Adaraq, Abd      252
al Yaman, Hudaifa ibn      58
al-'Amuli, Beha ad din      363 528
al-'Umari      527
al-Abbas      521
al-Adami, ibn      523 529Ч530
al-Akhtal      520
al-Andalusi, Sa'id      515Ч516
al-Ansari      528
al-Antaki      541Ч542
al-Ash'ari, Abul Hasan 'Ali ibn Ismail      522
al-Asma'i      521
al-Asturlabi, Ali ibn 'Isa      521
al-Asturlabi, Badi al-Zaman      518 526
al-Atahiya, Abu      521
al-Ba'albakki, Qusta ibn Luqa      518 522
al-Baghdadi, "Abd al-Qadir      528
al-Baghdadi, Muwaffaq al din Abu Muhammad      363 527 542
al-Bakri      525
al-Baqi, Muhammad ibn "Abd      525
al-Baqilani, Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn "Ali      524
al-Barakat, Abu      526
al-Basri, Hasan      520
al-Battani (Albategnus)      514 522
al-Bayasi, 'Abu Zakariyya Yahya      518 526
al-Baytar, Ibn      527
al-Biruni, Muhammad ibn Ahmed Abu'l Rayhan      513Ч515 519 524 588
al-Biruni, Muhammad ibn Ahmed Abu'l Rayhan, Indian numerals      418 438
al-Biruni, Muhammad ibn Ahmed Abu'l Rayhan, Kitab fi tahqiq i ma li'lhind      363Ч365 368 409 426Ч429 530 534
al-Biruni, Muhammad ibn Ahmed Abu'l Rayhan, Tarikh ul Hind      251
al-Bujzani, Abu'l Wafa'      523 548
Al-Buni      553Ч554
al-Daffa, A.A.      519
al-Darir, Abu Sa'id      521
al-Fadl      520
al-Faqih, ibn      523
al-Farabi      514 517 523
al-Farazdaq      58 520
al-Farghani      521
al-Farid, Ibn      527
al-Farrukhan, "Umar ibn      521
al-Fath, Sinan ibn      524
al-Fazzari, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim      513Ч514 520 530
al-Fazzari, Muhammad Ben Ibrahim      520 529Ч530
al-Ghafur, "Abd ar Rashid Ben "Abd      528
al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid      525
al-Gili      549
al-Gili, Abu'l Hasan Kushiyar ibn Labban      363 513 524 534 549 560Ч562
al-Hajjami      525
al-Hakam II, caliph      523
al-Hallaj, Abu Mansur ibn Husayn      523
al-Hamdani      523
al-Harb, Urjuza fi hasab al "uqud      542
al-Hasib, Hasbah      521
al-Hassar      563
al-Haytham, Abu Ali al Hasan ibn al Hasan ibn      363 514 518 524
al-Himsi      522
al-Husayn, Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn      520
al-Idrisi      526
al-Imrani      523
al-Istakhri      524
al-Jahiz      364 521 541
al-Jamali, Badr      525
al-Jauhari      521
al-Jayyani, Ibn Mu'adh Abu "Abdallah      518 524
al-Jazzari, Isma'il ibn al-Razzaz      518 527Ч528
Al-Karaji      511 514 516 524 526 530 548
Al-Kashi      516
al-Kashi, Ghiyat ad din Ghamshid ibn Mas'ud      513 528 561 571
al-Kathi      525
al-Khazini, Abu Ja'far      523
al-Khujani      524
al-Khuwarizmi, Abu Ja'far Muhammad Ben Musa      364Ч365 513Ч514 516 521 523Ч524 529Ч531 533 539 548 560 562 588
al-Khuwarizmi, Abu Ja'far Muhammad Ben Musa, algorithms      531 587
al-Kilwadhi      522
al-Kindi      364 514 519 521 556
al-Kirmani      524
al-Koyunlu      528
al-Kuhi, Ibn Rustam      523
al-Ma'ari, Abu'l 'ala      525
al-Ma'mun, Caliph      512 521 529 531
al-Maghribi, As Samaw'al ibn Yahya      55 363 511 514 516 526 534
Al-Mahani      522Ч523
al-Mansur, Caliph      512 520 529Ч530
al-Mansur, Sultan Abu Yusuf Ya'qub      526 528 550
al-Maqrizi      528
al-Maradini      542
al-Mardini, Massawayh      513 525
al-Marrakushi, Abu'l Abbas Ahmad ibn al-Banna      363 527 568
al-Marwarradhi      521
al-Mas'udi      514 523
al-Mawardi      525
al-Meqi, al-Amuni Saraf ad din      363 526
al-Mu'min, 'Abd      525
al-Mu'tamin      525
al-Muhasibi      522
al-Muqaddasi      524
al-Muqafa', ibn      520
al-Muqafa, Abu Shu'ayb      521
al-Mustawfi, Hamdallah      527
al-Nadim, Ya'qub ibn      364 524
al-Nadim, Ya'qub ibn, Fihrist      364 531 539
al-Nafis, Ibn      527
al-Nahawandi, Ahmad      521
al-Nawabakht      520
al-Nayrizi (Anaritius)      522
al-Nazzam      521
al-Qalasadi      539
al-Qalasadi, Abu'l Hasan 'Ali ibn Muhammad      363 516 528 563 567
al-Qasim, Muhammad Ben      529
al-Qass, Nazif ibn Yumn      523
al-Qays, Imru'      520
al-Qifti, Abu'l Hasan      527 529Ч530
al-Rashid, Harun      512 520
al-Razi, Fakhar ad din      363 513Ч514 526
al-Razi, Muhammad Abu Bakr Ben Zakariyya (Razhes)      522
al-Samh, Ibn      524
al-Shanshuri      536
al-Sijzi, 'Abdjalil      524 534
al-Sufi, Abu Musa Ja'far      364 521
al-Sufin, 'Abd ar-Rahman      524
al-Tabari, Marshallah      514
al-Tabari, Sahl      514 521
al-Uqlidisi, Abu'l Hasan Ahmad ibn Ibrahim      364 523 563
al-Wafid, Ibn      525
al-Ya'qubi      522
al-Yamani, Yahya ibn Nawfal      58 520
al-Zarqali      525
Albania      33Ч35 528
Albategnus      522
Albright, W.F.      142
Alchemy      518Ч519 553Ч554
Alexander the Great      135 256 386 407
Alexandria      515 522
Algazel      525
Algebra      588 597Ч598
Algebra, Arabs and      521 524 527Ч528 531
Algebra, Arabs and Brahmagupta      419 439 530
Algebraic numbers      596Ч597
Algeria      248 521 528
Algeria, counting      49 66 555
Algorists      587Ч590
Algorithms      559 587
Algorithms, al-Khuwarizmi      531 587
Alhazen      524
Ali (language)      22
Alien intervention theory      593Ч594
Allah      47 59 214 514Ч515 553
Allah, Abu Sa'id 'Ubayd      525
Allah, attributes of      11 50Ч51 71 261Ч262 542 553
Allah, Sa'id ibn Hibat      525
Allard, A.L.      365 434 533 562Ч563 589
Alleton, V.G.      266Ч268 272
almanacs      195Ч196
Alphabet      212Ч214
Alphabet, Greek      190
Alphabet, Hebrew      215Ч218
Alphabet, palaeo-Hebrew      212 233
Alphabet, Samaritans      212
Alphabetic numerals      156Ч157 212Ч262 329 483Ч484 see
Alphabetic numerals, Arabic      158 241Ч246 516 548Ч555
Alphabetic numerals, Aryabhata's      432
Alphabetic numerals, Ethiopian      246Ч247
Alphabetic numerals, Greek      218Ч223 227 232Ч233 238Ч239 329 333 360
Alphabetic numerals, Hebrew      158 227 233Ч236 238Ч239 346 362
Alphabetic numerals, Indian      389
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
blank
–еклама
blank
blank
HR
@Mail.ru
       © Ёлектронна€ библиотека попечительского совета мехмата ћ√”, 2004-2017
Ёлектронна€ библиотека мехмата ћ√” | Valid HTML 4.01! | Valid CSS! ќ проекте