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Sverdrup H.U., Johnson M.W., Fleming R.H. — The Oceans: their physics, chemistry, and general biology
Sverdrup H.U., Johnson M.W., Fleming R.H. — The Oceans: their physics, chemistry, and general biology

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Название: The Oceans: their physics, chemistry, and general biology

Авторы: Sverdrup H.U., Johnson M.W., Fleming R.H.

Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/Геофизика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1942

Количество страниц: 1104

Добавлена в каталог: 02.10.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Absorptioa coefficients for dissolved gases      190 191 202
Absorption of radiation      see "Radiation"
Abyssal-benthic zone      277
Abyssal-benthic zone, animals of      805—810
Accessory growth factors      769
Adaptations to planktonic existence      764r-766 821—823
Adiabatic temperature distribution, Mindanao Trench      739
Adiabatic temperature gradient      63 64
Advection, definition of      157
Agulhas Stream      696
Air-borne material in sediments      955
Aleutian Current      722 723
Algae, benthic, distribution of      290 291 293 295 782
Algae, blue-green      288—290
Algae, brown      291—294
Algae, coralline      290 295 855
Algae, green      290—291
Algae, red      294—295
Algae, yellow-green      295—302
Alkalinity      195—198
Alkalinity, distribution      208—210
Alkalinity, relation to calcium carbonate content      1000 1001
Allogenic minerals in sediments      987
Alternation of generations, animals      306 319—320
Alternation of generations, plants      290 292 294
Aluminum      182
Ammonia, distribution in oceans      243 244
Ammonia, produced on sea bottom      995
Ammonia, role in nitrogen cycle      256 257
Ammonia, seasonal variation      252 253
Amphidromic point      557 558
Anchoring, in deep sea      361 362
Angular velocity of earth’s rotation      433
Animal exclusion, hypothesis of      900
Animal population      303
Animal population, diversity of      282
Animal population, ecological groups, benthos      280 800
Animal population, ecological groups, nekton      281 810
Animal population, ecological groups, zooplankton      281 812
Animal population, synopsis of      304—314
Animals and the environmental factors      823—873
Animals and the environmental factors, dispersal by      858
Animals and the environmental factors, light      824
Animals and the environmental factors, light, color correlations      824r-830
Animals and the environmental factors, light, structural correlations      830—833
Animals and the environmental factors, light, vertical migrations      835—839
Animals and the environmental factors, maintenance of endemic population by      863—865
Animals and the environmental factors, ocean currents      858—869
Animals and the environmental factors, oxygen      869
Animals and the environmental factors, oxygen, anaerobic conditions      871
Animals and the environmental factors, oxygen, consumption of      852 853 870 873
Animals and the environmental factors, salinity      839—843
Animals and the environmental factors, salinity, a selective agency      840
Animals and the environmental factors, salinity, euryhalinity      840
Animals and the environmental factors, salinity, size and      842
Animals and the environmental factors, salinity, stenohalinity      839
Animals and the environmental factors, temperature      843—858
Animals and the environmental factors, temperature, effect of freezing      844
Animals and the environmental factors, temperature, influence on calcium precipitation      853
Animals and the environmental factors, temperature, influence on geographic distribution      845
Animals and the environmental factors, temperature, influence on metabolism      852
Animals and the environmental factors, temperature, influence on reproduction      845—849 857
Animals and the environmental factors, temperature, influence on size      855—857
Animals and the environmental factors, temperature, influence on speciation      867—869
Annelida, reproduction      321
Annelida, synopsis      308
Antarctic circumpolar current      613—621
Antarctic Circumpolar Water      607 610—611
Antarctic Circumpolar Water, renewal      620
Antarctic convergence      139
Antarctic Convergence, biology of      809 941 942
Antarctic Convergence, formation      618
Antarctic Convergence, location      606 607
Antarctic Intermediate Water      139 608
Antarctic Intermediate Water, formation      619
Antarctic Intermediate Water, Indian Ocean      691 692 697
Antarctic Intermediate Water, North Atlantic      670 685 686
Antarctic Intermediate Water, South Atlantic      626 627 629
Antarctic Intermediate Water, South Pacific      699—701
Antarctic Intermediate Water, spreading of      139 744 745
Antarctic Ocean, bottom topography      32
Antarctic Ocean, currents      613—621
Antarctic Ocean, oxygen distribution      621—623
Antarctic Ocean, water masses      605—613
Antilles Current      672 675
Aragonite      998 1027
Arctic Intermediate Water, North Atlantic      670 685 686
Arctic Intermediate Water, Pacific      717 718
Arctic Intermediate Water, Pacific, formation      722
Arctic Intermediate Water, spreading      745
Arctic plankton      856 868
Argon      189
Arsenic      183
Arthropoda, reproduction      322—324
Arthropoda, synopsis      309
Artificial sea water      185 186
Ascendant, definition of      156
Associations of organisms      880—882
Associations of organisms, commensalism      881
Associations of organisms, environmental associations      880
Associations of organisms, parasitism      882
Associations of organisms, symbiosis      881
Atlantic Ocean      see also "North Atlantic" "South
Atlantic Ocean, boundaries      11
Atlantic Ocean, equatorial region      631—637
Atlantic Ocean, equatorial region, currents      632—637
Atlantic Ocean, equatorial region, water masses      631 632
Atlantic Ocean, oxygen distribution      210 686 748
Atlantic Ocean, tides      581—585
Atmosphere, composition of      189
Authigenic minerals in sediments      1027
Authigenic minerals in sediments, frequency of occurrence      987
Auxospores      298
Bacteria, aerobic, in sediments      212 996
Bacteria, anaerobic, in sediments      212 996
Bacteria, bottom deposits, effect on      917—918
Bacteria, collection and analysis of      383
Bacteria, denitrifying      257
Bacteria, distribution in the sea      918—920
Bacteria, importance in sedimentation      995
Bacteria, importance to precipitation of iron compounds      1032
Bacteria, in the Black Sea      871
Bacteria, modes of life      910 913
Bacteria, modes of life, autotrophic      910
Bacteria, modes of life, heterotrophic      911
Bacteria, modes of life, oxygen relations      913 917
Bacteria, nitrifying      256
Bacteria, occurrence in sediments      1016
Bacteria, possible role in petroleum formation      996
Bacteria, structure and reproduction      908—910
Bacteria, used to determine organic carbon      249—251
Bacteria, utilizers of dissolved organic matter      911—913
Baffin Bay, bottom topography      30
Baffin Bay, water masses      663—665
Baltic Sea      657—658
Barite concretions      952 1033
Barium      183
Barnacles, reproduction of      324 326
Barriers, faunal      see "Zoogeography"
Base-exchange in clay minerals      988 990
Base-exchange in clay minerals, importance to flocculation      958
Basin water      147
Basin water, plant nutrients      246 1028
Basin water, stagnating      1026 1028
Basins      23 26
Basins with inflow across the sill      148 149
Basins with outflow across the sill      147 148
Basins, adjacent seas      37 38 736 738
Basins, sediments in      1026 1028
Bathythermograph      352
Bay of Fundy, tidal currents      569
Bay of Fundy, tides      562 563
Beach, deposits, character      1023
Beach, deposits, composition      1022
Beach, deposits, texture      1019—1023
Beach, deposits, texture, relation to slope of beach      1018 1019
Beach, equilibrium state      44
Beach, terminology      43 44
Benguela current      627—629
Benthic environment and its subdivisions      275—278
Benthic organisms, importance of to texture of sediments      997
Benthos      280
Benthos, biological factors in the concentration of      907—908
Benthos, collection of      374r-375
Benthos, deep-sea      805—810
Benthos, littoral      800—805
Benthos, vertical distribution of      806—807
Bering Sea      732 733
Bering Strait, currents of      665 723
Biocycles      274
Biological faotors influencing movements and concentrations of organisms      898—908
Bioluminescence      300 304 814 833—835
Biosphere      274
Biotype      279
Biotype, facies of      280
Biotype, inhabitants of      280 879
Bipolarity      849—850 868
Birds dependent upon the sea      313 942
Bjerknes’ theorem of circulation      460—462
Black Sea      649—651
Black Sea, biology of      871—872
Black Sea, lamination in sediments      1040
Body fluids, composition      232 270
Body fluids, osmotic relationships      269 272
Body fluids, osmotic relationships, control of      271
Body fluids, relation to sea water      269
Bolting cloth      377 378
Boric acid, influence of on alkalinity      198 199
Boron      180
Bosporus, currents of      650
Bottom samplers      344—347 375
Bottom topography, illustrated      18 30 32 34 35
Bottom topography, influence on currents      466—469
Bottom topography, large-scale features      23 27—30
Bottom topography, maximum depths      18 19
Bottom topography, nomenclature      25—27
Bottom topography, profiles      17 18
Bottom topography, representation of      16
Bottom water of the oceans      745—754
Bottom water, formation of      138 139
Bottom water, formation of, Antarctic      611 612
Bottom water, formation of, Irminger Sea      682 683
Bottom water, formation of, Labrador Sea      664
Bottom water, formation of, Mediterranean      645 646
Bottom water, formation of, Norwegian Sea      656 657
Bottom water, potential temperature of      749
Boundary condition, dynamic      441
Boundary condition, kinematic      424
Boundary surface, slope of      444
Boundary waves      see "Internal waves"
Bowen ratio      117
Brachiopoda synopsis      308
Brandt’s theory of phytoplankton growth      768 784
Brazil current      628 629
Bromine      179
Browsing animals      895—896
Bryozoa synopsis      308
Buffer action of sea water      195 202
Buffer action of sea water, ecological importance      268
By-the-wind sailer      see "Velella"
Calanus, abundance correlated with herring catches      906—907
Calanus, abundance correlated with whale catches      905
Calanus, biology of, in the Gulf of Maine      864
Calanus, feeding mechanism      886—887
Calanus, oxygen consumption by      853 870 873
Calanus, reproduction      322—323 903
Calanus, vertical migrations      836—837
Calcareous material in sediments      see also "Calcium carbonate"
Calcareous material in sediments, organisms contributing to      950
Calcareous oozes      see also "Pelagic sediments" 972
Calcareous oozes, areas covered by      975 977 978
Calcite      998 1027
Calcium      178 179
Calcium carbonate, factors controlling organic precipitation      999 1000
Calcium carbonate, inorganic precipitation      208 998
Calcium carbonate, percentage in sediments      998—1008
Calcium carbonate, percentage in sediments, as function of depth      1004 1005
Calcium carbonate, percentage in sediments, distribution      1002—1008
Calcium carbonate, percentage in sediments, factors controlling      1007 1008
Calcium carbonate, solubility      205—208
Calcium carbonate, solution near bottom      1001
Calcium carbonate, supply to sediments      1000
Calcium, deposition by animals      304—306 853—855
Calcium, deposition by plants      290 301 855
California current      724—727
California Current, annual variation of temperature      131 132
California Current, comparison with Peru Current      725
California Current, off Southern California      454
Canyons, sediments in      1024 1026
Canyons, submarine, character      39—41
Canyons, submarine, formation      41 42
Carbon      179
Carbon dioxide as a limiting factor      768
Carbon dioxide as a measure of production      768
Carbon dioxide, distribution      208—210
Carbon dioxide, exchange with atmosphere      203
Carbon dioxide, importance to deposition of calcium carbonate      1000 1001
Carbon dioxide, methods of determination      192 193
Carbon dioxide, partial pressure      201—203
Carbon dioxide, solubility      190 191 202
Carbon dioxide, system      197—202
Carbon dioxide, utilization of, by plants      768
Carbon in sediments      1010 1011
Carbon, cycle of      916
Carbon, organic      248—251
Carbon, ratio to nitrogen      1010
Carbon-nitrogen-phosphorus ratio      236 237 931
Carbonic acid, dissociation constants of      199 204 205
Caribbean Sea, bottom topography      35
Caribbean Sea, currents      641 642
Caribbean Sea, oxygen content      640
Caribbean Sea, water masses      638 641
Ceratium      see "Dinoflagellates"
Chaetognatha as indicator species      863
Chaetognatha, reproduction      322
Chaetognatha, synopsis      308
Chemical transformations, importance of to sediments      952
China Sea      735
Chitin      289
Chlbrine-equivalent      52
Chlorine      175
Chlorinity      51 52
Chlorinity, units for expressing      51
Chlorosity      52
Chlorosity, factors      167
Chordata, synopsis of      312—314
Circulation (water movements), biological significance of      273—274
Circulation, Bjerknes’ theorem      460—462
Circulation, deep water      745—755
Circulation, thermal      507—509
Circulation, thermohaline      509—510
Circulation, transverse, Antarctic Circumpolar Current      618—620
Circulation, transverse, caused by upwelling      501
Circulation, transverse, Equatorial Countercurrent      635
Circulation, transverse, Gulf Stream      676
Cl-ratio      167
Clay minerals      988—990
Clay minerals, base exchange      988 990
Clay minerals, flocculation      958 990
Clay minerals, groups of      989
1 2 3 4 5
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