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Podgorsak E. — Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists
Podgorsak E. — Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists



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Название: Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists

Автор: Podgorsak E.

Аннотация:

This book summarizes the radiation physics knowledge that professionals working in medical physics need to master for efficient and safe dealings with ionizing radiation. It contains eight chapters, each chapter covering a specific group of subjects related to radiation physics and is intended as a textbook for a course in radiation physics in medical-physics graduate programs. However, the book may also be of interest to the large number of professionals, not only medical physicists, who in their daily occupations deal with various aspects of medical physics and find a need to improve their understanding of radiation physics.

The main target audience for this book is graduate students studying for M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in medical physics, who haveto possess the necessary physics and mathematics background knowledge to be able to follow and master the complete textbook. Medical residents, technology students and biomedical engineering students may find certain sections too challenging or esoteric, yet they will find many sections interesting and useful in their studies.

Candidates preparing for professional certification exams in any of the medical physics subspecialties should find the material useful, and some of the material would also help candidates preparing for certification examinations in medical dosimetry or radiation-related medical specialties.

Numerous textbooks are available covering the various subspecialties of medical physics but they generally make a transition from the elementary basic physics directly into the intricacies of the given medical physics subspecialty. The intent of this textbook is to provide the missing link between the elementary physics on the one hand and the physics of the subspecialties on the other hand.



Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Издание: 1

Год издания: 2006

Количество страниц: 437

Добавлена в каталог: 27.01.2014

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
CPA      415
Crookes tube      396
Cross section      239
Cross section, atomic      193 239 257
Cross section, Bhabba      154
Cross section, differential      52 131 191
Cross section, differential energy transfer      203
Cross section, electronic      191 239
Cross section, energy transfer for Compton effect      206
Cross section, for Compton effect      213
Cross section, for Compton scattering      199 246
Cross section, for pair production      246
Cross section, for photoelectric effect      246
Cross section, for Rayleigh scattering      215
Cross section, for Rutherford scattering      413
Cross section, M${\o}$ller      154
Cross section, nuclear reaction      281
Cross section, Rutherford      58
Cross section, total      54
Cross section, total electronic Klein — Nishina      204
CSDA      160
CT      186 382
CT, scanner      186 382
Cunningham      383
Curie      10 265 371 404
Curie, Marie      4 42 319 363 366 370 371 383 390 397 400
Curie, Pierre      4 319 363 370 372 397
Curie, point      370
Curium      348 372
Curium-248      342 372
Curve of stability      348
Cyclic accelerator      107
Cyclotron      4 107 108 182 308 386
Davisson      4 30 372 379 402
Davisson — Germer experiment      30 31 39 372 379
de Broglie      30 35 373 379 398 402
Decay      325
Decay energy in $\alpha$ decay      317
Decay energy in $\beta^{+}$ decay      329
Decay energy in $\beta^{-}$ decay      326
Decay energy in neutron emission decay      346
Decay energy in proton emission decay      343
Decay, alpha      316 341
Decay, beta      321 341
Decay, beta minus      325
Decay, beta plus      329
Decay, constant      264 350 378
Decay, electron capture      332 339
Decay, factor      271 275 277
Decay, gamma      336
Decay, of cobalt-sixty      326
Decay, radioactive      263
Decay, series      284
Decay, spontaneous fission      341
Decay, with neutron emission      345
Decay, with proton emission      342
Decay, with two-proton emission      345
Dees      108
Delta ray      8 161
Depletion model      286 289 291 293 297 305
Depletion-activation model      300 305
Depth dose distribution, electron beam      11
Depth dose distribution, fast neutron beam      182
Depth dose distribution, neutron beam      11
Depth dose distribution, photon beam      11
Depth dose distribution, proton beam      11
Depth of dose maximum      11 13 182
Deuterium      16 174
Deuterium-tritium (DT) generator      182
Deuteron      9 16 182 183
Diagnostic radiology      7 11
Differential cross-section      52
Dirac      361 373
Direct-hit collision      162
Directly ionizing radiation      8
Distance of closest approach      45 56 131 404
Doppler shift, relativistic      29
Dose      10
Dose monitoring systems      114
Dose, distributions for electron beams      13
Dose, distributions for heavy charged particle beams      14
Dose, distributions for neutron beams      13
Dose, distributions for photon beams      11
Doughnut      108
Duality, particle-wave      30 38
Duane      97
Duane — Hunt law      97 164
Dubnium      377
Dynamic wedge      110 113 262
Eccentricity of hyperbola      51
Effect, Auger      87 90 254 362 389
Effect, Compton      31 188 193 252 257 369
Effect, M$\ddot{o}$ssbauer      338
Effect, photoelectric      23 188 218 221 241 251 254 257 375 391 394
Effective characteristic distance      404
Eigenvalue      36
Einstein      4 21 23 42 361 366 373 374 388 391 394 398
Einsteinium      375
Elastic collisions      119
Elastic scattering      124 130 171
Electric field distortion      93
Electromagnetic force      6
Electron      8 11 13 110 115 159 163 193 402
Electron, Auger      8 88 222 224 246 251 322 340
Electron, beam      13
Electron, beam transport system      112
Electron, binding correction      210
Electron, binding effects      210
Electron, Bohr      60 61
Electron, capture      322 332
Electron, charge      2 391
Electron, classical radius      3
Electron, colliding with orbital electron      128 130
Electron, Compton      8 105 194
Electron, Compton recoil      198
Electron, Compton wavelength      3
Electron, cones      110
Electron, conversion      339
Electron, Coster — Kronig      88
Electron, diffraction      379
Electron, free      61 193 220
Electron, gun      40 86 113 114
Electron, high energy      110
Electron, internal conversion      8
Electron, K-shell      70 251 340
Electron, loosely bound      188
Electron, megavoltage      8
Electron, monoenergetic      158 160
Electron, pair production      8
Electron, pencil beam      110 114 116 138
Electron, photoelectron      8 220 251
Electron, radius      85
Electron, recoil      8 194 199
Electron, relativistic      105 366
Electron, rest mass      2
Electron, scattered      31
Electron, secondary      116
Electron, specific charge      2
Electron, spin      65 374
Electron, super Coster — Kronig      88
Electron, Thomson classical cross section      3
Electron, tightly bound      188 220
Electron-positron, annihilation      106 234
Electron-positron, pair      234
Electronic attenuation coefficient      412
Electronic configuration      69
Electronic equilibrium      12
Electrostatic accelerator      107
Emission Spectrum      76
Emission spectrum, hydrogen      63
Emission, neutron      345
Emission, proton      342
Emission, two-proton      343
Endoergic reaction      309
Energy      411
Energy absorption      261
Energy absorption, coefficient      239 248 260 261 382
Energy level diagram      62 71
Energy level diagram for a high atomic number element      89
Energy level diagram for hydrogen atom      62
Energy state, quantized      377
Energy transfer      261
Energy transfer fraction in Compton effect      247 255
Energy transfer fraction in pair production      247 255
Energy transfer fraction in photoelectric effect      247 255
Energy transfer, classical      127
Energy transfer, coefficient      239 244 249 255 259 261
Energy transfer, coefficient for Compton effect      212
Energy transfer, coefficient for pair production      233
Energy transfer, coefficient for photoelectric effect      225
Energy transfer, from photons to charged particles      258
Energy transfer, general      125
Energy transfer, in Compton effect      195 199
Energy transfer, in two-particle collision      126
Energy transfer, maximum      149
Energy transfer, minimum      149
Energy transfer, to charged particles in pair production      230
Energy transfer, to neutron      171 179
Energy transfer, to photo electrons in photoelectric effect      222 224
Energy, absorption coefficient      239
Energy, average radiated      165
Energy, binding      17
Energy, per unit neutron fluence      178
Energy, quantum      394
Energy, recoil      325
Energy, rest      405
Energy, Rydberg      3 61 65 398 405
Energy, spectrum of neutrons      175
Energy, threshold      104 123 162 235
Energy, transfer      124
Energy, transfer coefficient      239
Epithermal neutron      176
Equation, Schr$\ddot{o}$dinger      22
Equilibrium, electronic      12
Equilibrium, ideal      271 273 288 291 293
Equilibrium, parent - daughter activities      276
Equilibrium, radioactive      276
Equilibrium, secular      278 279 291
Equilibrium, transient      278 279 287 291
Equivalent dose      10
Evans      231 271 375
Excitation      222
Excitation, potential      148
Excited state      62
Exclusion principle      68 73 393
Exit dose      11
Exoergic reaction      309
expectation value      36
Experiment, Davisson — Germer      30 39 372 379
Experiment, Franck — Hertz      76 78 381
Experiment, Geiger — Marsden      43 45 134
Experiment, Michelson — Morley      23
Experiment, Moseley      76
Experiment, Stern — Gerlach      65
Exponential decay curve      267
Exposure      10
Fast neutron      169 176
FDG      331 415
Fermi      18 174 322 364 376 377 379 380 390 399 401
Fermi — Dirac statistics      377
Fermi — Eyges solution      138
Fermion      377
Fermium      377
Fertile nuclide      173
Field emission tunneling      40
Filament      369
Filter, cadmium      172
Filter, flattening      166
Fine structure      3 222
Fine structure, constant      3 61 411
Fissile materials      173
Fission      18 168 170 173 368 376 380 384 387 390 401
Fission, fragment      173
Fission, product      173
Fission, spontaneous      318 341 349 351
Fissionable materials      173
Flattening filter      110 113 166
Flerov      4 341 377
Fluence rate      284
Fluorescence      168
Fluorescent radiation      88
Fluorescent yield      90 222 226 251 414
Fluorine      18 108 331
Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)      329
For tungsten atom      73
Force, Coulomb      48 97 130 145 349
Force, electromagnetic      6
Force, gravitational      6
Force, Lorentz      41 102
Force, Newton      97
Force, relativistic      25
Force, strong      6 16
Force, weak      6
Form factor for Rayleigh scattering      215
Fractal      388
Fractal geometry      140 388
Franck      4 78 377 381
Franck — Hertz Experiment      76 78 381
Frequency, angular      146
Frequency, orbital      68
Frequency, transition      67
Frisch      4 18 173 376 384 390
Fusion      18
Galilean transformations      23
Gamma decay      336 351
Gamma rays      9 168
Gamow      40 317 378
Gaussian distribution      58 138
Gauss’s divergence theorem      40
Geiger      4 44 317 378 397
Geiger — Marsden experiment      43
Gerlach      65 378 401
Germer      4 30 372 379
Giant resonance      235
Gram-atom      15 362
Gram-mole      15 362
Gravitational force      6
gray      10 406
Ground state      62
Ground state, hydrogen      83
Hadron      6
Hahn      4 18 173 376 379 384 389 399 401
Half life      266 397
Half-value layer      410
Half-value layer, first      238
Half-value layer, second      238
Hartree      70 74 77 78 380
Hartree multi-electron model      72
Hartree relationship      224
Hartree’s approximation      70
Head-on collision      50 126 129 148 171
Heisenberg      21 31 37 364 373 380
Heitler      144 381
Helium      74 400
Helium-3      17
Helium-4      344 347
Helium-5      347
Helmholtz differential equation      82
Hertz      4 22 78 265 377 381
Hickman      140
1 2 3 4 5
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