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Berkeley E.C. — Giant Brains Or Machines That Think
Berkeley E.C. — Giant Brains Or Machines That Think



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Название: Giant Brains Or Machines That Think

Автор: Berkeley E.C.

Аннотация:

The subject of this book is a type of machine that comes closer to being a brain that thinks than any machine ever did before 1940. These new machines are called sometimes mechanical brains and sometimes sequence-controlled calculators and sometimes by other names. Essentially, though, they are machines that can handle information with great skill and great speed. And that power is very similar to the power of a brain.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Технология/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1961

Количество страниц: 294

Добавлена в каталог: 09.04.2010

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
"Automatic Computing Machinery" (section in Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation)      177
"Educated" machine      101
"Enough alike"      184
11 position      45
11 punch      58
12 position      45
5 impulse      56
A field      99
A tape      82—83
abacus      17—19 133 220
Abax (Greek)      18
Absolute value      101 222
Accumulator      115—116
Accumulator decade      118
Accuracy      67 89
Acetylcholine      3
Add output      120
Addend      223
Adder      77
Adder mechanism      77—78
adding      24—25 27 37 55 100 119 139
Addition circuit      37
Aiken Mark I Calculator      10 89—112 245—246 see
Aiken Mark II Relay Calculator      176—178 249
Aiken Mark III Electronic Calculator      177
Aiken, Howard H.      90—112 177—178 232 245—246
Air resistance coefficient      80—82
Alexander, Samuel N.      251
Algebra of logic      26 36 56—62 105 140 151—152 164 221—223 248
Algebraic equations, machines for solving      244
All-or-none response      3
Alphabet      14
Alphabetic coding      13 54
Alphabetic punching      46
Alphabetic writing      13
Alquist      200
Alt, Franz L.      142 237 247 253
Amplify      73
Analogous      65
Analogue      65
Analogue machines (machines that handle information expressed as measurements)      65
Analogue machines (machines that handle information expressed as measurements), MIT Differential Analyzer No. 2      65—88
Analogue machines (machines that handle information expressed as measurements), references      239—245
Analytical engine      90
Analyzer      68 241—244 see
AND      146—148
AND/OR      149
Angle indicator      74—75
Animal thinking      4 8 188
annuities      88
Antecedent      158
Antilogarithm      139 226
Antitangent      139 226
Approximation      220 see
Aptitude testing      190
Archer, R.M.      241
Argument (in a mathematical table or function)      96 103—104 122 136 224
Aristotle      152
Arithmetical operations      55—56 173
Armor with a motor      180 195
Array      173 227
Atomic Energy Commission      203 208
Attitudes      205
Augend      223
Aut (Latin)      149
Automatic address book      181
Automatic carriage      53
Automatic control, house-furnace      189
Automatic control, lawn-mower      188
Automatic control, tractorplow      188
Automatic control, weather      189
Automatic cook      181
Automatic factory      189
Automatic library      9 181
Automatic machinery      182
Automatic pilot      189
Automatic recognizer      186—187
Automatic sequence-controlled calculator      90 see
Automatic stenographer      185
Automatic switching circuits      248
Automatic translator      182
Automatic typist      182 184
Axon      3
B field      99
B tape      82—83
Babbage, Charles      89
Baehne, G. Walter      232
Bailey, C.F.      237
Ballistic Research Laboratories      1 113—115 127—128 132 142
Barcroft, Joseph      229
Base 10      226
base e      226
Beach, Frank A.      229
Beam of electrons      172
Beard, R.E.      88 240
behavior      4 7—8 29
Bell Telephone Laboratories      4—5 128—143 247—248
Bell Telephone Laboratories' general-purpose relay computer      128—143 247—248
Bell Telephone Laboratories' general-purpose relay computer, cost      142
Bell Telephone Laboratories' general-purpose relay computer, reliability      141
Bell Telephone Laboratories' general-purpose relay computer, speed      142
Berkeley, Edmund C.      233 248 254
Berry, R.J.A.      229
Berry, T.M.      240
Bessel functions      111 226
Binac      179
Binary coding      11 13
Binary digit      14
Binary numbers      14 216—219
Biophysics      230
Biquinary numbers      133 219—220
Bloch, Richard M.      246 250
Blocks of arguments      137
Bloomfield, Leonard      231
Bodmer, Frederick      231
Boelter, L.M.K.      240
Boole, George      152
Boolean algebra      152 248 see
Boring, Edwin G.      229
Both      149
Bower, E.C.      237
Bowwow theory      12
Brain evolution      229
Brain with a motor      180 195
Brainerd, J.G.      247
Brillouin, Leon N.      252
Brown, David R.      251
Brown, G.S.      245
Brown, J.J.      255
Brown, S.L.      241—242
BTL frames      138—139
Buckingham, R.A.      240
Burkhart, William      144 155—156
Burks, Arthur W.      246 251
Bus      32 119
Bush, Vannevar      72 74 239 241 245 253
Button      91 94
C field      99
C tape      82—83
Calcis (Latin)      18
Calculating punch      47 51—52 235
Calculator frames      138
Calculator programmed by punch cards      236
Caldwell, Samuel H.      74 239 241
CAM      94—95
Cam contact      91 94—95
Campbell, Robert V.D.      249—250
Capacitance      117
Capacitor      117
Capacity, counter      59
Capacity, selecting      59
Capek, Karel      199 255
Carbon dioxide      190
Card channel      47 52
Card column      48
Card feed      48 91
Card punch      91 97
Card reader      116 118
Card sorter      96
Card stacker      48
Card station      47
Carnegie Institution of Washington      113
Carroll, Lewis      12
Carry impulse      118
Carter, G.K.      244
Cell nucleus      2—3
Census      43 53
Cesareo, O.      248
Channel      47 52 170
Characteristic of a logarithm      107
Check counter      105
Check marks      151
checking      105 110 179 227
Chess game      117
Chestnut blight      201
Chortle      12
Class selector      59
clearing      100
Clemence, G.M.      237
Clippinger, R.F.      246
codes      29 54 96 99
Coding      30 130 252—253
Coding line      99
Collating      51 173
Collator      47 51 235
Collator counting device      51 235
Column (in a punch card)      45
Combining information      15
Combining operations      173
COMMON      59—60
Comparer      57—58
comparing      50 57—58
Complement      55 see "Ones "Tens
Complex Computer      129—130
complex numbers      128—129
Computer      6 27
Computer 1 and Computer 2      132 138
Comrie, John Leslie      232
Concordia, C.      244
Condon, Edward U.      253
Conflicts between statements      149—150
Connective      148 158—159
Connective grouping      159
Consequent      158
Constant      224
Constant ratio      77
Constant register      96 99
Constant switch      99
Constant Transmitter      116 118
Consulting a table      103 122
context      144
Continuous annuities      88
Continuous contingent insurances      88
Continuously running gear      93
Control      6 28 90—91
Control brushes      51—52
Control frames      138—139
Control Instrument Company      43
Control over robot machines      196—208
Control tape      28
Controversy      197
Convergent      221
converter      115
Cosine      75 85 139 226
Cost of mechanical brains      87 109 126 142 165 168
Counter      52 74 93—94
Counter position      93
Counter wheel      93 118
Counting      55
Coupling (numbers)      106
Crew, E.W.      232
Criner, H.E.      245
cube      105 224
Culley, Frank L.      237
Current (input of comparer)      57
Curry, Haskell B.      254
CYCLE      29 45
Cycling Unit      115—116
Cypriote      13
Dartmouth College      131
Davis, Harry M.      253
Decade      118
decimal digit      11 14
Decimal position      118
Deciphering      184 188
Decoding      184 188
Definite integral      111 225
Delay lines      17 20 171—172
Deming, W. Edwards      237
Dendrite      3
Denial      147
Dependent variable      81 224
Derivative      68—71 225
Design of mechanical brains      167—179 251
Desk calculating machines      4 11 17 19
Detail cards      50
Dial switch      92 95—96
Dial telephone      17 19 128
Dietzold, Robert L.      244
Differences      110 227
Differential      68 70 78
Differential analyzer      68 72—88 239—241
Differential Analyzer No. 2      65—88
Differential Analyzer No. 2, accuracy      86
Differential Analyzer No. 2, cost      87
Differential Analyzer No. 2, reliability      87
Differential Analyzer No. 2, speed      87
Differential equation      68—69 71 111 141 225—226
Differential function      70
Differential gear assembly      78
digit      11 14
Digit Pickup      60
Digit selector      60
Digit tray      119
Digit trunk lines      119
Digit trunks      119
Digital machines (machines that handle information expressed as digits or letters), Bell Laboratories' general-purpose relay calculator      128—143
Digital machines (machines that handle information expressed as digits or letters), Eniac      113—127
Digital machines (machines that handle information expressed as digits or letters), Harvard IBM Automatic Sequence-Controlled Calculator      89—112
Digital machines (machines that handle information expressed as digits or letters), punch-card calculating machinery      42—64
Digital machines (machines that handle information expressed as digits or letters), references      232—239 245—255
directions      24
Disc      78—80
Discrimination      140
Discriminator      140—141
Distance      68—69
Distinguishing A and H      184
Dividend      103 223
Divider-Square-Rooter      115—117
Dividing      55—56 98 102 121 140
Divisor counter      102
Domin, Harry      199
Doorpost      65—66
Doubling      76—77 100
Doubling mechanism      76—77
Drafting rules      149
Drag coefficient      80
Drive      86
Dry ice      190
Dudley, Homer      254—255
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