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Hoddeson L., Daitch V. Ч True Genius: The Life and Science of John Bardeen
Hoddeson L., Daitch V. Ч True Genius: The Life and Science of John Bardeen

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Ќазвание: True Genius: The Life and Science of John Bardeen

јвторы: Hoddeson L., Daitch V.

јннотаци€:

The fact that he won an unprecedented two Nobel prizes in physics (in 1956 and 1972) may be the only extraordinary thing about John Bardeen. He grew up in a middle-class home in Wisconsin with his doctor father, interior designer mother and four siblings. He apparently worked hard, cared deeply about his family, loved sports, was, by all accounts, a gracious and likable colleague and devoted himself to his graduate students. He was also tenacious in pursuit of answers to complex problems in his discipline. Working with William Shockley and Walter Brattain, Bardeen developed the world's first transistor in 1947 and, ten years later, with J. Robert Schrieffer and Leon Cooper, he created a theory of superconductivity. Hoddeson (Crystal Fire) and Daitch attempt a portrait of this unassuming Midwesterner, but offer little more than a rough sketch. As they write in their preface, "We are painfully aware that this book merely scratches the surface of its subject." Little insight is offered beyond descriptions of Bardeen's friends, co-workers and activities. The authors attempt to provide a conceptual framework by examining "the meaning of true scientific genius," but this is largely done in a superficial, 17-page epilogue. Bardeen deserves more public recognition than he received during his life; this book may help in some measure, but it won't bring readers any closer to the man himself.
Copyright 2002 Cahners Business Information, Inc.


язык: en

–убрика: ‘изика/ѕопул€рные издани€/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 2002

 оличество страниц: 467

ƒобавлена в каталог: 10.09.2005

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ѕредметный указатель
3M      242 252Ч253
A.B. Dick      243
Aberdeen Proving Grounds      172
Abrikosov, Alexei A.      276Ч277 322
Adams, Roger      170
Aerospace Corporation      67 287
Alkali halides      70Ч72 74Ч75
Allen, Jack      261Ч262 265
Allender, David William      183 187 227Ч229 234Ч236
Alloys      92 152
Almy, Gerald M.      159 170
Alpert, Dan      183Ч184
Aluminum      213Ч214
Amabile, Teresa      317
American Association for the Advancement of Science      11 95
American Federation of Labor      9
American Geographical Society      11
American Mathematical Society      32
American Museum of Natural History      105
American Physical Society      94 110 143 145Ч146 148Ч149 152 210 214Ч215 230 248 263Ч264 300
American Psychological Association      321
American Social Science Association      11
American Society for the Relief of French War Orphans      23
American Society of Civil Engineers      9
American Telephone and Telegraph Corporation (AT&T)      1 37 48 123Ч124 149Ч150
Anderson, Ansel (Andy)      180 184 221
Anderson, Joyce      206
Anderson, Philip      55 75 206 217 223Ч226 235 274 287 291
Anspacher, William      104
Antenna design      36Ч37
AnteТbi, Elizabeth      278
Anti-Semitism      171
Apollo program      270
Arms control      271
Arnold, Harold      124
Arnold, Stephen Reynolds      185
Astrophysics      3 222
Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)      173
Audion      124
Augmented plane-wave method      71
Baker, William      206
band theory      60Ч61 92
Bardeen number      154
Bardeen, Althea (nee Harmer, mother)      8 13 14Ч28 42Ч43 64 88Ч89 168Ч169 177 281 312 318 320 pl.
Bardeen, Ann (half-sister)      28 57 85Ч86 117Ч118
Bardeen, Bertha (aunt)      23 27
Bardeen, Betty      15Ч16
Bardeen, Charles Russell (father)      10Ч13 15Ч20 23Ч29 41Ч42 64Ч65 117Ч118 168 170 181Ч182 312 pl.
Bardeen, Charles William (C.W., grandfather)      11Ч12 15Ч23 26Ч30 42 pl.
Bardeen, Charlotte      86 102 109
Bardeen, Deborah (nee Barker)      8
Bardeen, Elizabeth Ann (Betsy, daughter)      109Ч110 116Ч117 153 157 166 169 176 189 200 203Ч204 206 210 288 299 305Ч307 309Ч310
Bardeen, Helen (sister)      18Ч19 24Ч25 27Ч28 31 44 87Ч88 96Ч97 109 118 pl.
Bardeen, James Maxwell (Jim, son)      93Ч94 96Ч97 99 102 108 153 166Ч167 169 189 206 210 233 309
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), at Arthur Avenue home in Minneapolis      94 96Ч97 99
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), at Fairfax Village apartment      103 107
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), at Seventh Street apartment in Minneapolis      86Ч91
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), beliefs and values      168Ч169 313
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), career      44 81Ч83 89
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), community involvement      168
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), death      313
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), education      43Ч44 89
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), family and friends      85 87Ч88 90 95 102Ч103 118Ч119 144 160
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), health      168 238 261 312Ч313
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), hearing loss      120 140 149Ч150
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), hobbies and interests      166Ч167
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), in Champaign, Illinois      160 164Ч166 188
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), in Summit, New Jersey      115Ч120 142Ч143 151Ч152 167
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), marriage and family life      43Ч44 56Ч57 68 81Ч89 93Ч94 9697 102Ч103 107Ч110 115Ч117 119Ч120 128Ч129 140 142Ч143 147 153 167Ч168 181 203 233Ч234 pls. 6
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), Nobel ceremonies      205Ч209 233Ч234
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), personal characteristics      188 200
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), separations (work-related) from John      99 102 129 277 281
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), social and political activism      272Ч273 434
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), social life      167Ч168 188 200 288Ч289
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), White House dinner      168 219
Bardeen, Jane (nee Maxwell, wife), widowhood      312Ч313
Bardeen, Janet (nee Smith)      56 85 86
Bardeen, John, academic life      31 34 49 51 68Ч69 83Ч84 89Ч92 102 110 112 164 166 169
Bardeen, John, academic performance      28Ч30 56 368
Bardeen, John, and children      93 117 167 188Ч189 pl.
Bardeen, John, and free exchange of scientific ideas      266
Bardeen, John, and political activism      265Ч266 271Ч273 279Ч280
Bardeen, John, and SDI      268Ч270
Bardeen, John, as Harvard fellow      49 63Ч68 71Ч78 83 91 118 204 318
Bardeen, John, as research assistant      35Ч37
Bardeen, John, as scientific ambassador      275Ч278
Bardeen, John, at Gulf Oil Company      3 7Ч42 45Ч46 102 302
Bardeen, John, at Madison Central High School      29
Bardeen, John, at MIT      70Ч72
Bardeen, John, at NOL      6Ч7 96 98Ч99 101Ч108 112Ч114 119 128 240 393
Bardeen, John, at Princeton graduate school      41Ч46 48Ч55 57 62Ч63 65 118
Bardeen, John, at Uni High      21 28Ч29
Bardeen, John, at University of Illinois      1 6 49 158Ч160 164Ч165 169 172Ч203 219Ч220 223Ч228 283 pls. 7 8
Bardeen, John, at University of Minnesota      83Ч84 86Ч87 89Ч96 102 110 112 156 204 243
Bardeen, John, at University of Wisconsin      29Ч35 46 51 164 204 302 374 pl.
Bardeen, John, at Western Electric Company      34Ч35
Bardeen, John, beliefs and values      9 23 152 169 178 245Ч247 253 257
Bardeen, John, Bell Laboratories and      2 49 55 68 104 110Ч112 118Ч119 121Ч123Ч126 131Ч142 144Ч145 150Ч162 175 178Ч179 206 234 302 pl.
Bardeen, John, charge density wave theory      285Ч300 319
Bardeen, John, childhood      8 17Ч27 pl.
Bardeen, John, collaborators      2 7 40 55 63 69Ч72 74 77 121Ч122 124Ч125 127Ч128 132 152 176Ч177 192 194Ч203 220 221 239 287Ч300 304
Bardeen, John, communication style      6 7 57 119 164 180Ч183 199 213 220 232 240 244Ч245 267 295
Bardeen, John, death and memorial service      189 308Ч312
Bardeen, John, doctorate      64Ч65
Bardeen, John, documents and artifacts      304Ч305 312
Bardeen, John, education/professional studies      7 19Ч21 28Ч29 31Ч33 46 48Ч57 62Ч63 65 209
Bardeen, John, electromagnetism and antenna design research      36Ч37
Bardeen, John, electron hole theory      127
Bardeen, John, European laboratory tour      128Ч131 155 pl.
Bardeen, John, filmed interview      301Ч303
Bardeen, John, fraternity life      30Ч31 57Ч58
Bardeen, John, friends and colleagues      42Ч43 45 47Ч49 51 55 68 104 118Ч119 121Ч122 127 158 173Ч174 176 183 204 227Ч228 280
Bardeen, John, golf and golfing buddies      24 90Ч91 93Ч94 108 118 167Ч168 205 209 232 235Ч238 252Ч253 260Ч262 281 292 295 311 pl.
Bardeen, John, government consulting      259Ч260
Bardeen, John, graduate students and postdocs      6Ч7 153Ч154 164 166 174Ч188 192 194Ч195 226Ч228 241Ч242 251 288Ч290
Bardeen, John, health problems      265Ч266 292 301Ч302 305Ч308
Bardeen, John, hobbies and interests      20Ч21 23Ч24 30 47 93Ч94 125 130 167 205 209
Bardeen, John, honors and awards      21 30 40 90 108 113Ч114 174 203Ч209 231Ч234 236 238Ч240 250Ч252 260 277 282Ч283 305Ч306 pl.
Bardeen, John, humor and practical jokes      227 229
Bardeen, John, in India      278
Bardeen, John, in PeopleТs Republic of China      277Ч278 281
Bardeen, John, in Soviet Union      276Ч277
Bardeen, John, industry consulting      241Ч253
Bardeen, John, Japanese lectures and colleagues      173Ч175 180 227 251Ч252 301 305
Bardeen, John, Josephson debate      223Ч226
Bardeen, John, lectures, seminars and professional meetings      84 91 94Ч96 148Ч149 150 157Ч158 164 168 173 231Ч232 254
Bardeen, John, marriage and family life      43Ч44 56Ч57 68 81Ч89 93Ч94 96Ч97 102 108Ч110 115Ч117 119Ч120 129 142 166Ч168 189 203Ч204 209Ч210 233Ч234 277 280Ч282 306 pl. 6
Bardeen, John, masterТs degree      35Ч36
Bardeen, John, mentors and advisors      3 7 21Ч22 29 31Ч34 41Ч42 52Ч55 64Ч65 70 73 75Ч76 92 151 158 164 201 204 327Ч328 pl.
Bardeen, John, Nobel Prizes      1Ч4 168 203Ч209 229Ч234 236 238 240 289 pl. 6
Bardeen, John, on PSAC      68 254Ч259 266Ч267 271 275Ч276
Bardeen, John, patents and patent rights      121 133 137 144Ч145 157 244 302
Bardeen, John, personal characteristics      6Ч9 19Ч20 23 42 46 55 57 64Ч65 79 86 98 104 106 119 122 127 162 164 177Ч178 183Ч184 188Ч189 200 231 235Ч238 240 245 252Ч253 277 291Ч292 294 297 308Ч312 318
Bardeen, John, private projects and contributions      278Ч279
Bardeen, John, problem-solving approach      7Ч8 14Ч15 33 42 54Ч55 58 60 69 76Ч77 79 104 122 154Ч155 182 190Ч194 198 201 238 255Ч256 320Ч324
Bardeen, John, professional organizations      263Ч264
Bardeen, John, publications      40 63 70 92Ч93 146 149 156 193 194 198 212Ч213 214 215Ч216 223 225Ч229 234Ч235 278 298Ч300 302 306
Bardeen, John, research and education philosophies      246Ч247 253Ч254 256Ч259 265Ч266 268 273Ч275
Bardeen, John, resource conservation activities      262Ч263
Bardeen, John, respect of colleagues      4 41 153Ч154 183 219 222 291
Bardeen, John, retirement from teaching      229 238Ч240
Bardeen, John, roots      8Ч27 281
Bardeen, John, semiconductor research and courses      122Ч123 125Ч128 133Ч135 150 175 178Ч179
Bardeen, John, smoking      107Ч108
Bardeen, John, social life      30Ч31 40 47 51 57Ч58 90 108 118Ч119 167Ч168 188 236Ч238 379
Bardeen, John, social service and activism      262Ч275
Bardeen, John, songs about      239
Bardeen, John, sports and athletic ability      23Ч24 30 47 90Ч91 108 118 319 377 393 pl.
Bardeen, John, Stockholm ceremonies and festivities      205Ч209 pis 6
Bardeen, John, superconductivity research      3Ч4 78Ч80 91 97Ч98 129Ч130 154Ч157 161 164 174 178 187Ч188 190Ч203 205 210Ч218 223Ч228 231Ч232 234Ч235
Bardeen, John, surface-state theory      127Ч128 133
Bardeen, John, teaching style      6Ч7 91 104 153 164 175 178Ч184 189 195 199Ч201 238Ч239
Bardeen, John, transistor invention      1 48 72 126Ч128 131Ч142 144Ч145 147Ч150 159Ч161 173 175Ч176 210 234 301Ч303 306 323Ч324 pls. 8
Bardeen, John, White House dinner      219
Bardeen, John, WHSC      267Ч269
Bardeen, John, work function research and theory      48 55 58Ч59 74Ч75 111 124 127
Bardeen, John, World War II      6Ч7 94Ч96 99Ч100
Bardeen, John, Xerox consulting      243Ч250 278Ч279
Bardeen, Judy      86
Bardeen, Marge      233 275 312
Bardeen, Nancy      233
Bardeen, Norman (uncle)      27
Bardeen, Prince      17
Bardeen, Ruth (nee Hames, stepmother)      28 85Ч86 96 169 371
Bardeen, Thomas (brother)      18 24Ч25 27Ч28 56Ч57 85Ч86 109 233 pl.
Bardeen, Tom (nephew)      189 233
Bardeen, William (Bill, brother)      17Ч21 23 25 28 29 76 86 90 102 109 122 176 237
Bardeen, William (Billy, son)      102 108Ч109 117 166Ч167 169 189 203Ч204 206 233 275 280Ч282 309 312 pl.
Barden, William (ancestor)      8Ч9
Barker, John      9
Barnard College      118
Bascom, John      10
Battelle Memorial Institute      243
Baym, Carol      189
Baym, Gordon      218 229 pl.
Baym, Michael      189 221
BCS theory      3Ч4 194Ч203 210Ч218
BCS theory, experimental confirmation      213Ч214
Beach, Donald      87Ч88 96 109
Beach, Glenis      87Ч88 96Ч97 102 109
Beckman, Arnold      163
Bednorz, J. Georg      293
Bekarevich, I.L.      184
Bell Telephone Laboratories, CDW research      290Ч291 292
Bell Telephone Laboratories, collaborative research      111 122 127 132 150 160 199 245Ч247 268
Bell Telephone Laboratories, defense research      112 123
Bell Telephone Laboratories, Holmdel radio lab      126
Bell Telephone Laboratories, management/executives      67Ч68 73 125 140 143Ч144 147 150Ч151 159
Bell Telephone Laboratories, Manhattan building      58 120Ч121
Bell Telephone Laboratories, many-body physics      221 226 234Ч235
Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill campus      112 115 120Ч121 140 142 143
Bell Telephone Laboratories, Nobel festivities      206
Bell Telephone Laboratories, origin      124 397
Bell Telephone Laboratories, patents and patent rights      121 144
Bell Telephone Laboratories, Physical Research Department      112 118 159 238 290
Bell Telephone Laboratories, semiconductor research      122Ч127 245Ч246
Bell Telephone Laboratories, social activities      118
Bell Telephone Laboratories, solid-state database      152
Bell Telephone Laboratories, solid-state physics team      111 122 127 145 187 222
Bell Telephone Laboratories, transistor development      1 2 131Ч141 143Ч151 199 206 246Ч247 pl.
Bell Telephone Laboratories, Vacuum Tube Department      125
Bell, Alexander Graham      149Ч150 282
Belyaev, Spartak T.      218
Bennett, Edward      36Ч37
Bennett, Ralph      101Ч102
Bentley, E.      152
Benzer, Seymour      146
Berlin, Irving      282
Bernades, Newton      185
Bernstein, Jeremy      121
Beryllium      71
Betatron      170 172
Bethe Bible      69
Bethe, Hans      62 69 77 78 123 270 271 431 pl.
Bhatt, Ravin      154 238 299
Birkhoff, Garrett      68
Bitter, Francis      386
Bleakney, Walker      49
Bloch, Felix      4 60Ч61 79 92
BlochТs theorem      4 79 201
Bloodgood, Joseph C.      370
Boardman, Thomas      9
Bohm Ч Pines formalism      193Ч194
Bohm Ч Pines theory      192 200
Bohm, David      192
Bohm, H.V.      114
Bohr, Aage      196 218 233
Bohr, Margrethe      233
Bohr, Marietta      233
Bohr, Niels      4 33 79 202 207 217Ч218 233 311 325
Boorse, Henry      155
Bose Ч Einstein statistic      59 60 221
Bosons      60 221
Boundary energy      191
Bown, Ralph      147 148 150Ч151 157 206
Boy Scouts      21
Bradley, Harold      65
Bradley, Omar      282
Brattain, Billy      206 208 215
Brattain, Emma Jane      232 280
Brattain, Keren      118 147 206Ч208 215
Brattain, Robert (Bob)      47
Brattain, Walter      1Ч2 47Ч49 60 84 111 118 121Ч122 124Ч127 131Ч142 144Ч149 154 157 159 161Ч162 176Ч177 179 204Ч208 215 232 237 280 282 302Ч303 304 322 325 408 pls. 5
Bray, James William      7 178 182 187 227Ч229 234Ч236 272
Bray, Ralph      145Ч146 235Ч236
Bridgman, Percy W.      7 32Ч33 68 70Ч71 73Ч76 92 132
Brigham and WomenТs Hospital      306
Brillouin, Leon      61 79
British Royal Air Force      100
British Royal Radar Establishment      130
Brooks, Harvey      257
Brown University      179 214 218
Brown, A.      155
Brown, Stuart      285
Brtining, Heinrich      68
Brueckner, Keith      200
Buchta, J. William      84 90 102 110 112
Bureau of Ordnance      101 108
Burstein, Eli      214
Burtis, Louis      237 311
Bush, Vannevar      100Ч101
Calculus      156
California Institute of Technology      49 171 172
Cambridge University      34 155
Cambridge University, Mond Laboratory      129 223
Cambridge University, Trinity College      36 51
Canonical transformation      192
Carlson, Chester F.      242Ч243
Carman, Albert P.      170
Carnegie Institute of Technology      38 41 44 57 101 158
Carnegie Institution of Washington      100
Casimir, Hendrik G.B.      129
Cattrell, Raymond      321
Cesium      74
Chaikin, Paul M.      287
Chalmers Technical University      207
Chance, Britton      256
Chang, Iris      4 274
Chang, Michael      274
Chang, Shau-Jin      274 pl.
Charge density waves      239 285Ч300
Chicago Institute      15
Chu, Samuel      277
Churchill, Winston      99
Civil War      11 22
Clark, Paul      16 65 243
Clarkson College      250
Clem, John Richard      186
Clinton administration      279
Cohen, Morrel      223Ч224 226
Cold War      259Ч260 276 321
Coleman, Paul      183 237 252
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor      5
Collins, Samuel      110 262 394
Columbia University      95 196
Committee of Janes      272Ч273
Communists and communism      152 171Ч172 259Ч260
Compartmentalization of research      107 119
Compton, Karl      71
Computers and computer revolution      172 247 249
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