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Leonid V.Azaroff, Buerger M.L. — Powder Method in X-Ray Crystallography
Leonid V.Azaroff, Buerger M.L. — Powder Method in X-Ray Crystallography

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Название: Powder Method in X-Ray Crystallography

Авторы: Leonid V.Azaroff, Buerger M.L.

Аннотация:

The powder method—the analysis of poly< ryslalline or powdered materials by passing x-rays through the sample and recording the resulting diagram— is probably the most widely used application of x-ray diffraction, as well as one of the most modern and accurate means of analysis. This book contains a complete exposition of the principles and utilization of the powder method.
The practice of the powder method is inherently simple, and the results it provides are so valuable that it is used as a routine tool not only in many branches of science but in many industries. But frequently the person making and interpreting powder photographs for this purpose has no specific training in the subject. It is for this person that the book has been written. The authors show him what the powder method is, how it fits into the larger field of x-ray crystallography, and how to interpret the results obtained from its use.
The discussion is kept on a fundamental plane, and no mathematics beyond simple vector algebra is assumed. ЛИ necessary mathematics is included in the simplest and most complete way possible. Detailed examples illustrate virtually all principles, and a complete collection of charts for laboratory use of indexing procedures is included.
A unique feature of this book is the detailed discussion of the indexing of powder photographs for all possible symmetries. This includes mention of all indexing systems deviled to date.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1958

Количество страниц: 342

Добавлена в каталог: 05.08.2009

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$K\alpha$ doublet      251
$K\alpha$ radiation      34
$K\alpha_{1}$ radiation      33
$K\alpha_{2}$ radiation      33
$K\beta$ radiation      33 34
$\mathrm{BaF_{2}}$      191
$\mathrm{Cu_{2}O}$      195
$\mathrm{MgWO_{4}}$      145 153 177
$\mathrm{TeO_{2}}$      193
$\mathrm{Zn(NH_{3})_{2}Br_{2}}$      156
Absolute size of crystallite      256
Absorption      35 36 38 42 211
Absorption edge      35 36 248
Absorption effect      203
Absorption error      236 240
Absorption of diffracted radiation      201
Absorption theory      36
Absorption, specific      35
Accuracy, highest attainable      217
Accuracy, limit of      217
Acid, fatty      87
Additional observed lines      197
Adjusting screw      41
Adjustment      19 20
Adjustment, centering      28
Adjustment, specimen      28
Aggregate, polycrystalline      260
Air scatter      26 28
Air scattering      213 247
Alexander and Klug technique      203
Alexander, L.      203 209 218
Algorithm, reduced cell by      136
Alignment      18—20
Alignment of beam system      253
Alignment of track      253
Allison, S.K.      247
Alum, ribidium aluminum      11
Ambiguity, monoclinic      179
Amorphous carbon      265
Amorphous solid      266
Analysis, quantitative      200 201
Analysis, x-ray fluorescence      183
Analytical determination of the reduced cell      153 155
Analytical method      60
Analytical procedure      60
Anderson, H.C.      45 208
Andrews, K.W.      244
Angle of incidence      8
Angle, Bragg      46 223
Angle, diffraction      58
Angle, glancing      8 10 13
Angle, interaxial      145
Angle, interaxial, character of      129
Angle, interaxial, reciprocal-cell      108
Angular range      43
annealing      38 262 263
Aperture      12 26
Application of reduced-cell theory      145
Aragonite      205
Arc length      58 59
Arc, shaded      17
Arrangement, film      23
Array      8
Array, lattice      6 7 9 11
assembly      20 21
Assembly, entrance-port      26 28 29
Assembly, exit-port      26 28
Assembly, pinhole      41
Assembly, pusher      29
Assignment of indices when crystal system is known      60
Asterisk      94
Asterism      262 265
ASTM Index      183
Asymmetric film-mounting      231
Attachment, specimen      28
Austin, A.E.      79
Axes, crystal      95
Axes, crystal-lattice      97
Axes, hexagonal      76
Axes, homogeneous      160—162 164 165 170
Axes, homogeneous, in three dimensions      163
Axes, reciprocal      94 95 97
Axial character representation      130
Axial representation of a cell      129
Axis, zone      92
Back reflection      23 231
Back scatter      18 26
Back-reflection camera      220
Back-reflection cassette      44
Back-reflection line      26 224 225
Back-reflection method      43
Back-reflection region      26 43 224 225 231
Background      35 36
Background intensity      213 248
Background, nonuniform      213
Background, nonuniformity of      246
Background, uneven      213
Bacon, G.E.      233 244
Ballard, J.W.      209
Band      80 88 89 137
Band, reduction in      153
Barkow, A.G.      45
Barrett, C.S.      212 218
Base      19 20
Base, camera      21
Batelle Memorial Institute      78
Beam catcher      41
Beam system, alignment of      253
Beam, direct      13 18 26 28 35
Beam, incident      36
Beam, transmitted      36
Beam, x-ray      19—21
Beam, x-ray, direct      28
Beam, x-ray, divergence of      216
Beam, x-ray, diverging      212
Beam, x-ray, monochromatic      34
Beam-divergence error      236
Bearing      19 20
Bell, J.C.      79
Bernal, J.D.      105
Beu, K.E.      45
Biaxial crystal      243
Bicek, E.J.      45
Bjurstroem chart      65—67
Bjurstroem chart for hexagonal crystals      72
Bjurstroem chart for tetragonal crystals      66
Bjurstroem fan diagram      67
Bjurstroem, T.      63 72 78
Black, lamp      38 265
Blackening      184 185
Body-centered cubic lattice      224
Body-centered lattice      81
Bolashov, V.      159
Boldyrev, A.K.      183 208
BOND      67 72 77
Bond chart      67
Bond chart for hexagonal crystal      73
Bond chart for rhombohedral crystal      76
Bond chart for tetragonal crystal      69
Bracket      20 21
Bracket, camera      29
Bradley and Jay extrapolation      235
Bradley, A.J.      42 212 216—218 235 245
Bragg angle      46 223
Bragg condition      99
Bragg equation      13 35 59 221 223 224 240
Bragg reflection      248 251
Bragg reflection condition      216
Bragg relation      219
Bragg, W.L.      42
Bragg’s law      8 9 92 99 107
Brass, cold-worked      265
Bravais lattice type      124
Bravais tetrahedron      166
Bravais, M.A.      125 126 137 158
Breadth, line      255
Broad halo      265
Broadening, instrumental      256
Broadening, line      256 257 265
Broadening, particle-size      254—256
Brown, R.J.      209
Buerger, M.J.      31 44 124 126 159 212 218
Bunn chart      67 78
Bunn chart for tetragonal crystals      68
Bunn, C.W.      67 72 78
Burkardt, L.A.      209
Burr, A.A.      44
Cadmium      248 249
Cadmium sulfide      262
Calcite      205 261
Camera      18—21
Camera base      21
Camera bracket      29
Camera cover      41
Camera cylinder      18
Camera diameter      22
Camera mounting      19
Camera shaft      20
Camera translation      21
Camera, back-reflection      220
Camera, cylindrical      42
Camera, flat-cassette      42
Camera, maladjustment of      252
Camera, oversized      42
Camera, powder      3 18 19
Camera, powder, cylindrical      39
Camera, precision-made      231
Camera, symmetrical back-reflection focusing      220
Capillary      38
Capillary tube      38 231
Capillary, glass      200 252
Carapella method      224
Carapella, L.A.      224 226 244
Carbide, silicon      262
Carbon, amorphous      265
Card file      183
Card, file      187 195 198
Careful experimental technique      231
Casein      38
Cassette      43 44
Cassette, back-reflection      44
Cassette, flat      42 43 220
Catalogue, Hanawalt      183
Catalyst, nickel      257
Catcher, direct-beam      40—42
Cell dimension      46 55
Cell edge      49
Cell geometry      46
Cell representation      141
Cell, axial representation of      129
Cell, direct      50
Cell, fraternal      161 169
Cell, fraternal, in three dimensions      163
Cell, half-reduced      126 169
Cell, hexagonal      72
Cell, nonprimitive      111
Cell, nonprimitive, multiplicity of      111
Cell, orthogonal      46
Cell, primitive      4 108 127 131 136
Cell, quarter-reduced      126 169
Cell, reciprocal      49 50
Cell, reciprocal, nonprimitive      111
Cell, reduced      see “Reduced cell”
Cell, reduced plane      136
Cell, representation of      129
Cell, rhombohedral      76
Cell, type I      131
Cell, type II      131
Cell, unit      5 126
Centering      28
Centering adjustment      28
Centering device      28
Centering motion      29
Centering, lattice, type of      142
Centering, operation      29
Character of an interaxial angle      129
Character representation      130
Characteristic radiation      33 35 247
Chart, Bjurstroem      65—67
Chart, Bond      67
Chart, Bunn      67 78
Chart, Harrington      69 79
Chart, Hull — Davey      67 69
Chemical formula      187
Chemical method      183
Chloride, lead      206
Chloride, potassium      206
Cisney, E.      31
Claassen, H.H.      45
Clark, G.L.      201 209
Classification of symmetrical scalar      150
Classification of unsymmetrical scalar      150
Clay      263
Clip, dental film      42
Close packing, cubic      262
Close packing, cubic, hexagonal      262
Close-packed array, cubic      262
Close-packed array, hexagonal      262
Cobalt      262
Cobalt monoxide      197
Coefficient, homogeneous      166
Coefficient, linear absorption      36 37 201 234
Coefficient, mass absorption      36 37
Cohen, M.U.      239 245
Cohen’s method      239
Coherent scattering      250
Coherently scattered radiation      250
Cold working of metals      262
Cold-worked brass      265
Collimating system      12 25
Collimator      12 25 35 40—42
collodion      37—39
Colloids      255
Comparator film      198
Compound, isomorphous      182
Compound, long-chain      87
Compound, long-spacing      87 89
Compton modified scattering      250
Compton, A.H.      247
Computation, shortest translation by      134
Condition, Bragg      99 216
Cone, diffracted-beam      100
Conjugate translation      4 109 126 138
Contamination of sample      252
Contamination of target      252
Conversion factor      22
Coordinates, homogeneous      160
Counter, Geiger      3
Counter, quantum      3
Cover      21
Cover, camera      41
Crystal axes      95
Crystal cell, dimension      46
Crystal lattice      97
Crystal monochromator      213
Crystal pattern      4
Crystal structure      4 6 9—11 201
Crystal system      143 155
Crystal texture      261 265
Crystal, biaxial      243
1 2 3 4 5
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