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Copi I.M., Cohen C. Ч Introduction to logic
Copi I.M., Cohen C. Ч Introduction to logic

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Ќазвание: Introduction to logic

јвторы: Copi I.M., Cohen C.

јннотаци€:

There are obvious benefits to be gained from the study of logic: heightened ability to express ideas clearly and concisely, increased skill in defining one's terms, and enlarged capacity to formulate arguments rigiously and to analyze them critically.


язык: en

–убрика: ћатематика/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

»здание: 8-th edition

√од издани€: 1981

 оличество страниц: 291

ƒобавлена в каталог: 14.03.2011

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ѕредметный указатель
"Dilemma of Determinism, The" (James)      88
"Dover Beach" (Arnold)      73
"Eve of St. Agnes, The" (Keats)      80Ч81
"Genetic Fallacy," abusive ad hominem argument as      98
"Poisoning the well," ad hominem argument as      100
A priori theory of probability      461Ч462
Aaron, Hank      139
Abed, Bassam K.      372
Absorption      297
Abusive ad hominem argument      97Ч98
Accent, fallacy of      100Ч101 115Ч117 120
Ad baculum argument      105
Ad hoc hypotheses, crucial experiments      443Ч448
Ad hominem argument      97Ч100 484 486
Ad hominem argument, abusive      97Ч98
Ad hominem argument, circumstantial      98Ч100
Ad ignorantiam argument      93Ч95 483Ч484
Ad misericordiam argument      104Ч105 486
Ad populum argument      103Ч104
Ad verecundiam argument      95Ч96 484
Adams, David W.      228
Addition      298
Addition theorem, alternative events      467Ч468
Administrative law      482
Affirmative mood      240Ч241
Affirming the consequent, fallacy of      241 282
Affluent Society, The (Galbraith)      70 78
Agreement and difference, joint method of      390Ч391 397 409
Agreement, kinds of      81Ч85
Agreement, method of      383Ч385 397 405 407
Alexander the Great      161
Alexander, Peter      37
Allison, Dennis L.      viii
Alpert, Geraldine      111
Alternative occurrences, in probability calculus      466Ч470
Alternative propositions      26 27 239
Alternatives      258
Ambiguity, definition resolving      128Ч131 132Ч135
Ambiguity, fallacies of      (see Fallacies)
Ambiguity, vagueness distinct from      135
Ambiguous middle, fallacy of the      207
Amiel, Henri Ч Frederic      75
Amphiboly, fallacy of      114Ч115
Analogy in law      493Ч495
Analogy, appraising      363Ч366
Analogy, argument by      357Ч376 (see also Refutation by logical analogy)
Analogy, induction by simple enumeration and      381Ч382
Analytical definition      (see Definition by genus and difference)
Anaximenes      443
Anderson v. Minneapolis St. P. and S. S. M. Railroad      493
Andrade, E. N. Da. C.      442
Andrews, Justice      491
Annas, George J.      23
Anselm, St.      108 143
Antecedent      240 266
Antecedent circumstances      393
Apodosis      266
Appeal to authority      484
Appeal to emotion      103Ч104
Appeal to force      105 486
Appeal to ignorance      483Ч484
Appeal to pity      104Ч105 486
Appeal, inappropriate      95Ч96
Appl, Frederic C.      456 457
Application, in scientific method      438Ч439
Aquinas, Thomas      8 38 228 243
Arago, M.      417
Argument(s)      4 6Ч7 argument
Argument(s) ad baculum      105 486
Argument(s) ad hominem      97Ч100 484Ч486
Argument(s) ad ignorantiam      93Ч95 483Ч484
Argument(s) ad misericordiam      104Ч105
Argument(s) ad populum      103Ч104
Argument(s) ad verecundiam      95Ч96 484
Argument(s) asyllogistic      222Ч223
Argument(s) chain      36Ч37
Argument(s) circular      102
Argument(s) definition      6
Argument(s) diagramming      (see also Venn Diagrams)
Argument(s) elementary valid      297
Argument(s) explanation different from      73Ч74
Argument(s) forms      275Ч283
Argument(s) in legal processes      481 482
Argument(s) in ordinary language      214Ч252
Argument(s) one-sentence      7
Argument(s) ontological      143
Argument(s) premisses and conclusions of      6Ч14
Argument(s) recognizing      25Ч30 73Ч74
Argument(s) several      33Ч40
Argument(s) single      18Ч22
Argument(s) sound      52Ч53
Argument-indicators      28Ч29 (see also Conclusion-indicators Premiss-indicators)
Aristedes      272
Aristotelian logic      183 325
Aristotle      78 86 121 124 157 158 161 182 229 231 235 243 253 480
Arnold, Matthew      73 156
Artificial symbolic language      253 (see also Symbolic logic)
Asimov, Isaac      41
Association      304
Astell, Mary      360
Asyllogistic arguments      222Ч223
Asyllogistic inference      347Ч350
Atheist's Values, An (Robinson)      114
Attitude, disagreement and agreement in      82 83Ч84
Austen, Jane      76
Austin, John      70
Authority, appeal to      484
Authority, inappropriate      95Ч96
Autobiography (Steffens)      83Ч84
Ayer, Alfred J.      108 231 361 6
Babington, Thomas      78
Babson, Rodger      108
Bacon, Francis      75 76 207 377 383 401Ч402 407
Bacon, Roger      243
Baker, Howard      105
Baldner, Kent      viii
Ball, George W.      44
Banting      400
Baranovsky      126
Barcroft, Joseph      396
Baron, A. L.      385
Barrett, Denny      viii
Basler, Roy R.      50 123 375
Bayne Ч Jones, Stanhope      458
Beadle, George      368
Beard, Robert W.      viii
Beardsley, Monroe C.      18
Beckerman, Wilfred      374
Begging the question      102Ч103
Begin, Menachem      121
Belief, disagreement and agreement in      82 84
Bellow, Saul      96
Bennet Ч Clark, H. C.      414
Bennett, Georgette      22
Bennett, Neil G.      15
Bergson, Henri      124
Berkeley, George      65Ч66 228
Bernstein, Jeremy      44
Bethell, Tom      375
Bettelheim, Bruno      373
Beveridge, William Ian Beardmore      65 361 390
Biconditional statement      288
Bierce, Ambrose      155
Bischoff, Amelia      viii
Bishop, Joseph W., Jr.      375
Black, Max      372
Blaine, James G.      108
Blair, J. Anthony      92
Blanshard, Brand      75
Bloom, Allan      89 251
Bloom, David E.      15
Bloomfield, Leonard      72
Blum, Alex      255
Blumentah, Sidney      116
Bogert, Frans van der      viii
Bok, Sissela      376
Bonheur, Rosa      188
Bonner, John Tyler      362
Boole, George      183
Boolean interpretation of categorical propositions      183 184
Boolean interpretation, syllogistic rule for      210Ч211
Boswell, James      17
Botta v. Brunner      497
Bouvard of Paris      393 394
Brack, David      24
Bradford, John      124
Bradley, F. H.      122 250
Brady, Frank      17
Brady, Joseph V.      416
Brahe, Tycho      420
Brain teaser, problem-solving abilities strengthened with      55Ч59
Brennan, Justice      95
Brewster, David, Sir      454
Bridgeman, P. W.      148
Bright, John      77
Brill, A. A.      455
Broad, C. D.      126 243
Broder, David      24
Bromell, Henry      241
Brooks, John      228
Brown, Charles D.      viii
Brown, Ludlow      viii
Buchner      458
Buchsbaum, Ralph      369 389 412
Buckley, William F., Jr.      244
Bums, Bobbie      66
Bundy, McGeorge      43
Burgess, Ernest W.      412
Burke, Edmund      74 250
Burstyn v. Wilson      373
Bush, George      22
Bushnell, D. E.      viii
Butler, George      76
Butler, Joseph      126 357
Butler, Samuel      155
Butler, William      124Ч125
Butts, Wally      500
Calculus, probability      (see Probability)
Callahan, Daniel      112
Callahan, J. J.      244
Calmette      458
Caloric theory of heat      439Ч443
Cammer, Moses      14
Campbell, C. Arthur      244
Candlish, Stewart      241
Carpuccio Gonzalez, Eugenio      xi
Carres, Alexis      417
Carrington, Frank G.      37 111
Carroll, Lewis      113Ч114 235Ч236 372
Case law      481
Categorical propositions      161Ч190
Categorical propositions as exclusive propositions      221Ч222
Categorical propositions, classes and      161Ч164
Categorical propositions, diagrams for      186Ч190
Categorical propositions, existential import      181Ч184
Categorical propositions, existential import contraposition      176Ч177
Categorical propositions, existential import conversion      172Ч174
Categorical propositions, existential import conversion by limitation      173 177
Categorical propositions, existential import immediate inferences      171 172Ч178
Categorical propositions, obversion      174Ч175
Categorical propositions, particular affirmative      163 165
Categorical propositions, particular negative      164 165
Categorical propositions, quality, quantity and distribution      165Ч167
Categorical propositions, Square of opposition      168Ч172
Categorical propositions, standard-form      162Ч164
Categorical propositions, standard-form, contradictories      168Ч169
Categorical propositions, standard-form, contraries      169
Categorical propositions, standard-form, diagram for      187
Categorical propositions, subcontraries      169Ч170
Categorical propositions, symbolism for      184Ч186
Categorical propositions, translating into standard form      218Ч224
Categorical propositions, universal affirmative      162 165
Categorical propositions, universal negative      163 165
Categorical syllogisms      191Ч213
Categorical syllogisms form and validity of      194Ч196
Categorical syllogisms, rules and fallacies for      206Ч211 (see also Fallacies Venn Diagrams)
Categorical syllogisms, sorites      235Ч237
Categorical syllogisms, standard-form      191Ч193 214
Categorical syllogisms, testing      197Ч205
Causal connections      377Ч417
Causal connections of agreement      383Ч385 397 405 407
Causal connections of concomitant variation      397Ч399 406
Causal connections of difference      386Ч388 397 404 405 407 408
Causal connections of residues      393Ч395 397
Causal connections, criticisms of      401Ч407
Causal connections, joint method of agreement and disagreement      390Ч391 397 409
Causal connections, meaning of cause      377Ч383
Causal connections, Mill's methods      383Ч417
Causal connections, vindication of      407Ч411
Cause      (see also Causal connections)
Cause in legal reasoning      490Ч493
Cause, meaning of      377Ч383
Cedi, Robert, Lord      77
Ceniza, Claro R.      viii
Ceremonial language      69Ч70
Cervantes      188
Ch'eng Hao      107
Ch'eng Wei Ч Shih Lun      155
Chain argument      36Ч37
Challenger, James      33 252
Chargaff, Erwin      94
Chase, Salmon P.      77
Chase, Stuart      88
Chasis, Sara      13
Chesterton, G. K.      87
Christie, Agatha      124
Church, Alonzo      253
Churchill, Winston      157 234 272
Circular argument, begging the question as      102
Circular definition      152
Circumstantial ad hominem argument      98Ч100
Circumstantial evidence      494
Civil law      481 482 496
Clark, Justice      373
Clark, William P.      375
Class-defining characteristic      174
Classes, categorical propositions and      161Ч164
Classes, complement of the      174
Classes, obversion and      174
Classification, as hypothesis      448Ч452
Closing of the American Mind, The (Bloom)      251
Cobb, Jean      25
Coke, Edward, Sir      156 480
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor      86
Columbus, Christopher      443 448
Commands      71Ч72
Commands as directive discourse      67 68
Commands, conclusion as      7
Common knowledge      27Ч28
Commutation      304
Complement      174
Complementary class      174
Complex question, as fallacy      96Ч97
Component of a statement      255
Composition, fallacy of      117Ч118 120
Compound propositions      26Ч27
compound statements      255
Compound statements as conditional statement      265Ч272
Compound statements, conjunction      255Ч257
Compulsive Gamblers (Livingston)      152
1 2 3 4 5 6
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