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Measures R.M. — Laser remote sensing. Fundamentals and applications
Measures R.M. — Laser remote sensing. Fundamentals and applications



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Название: Laser remote sensing. Fundamentals and applications

Автор: Measures R.M.

Аннотация:

A concise, self-contained monograph on laser remote sensing and its applications, this text discusses the ways in which lasers can be used to remotely measure the atmosphere and the hydrosphere. It provides a historical perspective and reviews the basic physics needed to understand the subject.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Технология/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1992

Количество страниц: 510

Добавлена в каталог: 20.10.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Dielectric nonspherical scatterers      51
Dielectric spherical scatterers      49
Differential absorption      119 209
Differential absorption advantages      212
Differential absorption and scattering (DAS)      209
Differential absorption and topographical scattering      386
Differential absorption coefficient of $CO_{2}$      348
Differential absorption cross section      244
Differential absorption extinction optical depth      306
Differential absorption for temperature measurement      335
Differential absorption lidar      212 see
Differential absorption lidar equation      243
Differential absorption lidar error analysis      305
Differential absorption optical depth (local)      308
Differential absorption optical depth (spatially integrated)      310
Differential cross section for Mie scattering      49
Differential cross section for Rayleigh scattering      41
Differential form of two wavelength lidar equation      244
Differential rotational Raman scattering for temperature evaluation      333 334
Differential scattering coefficient      135
Differential volume scattering coefficient      53
Diffraction grating      221
Diffraction grating for dye laser      222
Diffraction limited Gaussian beam      174
Diffraction losses      175
Diffraction losses associated with plane resonator      177
Diode current modulation      234
Dipole matrix element and radiative decay rate      112
Dipole moment      32
Dipole moment (quantum)      85
Dipole moment classical      85
Dipole moment for atomic transition      86
Dipole moment for diatomic molecule      72 73
Dipole moment in terms of Einstein coefficients      90 91
Dipole moment in terms of oscillator strength      90
Dipole moment matrix element      87 90
Dirac notation      66
Dirac-delta function      158
Dispersion (anomalous)      34
Dispersion equation      33
Dispersion Sellmeir's formulae      34
Dispersive line profile      100
Displacement current      13
Dissociation energy      73
Dissolved organic carbon      455
Dissolved organic carbon and water fluorescence      454
Distortion of return signal through attenuation      282
Divergence half angle      174
Divergence half angle for $TEM_{00}$ mode      178
Dobson spectrophotometer      345
Donor impurity atoms      197
Doppler broadening      94
Doppler broadening and temperature measurement      335
Doppler broadening and thermal motion      99
Doppler broadening shift      98
Doppler broadening spectral profile      99
Doppler shift for airborne heterodyne detection      390
Doppler velocimetry lidar      320
Doppler width for sodium absorption cell      367
Doppler-broadened gain profile      187
Double monochromator      221
Downward irradiance attenuation coefficient for water      415
Dual wavelength $CO_{2}$ lasers      233
Duel wavelength dye lasers      233
Dustsonde balloon-borne comparison with lidar      358
Dustsonde measurements (nonvolcanic conditions)      300
Dustsonde particle concentration comparison with lidar      359
Dye (dual independently tunable) lasers      195 196
Dye (liquid organic) laser      183 191
Dye and semiconductor tunable lasers      181
Dye laser amplifier      197
Dye laser beam expander      196
Dye laser birefringent filter      197
Dye laser concentrations      195
Dye laser diffraction grating (Littrow arrangement)      194
Dye laser emission spectral width      193
Dye laser flashlamp pumped      193
Dye laser frequency doubling      196
Dye laser gain coefficient      192
Dye laser grating plus etalon cavity      329
Dye laser intersystem crossing      193
Dye laser intracavity etalon      194
Dye laser measurement of $H_{2}O$ profile      325
Dye laser nitrogen laser pumped      196
Dye laser optical pumping      191
Dye laser prism tuning      197
Dye laser Q-switched Nd-YAG pumped      196
Dye laser spectral tuning      194
Dye laser systems for atmospheric sodium measurements      364 369 373
Dye laser tuning curves      194 195
Dye oscillator-amplifier arrangement      329
Dye tracing of water movement      455 456
Dynamic range compression      410 411
Dynamic range reduction by geometrical compression      270 272
Dynode chain      217
Dynode chain gain      227 297
Dynode secondary electrons      228
Eddy mixing within atmosphere      368 371
Effective telescope area      259
Effective telescope area for coaxial lidar      269
Effective telescope area for Gaussian beam      268
Effluent from pulp and paper industry      450
Effluent plume mapping      213
Effluent plume measurement      209
Eigen energy state      86
Eigenfunction      65
Eigenfunctions for vibration      72
Eigenstates      66
Eigenstates orthonormal properties      67
Eigenvalue equation      65
Eigenvectors      66
Einstein absorption coefficient      88
Einstein stimulated emission coefficient      88
Einstein transition probability      87
Einstein transition probability and relation to oscillator strength      91
Einstein transition probability for molecular band      93
Elastic and Raman backscattering comparison      326
Elastic backscattering coefficient      42 52 54 56
Elastic backscattering lidar equation      309
Elastic backscattering lidar equation for broadband laser      314
Elastic Mie scattering      49
Elastic molecular scattering      42
Elastic Rayleigh scattering      41
Elastic scattering (quantum formulation)      104
Electric charge      12
Electric field polarization vector      103
Electric fields      12
Electric permittivity      12
electric polarizability      16
Electric polarization      12 16
Electro-optical shutters      233
Electromagnetic energy density      21
Electromagnetic energy flow      20
Electromagnetic fields      11 29
Electromagnetic force equation      20
Electromagnetic Poynting vector      21
Electromagnetic radiation (propagation of)      122
Electron acceleration and emission      39 85
Electron charge      29
Electron classical radius      31
Electron displacement (in harmonic oscillator)      31
Electron excitation in gas laser      186
Electron spin      64
Electronic molecular states      69
Electronic wave function      68
Electronic wave function for molecular transitions      91
Electrostatic collection efficiency      228
Energy conservation equation      122 137
Energy eigenstate      86
Energy gap (valence and conduction)      197
Energy gap voltage      199
Environmental issues      1
Environmental lidar measurements      10
Environmental sensing lidar techniques      205—207 213
Equilibrium (non) population inversion      147
Equilibrium and detailed balance      89
Equilibrium distribution      82
Equilibrium, thermal      82
Equilibrium, thermodynamic      89
Equilibrium, vibrational      83
Error (propagation of)      296 299 303 307
Error (random)      295
Error (relative value for aeroticulate backscattering)      299
Error (relative value for DIAL)      310
Error (systematic)      295
Error (systematic) in dial due to laser linewidth      314
Error analysis (lidar)      294
Error analysis for differential absorption lidar      305
Error analysis for fluorescence lidar      302
Error in density measurement      303
Error in molecular number density measurement      308 310
Error random (simulation of)      300
Etendue matching condition      224
Etendue of Fabry — Perot interferometer      379
Evolution of Na-profile during twilight      375
Excimer laser      189—191
Excimer laser pump for dye laser      196
Excited state population      128
Excited state rate equation      131
Excited state rate equation and solution      131
Expectation and observables      67
expectation value      65
Exponential attenuation of radiation      125 see
Exponential radius for Gaussian beam      258
Extinction coefficient (absorption plus scattering)      137
Extinction coefficient for scattering      54
Eye-safety and shuttle mounted lidar      204
Eye-safety considerations      203
Fabry — Perot etalon      220
Fabry — Perot etendue      379
Fabry — Perot field distribution      171
Fabry — Perot interferometer as comb filter      111
Fabry — Perot resonator      150
Fabry — Perot resonator mode      177
Fabry — Perot resonator output for gain medium      154
Fabry — Perot resonator with active medium      153
Far-field divergence angle for $TEM_{00}$-mode      178
Faraday's law      12
Fast derivative spectroscopy      234
Fast derivative spectroscopy for CO detection      386
Fe data for fluorescence lidar      341
Fermi (quasi) energy levels      199
Fermi energy      197
Fermi level      198
Fermi — Dirac statistics      197
Fiber numerical aperture      29
Fiber optics      28
Filter function and spectral transmission factor      284
Filter function of receiver      225 231
Filter function relation to system parameter      289
Filter glass      219
Filters (liquid)      219
Filters (narrowband)      220
Filters (wedge)      221
Filters, birefringent      220
Flashlamp pumped (multi-wavelength) dye laser      446
Flashlamp pumped laser      151 194
Fluorescence (laser induced)      127
Fluorescence (laser induced) measurements of sodium layer      364 365
Fluorescence (normalized coefficient)      133 134
Fluorescence classification of oil spills      426
Fluorescence correction factor      250 251
Fluorescence cross section      113 114
Fluorescence cross section (spectrally integrated)      248
Fluorescence cross section and quantum yield      115
Fluorescence cross section range of values      208
Fluorescence decay spectroscopy      436
Fluorescence decay time      255
Fluorescence decay time spectra of crude oils      440
Fluorescence decay time spectra of refined petroleum products      441
Fluorescence differential cross section      116 117
Fluorescence efficiency (target)      255
Fluorescence efficiency of oil films      432
Fluorescence efficiency of water      433
Fluorescence emission profile      255
Fluorescence from organic contaminants of water      433 453
Fluorescence infrared      255
Fluorescence lidar and space shuttle      282
Fluorescence lidar distortion      283
Fluorescence lidar equation      250
Fluorescence lidar error analysis      300
Fluorescence lidar for $SO_{2}$, $NO_{2}$, $I_{2}$, $O_{3}$ and hydrocarbon vapors      399
Fluorescence lidar measurement of stratospheric temperature      338
Fluorescence lidar potential species      341
Fluorescence lifetime for oil characterization      436
Fluorescence of chlorophyll      444 445 448 450
Fluorescence profile from pulp mill overflight      452
Fluorescence profile function      116
Fluorescence quenching      116 207
Fluorescence response function      442
Fluorescence saturated value      133
Fluorescence signal power received      248
Fluorescence spectra of river water      453
Fluorescence spectra of sea water and four different oil types      427
Fluorescence spectra of several crude oils      438
Fluorescence spectra of several refined petroleum products      441
Fluorescence spectra of three main oil groups      428
Fluorescence spectral fingerprint      438
Fluorescence to background ratio      304
Fluorescence to Raman ratio correlation with total organic burden      454
Fluorescence to Raman signal ratio for hydrographic lidar      447
Fluorescence to Raman variation with water source      453
Fluorescent decay spectra (discovery)      212
Fluorescent profile      246 248
Fluorescent target lidar equation      246
Fluorescent target radiance      248
Fluorocarbons (CFC or freons)      5
Fluorocarbons absorption and thermal balance of atmosphere      120
Fluorocarbons absorption cross sections      118
Fluorocarbons Raman backscattering cross sections      108 110
Fluorocarbons Raman wavenumber shifts      108
Forward scattering      51 55 561
Forward scattering influence on attenuation      419
Four level laser      157
Four wavelength flashlamp pumped dye laser      446
Fourier component of radiation field      95
Franck — Condon factor      93 94 114
Franck — Condon factor in resonance Raman scattering      114
Franck — Condon principle      93
Fraunhofer lines      127
Frequency doubled dye laser      223
Frequency doubled dye laser mobile lidar      406 407
Frequency doubled high repetition rate Nd-YAG laser      421
Frequency doubling of $CO_{2}$ laser      391
Fresnel lens      215
Fresnel number      172
Fresnel — Kirchoff diffraction integral      171
Fresnel's equations      27
GaAs laser      200
Gain (or active) medium      148
Gain coefficient      148
Gain curve for inhomogeneous broadening      164
Gain curve with hole burning      164
Gain modified transition profile function      157
Gain round trip      151
Gain saturation      157
Gain saturation (uniform)      163
Gain saturation and hole burning      164
Gain saturation and laser output      163
Gain switching      216
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