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Thorne K.S., Hawking S. Ч Black holes and time warps: Einstein's outrageous legacy
Thorne K.S., Hawking S. Ч Black holes and time warps: Einstein's outrageous legacy



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Ќазвание: Black holes and time warps: Einstein's outrageous legacy

јвторы: Thorne K.S., Hawking S.

јннотаци€:

In this masterfully written and brilliantly informed work, Dr. Thorne, the Feynman Professor of Theoretical Physics at Caltech, leads readers through an elegant, always human, tapestry of interlocking themes, answering the great question: what principles control our universe and why do physicists think they know what they know? Features an introduction by Stephen Hawking.


язык: en

–убрика: ‘изика/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1995

 оличество страниц: 606

ƒобавлена в каталог: 05.02.2014

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
Research methods and styles, examples of deductive reasoning      102bЧ103b 77b
Research methods and styles, idealizations      215Ч217 217f
Research methods and styles, influence of names, definitions and viewpoints      254Ч256 295Ч296 401Ч411 416Ч417
Research methods and styles, interaction between individual researchers      70Ч71 187Ч189 193bЧ196b 240 429 499Ч500 505
Research methods and styles, interaction of theorists and experimenters/observers      207Ч208 315Ч317 319Ч321 326 372 376
Research methods and styles, interactions between various communities of researchers      319Ч321 326 328 341Ч343
Research methods and styles, level of rigor      441Ч442 469
Research methods and styles, massive, worldwide research efforts      315Ч317 319Ч321
Research methods and styles, mathematical manipulations of laws      61 119Ч120 563
Research methods and styles, mental blocks      71 82 244 255 295 335 338Ч339 417
Research methods and styles, mentors and their styles      261Ч262 269Ч272
Research methods and styles, mind flips      403 404f 405 410Ч411
Research methods and styles, order-of-magnitude calculations      193b
Research methods and styles, paradigms      401Ч411 416 see
Research methods and styles, pedagogy as tool in research      96
Research methods and styles, perturbation methods      275 276b 296Ч298
Research methods and styles, physical intuition      79 96 119Ч120 269 279 429
Research methods and styles, relation between experimental and theoretical      64Ч65
Research methods and styles, role of a first quick survey      193b 212
Research methods and styles, role of subconscious mind      462
Research methods and styles, Sagan-type questions      493 496 497 508
Research methods and styles, self-confidence      207Ч208
Research methods and styles, solitude and introspection      370 499Ч500 505
Research methods and styles, thought experiments      110Ч111 122 128 145Ч146 492Ч493 496 500Ч503 503n
Resistance to compression      see also "Equation of state"
Resistance to compression, concept of      149Ч150
Resistance to compression, of cold, dead matter      200bЧ202b
Resistance to compression, of nuclear matter      193bЧ96b 200bЧ202b
Resistance to compression, of while-dwarf matter      149Ч153 154f 156bЧ157b
Rhodes, Richard      572
Ricci, Gregorio      113
Riemann, Bernhard      30 113
Rindler, Wolfgang      255
Ritus, V.I.      572
Robinson, David      285
Robinson, Ivor      462 577
Rockefeller Foundation fellowship      179 220
Roman, Thomas      498Ч500
Romanov, Yuri      229Ч230 572Ч574
Roosevelt, Theodore      366
Rosenfeld, Leon      161Ч162 569
Rossi, Bruno      311 576
Rudenko, Valentin N.      371f
Ruffel, Dorothea      228f
Ruffini, Remo      405Ч407 409 579
Rulers, perfect and rubbery      397Ч400 398b 399f
Russell, Henry Norris      162
Rutherford, Ernest      169 171
Ryle, Martin      327 331 332f 333f 335 343 344f 577
Sabbadini, A.G.      571
Sagan, Carl      483 486 490 490n 492Ч494 496Ч497 500 508
Sagan-type questions      493 496 497 508
Sakharov, Andrei Dmitrievich      220 229Ч232 229n 233b 235 235n 241 243f 270 310 326 572Ч574
Sakharova, Klava      see "Vikhireva" "Klavdia"
Salpeter, Edwin E.      307Ч308 307f 341 346 576 577
Sandage, Allan R.      335 369 578
Sandberg, Vernon D.      376n 578
Saulson, Peter      391n
Schaffer, S.      568
Schechter, Paul      260f
Scheuer, Peter      343 577
Schild, Alfred      377
Schmidt, Maarten      335Ч337 336f 377
Schrier, Ethan      316
Schroedinger, Erwin      147b 180
Schucking, Engelbert L.      577
Schull, Michael      260f
Schulmann, Robert      563 566
Schurnaker, David      390f
Schutz, Bernard F.      281 379n
Schwarzschild geometry for black hole or star, Schwarzschild's discovery of      124
Schwarzschild geometry for black hole or star, space warpage of      128Ч130 129f 132Ч134 132f
Schwarzschild geometry for black hole or star, time warpage of      130Ч131 132Ч134 132f
Schwarzschild singularity (black hole)      121 136Ч137 244 250 255 see
Schwarzschild, Karl      124 125f 129 131 136 212 368 382
Sciama, Dennis      261 271f 272 280 285 287b 288b 289 298 343 460Ч461 574 580 581
Scientific revolution      401 403 405
Seelig, C.      566
Semenov, Nikolai Nikolaievich      466
Sensor for gravitational-wave detector      568Ч569 572 374Ч376 377f 386
Serber, Robert      188Ч191 189f 204 212 569 571 572
Shack, Christene      228f
Shakura, Nikolai      317
Shapiro, Stuart L.      267 379n 481 571 572 582
Sharp, David      254
Sheets, B.      576
Shipman, Harry      368
Shock waves      173 215Ч216 217f 238Ч240 301 307 307f 453
Sievers, Lisa      390f
Singularity theorems, black holes contain singularities (Penrose)      462Ч463 468 472
Singularity theorems, physicists' reactions to      524
Singularity theorems, Universe began in singularity (Hawking Ч Penrose)      465
Singularity, naked      36 470Ч472 524
Singularity, quantum gravity description of      476Ч479 478f
Singularity, tidal gravity near      see also "Black-hole interior"
Singularity, tidal gravity near, aging of      479Ч480
Singularity, tidal gravity near, BKL      30Ч31 468Ч469 474Ч476 475f
Singularity, tidal gravity near, mixmaster      474Ч476 475f
Singularity, tidal gravity near, perfectly spherical (Oppenbeimer Ч Snyder)      451Ч453 452f
Sirius      142 159Ч160 161f 176Ч177 177f 205 302
Sirius B      142Ч143 143f 145 148 150 152 155 160 568
Slee, O. Bruce      330 577
Smarr, Larry      260f 293f 574
Smart, W.M.      157 567
Smith, A.K.      569
Smith, Graham      331
Smith, Harlan      337 577
Smith, Jack      281
Snyder, Hartland      212Ч220 217f 222 237Ч241 244 255 286 326 450Ч453 452f 454f 458Ч459 473Ч474 480 572 581
Sommerfeld, Arnold      124 117 140Ч141
Soviet Union      see also "Great Terror" "Nuclear
Soviet Union, attitudes toward topology      469Ч472
Soviet Union, control on travel abroad      181 277Ч278 466
Soviet Union, influence of Landau on science in      181 470Ч471
Soviet Union, organization of science in      287bЧ288b 382
Soviet Union, science under Lenin      179Ч181
Space      see also "Absoluteness of space and time" "Relativity "Space
Space warpage (curvature)      see also "Black-hole properties" "Embedding "Gravitational "Wormholes"
Space warpage (curvature), as due to rubbery rulers      397Ч400 399f
Space warpage (curvature), concept deduced by Einstein      107
Space warpage (curvature), concept explained      108Ч109 108f
Space, contraction of      see "Length contraction"
Space, foamlike structure in quantum gravity      477Ч478 478f 494Ч497 495f
Spacetime curvature (warpage), as due to rubbery clocks and rulers      397Ч400
Spacetime curvature (warpage), concept deduced by Einstein      107Ч108
Spacetime curvature (warpage), equivalent to tidal gravity      110Ч112 110f 112f
Spacetime curvature (warpage), objects made from, overview of      523Ч524
Spacetime curvature (warpage), produced by mass, energy and pressure      113Ч119 118bЧ119b
Spacetime diagrams for a star that implodes to form a black hole      249Ч251 251f 281 282f 415b
Spacetime diagrams for the expanding universe      460Ч461
Spacetime diagrams for the fall of an astronaut into a black hole      452f
Spacetime diagrams for the growth of a black hole when matter falls in      418b
Spacetime diagrams in curved spacetime      249Ч251 251f
Spacetime diagrams in flat spacetime      74Ч76 75f 77b 91b
Spacetime, absoluteness of      90 92 91bЧ92b 414
Spacetime, concept formulated by Minkowski      87Ч88 92Ч93 414
Spacetime, space and time derived from      90 92
Special relativity, Einstein's formulation of      80Ч83
Special relativity, experimental tests of      78 83Ч84 566
Spectrum of electromagnetic waves      25f 379
speed of light      see also "Absoluteness of speed of light"
Speed of light, as maximum speed anything can travel      82
Spero, Robert      390f
Stability and instability of black boles      296Ч298
Stability and instability of cold, dead stars      203Ч205 204b
Stability and instability of formation of singularity by imploding star      453Ч456 455f 459 466 473Ч474
Stability and instability of travel through black hole to another universe      473Ч474
Stalin, Joseph      178 181 184 186 224Ч225 230Ч232 233b 234b 268 273 277Ч278 371 466 570 571
Stanley, Gordon J.      330 577
Star      see also "Black holes" "Neutron "Sun" "White
Star, cold, dead stars      198 203f 202Ч206 203n 204b
Star, laws governing structure of      143Ч144 144f
Star, origin of heat      182 184 191 see nuclear"
Star, squeeze/pressure balance in      135f 137 143Ч145 144f 151 154f 156bЧ157b 160 161f 175Ч177 190 199 202 253
Star, supermassive stars      341
Star, unstable stars      203Ч205 204n
Starobinsky, Alexi      298 434Ч335 438Ч439 442 580
Stern, Alfred      69
Stoner, Edmund C.      152n 153 154f 160 201b 369
Strassman, Fritz      220
Strauss, Lewis      232 234
Stroboscope sensor      376
Strong force      see "Nuclear force"
Struve, Otto      327 576
Suen, Wai-Mo      409
Sullivan, W.J.      576
Sun, compared with Earth and white dwarf      143
Sun, fate when it dies      159 161f 175 177f
Sun, origin of its heal      182 184 191
Sunyaev, Rashid      317Ч319 576
Super bomb      see "Nuclear weapons research"
Superconductivity      231 339
Superfluidity      186Ч187 186n 208
Supernovae, as sources of gravitational waves      380
Supernovae, Baade Ч Zwicky discovery of      166Ч168
Supernovae, energy of      168 171 174f
Supernovae, photograph of      167
Supernovae, powered by stellar implosion to form neutron star      171 172f 173Ч175
Superradiance      433n
Synchrotron radiation      358Ч338 338f
Taber, Robert C.      578
Tamm, Igor      229Ч230 241
Tananbaum, Harvey      316
Taylor, Edwin F.      78 88 92b
Taylor, G.L.      567
Taylor, Joseph H.      392Ч393
Taylor, Maggie      390f
Teller, Edward      226Ч227 229 231Ч232 234Ч235 235n 239 241 243 243f 572 574
Tensor analysis      see "Differential geometry"
Teukolsky, Roselyn      297 297f
Teukolsky, Saul A.      260f 261n 267 297 297f 298Ч299 319 427 431 571Ч572 574Ч576 582
Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics      240 341Ч342 498 577 377
Theoretical Minimum, Landau's      470Ч471
Theory      see "Laws of physics"
Theory, misleading concept, so not used in this hook      86
Thermodynamics of black holes      427 436 442 445Ч446 see "Horizon" "Hawking
Thermodynamics, concept of      422
Thermodynamics, laws of      422Ч423 436
Thermodynamics, second law of      422Ч426 424b
Thermonuclear burning and evolution      197Ч198 228Ч229 575 see
Thorne, Alison Comish      267n 509 509n
Thorne, Bret Carter      484
Thorne, Kares Anne      264 484
Thorne, Kip Stephen      241Ч243 247f 261Ч268 278 280 296Ч298 297f 306Ч307 314Ч315 315f 369Ч372 371f 375Ч378 376n 379n 381Ч382 389Ч391 409Ч411 426Ч434 438Ч439 443 467Ч468 467f 481Ч482 481f 483Ч486 488Ч493 498Ч509 500f 503f 506f 509n 511 513b 514Ч521 518f 561 571Ч576 578Ч581 583
Thorne, Linda J.      264 484
Thought experiments      110Ч111 122 128 445Ч446 492Ч493 496 500Ч503 503n
Tidal gravity      see "Gravity tidal"
Tides on ocean      35 57 61 93 105 106b 111Ч113 112f 362Ч365 364f 451
Time dilation, due to relative motion      37 66 68 71 76 78 84 565
Time machines (for backward time travel), as solutions to the Einstein field equation      499n
Time machines (for backward time travel), based on cosmic strings      521 521n
Time machines (for backward time travel), based on rapidly spinning matter      499n 521
Time machines (for backward time travel), based on wormholes      55Ч56 502Ч504 503f
Time machines (for backward time travel), creation of requires exotic material      499n
Time machines (for backward time travel), must accompany non-quantum creation of a wormhole (Geroch theorem)      497
Time machines (for backward time travel), paradoxes due to      508Ч515
Time machines (for backward time travel), possible if one can travel faster than light      498Ч499
Time machines (for backward time travel), publicity about      516
Time machines, destruction of when first activated, by radiation? No      505Ч507 506f
Time machines, destruction of when first activated, by vacuum fluctuations? Probably yes      56 516Ч521 518f
Time machines, destruction of when first activated, quantum gravity controls the answer      521 524
Time warpage      see "Time dilation" see
Time warpage, as due to rubbery docks      397 400Ч401 403
Time warpage, concept deduced by Einstein      107
Time, besides the following entries      see "Absoluteness of space and time" "Quantum nonexistence "Relativity
Tipler, Frank      499n 583
Toll, John S.      227 228f
Tolman, Richard Chace      165f 178 188 192 193bЧ196b 206 216 219 371
Topology, abortive introduction in Russia      471Ч472
Topology, as foundation for global methods      465
Topology, concepts of      463Ч465 464bЧ465b
Topology, use of to prove that singularities must occur      462Ч463 465
Topology, why introduced into physics by British      469Ч477
Torrence, Robert      295 573
Townes, Charles H.      334 366
Trautman, Andrzej      371f
Trimble, Virginia L.      306Ч307 576
Truman, Harry S.      227
Trutnev, Yuri      574
Turner, Louis A.      573
Tyson, John Anthony      371f
Uhuru X-ray telescope      311f 312f 314 316
Ulam, Stanslaw      227 229 231Ч232 234 241 243 243f 574
Ultraviolet radiation      23f
Uncertainty principle      372 373bЧ374b 375
Unification of all physical laws      325
Universe, expansion of      337
Universe, origin of      see "Big bang"
Universe, speculations on travel to another      456Ч458 457f 473Ч474 484
Universe, steady-state theory of      460
Universe, structure of      301 302f
Universe, ultimate fate of      355Ч356 see
Unruh, Wilham G.      260f 376n 433 442 444b 579 580
Uranium      199 220Ч225 221bЧ222b 225 250
Uranus      94
Vacuum fluctuations and virtual particles      439Ч443 440f 441n 444b
Vacuum fluctuations, as cause of spontaneous emission of radiation      431b 432Ч433
Vacuum fluctuations, as destroyers of time machines      516Ч521
Vacuum fluctuations, as form of exotic material      491Ч492
Vacuum fluctuations, concept of      430Ч431 450bЧ431b 491Ч492
Van allen, james      376
van Stockum, W.J.      499n 583
Vikhireva, Klavdia [Klava]      231
VIRGO      392Ч393
Virtual particles      439Ч445 440f 441n 444b
Vishveshwara, C.V.      295 296
Vogt, Rochus E.      390Ч391 390f
Volkoff, George      192 193bЧ196b 196Ч197 199 202b 203f 206Ч209 211Ч212 216 569 571 572
Vorontsov, Yuri L.      376 578
Wade, Cam      316
Wakano, Masami      199 202Ч203 203f 203n 209 237 254 571 572 574 581
Wald, Robert M.      260f 298 406 437n 442 492 505 506f 507 574 579Ч580 583
Wali, Kameshwar C.      568Ч569
Watt, James      62
Wave-particle duality and the uncertainty principle      373b
Wave-particle duality and vacuum fluctuations      439
Wave-particle duality, concept of      146
Wave-particle duality, history of ideas on      147b
Wave-particle duality, illustrated by X-rays and radio waves      322
Weak energy condition      508
Weber, Hrinrich Friedrich      60Ч62 64Ч65 68Ч69 564 565
Weber, Joseph      363Ч370 368f 371f 372 375 377Ч378 382Ч383 386 578
Webster, Louise      316
Weiner, C.      569
Weiss, Rainer      383 388 389 390f 391 578
Weyl, Hermann      567
Wheeler, John Archibald      78 88 92b 197Ч199 198f 200b 201b 203f 209Ч211 211f 220 222Ч223 226Ч229 228f 231Ч232 234Ч240 235n 244Ч246 253Ч254 256Ч257 261Ч262 263f 264Ч265 267Ч268 270 271f 272 273 277 277n 280 283 287b 288 288b 290 293f 295Ч298 300Ч301 341 366 369 422 423Ч426 431 435 437 442 444b 446 449Ч450 453 456 458Ч459 466 467f 476Ч477 479 479n 480Ч481 486 487f 492 494 497 518 520 523Ч524 527 561 563 569 571Ч576 579Ч581 582Ч583
Whipple, Fred L.      323Ч324 338 576
White dwarf stars      see also "Sirius B"
White dwarf stars, Chandrasekhar's computations of      153Ч155
White dwarf stars, maximum mass      151Ч152 154f 156bЧ157b 161f
White dwarf stars, maximum mass determines fates of dying stars      159Ч160 161f 176Ч178 177f
White dwarf stars, mystery of      142Ч145
White dwarf stars, observations of      142
White dwarf stars, properties of      142 143f 150 154f 167f
White, Richard H.      239Ч241 374
White, T.H.      137 285
Whiting, Bernard      298
Wiita, Paul      260f
Wilets, Lawrence      227 228f
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