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Jurafsky D., Martin J.H. — Speech and Language Processing
Jurafsky D., Martin J.H. — Speech and Language Processing

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Название: Speech and Language Processing

Авторы: Jurafsky D., Martin J.H.

Аннотация:

This book takes an empirical approach to language processing, based on applying statistical and other machine-learning algorithms to large corpora."Methodology" boxes are included in each chapter. Each chapter is built around one or more worked examples to demonstrate the main idea of the chapter. Covers the fundamental algorithms of various fields, whether originally proposed for spoken or written language to demonstrate how the same algorithm can be used for speech recognition and word-sense disambiguation. Emphasis on web and other practical applications. Emphasis on scientific evaluation. Useful as a reference for professionals in any of the areas of speech and language processing.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Computer science/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1999

Количество страниц: 950

Добавлена в каталог: 21.12.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
#      75
$ (RE end-of-line)      26
$q_0$ as start state      36
$\delta$ as transition function between states in FSA      36
$\hat w$      146
$\Sigma$ to mean finite alphabet of symbols      36
$\sqcup$ unification operator      397
$\to$ (derives)      323
$\varepsilon$-transitions in finite-state automata      41
( (RE precedence symbol)      27
() (optional constituents)      332
* (RE Kleene *)      25
+ (RE Kleene +)      26
, (short pause)      341
, \ (RE or symbol)      27
. (long pause)      342
. (RE any character)      26
2001: A Space Odyssey      1
3sg      336
4-tuple      327
A* decoder      235 236 238 252
A* decoder pseudocode      254
A* decoder, compared to Viterbi      252
A* decoder, in MT      820
A* evaluation function      254
Abduction      691
Abeille, A.      455 470
Abella, A.      317 754
Abelson, R.P.      13
Abney, S.P.      389 460 470 471
Accent      129
Accented      102
Accepting by finite-state automaton      34
Accepting state      34
Accepts      52
Accomplishment      527
Accusative      337
Achievement      527 529
Acknowledge      720
ACL      16
Acomplishment      528
Acoustic model      237
Action schema      731
Activity      527 528
Add-one smoothing      205 208
Ades, A.E.      462
Adjacency pair      718
Adjective      288 332
Adjective phrase      332 348
Adjukiewicz, K.      462
Adjunction in TAG      350
Adverb      287 288 332
Adverb days of the week coded as nouns instead of      289
Adverb degree      288
Adverb directional      288
Adverb locative      288
Adverb manner      288
Adverb temporal      288
Affficate      99
Affix      59
Agglutinative      800
Agglutinative morphology      60
Aggregation      785
Aggretation in generation      762
Agree      348
Agreement      336 336 337
Agreement determiner-nominal      403 404
Agreement kappa      313
Agreement subject-verb      403 404
Aha, D.W.      117
Ahlsen, E.      721
Aho, A.V.      357 389 390 449—451
Ai t-Kaci, H.      435 440
AI-complete      697 734
Aidinejad, H.      642
Al-Onaizan, Y.      823
Albelson, R.P.      621
Albert, M.K.      117
Algoet, P.H.      224
Algol      350
Alignment      152 184
Alignment word      819
Allen, J.      14 17 124 125 129 136 539 725 730 731 733 734 736 744 745 749 750 752 755 756
Allophone      103
Allophonic rules      134
Allophonic variation      184
Allwood, J.      721
Alphabet in defining a formal language      39
Alshawi, H.      556 559 562 582 708 823
Alternation, subcategorization      347
Alveolar      98
Ambiguity      4 81 296 354 366 368 375 388 501
Ambiguity amount of part-of-speech in Brown corpus      297
Ambiguity attachment      369
Ambiguity coordination      369 388 453
Ambiguity noun phrase bracketing      369 388
Ambiguity of referring expressions      667
Ambiguity PCFG in      446
Ambiguity PP-attachment      388
Ambiguity resolution      5
Ambiguity resolution of tag      296
Ambiguity specific/non-specific      668
Ambiguous      296
American Structuralism      349
Amplitude      258
Amplitude of a signal      258
Anaphora      666
Anaphora in dialog      716
Anaphora one-anaphora      670
Anaphoric      666
Anchors      52
Anchors in regular expressions      26
Anderson, A.H.      725 728 736
Anderson, J.A.      134 267
Anderson, S.R.      439
Andre, E.      792
Andr’e, E.      792
ANLP      16
ANN      266
Antecedent      666
Anti-modularist      347
Anttila, A.      297 300 350 461 462 472
Antworth, E.L.      68 78 79 82 88 108
Aone, C.      708
AP      332
Aphasia      182
Appelt, D.E.      384 470 577—579 583 692 789 790
Appropriateness conditions for types      434 (see also “Typed feature structures”)
Approximant      99
Archangeli, D.      110 112 114 136
Arcs in directed graphs      34
Arens, Y.      583
Ariel, M.      708
Aristotle      527
Arons, B.      721 751 754
ARPA      17 280
ARPAbet      134
articles      290
Articulatory phonetics      94
Artificial intelligence founding of field      12
Artificial Neural Networks      266
Aspect      526
Aspect computational models of      536
Aspirated      102
Assertive      724
Assimilation      158
Atal, B.S.      261 279
ATIS      280 321 325 328 341 371 403
Atkinson, M.      718
Atomic types      434
Attar, R.      653
Attentional state      741
Attribute grammars      455
Atwell, E.      229
Augmentative communication      190
Augmented transition network      777
Austin, J.L.      723 755
Austin, S.      257
Authorship attribution      231
Automaton      see “Finite-state”
Automaton, automaton, finite state      see “Finite-state automaton”
Autosegmental phonology      111
Auxiliary      288 293
Auxiliary verb      289
B.-H.      257
Baayen, H.      310
Babyonyshev, M.      489
Bach, E.      462 546 582
Bach-Peters sentences      710
Backchannel      721
Backoff and discounting      215
Backup as solution to non-determinism      42
Backus, J.W.      11 323 350
Backus-Naur Form      323
Backward probability      843
Bacon, F.      353
Baeza-Yates, R.      627 650 651 659
Bagley, W.C.      276
Bahl, L.R.      218 223 228 252 257 279 300
Bailey, D.      535
Bake-off      281
Baker, C.F.      410 411 621 624
Baker, J.K.      223 228 279 451 470
Balashek, S.      11 278
Baldwin, B.      671 710
Bangalore, S.      470 823
Bar-Hillel, Y.      462 493 824
Barge in      751
Barnstone, W.      804
Barton, Jr., G.E.      88 493
Basic phrase      383
Basic phrases      579
Bateman, J.A.      789 791 794
Bates, R.      191 735 738 756
Batliner, A.      737
Bauer, F.L.      11 350
Bauer, L.      69
Baum, L.E.      218 238 279
Baum-Welch algorithm      see “Forward backward algorithm”
Bayes rule      140 183
Bayes, T.      145
Bayesian inference      144 145
Bazell, C.E.      349
BBN      280
BDI      730
Beam search      249 249
Beam width      249
Bear, J.      577 578 583
Becker      583
Beckman, M.E.      130 131 720
Beckwith, R.      600
Beesley, K.R.      88 111
Belief logic of      730
Bell, A.      159 161
Bell, T.C.      208 229
Bellegarda, J.R.      229 276
Bellman, R.      153
Bennett, S.W.      708
Benson, D.B.      582
Berger, A.      471
Berkeley Restaurant Project      196 197
Bernstein, J.      280
Berwick, R.C.      88 493
Bever, T.G.      346 464 491
Biddulph, R.      11 278
Bigram      165 171 195
Bilabial      98
Binary tree      344
Bird, S.      105 111
bits      222
Black, A.W.      130 132 274
Black, E.      454 460 470 657
Black, H.A.      87
Blair, C.R.      184
Bledsoe, W.W.      12 185
Bleeding      106
Blocks world      13
Bloomfield, L.      349 454
BNC      310; see “British National Corpus”
BNF      323
Bobrow, D.G.      534 538 581 747
Bobrow, R.J.      440
Bock, K.      346
Bod, R.      470
Body of STRIPS plan      731
Boguraev, B.      624 683 708
Bolinger, D.      160
BOOK-FLIGHT      731
Booth, T.L.      186 444 448 470
Borges, J.L.      804
Bos, E.      708
Bottom-up      354 356 388
Bottom-up parsing      357
Bound      669
Bourlard, H.      267 268
Brachman, R.J.      440 534 538 768
Bracketed notation      325
Bransford, J.D.      704
Breath      342
Breiman, L.      166
Brennan, S.E.      685 703 708 711
Brent, M.R.      471
Bresnan, J.      350 434 437 438 440 464
Brill tagger      297
Brill, E.      220 297 304 309 310 312 316 471
Brinkman, U.      134
Briscoe, T.      459 460 470 471 624
British National Corpus      612
British National Corpus, use of C5 tagset to tag      294
Broad transcription      103
Broadcast News speech recognition of      280
Bromberger, S.      138
Brown Corpus      164 172 191 294 296 305 315 450
Brown Corpus, POS tagset for      294
Brown, J.S.      573 582
Brown, M.K.      141
Brown, P.F.      193 227 314 817 820
Brown, R.D.      820 822
Browning, I.      12 185
Bryant, M.      294
Brysbaert, M.      467
Bub, T.      825
Buckley, C.      649 653
Burger, J.D.      708
Burnett, D.      751
Burton, R.R.      573 582
Butzberger, J.W.      251
Bybee, J.L.      133 159
Byrd, D.      161
Caddo      802
Calder, J.      440
Caley, R.      132
Callan, J.P.      658
CALLHOME      269
CALLHOME for TTS      272
CALLHOME Hub-4      280
CALLHOME Hub-5      280
CALLHOME LOB      316
CALLHOME phonetically labeled      270
CALLHOME regular expression searching insde      23
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
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