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Measures R.M. — Laser remote sensing. Fundamentals and applications
Measures R.M. — Laser remote sensing. Fundamentals and applications



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Название: Laser remote sensing. Fundamentals and applications

Автор: Measures R.M.

Аннотация:

A concise, self-contained monograph on laser remote sensing and its applications, this text discusses the ways in which lasers can be used to remotely measure the atmosphere and the hydrosphere. It provides a historical perspective and reviews the basic physics needed to understand the subject.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Технология/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1992

Количество страниц: 510

Добавлена в каталог: 20.10.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Spherical wave waist      173 174
Spin electron      64
Spin nuclear      67
spin quantum number      64
Spontaneous emission      87
Spontaneous emission and dipole moment      32
Spontaneous emission classical analogue      32
Spontaneous emission under saturation condition      133
Spontaneous emission volume coefficient      122
Spontaneous transition probability      87
Spot size (of Gaussian beam)      172 174
Spot size (waist) for confocal cavity      178
SRI international mobile lidar      406
Standing wave condition      176
Standing wave condition for laser action      155
Stark broadening      95
State function      66
State function orthonormal properties      67
State vectors      66
Stationary state      61 67
Stationary state energy eigenstate      86
Statistical definitions      295
Statistical definitions (covariance)      296
Statistical definitions (deviation)      295
Statistical definitions (mean)      295
Statistical definitions (Poisson distribution)      296
Statistical definitions (propagation of errors)      296
Statistical definitions (standard deviation)      295
Statistical definitions (variance)      295
Statistical mechanics      82
Steady-state radiative transfer equation      122
Steady-state radiative transfer equation solution      124
Steady-state radiative transfer equation with scattering      138
Stern — Volmer relation and partial pressure      117
Stimulated emission and gain saturation      157
Stimulated emission and light amplification      146
Stimulated emission coefficient      88
Stimulated emission cross section      123 148
Stimulated emission cross section at line center      158
Stimulated emission cross section for alexandrite laser      182
Stimulated emission cross section for dye laser      192
Stimulated emission cross section for excimer laser      190
Stimulated emission rate for broad band radiation      131
Stimulated emission rate for narrow band radiation      130 131
Stimulated emission rate per atom      128
Stimulated recombination      199
Stokes shift      93
STP (standard temperature and pressure)      4
Stratosphere      2
Stratospheric $O_{3}$ profile using balloon-borne lidar      343
Stratospheric DIAL laser linewidth constraint      319
Stratospheric dust detection by lidar      356
Stratospheric dust infusion from volcanoes      359—364
Stratospheric in situ concentration measurements      340
Stratospheric increased aeroticulate loading due to Mount St. Helens      362
Stratospheric measurements (UV-DIAL)      306
Stratospheric measurements based on DIAL      305
Stratospheric movement of volcanic dust monitored by lidar      360 361
Stratospheric temperature measurements using fluorescence lidar      338
Strength of absorption line      336
Subpicosecond laser pulses      169 170
Subsurface and surface lidar returns      419
Subsurface contour map obtained by laser bathymetry      420 421
Subsurface water temperature gradient measurement      460
Subsurface water temperature measurement      457 460
Sun glitter      225
Surface wave studies      212
System parameter      287 293 294
System parameter (modified)      292 293
Target fluorescence efficiency      255
Target plane circle of illumination      270
Target plane circle radius      266
Target plane geometry      257
Target plane radiance      270
Target spectral radiance (fluorescence)      246
Target spectral radiance (scattering)      238
TEA $(CO_{2})$ laser measurements of $H_{2}O$      327
TEA (transverse electrical atmospheric discharge) laser      187
Telescope (Fresnel lens)      215
Telescope (intracavity beam expanding)      222
Telescope as receiver optics      214 215
Telescope central obstruction      265 272 273
Telescope effective area      259
Telescope effective area (variation of)      269
Telescope effective area for coaxial lidar      269
Telescope effective area for Gaussian beam      268
Telescope effective radius      258
Telescope focal length      258
Telescope limiting aperture      265
Telescope objective lens      259
TEM (transverse electric and magnetic) mode      175
TEM-mode divergence angle      178
Temperature (characteristic rotational value for $N_{2}$)      334
Temperature and relation to Doppler broadening      99
Temperature evaluation using hydrostatic relation      332
Temperature inversion and relation to pollution episodes      331
Temperature lapse rate      331
Temperature measurement in stratosphere using fluorescence lidar      338
Temperature measurement of sodium atoms by lidar      367 368
Temperature measurement using DAS      335 337
Temperature measurement using DAS and $O_{2}$ A-band      338
Temperature measurement using differential rotational Raman scattering      334
Temperature measurements from rotational Raman backscattering      333
Temperature measurements using shipborne Raman lidar      460
Temperature profile by search light      331
Temperature profile comparison with US standard atmosphere      333
Temperature profile from elastic scattering lidar      333
Temporal discrimination      234
Temporal mode spacing      155
Term value      77
Terminal level bottleneck      187
Thermal background radiation      225
Thermal energy (mean)      60
Thermal influence of cooling      229
Thermal noise (Johnson)      223 228
Thermally tuned ruby laser      323
Thomas — Kuhn sum rule      35
Threshold concentration      293
Threshold detection      213
Threshold for laser action      151
Threshold laser energy      292 294
Threshold number density for DIAL      292
Threshold number density of CO (for Raman scattering)      287 288
Thunderstorm cell leading edge detection by lidar      356
Tomography (by laser absorption) for pollution mapping      395
Topographical backscattering from foliage      391
Topographical scatters      209 245
Topographical scatters (clouds)      213
Topographical target      244
Topographical target for DIAL temperature measurement      337
Topographical target scattering efficiency      245
Topographical to atmospheric backscattering for $SO_{2}$ DIAL      399
Total angular momentum      64
Total attenuation (extinction) coefficient      137
Total internal reflection      28
Total organic burden and fluorescence to Raman ratio      454
Total to molecular backscattering ratio      357 see
Toxic rocket fuel absorption parameters      394
Toxic rocket fuel detection by lidar      392
Toxic waste disposal      412
Trace atmospheric measurements      282 384
Transient (self-terminating) laser      183 188 222
Transient digitizers      329
Transient digitizers for mobile DIAL      410
Transmission coefficients at boundary      27
Transmission efficiency of receiver system      224
Transmission factor at air-water interface      418
Transmission of radiation through the atmosphere      140 142
Transmittance      27
Transmittance through earth's atmosphere      140
Transverse $(TEM_{00})$ mode      176
Transverse mode divergence angle      178
Transverse mode frequency spacing      177
Transverse modes      175
Triatomic linear molecule vibration modes      186
Troposphere      2
Tropospheric $O_{3}$ profile from airborne DIAL      347
Tropospheric DIAL laser linewidth constraint      319
Tropospheric measurements (IR-DIAL)      306
Tropospheric-stratospheric exchange mechanisms      331
Tunable infrared laser diodes and long-path absorption      389
Tunable infrared lasers      222
Tunable lasers      see "Alexandrite lasers" "Dye "Semiconductor
Tunable organic dye lasers      222
Turbidity laser measurements      422
Turbidity measurement      212
Turbidity of clouds      58
Turbulence (atmospheric) on DIAL      309
Turbulence induced fluctuation reduction of by signal rationing      390
Turbulence induced fluctuation reduction of by using two $CO_{2}$ lasers      391
Two-level atomic system      127 128
Two-photon process      113
Two-way attenuation coefficient      243 277
Two-way transmission factor      418
Tyndall effect      46
Types of (commercial) lasers      179 181
Types of lasers      178 182
Types of lasers relevant to remote sensing      183
Ultrashort laser pulse (see mode locking)      168
Ultraviolet (broadband tunable) lasers      191
Ultraviolet (damaging radiation)      5
Ultraviolet catastrophe      60
Ultraviolet lasers      183 188 189 see
Ultraviolet Raman shift excimer lasers      191
Uncorrected receiver aperture      269
Uniform gain saturation      163
Uniphase distribution $(TEM_{00})$      176
Unsaturated (small) gain coefficient      161
Unsaturated gain region      162
Upper-atmospheric temperature profile      333
Urban mixing layer detection by lidar      352
US Environmental Protection Agency      347
US Environmental Protection Agency for Air Pollution Study      388
US standard atmosphere      4
US standard atmosphere (radiosonde measurements)      321
US standard atmosphere for transmission calculations      382
US standard atmospheric temperature profile (comparison with lidar measurements)      333
UV-DIAL measurements of $O_{3}$      348
UV-laser blocking dye solution      458
UV-laser sounding      306
Valence energy band      197
Valence single electron atom      64
Van der Waals broadening      97
Variable-focus      216
Vector (bra and ket)      66
Vector (eigen)      66
Vector model      64
Velocity of light vacuum value      13
Vertical $H_{2}O$ distribution from DIAL      332
Vibrating rotator      77
Vibrating rotator energy levels      78
Vibration anharmonicity      74
Vibration distribution for CO      83
Vibration eigenfunctions      72
Vibration energy      73
Vibration energy level diagram      74
Vibration equilibrium distribution      82
Vibration modes      75
Vibration modes of triatomic molecule      186
Vibration partition function      83
Vibration quantized energies      72
Vibration quantum numbers      72
Vibration Raman cross section (Placzek)      109
Vibration rotation Raman spectrum      106
Vibration rotator      77
Vibronic band of CO      81
Vibronic transitions in alexandrite laser      182
Virtual transition      103
Visual range (meteorological)      144
Voigt line profile      101
Volcan de Fuego lidar measurements      361
Volcanic dust movement mapped by lidar      360 362 364
Volume absorption coefficient      123
Volume attenuation coefficient for scattering      54
Volume backscattering coefficient      239 271 276
Volume backscattering coefficient (molecular and aeroticulate)      297
Volume backscattering coefficient for ice crystal layer      356
Volume backscattering coefficient relation to extinction coefficient      278
Volume backscattering coefficient wavelength dependence      57
Volume emission coefficient      122
Volume extinction coefficient      54
Volume fluorescence coefficient      276
Volume gain coefficient      147
Volume scattering coefficient      53
Waist of Gaussian spherical wave      173
Waist spot size of confocal cavity      177
Water effluent plume dispersion mapping      454
Water fluorescence      212
Water fluorescence and dissolved organic carbon      454
Water fluorescence as indication of pollution      453
Water induced fluorescence      433
Water movement by dye tracing      455 456
Water Raman return (suppression of)      428 434
Water sample fluorescence efficiency      433
Water sample fluorescence spectra      453
Water subsurface backscattering efficiencies      419
Water temperature evaluation based on water Raman band spectra      457 460
Water temperature evaluation by dye fluorescence      455
Water turbidity      212
Water vapor absorption spectrum      141
Water-vapor DAS measurement      209
Wave equation      13 61
Wave equation for atom      62
Wave equation for molecule      67
Wave function      61
Wave function electronic      67
Wave function for vibration      72
Wave function nuclear      67
wave number      74
Waveform digitizers      215 421
Wavelength variation of atmospheric attenuation coefficient      143
Weak beam limit      247
Weather forecasting      331
Wedge filter      221
Wind global patterns      320
Wind shear measurement      320
XeCl (xenon chloride) laser for DIAL measurements of ozone      309 343
XeCl (xenon chloride)-laser for Raman lidar      288
zero point energy      72
Zero point vibrational amplitude      110
Zero time marker      213 216
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