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Luger G.F., Stubblefield W.A. Ч Artificial Intelligence: Structures and Strategies for Complex Problem Solving
Luger G.F., Stubblefield W.A. Ч Artificial Intelligence: Structures and Strategies for Complex Problem Solving

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Ќазвание: Artificial Intelligence: Structures and Strategies for Complex Problem Solving

јвторы: Luger G.F., Stubblefield W.A.

јннотаци€:

Combines the theoretical foundations of intelligent problem-solving with he data structures and algorithms needed for its implementation. The book presents logic, rule, object and agent-based architectures, along with example programs written in LISP and PROLOG. The practical applications of AI have been kept within the context of its broader goal: understanding the patterns of intelligence as it operates in this world of uncertainty, complexity and change.
The introductory and concluding chapters take a new look at the potentials and challenges facing artificial intelligence and cognitive science. An extended treatment of knowledge-based problem-solving is given including model-based and case-based reasoning. Includes new material on: Fundamentals of search, inference and knowledge representation AI algorithms and data structures in LISP and PROLOG Production systems, blackboards, and meta-interpreters including planers, rule-based reasoners, and inheritance systems. Machine-learning including ID3 with bagging and boosting, explanation basedlearning, PAC learning, and other forms of induction Neural networks, including perceptrons, back propogation, Kohonen networks, Hopfield networks, Grossberg learning, and counterpropagation. Emergent and social methods of learning and adaptation, including genetic algorithms, genetic programming and artificial life. Object and agent-based problem solving and other forms of advanced knowledge representation.


язык: en

–убрика: Computer science/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

»здание: third edition

√од издани€: 1998

 оличество страниц: 824

ƒобавлена в каталог: 10.03.2006

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
15-puzzle      18 89
8-Puzzle      88Ч91 102Ч105 131Ч144 174Ч175 204 226
Abduction      80 206 248 281Ч283
Abduction, coherence-based selection      283
Abduction, cost-based      283
Abduction, logic-based      281Ч283
Abduction, set cover      281
Abel      267Ч268 290
Abelson, H.      324 511 556 775
ABSTRIPS      199 566
Ackley, D.H.      747
ACT*      174 770
Active images      353
Active values      353
Admissibility      127 139Ч142 156Ч157 758
Aeschylus      3
Agent-based systems      761Ч764
agents      13Ч17 293 345 440 770 774
Agglomerative clustering      651
Agre, P.      24 777
Aho, A.      121
Aiello, N.      198
Alexander, C.      517
Algorithm A      140
Algorithm A*      140Ч144 156Ч157 723
Allen, J.      30 199 520 542 555Ч556
Alpha-beta pruning      127 150Ч152 156
Alty, J.      245
AM      25 649Ч650
Amarel, S.      266 290
Analogy      25 607 646Ч649
Analogy, inference      646
Analogy, retrieval      646
Analogy, structure mapping      647
Analogy, systematicity      648Ч649
Analytic engine      7Ч8 17
And elimination      66Ч67
And introduction      66Ч67
And/or graph search      164Ч165 169
And/or graphs      109Ч121 154 164Ч169 222Ч223 594
Anderson, J.A.      696 712
Anderson, J.R.      30 174 301 334 562 696 712 769Ч770 776 780
Andrews, P.B.      79
Answer extraction      574 583Ч587 592
Appelt, D.      62
Arbib.M.      741
Aristotle      4Ч5 8Ч9 29Ч31 217 247 778
Arity      53Ч54 56
Artificial intelligence defined      1Ч2 28Ч29 755
Artificial life      15 604 714Ч715 736Ч747
Ashley, K.      235
Associationist representation      297Ч309 334
Associationist theories      297Ч309 334
Associative law      51
Associative memory      696Ч711 767 УConceptual
Assumption-based truth maintenance      278Ч281
Asunuma, C.      26
Attractor network      663 701Ч711
Auer, P.      659
Augmentations of logic grammars      534
Augmented phrase structure grammars      534 555
Augmented Transition Networks      528 533Ч538 556
Austin, J.L.      14 778
Autoassociative memory      663 696Ч711
Autoepistemic logic      272
Automated reasoning      8Ч9 15 19 30 45 67 517Ч518 559Ч601
Automated reasoning and logic programming      587Ч593
Automated reasoning and PROLOG      587Ч593
Automated reasoning, answer extraction      574 583Ч587 592
Automated reasoning, binary resolution      567 573Ч578 597
Automated reasoning, breadth-first strategy      579Ч580
Automated reasoning, clause form      567Ч573 593
Automated reasoning, completeness      566
Automated reasoning, conjunctive normal form      569Ч572
Automated reasoning, converting to clause form      568Ч573 576
Automated reasoning, demodulation      598Ч599
Automated reasoning, factoring      575
Automated reasoning, General Problem Solver      172Ч174 203Ч204 560Ч566 757Ч758 766 768
Automated reasoning, HerbrandТs theorem      600
Automated reasoning, heuristics      578Ч583 593Ч596
Automated reasoning, horn clause      361 472 588Ч589 593 636
Automated reasoning, hyperresolution      575 597
Automated reasoning, linear input form      581 592
Automated reasoning, literal      567 573 589
Automated reasoning, logic theorist      203 560Ч562
Automated reasoning, means-ends analysis      204 560Ч566 757 766Ч767
Automated reasoning, natural deduction      560 599Ч600
Automated reasoning, paramodulation      598Ч600
Automated reasoning, prenix normal form      570
Automated reasoning, refutation      566Ч567 573Ч577
Automated reasoning, refutation completeness      566Ч567 579
Automated reasoning, resolution      30 66Ч67 350 560 566Ч577
Automated reasoning, resolution refutation      566Ч577
Automated reasoning, rule-based approaches      593Ч596
Automated reasoning, set of support      560 580 600
Automated reasoning, skolemization      68 569Ч571
Automated reasoning, soundness      65Ч67 566 593
Automated reasoning, subsumption      583 600
Automated reasoning, unit preference      560 580Ч581 592
Automated reasoning, unit resolution      581 600
Automated reasoning, weak methods      593
Axon      26
Babbage, C.      7Ч8 29
Back chaining      758
Backpropagation      662 668 675Ч682 771
Backtracking      96Ч101 110 130 160 163 176 198 223 361 368 592
Backward chaining      93Ч96 112Ч116
Bacon, F.      203
Baker, J.D.      21
Ballard, D.      711 780
Balzer, R.      198
Bareiss, E.R.      235
Barker, V.      174
Barkow, J.H.      762
Barr, A.      30 199
Bartlett, F.      324
Base-level categories      654
Bates, E.A.      711 780
Bateson, G.      29
Bauer, M.A.      768
Bayesian belief networks      252Ч258
Bayesian belief networks, causal influence measure      252
Bayesian belief networks, d-separation      255
Bayesian belief networks, qualitative influence graph      256Ч258
Bayesian belief networks, qualitative probabilistic network      256Ч258
Bayesian reasoning      249Ч258 263 518 769
Bayesian reasoning, Bayes theorem      251
Bayesian reasoning, belief networks      252Ч258
Bayesian reasoning, complexity      251
BayesТtheorem      251
Beam search      624
Bechtel, W.      780
Behaviorism      23
Benson, S.      199 201 742 748 765
Berger.A.      550
Best-first search      99 107 127Ч136 156 384Ч386 462Ч463 560
Best-first search, implementation      131Ч136
Bhaskar, R.      769
Bidirectional associative memory      702Ч706
Binary resolution      567 573Ч578 597
Binding      39 69Ч70 343 428
Blackboard architecture      46 160 196Ч199
Blake, A.      519
Bledsoe, W.      30 566 599Ч600
Blocks world      22 26 37 62Ч63 188Ч196 386Ч389 520Ч521 608Ч612
Bobrow, D.      293 335
Boole, G.      8 29
Boolean algebra      8
Bottom-up parsing      526
Bower, G.H.      301 334
Boyer.R.S.      19 30 600
Brachman, R.      79 205 304 328 330 333 335 776
Branch and bound      92
Branching factor      96 153Ч154 182
Breadth-first search      99Ч105 159 162 174 383Ч384 459Ч461 560Ч561 579Ч580
Bridges of Koenigsberg problem      7 82Ч84 121
Brooks, R.A.      24 715 741Ч742 747 765 770 777
Brown, J.S.      232 245 649Ч650 768
Brown, P.      550
Brownston, L.      184 199
Buchanan, B.G.      20 245 263 287 289 639
Bucket brigade algorithm      725Ч730
Bundy, A.      79 335 768Ч769
Burks, A.W.      740 747
Burroughs, W.S.      753
Burstall, R.M.      9
Burton, R.R.      245 768
Byron, A.      4 17
Candidate elimination algorithm      613Ч620
Car/cdr recursion      441Ч443
Carbonell, J.G.      239 659
Carnap, R.      778
Carroll, L.      425
CART trees      546Ч547
Case frame      540
Case-based reasoning      206 209Ч210 235Ч242
Case-based reasoning, case adaptation      237
Case-based reasoning, case retrieval      236Ч238
Case-grammars      555
Casey      235
CASNET      266Ч267 290
Category formation      605
Category utility      656
Causal influence measure      252
Causal networks      266Ч268
CBR      see УCase-based reasoningФ
Ceccato, S.      301
Cellular automata      713Ч714 736Ч747
Certainty factor algebra      see УCertainty theoryФ
Certainty theory      206 249 263Ч266 402Ч411
Chang, C.L.      81 569 579 600
Chapman, D.      24 777
Charniak, E.      121 283 289 328 556
Checkers      18 127 147Ч148
Chess      18 42Ч44 164Ч170
Chomsky hierarchy      531Ч533 556
Chomsky, N.      532
Chorfas, D.N.      245
Chronological backtracking      276
Church, A.      351 775
Circumscription      249 274Ч275
Clancy, W.J.      231 768
Clarke, A.C.      17 713
Classifier systems      715 725Ч730
Classifier systems and production systems      726Ч728
Classifier systems, bucket brigade algorithm      725Ч730
Classifier systems, condition strength      728Ч730
Classifier systems, fitness function      727
Classifier systems, fitness measures      714Ч719 727 735Ч736 744
Clause form      567Ч573 593
CLIPS      174
Clocksin, W.F.      350 358 421
CLOS      347 497Ч511
CLOS, class precedence list      503Ч505
CLOS, defining classes      499
CLOS, function, defclass      499Ч501
CLOS, function, defgeneric      501Ч503
CLOS, function, defmethod      503
CLOS, generic functions      498Ч503
CLOS, inheritance      503Ч505
CLOS, meta-classes      505
CLOS, multiple inheritance      503Ч505
CLOS, simulation      505Ч511
CLOS, slot options      499Ч501
CLOS, slot-specifiers      499Ч501
CLOS, thermostat simulation      505Ч511
Closed world assumption      235 270 273Ч274 360 592Ч593
CLUSTER/2      605 635 773
CNF Satisfaction      717Ч719
COBWEB      605 769
Codd, E.F.      741
CoG      765
Cognitive neuroscience      759
Cognitive science      23 30 760Ч762 766Ч770 776 779
Cohen, PR.      199
Coincidence learning      see УHebbian learningФ
Colby, K.M.      30 304
Collins, A.      298 334Ч335 767
Colmerauer, A.      350
Common LISP Object System      see УCLOSФ
Commonsense reasoning      17 21 213 521
Commutative law      51
Competitive learning      662 682Ч690
Completeness      65Ч67 566
complexity      88Ч92 105Ч106 124Ч127 152Ч155
Complexity and Bayesian reasoning      251
Composition of substitutions      69Ч70
Concept learning      605
Concept space      606Ч608
Conceptual clustering      605Ч606
Conceptual dependencies      294 305Ч309 324Ч328 556
Conceptual graphs      309Ч320 334 534 538Ч543 551Ч556 756
Conceptual graphs and frames      321
Conceptual graphs and modal logic      318Ч320
Conceptual graphs and predicate calculus      318Ч320
Conceptual graphs, absurd type      314
Conceptual graphs, canonical formation rules      316
Conceptual graphs, concepts      309Ч310
Conceptual graphs, conceptual relations      309Ч310
Conceptual graphs, copy rule      314
Conceptual graphs, existential quantification      318Ч319
Conceptual graphs, generalization      314Ч316
Conceptual graphs, individuals      311Ч312
Conceptual graphs, inheritance      314Ч316
Conceptual graphs, join      314Ч317
Conceptual graphs, marker      311Ч312
Conceptual graphs, names      311Ч312
Conceptual graphs, proposition nodes      316Ч318
Conceptual graphs, quantification      318Ч320
Conceptual graphs, referent      312
Conceptual graphs, restrict      314Ч316
Conceptual graphs, simplify      314
Conceptual graphs, specialization      314Ч316
Conceptual graphs, subtype      311Ч313
Conceptual graphs, type hierarchy      313Ч316
Conceptual graphs, type lattice      313
Conceptual graphs, types      311Ч312
Conceptual graphs, universal quantification      318Ч319
Conceptual graphs, universal type      314
Conceptual models      216Ч219
Condition      171Ч186
conflict resolution      171Ч186
Conflict resolution, recency      184
Conflict resolution, refraction      184
Conflict resolution, specificity      184
Conflict set      171Ч186
Conjunction      48Ч50 56 59Ч60 568
Conjunctive normal form      569Ч572
Connectionist models of intelligence      15 26Ч27 518 603Ч604 661Ч712 759Ч761 773Ч774
Connectionist models of intelligence, activation level      664
Connectionist models of intelligence, associative memory      696Ч711
Connectionist models of intelligence, attractor      701
Connectionist models of intelligence, attractor network      663 701Ч711
Connectionist models of intelligence, autoassociative memory      663 696Ч711
Connectionist models of intelligence, backpropagation      662 668 675Ч682 771
Connectionist models of intelligence, backpropagation & exclusive or      681Ч682
Connectionist models of intelligence, bidirectional associative memory      702Ч706
Connectionist models of intelligence, classification      668 672
Connectionist models of intelligence, competitive learning      662 682Ч690
Connectionist models of intelligence, counter propagation      663 683 686Ч690
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