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Thorne K.S., Hawking S. Ч Black holes and time warps: Einstein's outrageous legacy
Thorne K.S., Hawking S. Ч Black holes and time warps: Einstein's outrageous legacy



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Ќазвание: Black holes and time warps: Einstein's outrageous legacy

јвторы: Thorne K.S., Hawking S.

јннотаци€:

In this masterfully written and brilliantly informed work, Dr. Thorne, the Feynman Professor of Theoretical Physics at Caltech, leads readers through an elegant, always human, tapestry of interlocking themes, answering the great question: what principles control our universe and why do physicists think they know what they know? Features an introduction by Stephen Hawking.


язык: en

–убрика: ‘изика/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1995

 оличество страниц: 606

ƒобавлена в каталог: 05.02.2014

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
Embedding diagrams, as port of a "paradigm"      401
Embedding diagrams, introduced and explained      126Ч131 129f 127f
Entropy of black hole      423Ч426 442 445Ч446
Entropy, definition of      423 424b
Entropy, increase of      422Ч426 424b
Epstein, Reuben      578
Equation of state, concept of      153 193b
Equation of state, of cold, dead matter      200bЧ202b
Equation of state, of nuclear matter      193bЧ195b 200bЧ202b
Equation of state, of white-dwarf matter      150Ч153 154f 156bЧ157b 200bЧ201b
Equivalence principle      44Ч45 97Ч98 99f 100 103b 109 371
Escher, M.C.      403 404f 410
ETH (Zurich Politechnikum)      60 62 68 69 71 93 113 115
Exotic material, nature of      488Ч490 508
Exotic material, required to hold a wormhole open      488 489b 490Ч491 493Ч494 498 504
Exotic material, required when creating a time machine      499n
Exotic material, vacuum fluctuations as      491Ч492 498 583
Experimental physicists contrasted with other scientists      319Ч321 328
Exton, Albert      293
Faller, James      391n
Fellows, Margaret      228f
Feynman, Richard P.      579
Fifth force      64
Finkelstein, David      244Ч246 244n 245f 249 251f 253 255 452f 572 574
Finn, Lee Samuel      391n
Fission, nuclear      see also "Chain reactions"
Fission, nuclear, Bohr Ч Wheeler theory of      220Ч223
Fission, nuclear, concept of      221bЧ222b
Fission, nuclear, discovery of      220
Fitzgerald, George F.      63Ч66 76 130 565 566
Flamm, Ludwig      582
Flanagan, Eanna E.      521
Ford, Kenneth      227Ч228 228f
Forward, Robert L.      383 313b 578 583
Fowler, R.H.      141Ч142 145 148Ч150 152 568
Fowler, William Alfred      164 212 568Ч570 572
Frank, Philipp      563 566 567
Friedman, Herbert      309Ч311 311f 313 315
Friedman, John      297 505 509 509n 576 583
Frieman, Edward      228f
Froe will      509
Frolov, Valery Pavlovich      520 583
Fuchs, Klaus      225 229n
Fusion, nuclear, as possible power source for quasars      340
Fusion, nuclear, cold fusion      64
Fusion, nuclear, concept of      183b 221bЧ222b
Fusion, nuclear, keeps stars hot      182 184 191
Gamma rays, as part of electromagnetic spectrum      25f
Gamma rays, emitted by gas accreting into black hole      26
Gamma rays, emitted in black-hole evaporation      447Ч448
Gamow, George      180f 181 569 570
Gannon, Dennis      491
General covariance      114n
General relativity      see also "Einstein field equation" "Equivalence "Gravitational "Gravity "Relativity "Space "Spacetime "Time
General relativity, domain of validity      84Ч85
General relativity, Einstein's struggle to formulate      96Ч117
General relativity, experimental tests of      57Ч58 116Ч117 393 563 568
General relativity, marriage with quantum mechanics      see "Quantum gravity"
Geodesic      108Ч112 108f 118b 126Ч127 401
Geroch, Robert P.      465 497 505 506f 507 574 580 583
Gertsenshtein, Michail E.      383 578
Giacconi, Riccardo      310Ч311 311f 312f 313Ч314 316 320 576
Giaime, Joseph      390f
Gibbons, Gary W.      446 568 580
Giffard, Robin      372 578
Gillespie, Aaron      390f
Ginzburg, Nina Ivanovna      230
Ginzburg, Vitaly Lazarevich      229Ч231 240 273Ч275 273f 274f 277 339 339n 526 569 572Ч577
Gleick, James      362b
Global methods      465 490 490n 491
Goedel, Kurt      499n 583
Goerss, Robert      228f
Gold, Thomas      341
Goldberger, Marvin L.      391
Golden age      258Ч261 260f 299 341 346 370 426
Golovin, I.N.      572
Goodchild, P.      573
Gorbachev, Mikhail      234b 428n 466 526
Gorelik, G.E.      571
Gott, J. Richard      521n 583
Grandfather paradox      508n
Graves, John C.      288 438 575 581
Gravitational collapse      see "Implosion of star"
Gravitational lens and focusing      41Ч43 42f 303Ч304 303f 489b 507
Gravitational redshift of light, astronomical observations of      131 143 148
Gravitational redshift of light, deduced from gravitational time dilation      131 214
Gravitational redshift of light, description of      52 131Ч133 132f 142Ч143 213f 214Ч215 445 562
Gravitational time dilation, Einstein's inference of      100 102bЧ103b
Gravitational time dilation, near surface of a star or Sun      130Ч131 214
Gravitational waves from black-hole binaries      48Ч49 357Ч361 393Ч396 413
Gravitational waves, 1940s and 1950s skepticism about      523
Gravitational waves, contrasted with electromagnetic waves      379Ч381
Gravitational waves, emission of      379Ч380
Gravitational waves, extraction of information from      393Ч396 394f
Gravitational waves, frequencies of      367 386 393
Gravitational waves, information carried by      49 360Ч361 394Ч396 524
Gravitational waves, may revolutionize our understanding of Universe      378Ч381 524
Gravitational waves, nature of      48Ч49 358 362Ч365 364f
Gravitational waves, observational proof they exist      392Ч393
Gravitational waves, polarizations of      393Ч394
Gravitational waves, sources of      379Ч380
Gravitational waves, strength of      365
Gravitational waves, waveforms of      393Ч396 394f
Gravitational-wave detectors, bar detectors      367Ч369 368f 372 374Ч378 385Ч387
Gravitational-wave detectors, bars and interferometers compared      385Ч387
Gravitational-wave detectors, Braginsky's standard quantum limit      372 374Ч376 386
Gravitational-wave detectors, interferometric detectors      382Ч396 383f 384bЧ385b 388f 392f see "VIRGO"
Gravitational-wave detectors, quantum nondemolition      375Ч376 377f 386Ч387 see "VIRGO"
Gravitational-wave detectors, Weber's invention of      366Ч369
Gravitational-wave recoil (kick back)      48 358Ч359 393
Gravity, Einstein's laws of      see "General relativity"
Gravity, Newton's law of, description of      61 93Ч94 403 405
Gravity, Newton's law of, Einstein's objections to      96
Gravity, tidal, due to Moon      105 106b 111Ч112f 362-365 362b 364f 451
Gravity, tidal, Einstein's explanation-spacetime curvature      110Ч112 110f 112f
Gravity, tidal, in a gravitational wave      362Ч365 364f
Gravity, tidal, near singularity inside black hole      see "Singularity tidal
Gravity, tidal, Newtonian explanation of      34Ч35 104Ч106 104f 106b
Great Terror      181 185Ч186 233b 268
Greenstein, Jesse L.      164 166 323Ч324 327 334 336 336f 337Ч338 568Ч570 576 577
Grishchuk, Leonid P.      379 578 579
Grossmann, Marcel      69 113Ч116
Gursky, Herbert      311 316 576
Guseinov, Oktay      306 576
H-bomb      see "Nuclear weapons research"
Habn, Otto      220
Hall, S.S.      583
Hanni, Richard S.      405Ч407 409 579
Harrison, B. Kent      199 200bЧ201b 209 237 254 569 571Ч572 574 581
Hartle, James B.      284 298n 419 479 479n 571 574 579 580 582
Hausman, Carl      227
Hawking radiation from a black hole      see also "Black-hole evaporation"
Hawking radiation from a black hole, as evaporation of black-hole atmosphere      443Ч445 443f
Hawking radiation from a black hole, based on quantum field theory in curved spacetime      436Ч439
Hawking radiation from a black hole, Hawking's discovery of, in general      435Ч436
Hawking radiation from a black hole, properties of      435Ч436
Hawking radiation from a black hole, relationship to superradiance      433n
Hawking radiation from a black hole, Zel'dovich's acceptance of      439
Hawking radiation from a black hole, Zel'dovich's discovery of, for a rotating hole      429Ч435
Hawking, Jane Wilde      412 420 420f 421 434
Hawking, Lucy      421
Hawking, Robert      421
Hawking, Stephen W.      27 254 272 285 298 314Ч315 315f 319 402 412Ч414 413n 416Ч417 419Ч423 420f 425Ч427 434Ч439 434f 441Ч442 445Ч447 461Ч462 465 479 479n 481Ч482 481f 490Ч492 520Ч521 527 579Ч583
Hawking, Timothy      420f
Hefetz, Yaron      390f
Heisenberg, Werner      180
Hemingway, Ernest      433
Henry, Joseph      62
Henyey, Louis      227
Herlofson, Nicolai      359 577
Herzfeld, Karl      366
Hey, J.S.      576
Hilbert, David      115Ч117 120
Hirsh, R.F.      576
Hiscock, William A.      516Ч517 583
Hjellming, Robert M.      316
Hoffman, Banesh      563 566
Hoop conjecture, evidence for      264Ч267
Hoop conjecture, formulation of      266Ч267 267f
Hoover, J. Edgar      234
Horizon of black hole      see also "Critical circumference"
Horizon of black hole, apparent horizon vs. absolute horizon      414Ч417 415b
Horizon of black hole, apparent, horizon as harbinger of singularity      462Ч463
Horizon of black hole, circumference of      28Ч29 28n
Horizon of black hole, entropy of      423Ч426 442 445Ч446
Horizon of black hole, freezing of things near      217Ч218 239 244Ч249 255Ч256 291Ч292
Horizon of black hole, Hawking's area-increase theorem for      413 413n 416Ч417 422Ч423 427 462
Horizon of black hole, laws of evolution of      427 436 442 446
Horizon of black hole, makes quantum fields exotic      491Ч492
Horizon of black hole, maximum spin rate      51Ч52 293Ч294
Horizon of black hole, membrane-paradigm description of      405Ч411 406f 410f 443 445
Horizon of black hole, name coined      255
Horizon of black hole, overview of      26 28Ч30
Horizon of black hole, shape of      28 51 293 293f
Horizon of black hole, spin of      291Ч294
Horizon of black hole, surface gravity of      436
Horizon of black hole, teleological evolution of absolute horizon      417 418b
Horizon of black hole, temperature of      427 436 442 445 446
Hough, James      388
Hoyle, Fred      460Ч461
Hulse, Russell A.      392Ч393
Huygens, Christiaan      123 147b
Hyperspace      55 55f 128Ч130 214 214f 289 291 456Ч458 457f 458f 484Ч486 487f 496f 500Ч501 501f
Implosion of star to form black hole, as proposed power source for quasars      341
Implosion of star to form black hole, creation of singularity      250 251 255Ч256 see
Implosion of star to form black hole, Finkelstein's reference frame for      245Ч246 249 255
Implosion of star to form black hole, freezing of implosion as seen from outside      217Ч218 239 244Ч249 255Ч256
Implosion of star to form black hole, like time-reversed big bang      268Ч269 268n
Implosion of star to form black hole, limited by white-dwarf and neutron-star masses      159Ч161 161f 175Ч178 177f
Implosion of star to form black hole, masses of parent stars      205Ч206
Implosion of star to form black hole, non-freezing as seen in the star      218 239 244Ч249
Implosion of star to form black hole, Oppenheimer Ч Snyder predictions of      211Ч219
Implosion of star to form black hole, overview      27
Implosion of star to form black hole, parable of the ants describing      246Ч249 247f
Implosion of star to form black hole, prevented by mass ejection      196Ч197 205Ч206 210Ч211 211f 238
Implosion of star to form black hole, simulations on a computer      238Ч239 240Ч241
Implosion of star to form neutron star      171 172f 173Ч175 see
Imshennik, Vladimir S.      240 574
Inertial reference frame      80 96Ч98 99f 106 109 249
Infrared radiation      259
Interferometry and gravitational-wave detection      382Ч384 383f 384bЧ385b see "LIGO"
Interferometry and Michelson Ч Morley experiment      64
Interferometry and radio telescopes      329f 330
Interferometry, principles of      384bЧ385b
Interval in spacetime      90 92 91bЧ92b
Ipser, James R.      298n 574
Isaacson, Richard A.      389Ч390
Israel, Werner      27 138Ч139 273f 277 279Ч281 284Ч285 293 319 402 417 419 479 568 569 574 575 579 582
Jansky, Karl      323Ч324 324f 325f 331 338Ч339 345 576
Jeffries, H.      567
Jennison, R.C.      332f 333 333f 344f 577
Johnson, M.H.      574
Kanegiesser, Evgenia      180f
Kapitsa, Pyotr Leonidovich      186 208 571
Kawamura, Seiji      390f
Keklysh, Mstislav      269
Kellermann, Kenneth I.      576
Kellogg, Edwin M.      316
Kennedy, John Fitzgerald      232
Kepler, Johannes      95b 563 564
Kerr solution for spinning black hole      289Ч290 294 341Ч342 355Ч361 359f 575
Kerr, Roy P.      289Ч290 290f 294 341Ч342 347 359 361 575 577
Kevles, Daniel J.      569
Khalatnikov, Isaac Markovich      36 453Ч456 459 465Ч468 467f 473Ч474 569 571 580Ч582
Khalatnikova, Eleanora      467f
Khalatnikova, Valentina Nikolaievna      467f
Khalili, Farid Ya.      376 578
Khariton, Yuli Borisovich      223Ч225 573
Kiepenheuer, Karl Otto      339 577
Kim, Sung-Won      517 519Ч521 583
Klauder, John R.      573
Klinkhammer, Gunnar      492 511Ч512 514Ч516 583
Konkowski, Deborah A.      517 583
Kosygin, Alexei      428 428n
Kotok, Nora      268
Kovacs, Julianna [Mama]      297f
Kovacs, Sandor J.      260f 297f
Kovalik, Joseph      390f
Kristian, Jerome      316f
Kruskal, Martin D.      487f 583
Kuhn, Thomas      401 403 405 579
Kurchatov, Igor V.      224Ч225
Landau, Cora      186
Landau, Lev Davidovich      178Ч182 180f 182f 184Ч187 189Ч191 197 204 206Ч208 219Ч220 225 230Ч231 234b 238 244 268 287b 288b 339n 453 456 468 470Ч471 470f 526 569Ч573 581Ч582
Laplace, Pierre Simon      123Ч124 132Ч133 138Ч139 252 568
Larmor, Joseph      66 67f 68 79 81 565
Laser, invention of      366 366n
Lauritsen, Charles C.      212
Lauritsen, Thomas      212
laws of physics      see also "Newtonian laws of physics" "Paradigm"
Laws of physics, domains of validity of      38Ч39 57Ч58 84Ч86 193 405 514Ч515 525
Laws of physics, force the universe to behave as it does      27 27n 57 86
Laws of physics, logical meshing of      236Ч237 437Ч438
Laws of physics, metaprinciples obeyed by      82Ч83 94
Laws of physics, nature of      57Ч58 84Ч86
Laws of physics, permitted versus compulsory predictions      137Ч138 285Ч286 see
Laws of physics, should be beautiful      66 79 82 85
Layzer, David      228f
Lee, C.W.      491
Length contraction due to relative motion      65Ч66 68 71 76 78 84 130 565
Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich      179 181
Les Houches, France, physics summer school      369Ч370 465Ч428 433 434f 580
Leverrier, Urbain Jean Joseph      94
Levi-Civita, Tullio      113
Lifshitz, Evgeny Mikhailovich      36 244 453Ч456 459 465Ч468 467f 470f 471 473Ч474 569Ч572 574 580Ч582
Lifshitz, Zinaida Ivanovna      470f
Light      see also "Absoluteness of speed of light" "Maxwell's
Light, as part of electromagnetic spectrum      251
Light, Einstein's wave/particle duality of      147b
Light, Huygens' wave description of      123 147b
Light, Newton's corpuscular description of      122Ч125
Lightman, Alan P.      260f
LIGO, description of      391Ч393
LIGO, genesis of      381Ч383 391Ч394
LIGO, organization of      391 391n
Lindquist, Richard W.      290 575
Linearity      373b 384bЧ385b see
Livanova, A.      569Ч570 582
Lobachevsky, Nikolai Ivanovich      30
Longair, Malcolm S.      343 577
Lorentz, Hendrik Antoon      66 67f 68 79 81 114 565 567
Lovell, Bernard      327 333
Lugosi, Bela      254
Lynden-Bell, Donald      346 348 577
Lyon, Pat      316
MacCallum, Malcolm A.H.      580
Macdonald, Douglas A.      409 579 580
Magnetic field lines      see also "Electric field lines"
Magnetic field lines in radio sources      338Ч339 342 348 349f 360Ч361 408Ч409
Magnetic field lines, "no ends" law      66 67f 79 81Ч82 85 565
Magnetic field lines, around a black hole      295 348 349f 360Ч361 408Ч409
Magnetic field lines, around an imploding star      273Ч274
Magnetic field lines, depicted      67f 262 263f
Magnetic field lines, gravitational attraction between      262Ч265
Magnetic field lines, magnetic repulsion between      262
Malenkov, Georgi      232
Maltby, Per Eugen      334
Manhattan project      223
Marcus, Philip      260f
Marie, Mileva      62 68Ч70 71f 566
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