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Thorne K.S., Hawking S. Ч Black holes and time warps: Einstein's outrageous legacy
Thorne K.S., Hawking S. Ч Black holes and time warps: Einstein's outrageous legacy



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Ќазвание: Black holes and time warps: Einstein's outrageous legacy

јвторы: Thorne K.S., Hawking S.

јннотаци€:

In this masterfully written and brilliantly informed work, Dr. Thorne, the Feynman Professor of Theoretical Physics at Caltech, leads readers through an elegant, always human, tapestry of interlocking themes, answering the great question: what principles control our universe and why do physicists think they know what they know? Features an introduction by Stephen Hawking.


язык: en

–убрика: ‘изика/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1995

 оличество страниц: 606

ƒобавлена в каталог: 05.02.2014

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ѕредметный указатель
Mass-energy equivalence and conversion ("E=$Mc^{2}$"), as consequence of principle of relativity      82
Mass-energy equivalence and conversion ("E=$Mc^{2}$"), as implying that energy curves spacetime      488
Mass-energy equivalence and conversion ("E=$Mc^{2}$"), as power source for supernovae      173
Mass-energy equivalence and conversion ("E=$Mc^{2}$"), details of      172b 441n
Mathews, Thomas      334 335
Matricide paradox      56 508Ч509 508n
Matterhorn project      229
Mavalvala, Nergis      390f
Maxwell's laws of electromagnetism      62 66 67f 71 79 81 82 85 147b 433 525 565
Maxwell, James Clerk      62 147b
Mazur, Pavel      285 575
McCarthy, Joseph      226
McCrae, William      158
McIntosh, John      228f
Medvedev, Zhores A.      569Ч570 572Ч573
Melvin, Mael A.      263Ч265
Membrane paradigm for black holes      405Ч411 443 445
Mercury, perihelion shift of      94 95b 103 107 116Ч117 119b
Metaprinciple      82Ч83 94
Michaelson Ч Morley experiment      64Ч66 72Ч73 78 85 383f 565
Michell, John      122Ч124 123f 132Ч133 138Ч139 252 568
Michelson, Albert Abraham      63Ч66 72Ч73 78 85 383f 565Ч566
Michelson, Peter F.      578
Microwave radiation      251
Mie, Gustav      115
Miley, George      316
Miller, L.R.      578
Millikan, Robert Andrews      165Ч166 165f 173
Milne, Edward Arthur      152 155 161
Minkowski, Hermann      61 87Ч90 91b 92b 92Ч93 103 107Ч108 115 332f 333f 414 567
Minkowski, Rudolph      577
Misener, A.D.      187
Misner, Charles W.      246 280 295 297 369 433n 466Ч467 467f 474 516 561 572 574 580 582
Mitton, Simon      332f 333f
Mledina and Serona, tale of      88Ч90
Moffett, Alan      334
Molotov, Vyacheslav      186 571
Monroe, Marilyn      254
Moon, apparent anomaly in orbital motion      94 567
Moon, as source of tides on Earth's oceans      105 106b 111Ч126 362Ч365 362b 364f 451
Moon, search for X-rays from      311 312f
Morley, Edward Williams      64Ч66 72Ч73 78 85 383f 565 566
Morris, Michael S.      490 498 500 505 507Ч509 509n 511 583
Morse, Samuel      62
Moss, G.E.      578
Murdin, Paul      316
Murray, Margaret      228f
Murray, Stephen      316
Nadezhin, Dmitri K.      240 574
Nakamura, Takashi      379n
Naked singularity      480Ч482
NASA      321 354 390
National Science Foundation (NSF)      389Ч390
Neptune      94
Nernst, Hermann Walther      115
Nestor, James      260f
Neutron stars      see also "Pulsar"
Neutron stars in binary system      38 313 379 393 571
Neutron stars, as source of gravitational waves      380 393Ч394 403
Neutron stars, formation in supernovae      171 172f 173Ч175 174f
Neutron stars, Harrison Ч Wakano Ч Wheeler computations of      198Ч206
Neutron stars, Landau's neutron cores      182 182f 184Ч186 191
Neutron stars, maximum mass      192 195b
Neutron stars, maximum mass determines fates of dying stars      176Ч178
Neutron stars, minimum mass      190Ч191
Neutron stars, observations of      see "Pulsar"
Neutron stars, Oppenheimer Ч Volkoff Ч Tolman computations of      193bЧ196b
Neutron stars, Zwicky's computations of      207
Neutron stars, Zwicky's prediction of      165Ч166
Neutron, discovery of      169 171
Newman, Ezra T.      295 573
Newton, Isaac      26Ч27 61 63 93Ч94 96 111 147b 563
Newtonian laws of physics      see also "Gravity" "Newton's "Maxwell's
Newtonian laws of physics, crumbling of foundations of      63Ч72
Newtonian laws of physics, domain of validity of      84Ч85
Newtonian laws of physics, foundations of      61Ч63
Newtonian laws of physics, nature of and applications of      61Ч63
Newtonian laws of physics, Newton's laws of motion      61 81 93 563
Nobel prize awarded to, Chandrasckhar      149
Nobel prize awarded to, Einstein      69 83 103 147b
Nobel prize awarded to, Hulse and Taylor      393
Nobel prize awarded to, Landau      187
Nobel prize awarded to, Townes, Basov and Prokhorov      366
Nonlinearity      see also "Linearity"
Nonlinearity of black holes' spacetime warpage      361
Nonlinearity, concept of      361 362bЧ363b
Nordstroem, Gunnar      115 286 458 473 581 582
novae      166Ч168
Novikov, Igor Dmitrievich      267Ч269 271f 275 277Ч281 287b 288b 308 308f 309 313 315 317 319Ч320 326 427 447 479 508 526 574Ч576 580Ч582
Novikov, Nora      see "Kotok" "Nora"
Nuclear burning (fusion)      see "Fusion"
Nuclear force at high densities      205
Nuclear force in atomic nuclei      170b 183b
Nuclear force, compared to electromagnetic force      221b
Nuclear force, concept of      169
Nuclear force, Nuclear force, compared to gravitational force      184
Nuclear force, pressure due to      177 190Ч192 194bЧ195b 203f 202b 571
Nuclear weapons research, American A-bomb project      223Ч224
Nuclear weapons research, American H-bomb (super bomb) project      226Ч229 231Ч232
Nuclear weapons research, relation to astrophysics research      238Ч243
Nuclear weapons research, Soviet A-bomb project      224-226
Nuclear weapons research, Soviet H-bomb (super bomb) project      229Ч232 233bЧ234b
Nuclear weapons research, Teller Ч Ulam/Sakarov Ч Zel'dovich secret      241Ч243 243f
Nucleus, atomic      169 170f 171 183b 221b
Ojala, Andrey      228f
Oke, John Beverley      568
Onnes, Heike Kamerlingh      68Ч69
Oppenheimer security clearance hearings      232 234Ч235
Oppenheimer Ч Wheeler confrontation, background of      220 223Ч224 226Ч227 234Ч235
Oppenheimer Ч Wheeler confrontation, confrontation      209Ч211 223Ч224 238 240
Oppenheimer, J. Robert      178 187Ч192 189f 193bЧ196b 196Ч197 199 202b 203f 204 206Ч220 211f 217f 222Ч223 226Ч229 232 234Ч241 235n 244 253 255 270 274Ч275 286 300 326 449Ч453 452f 454f 458Ч459 473Ч474 480 526 569 571Ч573 581
Orbit around gravitating body in science fiction scenario      24
Orbit around gravitating body, explained by Newton's laws      61
Orbit around gravitating body, Paradigm      402Ч411 416
Orbit around gravitating body, used to compute body's mass      26 561 563
Ori, Amos      479 582
Ostwald, Friedrich Wilhelm      59 68Ч69 563
Ozernoy, Leonid Moiseevich      575
Paczynski, Bohdan      317 319
Page, Don Nelson      435 446Ч447 490Ч493 500 580
Pagels, Heinz      141n
Pais, Abraham      563Ч567
Palmer, Henry P.      335
Paolini, Frank R.      311 576
Papapetrou, Achilles      342
Papastamatiou, N.I.      583
Paradigm, concept of      401
Paradigm, curved-spacetime paradigm for gravity      401Ч403
Paradigm, flat-spacetime paradigm for gravity      401Ч405
Paradigm, membrane paradigm for black holes      405Ч411 443 445
Paradigm, Newtonian paradigm for gravity      403Ч405
Parker, Leonard E.      435 505 583
Pasternak, Simon      277
Pauli exclusion principle      170b
Pauli, Wolfgang      170b 180
Pavlova, Varva      429
Pawsey, J.L.      327
Peierls, Rudolph      180
Pennington, Ralph      228f
Penrose, Jonathon      459
Penrose, Oliver      459Ч461
Penrose, Roger      36 244 281 290 294 319 341 369 414 417 419 459 461Ч463 461f 465 467Ч469 471Ч472 474 480Ч481 481f 524 527 574Ч575 579Ч582
Penrose, Shirley      459
Perley, R.A.      344f
Pernet, Jean      60
Perrin, Francis      223
Perturbation methods      275 276b 296Ч298
Petrov, A.N.      579
Petrovsky, Ivan      269
Petterson, Jacobus      260f 346Ч347 577
Phinney, E. Sterl      352f 577
photoelectric effect      147b
Photon      see also "Gamma rays" "Light" "X-rays"
Photon and wave-particle duality      146 147b 322
Photon, spontaneous emission of      431b
Photon, virtual      439Ч441 440f
Physical laws      see "Laws of physics"
Piezoelectric effect      368f 369 372
Pimenov, Revol't Ivanovich      471Ч472 582
Planck Ч Wheeler length, time and area      426 426n 442 446 476n 494 494n 518 520 563 582
Planck, Max      83 115 147b 388
plasma      349f 350 353 408Ч409 408f
Plutonium      199 222Ч225 222b 573 221
Podurets, Mikhail      240 301 574
Poisson, Eric      479 582
Polarization of a gravitational wave      393Ч394 406n
Polarization of light      406n
Polarization of metal or a black-hole horizon, by electric charge      405Ч407 405f
Polchinski's paradox      509Ч515 510f 512f 513bЧ514b
Polchinski, Joseph      509Ч511 510f 512f 515Ч516
Polnarev, Alexander      580
Popova, A.D.      579
Power notation for large numbers      29b
Prakash, A.      295
Prendergast, Kevin      317
Preskill, John      481Ч482 481f
Press, Margaret      297f
Press, William H.      259 260f 261 261n 295Ч296 297f 298 319 427 574Ч576
Pressure      see also "Equation of state"
Pressure in rocks      145 201b
Pressure, balances gravity in star      135f 137 143Ч145 144f 151 154f 156bЧ157b 160 161f 175Ч177 190 199 202 253
Pressure, creates spacetime curvature      118bЧ119b 567
Pressure, nonthermal, degeneracy      145Ч146 148Ч152 159Ч160 169 170b 175Ч178 193b 200bЧ203b
Pressure, nuclear      177 190Ч192 194bЧ195b 203f 202b 571
Pressure, physical cause of      143Ч145
Pressure, thermal      144Ч145 159Ч160
Price, Richard H.      280Ч281 283Ч285 295Ч296 319 350 409 504Ч505 508 574Ч575 579Ч580
Pringle, James      317
Probability, quantum mechanical      147b 477 478f 493f 496 515
Prokharov, Aleksandr Michailovich      366
Pulsar      see also "Neutron star"
Pulsar and teste of general relativity      58 393
Pulsar, as proof that neutron stars exist      317
Pulsar, discovery of      174 468
Pulsar, nature of      317Ч318
Pulsar, radio waves from      379
PUSTOVOIT, V.I.      383 578
Qstriker, Jeremiah P.      317
Quanta      141
Quantum electrodynamics      433
Quantum fields      284
Quantum fields in curved spacetime      436Ч439 444b 447Ч448 482 492 517 524
Quantum foam      55Ч56 477Ч478 478f 494Ч497 495f
Quantum gravity and time-machine destruction      318Ч320
Quantum gravity at endpoint of stellar implosion      210 476Ч479
Quantum gravity in singularity inside black hole      453 476Ч79
Quantum gravity, nonexistence of time in      476Ч477 518Ч519
Quantum gravity, quantum foam of space (wormholes) in      55Ч56 477Ч478 478f 494Ч497 495f
Quantum gravity, realm of validity      85Ч86
Quantum gravity, what we may learn from in future      524Ч525
Quantum gravity, Wheeler DeWill and Hartle Ч Hawking approach to      479n
Quantum gravity, Wheeler's motivation for      210 236Ч237 244 255Ч256 262 301 449
Quantum limits on measurement accuracies      372Ч375 386
quantum mechanics      see also "Degeneracy" "Hawking "Probability" "Uncertainty "Vacuum "Wave-particle
Quantum mechanics and atomic nuclei      169 184 199 see "Nuclear "Nucleus atomic"
Quantum mechanics and atoms, molecules, crystals      166 169 372
Quantum mechanics and entropy      423 445Ч446
Quantum mechanics and matter at high densities      145Ч146 147b 150Ч152
Quantum mechanics and quantum hair on black holes      284
Quantum mechanics and spectral lines of light      335
Quantum mechanics and superconductivity      231 339
Quantum mechanics and superfluidity      186Ч187 186n 208
Quantum mechanics and time machines      515 517Ч523
Quantum mechanics on macroscopic scales      372Ч376
Quantum mechanics, as primary, with classical physics secondary      514Ч515
Quantum mechanics, discovery of the laws of      141 147b 162 180Ч181
Quantum mechanics, marriage with general relativity      see "Quantum gravity"
Quantum mechanics, marriage with special relativity      150Ч152 160
Quantum mechanics, nature of and domain of      50 141 372 510Ч511 514Ч515
Quantum mechanics, speculations about failure of      184 207
Quantum nondemolition      375Ч376 377f 386Ч387
Quarks, search for      570Ч571
Quasars, detailed model of      351Ч353 352f
Quasars, discovery of      335Ч337
Quasars, energy of      339
Quasars, gigantic black holes as power source      346Ч354 407Ч410 408f
Quasars, overview of      45Ч48 47f
Quasars, role of accretion disks in      346Ч354
Quasars, speculations about power source      273 339Ч341
Quasars, variability of      337Ч338
Raab, Frederick J.      390f
Rabi, Isidore I.      208 569 572
Radio galaxies      see also "Cygnus A" "Quasars" "Radio
Radio galaxies, detailed model of      351Ч353 352f
Radio galaxies, discovery of      330Ч331
Radio galaxies, discovery of double radio lobes      333
Radio galaxies, energy requirements of      339
Radio galaxies, further observations of      334
Radio galaxies, gigantic black holes as power source      346Ч354 407Ч410 408f
Radio galaxies, role of accretion disks in      346Ч354
Radio galaxies, speculations about power source      273 539Ч541
Radio jets, discovery of      343Ч345
Radio jets, gigantic black hole as source      345Ч354 407Ч410 408f
Radio jets, gyroscopic stability of source      345
Radio telescopes, as key to revolution in understanding the Universe      378Ч379
Radio telescopes, Green bank and Owens Valley      334
Radio telescopes, improvements in angular resolution      328 330 335 342 345
Radio telescopes, interferometers, principle of      328Ч330 329f
Radio telescopes, Jansky's and Reber's      323Ч324 234fЧ235f
Radio telescopes, Jodrell Bank      331Ч333 332fЧ333f
Radio telescopes, relation to radar      327
Radio telescopes, Very Large Array (VLA)      343 344f 345
Radio telescopes, VLBI      345
Radio waves, as part of electromagnetic spectrum      25f 322Ч323 379
Radio waves, cosmic      see also "Cygnus A" "Radio "Radio "Radio
Radio waves, cosmic, difficulty explaining      323Ч324
Radio waves, cosmic, discovery of by Jansky      323 324fЧ325f
Radio waves, cosmic, explained as synchrotron radiation      338Ч339 338f
Radio waves, cosmic, observations by Reber      324Ч326 324fЧ325f 327Ч328
Rayleigh Ч Taylor instability      241Ч242 242f
Reber, Grote      324 324f 325f 326Ч328 344f 345 576 577
Redmount, Ian H.      409 486
Rees, Martin      272 317 319 343 348 461 574 576 577
Reference frame, accelerated, near black hole      443Ч446 444b
Reference frame, concept of      80
Reference frame, Finkelstein's, for stellar implosion      245Ч246 249 255
Reference frame, inertial (freely moving or freely falling)      80 96Ч98 99f 106 109 249
Reference frame, non-inertial      114
Regge, Tullio      275
Reissner Ч Nordstroem solution of Einstein field equation      286 458 473 581 582
Reissner, Hans      286 458 581
Relativists contrasted with other scientists      319Ч321 341Ч342
Relativity of space and time      see also "Absoluteness of space and time" "Length "Time
Relativity of space and time, deduced from principle of relativity      73 77b
Relativity of space and time, Einstein's conception of      72Ч78
Relativity of space and time, explained in terms of spacetime      88Ч92 91bЧ92b
Relativity theory      see "General Relativity" "Special
Relativity, principle of, as a metaprincipl      82
Relativity, principle of, consequences of      76Ч78 82
Relativity, principle of, formulated in absence of gravity      73 81
Relativity, principle of, generalized to include gravity      98 100 99f 114
Renn, Juergen      563 566
Research methods and styles, "small science" style vs. "big science" style      388Ч391
Research methods and styles, approximations      194bЧ195b 276b
Research methods and styles, arguments by analogy      429Ч430
Research methods and styles, attitudes toward mathematics      469Ч472
Research methods and styles, choice of physical laws      193b
Research methods and styles, competition      369Ч370
Research methods and styles, curiosity      207 236Ч237
Research methods and styles, different mathematical representations of same physics      402
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