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Measures R.M. — Laser remote sensing. Fundamentals and applications
Measures R.M. — Laser remote sensing. Fundamentals and applications



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Название: Laser remote sensing. Fundamentals and applications

Автор: Measures R.M.

Аннотация:

A concise, self-contained monograph on laser remote sensing and its applications, this text discusses the ways in which lasers can be used to remotely measure the atmosphere and the hydrosphere. It provides a historical perspective and reviews the basic physics needed to understand the subject.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Технология/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1992

Количество страниц: 510

Добавлена в каталог: 20.10.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Optics nonlinear      16
Optimum absorption optical depth      312
Optimum ratio of laser shots      311
Organic burden correlation with fluorescence to Raman ratio      454
Organic contamination of water      212
Organochloride wastes      412
Orthonormal eigenfunctions      92
Oscillator in terms of Einstein coefficients      90 91
Oscillator strength      35
Oscillator strength absorption coefficient      37
Oscillator strength and radiative lifetime      91
Oscillator strength and resonance Raman scattering      114
Oscillator strength in terms of classical coefficients      90
Oscillator strength polarizability      35
Oscillator strength Thomas — Kuhn rule      35
Oscillogram display of airborne laser fluorosensor signals      449
Outscattering rate      137
Overlap (area) function      260 261
Overlap factor      238
Overlap factor (misalignment effect)      265
Overlap factor (simple)      259
Overlap factor (variations of)      263—265
Overlap integral      92
Overlap situations for biaxial lidar      262
p-n junction      198 199
P-N junction spontaneous-recombination emission      200
P-type semiconductor      198
Pan      6
Parametric amplification      18
Parametric conversion      221
Particle bimodal distribution      55
Particle distribution (Junge)      54
Particle mode radius      55
Particle size (atmospheric constituents)      48
Particle size (polydispersion of)      57
Particle size distribution      543
Particle size mode radius      55
Partition function      336
Partition function (rotational)      84
Partition function (vibrational)      83
Pauli exclusion principle      197
Pearson linear correlation coefficient      426
Penetration depth (normalized)      251 252 254
Penetration depth for oil slick      255
PEPE (persistent elevated pollution episodes)      347
Permittivity relative and vacuum values      12
Perturbation analysis (quantum)      103
Petroleum product studies      212
Phase constants      24
Phase description      14
Phase difference for polarized light      18
Phase distribution for Gaussian wave      173
Phase functions      53
Phase functions angular variation      55 56
Phase shift constant      153
phase velocity      14
Photo-inhibition and limit to chlorophyll detection      450
Photocathode      217
Photocathode current      226
Photocathode dark current      227
Photocathode electrons      226
Photocathode quantum efficiency      226 297
Photocathode signal to noise ratio      226
Photochemical (eye) injury      203
Photochemical equilibrium for sodium layer      367
Photochemical processes and mesospheric Na      372
Photochemical smog      7 340 386
Photoconductive detectors      219
Photodetection bandwidth      227
Photodetector      217 see "Photomultiplier
Photodiode (avalanche)      219
Photodiode array (linear)      276
photoelectric effect      60
Photomultiplier characteristics      217
Photomultiplier cooling      229
Photomultiplier current multiplication factor      228
Photomultiplier dynode gain      227 297
Photomultiplier electronic gating      227
Photomultiplier fast response      218
Photomultiplier gate time ratio      305
Photomultiplier noise problems      225
Photomultiplier spectral response      218
Photon      11
Photon bunch      296
Photon counting      216
Photon counting electronic gating      227
Photon counting review      218
Photon counting signal to noise improvement      229
Photon distribution function      136
Photon energy      60 63 135
Photon generated electrons      296
Photon momentum      60 136
Photon polarization      20
Photon scattering      135
Photon scattering rates      136
Photon spin      20
Photosynthesis and chlorophyll      442
Photovoltaic detectors      219
Phytoplankton and chlorophyll      443
Phytoplankton color groups      444
Placzek Raman scattering cross sections      109
Planck blackbody function      127
Planck's constant      20
Planck's quantization      60
Planck's radiant energy density      60
Plane polarized light      18
Plane waves      15
Pockels cell for cavity dumping      168
Pockels cell for mode locking      168
Pockels cell for Q-switching      166
Poisson distribution      296
Poisson statistics      226 303
Polar diagram for Mie scattering      50
Polar diagram for Rayleigh scattering      45
Polar spherical coordinates      69
Polarizability      16
Polarizability dipole moment      32
Polarizability field induced      102
Polarizability in terms of oscillator strength      35
Polarizability near neighbors influence      36
Polarizability nonlinear      16
Polarizability of dielectric spheres      48
Polarizability tensor      110
Polarizability tensor isotropic and anisotropic parts      111
Polarizability theory of Raman scattering      109
Polarization angle      40
Polarization circular      19
Polarization configuration for Rayleigh scattering      44
Polarization electric      12
Polarization light      18
Polarization of atomic system      102
Polarization plane      18
Pollutants (atmospheric)      4
Pollution (gaseous) detection by long path absorption      384
Pollution atmospheric sources      8
Pollution detection by rotational Raman scattering      111
Pollution molecular concentration evaluated by Raman lidar      403
Pollution of water detection by lidar      450 454
Pollution particle sizes      48
Pollution source monitoring      399
Pollution-alert      213
Polyatomic molecule      75
Polychromator      221
Population density      123
Population inversion density      147
Population inversion density (clamped)      159
Population inversion density (steady state)      159
Population inversion density critical value      152
Population rate equation and solution      129
Potential energy-operator      62
Potential scalar      12
Power (backscattered laser)      307
Power (dark current)      307
Power (noise)      307
Power radiated by electron (classical)      85
Power radiated by electron (quantum)      87
Power radiated by electron time-average      87
Power spectral distribution of laser      314
Poynting vector      21
ppm-detection of gaseous pollutants by long path absorption      384
Pre-lasing output spectral irradiance      155
Precision definition      295
Probability quantum coefficients      67
Propagation constant      14
Propagation constant for TEM-modes      175
Propagation of electromagnetic radiation      121
Propagation of electromagnetic radiation strong and weak field limits      135
Propagation of electromagnetic radiation through the atmosphere      138 140 142
Propagation of error analysis for DIAL      307
Propagation of error analysis for elastic backscattering      299
Propagation of error analysis for fluorescence      303
Propagation vector      14
Pulp and paper industry effluent      451
Pulp mill settling pond fluorescence      452
Pulsed gas laser      185—191
Q-branch $N_{2}$ measured Raman cross section      110
Q-branch Raman cross section (Placzek)      109
Q-branch Raman frequency shifts for several, pollutants      107
Q-branch transitions      81 105
Q-switching      165
Q-switching energy emitted      167
Q-switching for lidar      205
Q-switching peak power      167
Q-switching techniques      166
Quantization of energy      60
Quantization of rotational energy      70
Quantization orbital angular momentum      60
Quantum efficiency (photomultipliers)      217
Quantum matrix element      67
Quantum mechanics review      59
Quantum molecular orbitals      69
Quantum noise      223
Quantum number      34 62
Quantum observable      67
Quantum operator      61 62 66
Quantum orthonormal states      67
Quantum perturbation analysis      103
Quantum probability      61 65
Quantum probability coefficients      86
Quantum selection rule      63 65 72 76 81
Quantum state      34
Quantum state superposition      86
Quantum vibration numbers      72
Quantum yield for fluorescence      113
Quenching coefficients      117
Quenching factor      116
Quenching factor and Stern — Volmer relation      117
Quenching influence on fluorescence      281
R and P branches      78 79
Radiance      22
Radiance (spectral)      23
Radiance (spectral) and radiative transfer equation      122
Radiance of moonless night sky      289
Radiance of sunlit clouds      289
Radiance of target (laser induced)      238 270
Radiant energy density      60
Radiant sensitivity      217
Radiation damping      31 90
Radiation damping and spectral broadening      94
Radiation from a charge      30
Radiation mode density      90
Radiative balance      132
Radiative cross section (total)      134
Radiative decay rate and dipole matrix element      112
Radiative lifetime and relation to Einstein transition probability      88 112
Radiative process stimulated emission      87 89
Radiative processes      85
Radiative processes absorption      88 89
Radiative processes and energy transport      123
Radiative processes spontaneous emission      87 89
Radiative quantum efficiency      201
Radiative terms      23
Radiative transfer equation      90
Radiative transfer equation (sources and sinks)      122
Radiative transfer equation for gain medium      149
Radiative transfer equation for laser      160
Radiative transfer equation for single mode      161
Radiative transfer equation solution      124 135
Radiative transfer equation solution strong and weak limits      135
Radiative transfer equation with gain saturation      162
Radiative transfer equation with scattering      135
Radiosonde comparison with lidar $H_{2}O$ profile measurements      323 325 332
Radiosonde comparison with US standard atmosphere      321
Radius of central mirror support      268
Radius of circle of illumination      270
Radius of confusion      267
Radius of obstructions shadow      268
Radius of target plane circle      266
Radius of telescope aperture      267
Rainfall rate and optical extinction coefficient      356
Rainfall rate range profiles using lidar      355
Raman anti-Stokes scattering      103
Raman backscattering cross sections for atmospheric constituents      108
Raman backscattering from $N_{2}$ and $O_{2}$      321
Raman backscattering spectra and water temperature measurement      457
Raman conversion efficiency of water      434
Raman differential rotational temperature measurement      333 334
Raman frequency shifts for several pollutants      107
Raman lidar (luminescence limit)      234
Raman lidar (solar blind) for $H_{2}O$ and temperature measurement      325
Raman lidar advantages      400
Raman lidar backscattered spectra for $SO_{2}$ and kerosene      401 404
Raman lidar backscattered spectra from air      402
Raman lidar backscattered spectra from automobile exhaust      403
Raman lidar backscattered spectra from oil smoke      402
Raman lidar CO detection threshold      287 288
Raman lidar comparison with other lidar techniques      281 282
Raman lidar correlation of $SO_{2}$ with power plant output      404
Raman lidar measurement of $H_{2}O$ profile      323
Raman lidar measurement of $O_{2}/N_{2}$ and $CO_{2}/N_{2}$      320 321
Raman lidar measurements of $SO_{2}$ from power plant      401 404
Raman lidar molecular concentration measurements      403
Raman lidar rejection of laser backscattered radiation      285
Raman lidar signal comparison with elastic backscattering      326
Raman return from water (suppression of)      434
Raman rotational cross sections      107
Raman scattering      102 206 207
Raman scattering as two-photon process      113
Raman scattering cross section based on polarizability (Placzek)      109
Raman scattering cross sections      107 208
Raman scattering enhancement      209
Raman scattering frequency shifts      208
Raman scattering from OH-stretch band of $H_{2}O$      433
Raman selection rules      105
Raman shifted excimer lasers      191
Raman shipborne lidar      458 459
Raman signal suppression and oil thickness evaluation      435
Raman spectral temperature measurement accuracy      460
Raman spectrum for $N_{2}$ (theoretical)      106
Raman spectrum for oil smoke      106
Raman spectrum of water      458—460
Raman spin-flip lasers for long path absorption      389
Raman Stokes scattering      103
Raman to fluorescence signal ratio for water      447
Raman water temperature measurement      457 460
Raman water temperature measurement accuracy      460
Raman wavenumber shifts for atmospheric constituents      108
Range corrected signal ratio      277
Range resolution for fluorescence      253
Range resolution for scattering      241
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