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Churchland P.S., Sejnowski T.J. Ч The computational brain
Churchland P.S., Sejnowski T.J. Ч The computational brain



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Ќазвание: The computational brain

јвторы: Churchland P.S., Sejnowski T.J.

јннотаци€:

The Computational Brain is the first unified and broadly accessible book to bring together computational concepts and behavioral data within a neurobiological framework. Churchland and Sejnowski address the foundational ideas of the emerging field of computational neuroscience, examine a diverse range of neural network models, and consider future directions of the field.


язык: en

–убрика: Ѕиологи€/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1992

 оличество страниц: 544

ƒобавлена в каталог: 04.12.2005

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
"Mind of the Mnemonist, The"      295
"Push-splash" phenomenon      344
2-Deoxyglucose technique      428f 434Ч435
6-Hydroxydopamine      430
Absolute depth discrimination, vergence and      231Ч233
Abstract problem analysis      18
accessibility features      13
Action potentials      20
Action potentials duration and transmission velocity of      52
Action potentials mathematical analysis of in squid giant axon      399Ч401
Activation modification of and time      174Ч183
Activation prototypical      177
Activation space and weight space      168Ч170 175Ч176
Activation space partitioning of      323Ч324
Activation vectors, unique      320
Active perception      418Ч423
Activity vector, three-element      234
Adaptation, oculomotor system in      356
Adaptive interactions      239
After-hyperpolarization (AHP), extension of      176
Algorithm, discovery of      19
Algorithmic level      18 20Ч21
Amacrine cells, production of      307
Amino acids, radioactively labeled      442Ч443
Amino-phosphonobutyric acid (APB)      431
Amino-phosphonovaleric acid (APV)      431
Amnesia, temporal lobe      244Ч248
Amnesic patients guessing in      246
Amnesic short-term memory performance in      298f
Amnesic studies of      243 297Ч299
AMPA receptors, in lamprey half-center circuit      398
Analog VLSI      416Ч418
Analysis, levels of      18Ч19
Anastasio's dynamical model      363 365
Anastasio's dynamical model network architecture of      364f
Anatomical techniques      427
Anatomical tract tracing      442Ч443
Anatomy, link of with representations of      23
Animal brain function models      429Ч430
Animate vision, vs fixed camera vision      422f
Annealing dynamics of      89
Annealing in Ising model      86f
Answer, looking up      69Ч76
AP5 blocking learning by      257Ч259 263Ч264
AP5 blocking of LTP by      272Ч273
Arbor function      312
Arm, sensorimotor coordination for      332f
Artificial neural structures      416
Artificial neural structures construction of      416Ч418
Associative memory, tasks of      300f
Associative networks      see also УFeedforward networksФ 78Ч82 107
Associative networks and hippocampal anatomy      284Ч285
Associative stimulus paradigms      292Ч293f
Aubrey holes system      66Ч67
Auditory chips      417 418
Auditory cortex, topographic mapping of      34
Auditory object localization      417Ч418
Auditory space, neural map of in barn owl      420f
Auditory system in barn owl      155 417Ч421
Auditory system research on      237
Augmented finite state machine (AFSM)      425f
Autoassociative content-addressable memory      80
Autoassociative network      81
Autopsy      429
Axon projections, anatomical tracing techniques for      441f
Axons, tracing of      442Ч443
Axoplasmic transport      442Ч443
Backpropagation algorithm      109Ч111
Backpropagation as high-fidelity design tool      347Ч349
Backpropagation evolution of      359
Backpropagation for global network      377
Backpropagation for understanding oculomotor system      378
Backpropagation generalizations of      123
Backpropagation of enor      112Ч113
Backpropagation role of in training up network      362Ч363 375Ч376
Ballard, Dana active perception and      418Ч423
Ballard, Dana integration of perception and motor control      416
Barn owl auditory object localization by      417Ч418
Barn owl auditory pathway of      418f
Barn owl innervation of nucleus laminaris in      419f
Barn owl neural map of auditory space in      420f
Barn owl silicon model of time-coding pathway of      421f
Basal ganglia, organization of      35
Basket cells      36f
Basket cells effects of on synapse      52
Behavior response, measurement of accuracy of      24Ч25
Behavioral plasticity      240
Bending reflex      see also УLocal bending reflexФ
Bending reflex Lockery's modeling of      15
Bending reflex model of in leech      13
Berger, Hans      437
Binary threshold rule, in Hopfield network      90
Binary threshold units      87
Binocular fusion      208Ч209
Binocular perception      189 218
Binocular perception depth      147 317
Binocular perception depth development of      145
Biological structure, function of      69
Biophysical mechanisms, and computations they help perform      45f
Blood flow monitoring      436
Body physics of      415Ч416
Body surface maps of in nervous system      32Ч34
Boltzmann distribution      100
Boltzmann distribution at equilibrium      101
Boltzmann machine      91Ч92
Boltzmann machine figure-ground constraint satisfaction by      96
Boltzmann machine fluctuating units of      91Ч92
Boltzmann machine network to solve segregation task in      93
Boltzmann machine nonlinear hidden units in      100
Boltzmann machine pattern completion by      102
Boltzmann machine schematic diagram of      101f
Boltzmann machine supervised vs unsupervised      101
Bottom-up strategy      4
Bottom-up strategy test of      5
Boundary detection, binocular      209
Brain      see also Уspecific areas ofФ
Brain computational principles of      7Ч11
Brain continual modification of      239
Brain contribution of to perception      144Ч147
Brain coronal section of      242Ч243f
Brain detecting functional damage to      432
Brain energy consumption for computation in      9
Brain experimental techniques for study of function of      428
Brain facts about      48Ч59
Brain function study techniques      428f
Brain gross recordings of      157Ч158
Brain highly parallel character of      59
Brain in sensorimotor integration      331Ч411
Brain inability of to forget      295
Brain layers and columns of      35Ч37
Brain lesions animal models of      429Ч4 30
Brain lesions human studies of      427Ч429
Brain lesions neurological assessments of      427Ч429
Brain magnetic resonance imaging sections of      433f
Brain mapping regions of specialization in      157Ч158
Brain maps of body surface in      32Ч34
Brain materials of construction for computational strategies in      9Ч10
Brain matrixlike architecture of structures of      286
Brain molecular composition of      431Ч432
Brain noninvasive mapping of structure of      432
Brain oxygen and nutrient supply for      9Ч10
Brain physiological levels of      20
Brain plasticity of      239Ч329
Brain possible research strategies for      12
Brain posterior view of      383
Brain processing of transducer signals by      144Ч145
Brain protein and lipid supply of      10
Brain reciprocal connections between areas of      31
Brain representation in      143 157Ч163
Brain spatial limitation of      9
Brain special-purpose systems of      7
Brain specific connectivity in      51
Brain stem computing motor neuron activity of nuclei of      368
Brain stem in locomotion      387
Brain stem in rhythmic behavior      409
Brain stem local learning rule that produces changes in      377f
Brain stem organization of structures of      34
Brain structural components of      1
Brain systems of      29Ч31
Brain temporal factors in computational strategies of      8Ч9
Brain topographic maps of      31Ч34
Brain visually mapped areas of      158Ч160
Brain waveform patterns      438Ч439
Brain weak cell-to-cell interactions in      52
Brain wide projection of neurons over      58f
Brain-brain stem connections      382
Brewster, David, retinal image studies of      189
Brooks, Rodney following of evolution      416
Brooks, Rodney mobots of      423Ч425
Buchanan model activity pattern of cell types in      391f
Buchanan model connecting pairs of segmental oscillator cells in      392Ч394
Buchanan model connectivity of segments in      398
Buchanan model coupling configurations in      394Ч395
Buchanan model insight into rhythm of spinal cord segments in      410
Buchanan model tests of      391f
Buzsaki two-stage learning hypothesis      287Ч289
CA1 pyramidal cells      261Ч264
CA1 pyramidal cells changes in calcium concentration in soma and apical dendrites of      271
CA1 pyramidal cells long-term modification of      267
CA1 pyramidal cells population burst of      265
CA1 pyramidal cells signal processing in      286
CA3 connectivity patterns of      280
CA3 disinhibition of pyramidal cells, potentiation of      267
CA3 generation of EPSPs by      289
CA3 neuronal network, sharp-wave population burst in      268f
CA3 pyramidal cells      255Ч257
CA3 signal processing in      286
CA3 synchronized bursting of      265
CABLE simulator      405f 408Ч409f
Calcium changes in concentration in soma and apical dendrites      271f
Calcium channels, simulation in pyramidal neuron      404Ч405f
Calcium immediate targets of in neurons      276f
Calcium in inducing LTP      274Ч276 278
Calcium modulation of regulatory functions of      277f
Calcium role of in rhythmic behavior      407
Calcium-sensitive dye      436Ч437
Calmodulin      278
Calmodulin active      278
Calmodulin modulation of calcium ion regulatory functions by      277f
Canonical competitive nets      215Ч218
Canonical net      77
Cartesian dualism hypothesis      1Ч2
Categorical hierarchy      321
Cells death of      307
Cells long-term potentiation and populations of      264Ч270
Cells synchronously firing      220Ч221
Cellular events, temporal schedules of      380Ч388
Center-surround organization, response of ganglion cells in      55f
Center-surround receptive fields      53Ч56
Central nervous system      see also УBrain; Nervous systemsФ
Central nervous system computer models of neurons in      402
Central nervous system in sensorimotor integration      338
Central nervous system of leech      338f
Central pattern generator (CPG)      382 385f
Central pattern generator (CPG) sources of modulatory input to      385f
Central rhythm generator (CRG)      387
Cerebellum, topographic mapping of      34
Cerebral cortex      see also УBrain
Cerebral cortex alteration of maps in after habitual stimulation      57f
Cerebral cortex cortices related to lexical retrieval operations in      322f
Cerebral cortex firing patterns of neurons in      53f
Cerebral cortex flattened projection of      21f
Cerebral cortex laminae and principal neuron types in      36f
Cerebral cortex major gyri and fissures of      30f 31f
Cerebral cortex medial and dorsolateral views of in owl monkey      159f
Cerebral cortex microcircuit in      39f
Cerebral hemispheres, Golgi-stained sections of      3f
Chandelier cells      31
Chandelier cells cones and perception of hues by      221Ч224
Chandelier cells effects of on synapse      52
Chandelier cells in hyperacuity      225Ч226
Chandelier cells production of      307
Channel configurations      20
Chromatolysis      442
Circuits, and cells      281Ч289
Circulating signals      301
Classical conditioning      240
Coarse coding definition of      178Ч179
Coarse stereopsis emergence of from matching      218
Coarse stereopsis marching and      202Ч209
Cochlea-brain stem nucleus, synthetic      417Ч418
Cochleas, basilar membranes of      417
Coding, by vector averaging      234Ч237
Colliculus look-up      74Ч75
Colliculus organization of in cat      75f
Color coding mechanism      166f
Color constancy      188 189 221
Color perception and reflectance properties of surfaces      441
Color perception by coarse coding      221Ч224
Color perception from higher-level processing      223
Color perception transducers allowing      148
Color representation, as three-element activity vector      234
Color state space      223Ч224
Color, as wavelength      221Ч223
Columnar organization      35Ч37
Compatibilities, computation of in coarse stereopsis      202Ч209
Compatibility function      201Ч202 210Ч211
Competitive learning      102Ч105
Competitive learning anti-Hebbian, of disparity invariants      217f
Competitive learning vector quantization by      129f
Competitive learning weaknesses of      104
Competitive unsupervised networks      215
Compressed representations      103
Computation and vestibulo-ocular reflex      353Ч378
Computation constraint satisfaction in      82Ч96
Computation definition of      61 316Ч317
Computation energy consumption for      9
Computation linear associators in      77Ч82
Computation materials of construction for      9Ч10
Computation overview of      61Ч139
Computation principles of      69
Computation principles of looking up answer      69Ч76
Computation time for performing      8Ч9
Computational models introduction of      15
Computational models of stereo vision      199Ч221
Computational neuroscience conceptual ideas structuring problems of      10Ч12
Computational neuroscience evolution of      6
Computational neuroscience neuroscience component of      17Ч18
Computational neuroscience purpose of      6Ч7
Computed tomography (CT)      432
Computer models      6
Computer models for difficult animal experiments      350
Computer models in explaining higher-level phenomena      415
Computer models input and output of      414
Computer models parameters of      414Ч415
Computer models pushing bounds of      413Ч414
Computer models simulation vs artificial performances      415Ч416
Computer models usefulness of      413
Computer science, levels of      18
Computer simulation for dorsal bending in leech      345Ч353
Computer simulation in understanding local networks      39Ч40
Computer simulation of neurons      13
Computer-net      133Ч134
Computers      65Ч69
Computers as physical device      66Ч67
Computers components of      65
Computers design of      75Ч76
Computers digital      68
Computers general-purpose      72
Computers manufactured vs biological      68
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