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Rosenberg H.M. — Low temperature solid state physics. Some selected topics
Rosenberg H.M. — Low temperature solid state physics. Some selected topics



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Название: Low temperature solid state physics. Some selected topics

Автор: Rosenberg H.M.

Аннотация:

This is a book of simple explanations. I have written it because the understanding of many of the topics with which solid-state physics is concerned is bedevilled by the fact that the physicist cannot see the physics for the mathematical hedge which besets him on all sides. Because of this, certain subjects are only open to the select few who have mastered some specialized skills. But however important a full mathematical treatment is for the detailed description of a phenomenon, there is often a simple physical model or argument which can be used to gain insight into a problem and it is this approach which has been used wherever possible. In this way I hope that the book will prove useful to the experimentalist who wishes to understand more about the processes which he proposes to investigate and also to the student who has learnt a little and wishes to explore farther.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1963

Количество страниц: 437

Добавлена в каталог: 11.04.2013

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$d$-electrons      see Band structure of transition metals
$H_{s}/H_{c}$, Hg films      173
$n$-process      see Normal process
$n$-type semiconductor      213 (see also Acceptor and donor atoms)
$p$-type semiconductor      213 (see also Acceptor and donor atoms)
$s-d$ scattering      80 97
$T^{3}$ law for specific heats      6 7
$T^{5}$ law in electrical resistivity      93 98
$u$-process      see Umklapp process
Absolute zero as ordered, state      309
Absorption, of optical and infra-red radiation, absorption coefficient      244 249
Absorption, of optical and infra-red radiation, absorption edge, fine structure      247 248
Absorption, of optical and infra-red radiation, carrier absorption      245 248 252
Absorption, of optical and infra-red radiation, direct and indirect transitions      247
Absorption, of optical and infra-red radiation, in semiconductors      244 ff.
Absorption, of optical and infra-red radiation, intrinsic absorption      245
Absorption, of optical and infra-red radiation, lattice absorption      245 252
Absorption, of optical and infra-red radiation, photoconductivity      252
Absorption, of optical and infra-red radiation, shift in absorption edge with temperature      245
Acceptor and donor atoms and levels      212 213 214
Acceptor and donor atoms and levels, acceptor states as traps      254 256
Acceptor and donor atoms and levels, carrier excitation      220
Acceptor and donor atoms and levels, Fermi energy      217
Acceptor and donor atoms and levels, introduction by diffusion      239
Acceptor and donor atoms and levels, paramagnetic resonance      337
Actinides      289 306
Activation energy, determination from recovery experiments      86
Activation energy, for dislocation barriers      366
Activation energy, for dislocation loops      385
Adiabatic and isothermal elastic constants      362
Adiabatic demagnetization      344
Adiabatic demagnetization, heat influx during      9
Adiabatic demagnetization, principles      344
Adiabatic demagnetization, salts commonly used      347
Adiabatic demagnetization, selection of suitable salt      347
Adiabatic demagnetization, thermal switch      134
Adiabatic demagnetization, using anisotropic crystals      306
Adiabatic magnetization of a superconductor      157
Adiabatic susceptibility      323 325
Al${}_{2}$O${}_{3}$      see Sapphire
Alers, P. B. (1956), Phys. Rev.      101 41:
Alers, P. B. (1957), Phys. Rev.      105 104 178
Alkali halides, thermal expansion      41
Alkali metals      see also Lithium Potassium Sodium
Alkali metals, characteristic temperature, $\theta_{R}$      95
Alkali metals, not superconductors      147 191
Alkali metals, paramagnetic resonance      337
Alkali metals, recovery after deformation      87
Alkali metals, specific heat      17
Alkali metals, tensile properties      371
Alkali metals, thermal conductivity      118
Alkali metals, thermo-electricity      268
Alkali metals, thermopower      268
Alkali metals, values of $\theta_{R}$      95
Alloys, analysis by electrical resistivity measurements      81
Alloys, attainment of thermal equilibrium      8
Alloys, containing Ni, thermal conductivity      124
Alloys, containing transition elements, electrical conductivity      77 79
Alloys, effect of ordering and phase transition      80
Alloys, electrical conductivity      68 ff.
Alloys, electronic specific heat      20
Alloys, lattice specific heat      21
Alloys, of Cu, electrical conductivity      76 77 79
Alloys, superconducting      180 205
Alloys, thermal conductivity      113 122 124 126 137
Alloys, with low thermal conductivity      124 (see also Impurity atoms effect
Aluminium alloys, over-ageing produced by fatigue      381
Aluminium, and alloys, sertated stress-strain curves      373
Aluminium, de Haas — van Alphen effect      355
Aluminium, fatigue      379
Aluminium, force-distance curves      369
Aluminium, hysteresis in superconducting transition      179
Aluminium, ratio tensile/fatigue strengths      380
Aluminium, resistivity ratio      81
Aluminium, superconducting tunnel experiments      202 204
Aluminium, tensile strength      369 370
Aluminium, thermal conductivity      130
Alums      292 305
Ammonia maser      346 342
Andrew, E. R. (1949), Proc. Phys. Soc. A      62 77 100 101
Andrew, E. R. (1955), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (Cambridge University Press)      330
Anelasticity      see Internal friction
Angle of scatter for electron-phonon interaction      93
Angular momentum, orbital      288
Anharmonicity      36 39 45 361
Anisotropy of anti-ferromagnetic susceptibility      313 320
Anisotropy of effective mass      242 250
Anisotropy of electrical and thermal conductivity of Ga      145
Anisotropy of magnetic properties      306 313 335 343
Anomalous skin effect      102 ff.
Anomalous skin effect, Ag, Au, and Pb      105
Anomalous skin effect, determination of Fermi surface      104 357
Anomalous skin effect, Fermi surface of Cu, deduced      105
Anomalous skin effect, in superconductors      168 171
Anomalous specific heats      2 23
Anti-ferromagnetic substances with N$\acute{e}$el temperatures, table      312
Anti-ferromagnetic susceptibility      4
Anti-ferromagnetic susceptibility, MnF${}_{2}$      315
Anti-ferromagnetism      32 34 310 313 320
Anti-ferromagnetism, N$\acute{e}$el temperatures, table      312
Anti-ferromagnetism, of chloro-iridates      34
Anti-ferromagnetism, powders      314
Anti-ferromagnetism, susceptibility below Neel temperature      313
Antimony, magneto-resistance      107
Antimony, thermal conductivity      142 143
Appleyard, E. T. S., Bristow, J. R., London, H., and Misener, A. D. (1939), Proc. Roy. Soc. A      172 540 173
Arp, V. D., Kropsehott, R. H., Wilson, H., Love, W. P., and Phelan, R. (1981), Phys. Rev. Letters      6 452 205
Arp, V. D., Kurti, N., and Petersen, R. G. (1957), Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. (III)      2 388 31
Arsenic, magneto-resistance      107
Atmosphere around a dislocation      370
Atomic vibrational frequency      4
Atomic volume of superconductor      147
Avalanche breakdown in semiconductors      see Impact ionization
Axial patio of hexagonal lattice      17
Axial ratio, Be, Mg, Zn, Cd      18
B$\dddot{u}$ckel, W., and Hilseh, B. (1954), Z Phys.      138 109 186
Bagguley, D. M. S., and Owen, J. (1957), Repts. on Progr. in Phys.      20 304 242 329 336
Bagguley, D. M. S., Stradling, R. A., and Whiting, J. S. S. (1961), Proc. Roy. Soc. A      262 340 365 243
Bailey, C. A. (1959), D. Phil, thesis, Oxford University      17 20 22
Bailey, C. A., and Smith, P. L. (1959), Phys. Rev.      114 1010 34
Bailyn, M. (1958), Phys. Rev.      112 1587:
Baker, J. M., Bleaney, B., and Bowers, K. D. (1956), Proc. Phys. Soc. B      69 1205 304
Balashova, B. M., and Sharvin, Yu. V., J. Exp. Theor. Phys. USSR      31 40 177
Balluffi, R. W., and Simmons, R. O. (1960), Phys. Rev.      117 52 62 82
Balluffi, R. W., and Simmons, R. O. (1961), Phys. Rev.      125 862
Band overlap      see Overlapping energy bands
Band structure, determination from specific heat data      20
Band structure, from cyclotron resonance      241
Band structure, of divalent metals      17 108
Band structure, of noble metals      79
Band structure, of semiconductors      210 228 230 236
Band structure, of simple metal      69
Band structure, of transition metals      18 79 97
Band, impurity      see Impurity band
Bardeen, J. (1937), Phys. Rev.      52 688 96
Bardeen, J. (1956), Hand, d. Phys.      15 274 147 187
Bardeen, J., and Schrieffer, J. R. (1961), Prog, in Low Temp. Phys.      3 170 147 188 204
Bardeen, J., and Shockley, W. (1950), Phys. Rev.      80 72 224
Bardeen, J., Cooper, L. N., and Schrieffer, J. R., Phys. Rev.      108 1175 128 188
Bardeen, J., Rickayzen, Gr., and Tewordt, L. (1959), Phys. Rev.      113 982 130
Barron, T. H. K., Berg, W. T., and Morrison, J. A. (1957), Proc. 5th Int. Conf. Low Temp. Phys., and Chem. (University of Wisconsin Press)      p. 445
Barron, T. H. K., Berg, W. T., and Morrison, J. A. (1957), Proc. Roy. Soc. A      242 478 13
Basic vector of reciprocal lattice      49 51 69 92
Basinski, Z. S. (1957), Proc. Roy. Soc. A      229 373
Basinski, Z. S. (1959), Phil. Mag.      4 393 368 369
Basinski, Z. S., and Sleeswyk, A. (1957), Acta Met.      5 176 371
Bates, L. F. (1951), Modern Magnetism.      3rd ed. (Cambridge University Press): 291
BCS Theory of Superconductivity      188 ff.
BCS theory of superconductivity, application to the thermal conductivity of superconductors      128
Berg, W. T.      see Barron
Berlineourt, T. G      see Thorsen
Berlineourt, T. G., Hake, R. R., and Leslie, D. H. (1961), Phys. Rev. Letters      6 671:
Berman, R. (1951), Phil. Mag.      42 642:
Berman, R. (1953), Adv. in Phys.      2 103 67
Berman, R., and MacDonald, D. K. C. (1952), Proc. Roy. Soc. A      211 122 117 119
Berman, R., Foster, E. L., and Rosenberg, H. M. (1955), Rept. Conf. Defects in Solids (Physical Society, London), p.      321 66
Berman, R., Foster, E. L., and Rosenberg, H. M. (1955a), Brit. J. Appl. Phys.      6 181 67
Berman, R., Foster, E. L., and Ziman, J. M. (1955), Proc. Roy. Soc. A      231 130 60 61
Berman, R., Foster, E. L., and Ziman, J. M. (1956), Proc. Roy. Soc. A      237 344 65
Berman, R., Foster, E. L., Schneidmesser, B., and Tirmizi, S. M. A. (1960), J. Appl Phys.      31 2156 66
Berman, R., Nettley, P. T., Sheard, F. W., Spencer, N., Stevenson, R. W. H., and Ziman, J. M. (1959), Proc. Roy. Soc. A      253 403 62
Berman, R., Simon, P. E., and Ziman, J. M. (1953), Proc. Roy. Soc. A      220 171 61
Beryllium, electronic specific heat      18
Beyen, W., Bratt, P., Davis, H., Johnson, L., Levinstein, H., and MacRae, A., J. Opt. Soc. Am.      49 686 257
Bijl, D.      see Caaimir
Bismuth, conditions for superconductivity      186
Bismuth, diamagnetism      348
Bismuth, magneto-resistance      107
Bismuth, probe technique to show intermediate state of a superconductor      177 181
Bismuth, thermal conductivity      142
Blackman, M. (1951), Proc. Phys. Soc. A      64 681 117
Blackman, M. (1956), Hand. d.Phys.      7 325 11
Blakemore, J. S. (1959), Phil. Mag.      4 560 240
Blatt, F. J. (1955), Phys. Rev.      99 1708:
Bleaney, B, I., and Bleaney, B. (1957), Electricity, and Magnetism (Clarendon Press, Oxford)      285 287 295 297 309
Bleaney, B.      see Baker Bleaney B.
Bleaney, B., and Ingram, D. J. E. (1951), Proc. Roy. Soc. A      205 336 335
Bleaney, B., and Stevens, K. W. H. (1953), Repts. on Progr. in Phys.      16 108 328
Bleaney, B., Bowers, K. D., and Ingram, D. J. E. (1951), Proc. Phys. Soc. A      64 758 338
Blewitt, T. H.      see Sherrill
Blewitt, T. H., Coltman, B. B., and Redman, J. K. (1955), Rept. Conf. Defects in Cryst. Solids (Physical Society, London), p.      369 83 372
Blewitt, T. H., Coltman, B. B., Holmes, K., and Noggle, T. S. (1957), Dislocations and Mechanical Properties of Crystals, ed. Fisher et al. (Wiley, New York), p.      603 86 87
Bloch — Gr$\ddot{u}$neisen function for electrical resistivity      93 97
Bloch — Gruneisen function for electrical resistivity      94
Bloembergen, N. (1956), Phys. Bev.      104 324 341
Bogle, G. S., Cooke, A. H., And Whitley, S. (1951), Proc. Phys. Soc. A      64 931:
Bolometer, superconducting      209
Boorse, H. A.      see Brown
Bordoni internal friction peak      378 ff.
Bordoni, P. G. (1953), Ricerca Sci.      23 1193 382
Bordoni, P. G. (1954), J. Acoust. Soc. Amer.      26 495 382
Borelius, G., Keesom, W. H., Johansson, C. H., and Linde, J. O. (1930), Leiden Comm.      206a
Borelius, G., Keesom, W. H., Johansson, C. H., and Linde, J. O. (1930), Proc. Kon. Akad.      17 264 269
Borelius, G., Keesom, W. H., Johansson, C. H., and Linde, J. O. (1930a), Leiden Comm.      206a
Borelius, G., Keesom, W. H., Johansson, C. H., and Linde, J. O. (1930a), Proc. Kon. Akad. Amst.      33 32 274
Borelius, G., Keesom, W. H., Johansson, C. H., and Linde, J. O. (1931), Leiden Comm.      217c
Borelius, G., Keesom, W. H., Johansson, C. H., and Linde, J. O. (1931), Proc. Kon. Akad. Amst.      34 1365:
Borelius, G., Keesom, W. H., Johansson, C. H., and Linde, J. O. (1932), Leiden Comm      217c
Borelius, G., Keesom, W. H., Johansson, C. H., and Linde, J. O. (1932), Proc. Kon. Akad. Amst.      35 25 269 275
Borelius, G., Keesom, W. H., Johansson, C. H., and Linde, J. O. (1932a), Leiden Comm.      217e
Borelius, G., Keesom, W. H., Johansson, C. H., and Linde, J. O. (1932a), Proc. Kon. Akad. Amst.      35 15 274
Born and von K$\acute{a}$rm$\acute{a}$ theory of specific heats      5
Born, M., and von Karman, T. (1912), Phys. Z      13 297 5
Bound excited states in semiconductors      245 254
Boundary scattering, effect on thermopower      283
Boundary scattering, in superconductors      131
Boundary scattering, of electrons      98 ff.
Boundary scattering, of phonons      53 55 58 59 62 99 143
Boundary scattering, specular reflection      61
Boundary width between normal and superconducting regions      176 179 186
Boundary, zone      see Zone boundary
Bowers, K. D.      see Baker Bleaney B
Bowers, K. D., and Owen, J. (1955), Repts. on Progr. in Phys.      18 304 304 337
Bozorth, B. M., Matthias, B. T., and Davis, D. D. (1960), Proc. 7th Int. Conf, Low Temp. Phys. (University of Toronto Press)      p.385 184
Bragg, W. L., and Williams, E. J. (1334), Proc. Poy, Soc, A      145 699 35
Bragg, W. L., and Williams, E. J. (1935), Proc. Roy. Soc. A      151 540:
Brass ($\beta$), yield strength      364
Bratt, P.      see Beyen
Bremmer, H.      see de Haas
Brillouin function      291
Brillouin zones      48 70 210;
Brillouin zones for divalent hexagonal metals      73
Brillouin zones of semiconductors      210
Brillouin zones, change with temperature      245
Brillouin zones, simple cubic      71
Bristow, J. B.      see Appleyard
Brittle fracture      370
Brittle fracture, brittle-ductile transition      363
Brittle fracture, correspondence in fatigue      380
Brittle fracture, dislocation atmosphere      370
Brittle fracture, micro-cracks      371
Brittle fracture, of zinc      371
Broadening of levels      330 331 338
Broadening of levels, measure of mobility      243
Broadening of levels, of cyclotron resonance line      243
Brooks — Herring formula for mobility limited by ionized impurities      225 237
Brooks, H. (1955), Adv. in Electronics      7 85 225
Broom, T. (1952), Proc. Phys. Soc. B      65 871 84
Broom, T., and Ham, B. K. (1957), Proc. Roy. Soc. A      242 166 381
Broom, T., and Ham, B. K. (1958), Vacancies and other point defects in metals and alloys (1nstitute of Metals, London)      p. 41 85
Broom, T., Molineux, J. H., and Whittaker, V. K. (1955), J. Inst. Metals      84 357 381
Brown, A. Zemansky, M. W., and Boorse, A. (1953), Phys. Rev.      92 52 159
Browne, M. E.      see Owen
Buck, D. A. (1956), Proc. I.R.E.      44 482:
Buehler, E.      see Kunzler.
bulk modulus      see Elastic constants
Bunch, M. D.      see Powell B.
Burgers vector      359
Burstein, E.      see Picus Sclar Stiles
Burstein, E., Picus, G. S., and Gebbie, A, (1956), Phys. Rev.      103 825 243
Burstein, E., Picus, G. S., Henvis, B., and Wallis, B. (1956), J. Phys. Chem. Solids      1 65 249 250
Cadmium, creep at liquid He temperatures      377
Cadmium, Debye $\theta$      12
Cadmium, electronic specific heat      18
Cadmium, Hall coefficient      216
Cadmium, magneto-resistance in thermal conduction      146
Cadmium, ratio tensile/fatigue strengths      380
Cadmium, thermal conductivity in magnetic field      145
Cadmium-silver alloys, electronic specific heat      20 21
Callaway, J. (1959), Phys. Rev.      113 1046:
Carrier absorption in semiconductors      245 248 252
Carrier concentration, effect on thermopower of semiconductors      283
Carrier density      214 219 233
Carrier density for band formation      238
Carrier excitation at room temperature      222
Carrier excitation in semiconductors      74 210 213 214 218 219 231 232 234 237 243
Carrier excitation to bound states      245 254
Carrier lifetime      214 253 254
Carrier mobility      see Mobility
Carrier motion in magnetic field      240
Carrier recombination in semiconductors      243 253 254
Carrier recombination in semiconductors, at surface      243
Carrier trapping      240 254
Carrier, effective mass      see Effective mass
Carrier, optical excitation      243 244
Carrier, paramagnetic resonance      337
Carruthers, J. A., Geballe, T. H„ Bosenherg, H. M., and Ziman, J. H. (1957), Proc. Poy. Soc. A      238 502 144
Casimir, H. B. G.      see Gorter
Casimir, H. B. G. (1938), Physica      5 595 53
Casimir, H. B. G. (1940), Phy$ica      7 887 167
Casimir, H. B. G. Bijl, D., and du Pr$\acute{e}$, F. K. (1941), Physica      8 449 321
Cerium ethyl sulphate, anisotropic susceptibility      306
Cerium ethyl sulphate, effect of magnetic dilution      304
Cerium ethyl sulphate, Schottky specific heat      29 30
Cerium ethylsulphate, specific heat      30
Cerium ethylsulphate, susceptibility      306
Cerium magnesium nitrate, paramagnetic relaxation      325
Cerium magnesium nitrate, relaxation time      326
Chambers, B. G. (1952), Proc. Roy. Soc. A      215 481 104 105
Chambers, B. G. (1956), Can. J. Phys.      34 1395 349 352
Chambers, B. G. (1960), The Fermi Surface, ed. Harrison and Webb (Wiley, New York)      p. 100: 110
Chandrasekhar, B. S., and Hulm, X. K., (University of Toronto Press)      13
Chandrasekhar, B. S., and Hulm, X. K., Proc. 7th Int. Conf. Low Temp. Phys.      p. 672
Chanin, G., Lynton, E. A., and Serin, B., Phys. Rev.      114 719 182 184
Characteristic temperature, $\theta_{R}$ from electrical resistivity, alkali metals      95
Characteristic temperature, $\theta_{R}$ from electrical resistivity, compared with Debye $\theta$, alkali, and noble metals      95
Characteristic temperature, $\theta_{R}$, from resistivity data      95
Chaudhuri, K. D., Mendelssohn, K., and Thompson, M. W. (1960), Cryogenics      1 47 142
Chemical constant      2
Chester, P. F., and Jones, G. O. (1953), Phil. Mag.      44 1281 186
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
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