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Herbert C.G., Johnstone R.A.W. — Mass Spectrometry Basics
Herbert C.G., Johnstone R.A.W. — Mass Spectrometry Basics

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Название: Mass Spectrometry Basics

Авторы: Herbert C.G., Johnstone R.A.W.

Аннотация:

Mass Spectrometry Basics is a pedagogy for novice practitioners and those with little or no experience in the field of mass spectrometry. It includes information on ionisation processes, techniques, instruments, and general MS and combined MS applications. The text also has an extensive reference section and quick guides that highlight the essential information discussed in each chapter.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2002

Количество страниц: 474

Добавлена в каталог: 03.10.2006

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
${\rm AutoSpec-TOF} \textsuperscript{\textregistered}, $ hybrid      160 161
${\rm AutoSpec-TOF} \textsuperscript{\textregistered}, $ ion optics      158
${\rm AutoSpec-TOF} \textsuperscript{\textregistered}, $ mass spectrometer      154 156 157
${\rm Channeltron} \textsuperscript{\textregistered}$      206 207 214 215 219
4-Bromofluorobenzene (BFB)      297 299
Ablation devices, major      116
Abundance ratio      259
Abundance ratio, accurate      340
Abundance ratio, approximate      339
Accelerating potential      239
Activators      49
Active Q-switching      127
Acyl coenzyme A compounds, LC/FABMS analysis of      289
ADC      see “Analog-to-digital converter”
Adenine      327
Aerosol(s)      109
Aerosol(s), formation of      106 135
Aerosol(s), formation of, efficiency in      145
Aerosol(s), formation of, principles of      138
Aerosol(s), man-made      137
Aerosol(s), nature of      137
Aerosol(s), passing of through spray chamber      139
Aerosol(s), production of      138
Aerosol(s), size of droplets formed in      140
Aerosol(s), spray-can nozzle, action of      393
Affinity chromatography      331
Alkanes      3
Alpha particle, emission of      364
Amino acid(s), deletion of single      291
Amino acid(s), production of proteins from      327
Amino acid(s), residues, sequence of      288
Amino acid(s), sequential linking of      330
Analog-to-digital converter (ADC)      224 317 318
Analyte, solution of      65
Analyzer(s)      365
Analyzer(s), combinations      289
Analyzer(s), electrostatic      177
Analyzer(s), GC, coupling of to mass spectrometers      252
Analyzer(s), hybrid      153
Analyzer(s), LC, coupling of to mass spectrometers      252
Analyzer(s), magnetic/electrostatic      178
Analyzer(s), mass ranges achievable with      282
Analyzer(s), time-of-flight      153 155 156 290
Analyzer(s), time-of-flight, ions required for      159
Analyzer(s), time-of-flight, mass spectra measured by      171
Analyzer(s), time-of-flight, microchannel plate combined with      217
Analyzer(s), time-of-flight, quadrupole analyzer used in conjunction with      169
Anode      30
Anode, dark space      34
Anode, glow      34 35
APCI      see “Atmospheric-pressure chemical ionization”
APCI/MS      see “Atmospheric-pressure chemical ionization and mass spectrometry”
API      see “Atmospheric-pressure ionization”
Arc(s)      387
Arc(s), forming process      39
Arc(s), lamps      122
Arc(s), of ions, radius of      176
Arc(s), striking of      37
Argon, carrier gas      152
Argon, density of      141
Argon, gas      89 90
Argon, gas, release of      368
Argon, gas, stream, flow of      143
Argon, ion, charge exchange of      93
Argon, laser      133
Array collectors      201 205—210 216
Array collectors, array detection      206
Array collectors, dynamic range      209
Array collectors, element of array      206—207
Array collectors, separation of array elements      207—209
Array collectors, uses of array collectors      209—210
Array, detection      206
Array, elements      206
Array, elements, ion mass range      215
Array, elements, number of      208
Array, elements, separation of      207
ASCII code      308
Aston dark space      32
Atmospheric-pressure chemical ionization (APCI)      38 55 71 73 277
Atmospheric-pressure chemical ionization (APCI), inlet      167
Atmospheric-pressure chemical ionization (APCI), transmission guides used in      377
Atmospheric-pressure chemical ionization and mass spectrometry (APCI/MS)      138
Atmospheric-pressure ionization (API)      55 60 61—63 79
Atmospheric-pressure ionization (API), background      61
Atmospheric-pressure ionization (API), drying gas      62
Atmospheric-pressure ionization (API), ionization process      61—62
Atmospheric-pressure ionization (API), ionization process, chemical ionization      62
Atmospheric-pressure ionization (API), ionization process, ion evaporation      61—62
Atmospheric-pressure ionization (API), number of ions      63
Atom(s), building blocks of      336 337
Atom(s), combinations of elemental      336
Atom(s), excitation      31 37
Atom(s), excited-state helium      131
Atom(s), gun      83
Atom(s), number of protons in      338
Atom(s), orbital levels of      30 31
Atomic bombs      353
Atomic mass(es), determination of      336
Atomic mass(es), for common elements      270
Atomic mass(es), relative      270
Atomic nucleus      335 339
Atomic structure      335
Atomic theory, modern      335
Atomization, flame promoting      139
Auto-samplers      284
Babington nebulizer      145
Background gas      374
Banned drugs, detection of in body fluids      268
Base peak      14
Bath gas      282 378
Beam deflectors      156
Benzaldehyde, separation efficiency for      249
BFB      see “4-Bromofluorobenzene”
Binary arithmetic      303 304
Binary code      305 306
biotechnology      327—333
Biotechnology, genetics      327—329
Biotechnology, proteins      330—334
bits      306 308
Blood analysis      291
Boltzmann constant      46 49
Boltzmann equation      91 124
Brewster angle      128
Buffer agents, separation of analyte ions from      65
bytes      306 307 308
C programming language      309 314
CAD      see “Collisionally activated decomposition”
Californium radionuclide      192
Camphor      278
Cancer research, use of DNA sequence data in      329
Capillary tubes      144
Carbohydrates, FD and      27
Carbohydrates, GC and      251
Carbohydrates, vaporization of      58
Carbon 12 standard, atomic weights of elements based on      346—347
Carbon compound, mass spectrum of      16
Carotene      246
Carrier gas      152
Cascade process      83
Cathode      30
Cathode, glow      32 33
Cathode, ions impacting onto      36
Central microprocessor, typical layout controlled by      308
Central processor unit (CPU)      309 311
CERCLA      see “U.S. Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and
Cerium      351 352
Cesium salt, examination of      46
Charge neutralization      151
Charge-coupled television (CCTV) camera      112
Charged species      183
Chauvenet t tables      364
Chemical derivatization      283
Chemical ionization (CI)      1—6 55 71 237
Chemical ionization (CI), example of chemical ionization process      1—2
Chemical ionization (CI), ion sources for      6
Chemical ionization (CI), ionization process      1
Chemical ionization (CI), negative ions      5
Chemical ionization (CI), other ionization routes      3—4
Chemical ionization (CI), other reagent gases      2—3
Chemical ionization (CI), suitability of beam entering ion chamber for      79
Chemical ionization (CI), use of CI/EI in tandem in GC/MS      4
Chemiluminescence      121
Chlorine, average atomic mass for      348
Chlorine, natural      259
Chlorophyll      246
Chromatogram(s), gas      247 257 259 298
Chromatogram(s), liquid      247 261 265
Chromatogram(s), mass      258 266
Chromatogram(s), resolution enhancement      258 266
Chromatogram(s), total ion current      84 257 259 267 323
Chromatographic apparatus, requirements for      246
Chromatographic peak areas, calculation of      301
Chromatography      see also “specific type”
Chromatography, affinity      331
Chromatography, forms of      245
Chromatography, retention time for molecules in      248
Chromosomes      327
CI      see “Chemical ionization”
CID      see “Collision-induced dissociation”
Cinnamic acid derivatives      290
Clean Water Act      296
Clock(s), crystal      310
Clock(s), pulse      222
Clouds, formation of in atmosphere      137
CLP      see “EPA Contract Laboratory Program”
Clusters      393
Cold plasma conditions      94
Collision(s), activation      234
Collision(s), cell      94 289
Collision(s), electrons produced by ionizing      33
Collision(s), energy of      29 376
Collision(s), frequency of      375
Collision(s), gas      74 374
Collision(s), inelastic      377
Collision-induced decomposition      243
Collision-induced dissociation (CID)      233 235
Collisionally activated decomposition (CAD)      373 377
Compound(s)      336
Compound(s), comparison of sample substance against standard      359
Compound(s), organometallic, isotope patterns for      350
Computer(s), aided background subtraction      22
Computer(s), instruction sets in      310
Computer(s), memory      309
Computer(s), movement of information in      311
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part A)      303—310
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part A), binary arithmetic      304—305
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part A), bits and bytes      308—309
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part A), clock      310
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part A), computer memory      309—310
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part A), electronic switching and binary code      306
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part A), languages      309
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part A), multibase arithmetic      303—304
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part A), other registers      307—308
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part A), registers      306—307
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part B)      311—315
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part B), basic speed differential between parallel and serial modes      311—314
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part B), Occam      314
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part B), reduced instruction set for computing      314—315
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part C)      317—325
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part C), data processing      317—320
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part C), instrument control      320—322
Computers and transputers in mass spectrometers (part C), manipulation of mass spectral data      322—325
Concentric tubular nebulizers      142
Constant mass difference scans      234 235
Coronas, arcs      37—38
Coronas, background      29
Coronas, effect of electrode separation on discharge      37
Coronas, effect of electrode shapes on discharge      38—39
Coronas, effect of gas flow on discharge      38
Coronas, effect of gas pressure on discharge      38
Coronas, effect of voltage changes on glow discharge characteristics      39—43
Coronas, electric discharge in gas      30—32
Coronas, electric-field gradients across glow discharge      35—36
Coronas, light and dark regions in discharge      32—35
Coronas, overall process      43
Coronas, plasma, and arcs      29—44
Coronas, self-sustaining discharge      36
Coronas, sputtering      36—37
Cosmic radiation      40
Cosmic rays, electromagnetic spectrum ranges from      118
CPU      see “Central processor unit”
Crooke's dark space      33
Cross-flow nebulizers      141 144
Crystal clocks, ticks of      310
Curvature lenses      179 180
Cytosine      327
Czerenkov radiation      121
D-glucose, FI spectra of      26
DAC      see “Digital-to-analog converter”
Dark space, anode      34
Dark space, Aston      32
Dark space, Faraday      34
Data, acquisition applications      315
Data, bus      313
Data, processing      300 317
DCI      see “Direct chemical ionization”
Dead time      223 224
Debye length      95
Decafluorotriphenylphosphine (DFTPP)      297 299
Decimal system      303 304 305
Dendrochronology      350
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)      327 334
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), code      290
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), schematic diagram of      328
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), sequencing      329
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), synthesis of specific lengths of      328
Depleted uranium weapons      353
Depth profiling      12
Desolvation chambers      107 108 150 152
DFTPP      see “Decafluorotriphenylphosphine”
Diatoms      341
Differential solvent removal      56 72
Diffraction gratings      119
Digital devices      306
Digital-to-analog converter (DAC)      317
Dimethylmercury      349 350
Dimethylplatinum      349 350
Dioxins, detection of in industrial waste      268
Dipolar field, development of      48
Direct chemical ionization (DCI)      283
Direct sample insertion (DSI)      105 114
Direct-insertion devices      115
Discharge, non-self sustaining      41
Discharge, self-sustaining      43
DNA      see “Deoxyribonucleic acid”
Doppler shifting      130
Double-focusing mass spectrometer      195
Drift velocity      36
Droplet(s), diameters      146
Droplet(s), formation      141 152
Droplet(s), size, formula for estimating      142
Drying gas      62 63
DSI      see “Direct sample insertion”
Dye lasers      132
Dynamic fast-atom bombardment and liquid-phase secondary ion mass spectrometry interface      81—86
Dynamic fast-atom bombardment and liquid-phase secondary ion mass spectrometry interface, atom or ion beams      82
Dynamic fast-atom bombardment and liquid-phase secondary ion mass spectrometry interface, dynamic-FAB/LSIMS interface      83—86
Dynamic fast-atom bombardment and liquid-phase secondary ion mass spectrometry interface, properties of solvent      82—83
Dynamic fast-atom bombardment and liquid-phase secondary ion mass spectrometry interface, types of ions produced      86
Edman sequential degradation      332
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