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Measures R.M. — Laser remote sensing. Fundamentals and applications
Measures R.M. — Laser remote sensing. Fundamentals and applications



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Название: Laser remote sensing. Fundamentals and applications

Автор: Measures R.M.

Аннотация:

A concise, self-contained monograph on laser remote sensing and its applications, this text discusses the ways in which lasers can be used to remotely measure the atmosphere and the hydrosphere. It provides a historical perspective and reviews the basic physics needed to understand the subject.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Технология/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1992

Количество страниц: 510

Добавлена в каталог: 20.10.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Range-corrected lidar backscattered return      357 358
Range-normalized signal variable      277
Range-resolved $O_{3}$ measurements using $CO_{2}$-laser DIAL      350
Range-time diagram for scattering      242 see
Rare-gas halide lasers (biological-sensitivity)      223
Rawinsondes      31 see
Ray transfer matrix      178
Rayleigh backscattering coefficient      42
Rayleigh backscattering cross section      345
Rayleigh backscattering cross sections (atmospheric constituents)      42
Rayleigh differential scattering cross section      42
Rayleigh Jeans law      60
Rayleigh range      174
Rayleigh scattering      206
Rayleigh scattering and lidar temperature measurement      332
Rayleigh scattering cross sections      107 208
Rayleigh scattering polarization      44
Rayleigh scattering quantum view      102
Rayleigh total scattering cross section      42
Received signal power for fluorescence      248
Received signal power for obstructed and unobstructed biaxial and coaxial lidars      275
Received signal power for scattering      239 258
Received signal power for unobstructed biaxial and coaxial lidars      274
Receiver aperture (uncorrected)      269
Receiver optics (biaxial)      214
Receiver system      217
Receiver system (geometry of)      256
Receiver system acceptance solid angle      238
Receiver system field of view      260 261
Receiver system filter function      225
Receiver system half opening angle      258
Receiver system limited aperture      260 265
Receiver system spectral transmission factor      238 245
Receiver system spectral window      224 239
Receiver system transmission efficiency      224
Receiver system with central obstruction      265
Rectangular shaped laser pulse      240 258 259
Red-edge band head      81
Reduced mass      70
Reduction factor for sodium cell      366 367
Reference range      277 279
Reference range and backscattering ratio      298
Reference temperature      336
Reflectance      27
Reflection (law of)      25 26
Reflection (total internal)      28
Reflection coefficients      27
Refraction (Sneil's law)      25 26
Refractive index absolute value of      33
Refractive index complex value of      33
Refractive index for air      14
Refractive index for fused silica      14
Refractive index for water      14
Refractive index including near neighbor field      36
Refractive spectral variation for several materials      34
Rejection of laser backscattered radiation      283
Rejection of laser backscattered radiation for Raman lidar      284
Rejection of luminescence      234
Relative error in aeroticulate backscattering      299
Relative error in density measurement      303
Relative error in density measurement limiting value      304
Relative error in molecular density      310
Relaxation (fast and nonradiative)      157
Remote laser monitoring of incineration ship plume      410
Remote laser sensor      see "Lidar entries"
Residual attenuation coefficient      245
Resolution (spatial and temporal)      213
Resonance Raman scattering      209
Resonance scattering      208 see
Resonance to background ratio      305
Resonant energy transfer laser      186
Resonator geometrical mean reflection coefficient      151
Resonator loss coefficient      151
Retarded time      29
Retroreflector      209
Retroreflector and long path absorption      384
Retroreflector improvement in detection through absorption      385
RETURN signal      see "Lidar signal entries"
Ricatti equation (homogeneous)      279
Rigid rotator      76
River water fluorescence spectra      453
Ro-vibronic transition      93
Rocket fuel detection by lidar      392
Rocket fuel optical absorption parameters      394
Rotational absorption band for HCl      80
Rotational branches      78 81
Rotational constant $B_{v}$      81
Rotational constant (effective) $B_{e}$      77
Rotational energy level structure      77
Rotational equilibrium distribution      84
Rotational line strength factor      93 94
Rotational partition function      84
Rotational quantum number      76
Rotational Raman (differential technique) for temperature measurements      333 334
Rotational Raman backscattering from $N_{2}$      323
Rotational Raman scattering (comb filter for)      111
Rotational Raman scattering cross sections      107
Rotational Raman shift for $N_{2}$      323
Rotational Raman spectrum for $N_{2}$      111
Rotational Raman temperature measurements      333
Rotational spectrum      78
Rotational temperature (characteristic value for $N_{2}$)      334
Ruby (solid state) laser      182—184
Ruby laser (Q-switching)      166
S and O Raman cross section from Placzek      109
S and O Raman side bands      105
Sample number for laser shots      308
Saturable absorber for Q-switching      166
Saturated fluorescence      133
Saturated gain (growth of radiation field)      162
Saturated irradiance for a laser      159
Saturated irradiance for fluorescence      130
Saturated irradiance in terms of cross section      370
Saturated spectral irradiance      130
Saturation condition      132 133
Saturation correction factor      133
Saturation correction factor and uncertainty in K measurement      370
Saturation correction factor variation with laser beam divergence      371
Saturation correction factors for Na and K shuttle lidar measurements      384
Saturation effects in probing the potassium layer      369
Saturation energy density      160
Saturation of emission      126
Saturation of gain      157
Saturation parameter      130
Saturation parameter in terms of laser solid angle      370
Saturation time      132
Saturation time in terms of photon density      370
Scalar approximation      171
Scalar potential      12
Scanning oceanographic lidar      434
Scattered field      39
Scattering (elastic)      38
Scattering (forward)      51 55
Scattering (Mie)      49
Scattering (Rayleigh)      41
Scattering activity      110
Scattering angle      40
Scattering coefficient (total)      136
Scattering cross section comparison      206 208
Scattering differential cross section (elastic)      41
Scattering efficiency (Mie)      52
Scattering form of lidar equation      237 239 258
Scattering influence on radiative transfer      135
Scattering limit      253
Scattering plane      40 49
Scattering rate in and out of beam      136
Scattering ratio      344 357
Scattering ratio as function of altitude      358
Scattering size parameter      48
Schroedinger time independent equation for a molecule      67
Schroedinger time independent equation for hydrogen      62
Schroedinger wave equation      61
Schumann — Runge absorption bands      139
Sea level attenuation coefficient variation with wavelength      143
Sea water ambient fluorescence      426
Sea-slope probability factor      418
Seasonal variations in Na and K abundances      371 372
Secondary electrons      228
Selection rule for rotational transitions      76 81
Selection rule for vibrational transitions      72
Selection rules for optical transitions      63 65
Selection rules for Raman scattering      105
Self reproducing field distribution      172
Self-reversal      127
Sellmier's dispersion formulae      34
Semiconductor GaAs laser      200
Semiconductor heterojuction lasers      202
Semiconductor homostructure junction laser      201
Semiconductor laser active region      199
Semiconductor laser active zone thickness      200
Semiconductor laser advantages      202
Semiconductor laser depletion zone      199
Semiconductor laser for fast derivative spectroscopy      386 388 389
Semiconductor laser gain coefficient      200
Semiconductor laser line profile function      200
Semiconductor laser threshold current density      200 201
Semiconductor laser wavelength range and types      202
Semiconductor lasers      197
Semiconductor lasers gain coefficient      192
Semiconductor N and P types      197 198
Semiconductor P-N junction      198 199
Sensitivity limit for derivative spectroscopy      389
Ship-mounted lidar      410
Shipborne Raman lidar for surface temperature measurements      458 459
Shipborne Raman lidar water spectra      459 460
Short-wavelength cut off filters      220
Short-wavelength pass filters      220
Shot noise      223
Shot noise (signal limit)      230 286
Shot noise Schottky form      227
Shuttle borne $H_{2}O$ DIAL      329
Shuttle lidar facility      378
Shuttle lidar objectives      376
Shuttle lidar planned experiments      380 381
Shuttle lidar trace constituent measurements      282
Shuttle mounted lidar (eye safety)      204
SI units      13
Signal compression with small detectors      270 272 276
Signal diminution      216
Signal noise elimination through laser frequency modulation      386
Signal power and detector size      271
Signal power received (fluorescence)      248
Signal power received (scattering)      239 258
Signal power received for obstructed and unobstructed biaxial and coaxial lidars      275
Signal power received for unobstructed biaxial and coaxial lidars      274
Signal shot noise limit      230 286
Signal to noise ratio (anode)      228
Signal to noise ratio (photocathode)      226
Signal to noise ratio general form      229 286
Simple harmonic oscillator      72 102
Simple harmonic oscillator and oscillator strength      35
Simple harmonic oscillator and spectral broadening      95
Simple harmonic oscillator dispersion and absorption      32
Simple harmonic oscillator electron displacement      31
Simple harmonic oscillator emission of radiation      85
Simple harmonic oscillator model of molecule      72
Simple harmonic oscillator resonant frequency      31
Simple harmonic oscillator steady state solution      32
Simple two level system      127
Simulated laser backscattering with error analysis      301
Single mode (laser)      158 163
Size parameter for Mie scattering      49
Size parameter scattering      48
Sky background radiation      224
Slant visibility for aircraft      278
Slope method of inversion      278
Smog      6
Solar background subtraction      428
Solar blind Raman lidars for $H_{2}O$ and temperature measurement      325
Solar blind region and eye hazard      325
Solar blind region of spectrum      324
Solar diurnal cycle influence on mesospheric Na      374
Solar radiation      1
Solar spectral irradiance      204
Solar spectrum      2
Solenoidal field      12
Solid angle of laser emission      369
Solid-state laser      182 184
Solid-state laser pump for dye laser      196
Solution of population rate equation      129
Solution of the lidar equation      276
Solution of the lidar equation limits      280
Source function      123
Source function for homogeneous medium      124
Sources of noise      223
Space time diagram      242
Space time path      248
Space time path for fluorescent target      249 253
Spaceborne lidar      see "Shuttle lidar entries"
Spatial hole burning      164
Spatial resolution for fluorescence      253
Spatial resolution for scattering      242
Spectral distribution of amplified spontaneous emission      156
Spectral energy density      24
Spectral filters      214
Spectral fingerprinting      213
Spectral fluorescence decay time      438
Spectral interference between $H_{2}O$ and $C_{2}H_{4}$      391
Spectral irradiance      23
Spectral irradiance and photon distribution      136
Spectral irradiance from Fabry — Perot resonator      154
Spectral line broadening      94
Spectral line broadening (collision)      95
Spectral line broadening (combined)      101
Spectral line broadening (dispersive)      100
Spectral line broadening (Doppler)      99
Spectral line broadening (homogeneous)      100
Spectral line broadening (lifetime limited)      96
Spectral line broadening (Lorentzian)      96
Spectral line broadening (natural)      95
Spectral line broadening (Stark)      95
Spectral line distortion (optical depth effects)      125
Spectral line self reversal      125 127
Spectral narrowing in active medium      153
Spectral narrowing in dye lasers      196
Spectral narrowing of amplified temporal modes      157
Spectral radiance      23
Spectral radiance and photon distribution      136
Spectral radiance and radiative transfer equation      122
Spectral radiance of sky background      224 225
Spectral rejection for rotational Raman measurement of $N_{2}$      323
Spectral rejection of laser backscattered radiation      232 283—285
Spectral rejection ratio      284
Spectral rejection required for Raman scattering      285
Spectral response (photomultipliers)      217
Spectrally integrated fluorescence cross section      248
Spectrally integrated laser power      314
Spectroscopy (fast derivative)      234
Spectroscopy and optically thin medium      126
Spectroscopy notation for atomic states      63
Spectroscopy notation for molecular states      69 82
Spectrum analyzer      213 220
Spectrum analyzer double monochromator      221
Spectrum analyzer etalons      220
Spectrum analyzer filters      214 219 220
Spectrum analyzer holographic grating      221
Spectrum analyzer monochromators      214 221
Spectrum analyzer polychromator      221
Spectrum analyzer wedge filter      221
Spherical wave (Gaussian amplitude)      172
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