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Podgorsak E. — Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists
Podgorsak E. — Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists



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Название: Radiation Physics for Medical Physicists

Автор: Podgorsak E.

Аннотация:

This book summarizes the radiation physics knowledge that professionals working in medical physics need to master for efficient and safe dealings with ionizing radiation. It contains eight chapters, each chapter covering a specific group of subjects related to radiation physics and is intended as a textbook for a course in radiation physics in medical-physics graduate programs. However, the book may also be of interest to the large number of professionals, not only medical physicists, who in their daily occupations deal with various aspects of medical physics and find a need to improve their understanding of radiation physics.

The main target audience for this book is graduate students studying for M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in medical physics, who haveto possess the necessary physics and mathematics background knowledge to be able to follow and master the complete textbook. Medical residents, technology students and biomedical engineering students may find certain sections too challenging or esoteric, yet they will find many sections interesting and useful in their studies.

Candidates preparing for professional certification exams in any of the medical physics subspecialties should find the material useful, and some of the material would also help candidates preparing for certification examinations in medical dosimetry or radiation-related medical specialties.

Numerous textbooks are available covering the various subspecialties of medical physics but they generally make a transition from the elementary basic physics directly into the intricacies of the given medical physics subspecialty. The intent of this textbook is to provide the missing link between the elementary physics on the one hand and the physics of the subspecialties on the other hand.



Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Издание: 1

Год издания: 2006

Количество страниц: 437

Добавлена в каталог: 27.01.2014

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$Q$ value      122 124 181 183 316
$\alpha$ particle      9 397
$\alpha$ particle, colliding with gold nucleus      127
$\alpha$-particle scattering      44
$\check{C}$erenkov      4 104 368
$\check{C}$erenkov effect      105 368 409
$\check{C}$erenkov radiation      103 106 168
$\check{C}$erenkov — Vavilov effect      105 368
Absorption, resonance      338
Absorption, spectrum      77
Accelerating      111 115
Accelerating waveguide      110 112 113 115
Acceleration, relativistic      25
Accelerator      386
Accelerator, circular      102
Accelerator, cyclic      107
Accelerator, electrostatic      107
Accelerator, particle      107 384
Accelerator, proton      397
Actinium      313
Activation      263 281 283
Activation factor      288 290 291 293
Activation neutron      292
Activation time      295 285
Activation with protons or heavier charged particles      308
Activation with thermal neutrons      307
Activity      10 265 403
Activity, saturation      403
Activity, specific      265 292 293 325
Adaptive radiotherapy      110
Allowed orbit      59
Alpha decay      316 341 351 378
Alpha decay tunneling      40
Alpha particle      397
Aluminum      349
Aluminum-27      383
Anderson      4 234 361 374
Angle, $\check{C}$erenkov      104
Angle, characteristic      99 164
Angle, mean square      135
Angle, polarization      190
Angle, projectile scattering      126
Angle, scattering      190 411
Angle, target recoil      126
Angular distribution, for charged particles in pair production      230
Angular distribution, of photo electrons      223
Angular distribution, of photons in Compton effect      196
Angular distribution, of scattered particles      133
Angular frequency      385
Angular momentum, conservation of      49
Angular scattering power      167
Annihilation      106 234
Annihilation, quanta      9
Annihilation, radiation      254
Annihilation-in-flight      157 158 235
Anoxic tumors      182
anti-neutrino      316
Approximation, small angle      52
Argon      395
Artificial radioactivity      263
Atom, multi-electron      66 68—70 72 78 380
Atom, one-electron      70 72 79 380
Atomic mass      14
Atomic mass number      14 15
Atomic mass unit      2 14 409
Atomic model, Bohr      66 74
Atomic model, Rutherford      44 46
Atomic model, Rutherford — Bohr      42 60 365 378
Atomic model, Thomson      44 46
Atomic radius, Thomas — Fermi      133
Atomic, attenuation coefficient      412
Atomic, cross section for Compton effect      206 213 257
Atomic, cross section for pair production      230 257
Atomic, cross section for photoelectric effect      222 257
Atomic, cross section for Rayleigh scattering      218
Atomic, emission spectra      168
Atomic, form factor for Rayleigh scattering      215
Atomic, ionization potential      74 76
Atomic, Klein — Nishina cross section      212
Atomic, mass      14 15
Atomic, mass number      14 15
Atomic, mass unit      2 14 315 409
Atomic, number      14 15 342
Atomic, recoil energy in photoelectric effect      222
Atomic, shell      69
Atomic, Spectra      63
Atomic, stopping number      152
Atomic, Structure      14
Atomic, subshell      69
Attenuation coefficient      237 239 249 382 412
Attenuation coefficient, for Compton effect      210 213
Attenuation coefficient, for pair production      233
Attenuation coefficient, for Rayleigh scattering      219
Attenuation coefficient, for the photoelectric effect      225
Attenuation coefficient, linear      238 258
Attenuation coefficient, mass      239 258
Attenuation coefficient, of compounds and mixtures      243
Attenuation coefficient, tabulation      243
Auger      361 362 389
Auger effect      87 90 254 362 389
Auger electron      8 88 224 246 251 322 340 362
Average life      266
Avogadro      362
Avogadro number      2 15 265 362 367 407
Avogadro principle      362
Balmer      63 362
Balmer series      362
Barium      137 328 340
Barkla      4 88 193 362 392
Barrier potential      342
Bateman      264
Bateman equations      280
Beam transport system      112 115
Beam, broad      240
Beam, fast neutron      182
Beam, hardening      238
Beam, narrow      237
Beam, neutron      180
Beam, softening      238
Becquerel      4 10 264 265 316 363 371 372 397 403
Berger      144 363 400 419
Beryllium      174 183 334
Beryllium-seven      334
Beta decay      321 325 329 341 351 378
Beta minus ($\beta^{-}$) decay      325
Beta particle      8 397
Beta plus ($\beta^{+}$) decay      329
Betatron      107 167 384
Bethe      144 150 152 364
Bethe — Bloch      150 152
Binding energy      17 74 224 225 317 404
Binding energy per nucleon      20
Binding energy, correction      207
Binding energy, effect      213
Binding energy, effects in Compton scattering      207
Binding energy, K-shell      70 251
Binding energy, nuclear      343
Binding energy, per nucleon      17 20
Bloch      4 150 364
BNCT      169 180
Bohr      4 18 22 38 42 59 61 65 66 68 71 74 77 79 150 152 364 366 377 380 384 393 394 397 398
Bohr atomic theory      84 381
Bohr electron      61
Bohr model of the hydrogen atom      59
Bohr one-electron model      72
Bohr postulates      59
Bohr principle of complementarity      38
Bohr radius      3 82 84 403
Bohr theory      84 381
Bohrium      366
Boltzmann’s constant      2
Born      21 32 366
Boron      10 181 383
Boron neutron capture therapy      169 180
Brachytherapy      320
Brackett      63 362
Brackett series      362
Bragg, Equation      367
Bragg, formula      372
Bragg, peak      14
Bragg, relationship      30
Bragg, William Henry      366 367 392
Bragg, William Lawrence      367 385 392
Bragg’s law      77
Branching      266
Bremsstrahlung      9 14 40 86 95 96 100 103 105 106 139 142—144 158 163 248 256 261 364 412
Bremsstrahlung, magnetic      102 106
Bremsstrahlung, spectral distribution      164
Bremsstrahlung, tail      13
Bremsstrahlung, targets      162
Bremsstrahlung, thick-target      164
Bremsstrahlung, yield      156 403
Broad beam geometry      237 240
Brownian motion      375
Build-up factor      241
Build-up region      12
Cadmium filter      172
Californium-252      169 342
Californium-252 neutron source      184
Carbon-12      15
Carbon-13      330
Carbon-14      313
Cathode ray      369
Central limit theorem      58 136
Cesium-137      16 319 328 340
Chadwick      4 42 368 397
Chain reaction      173 341 376 384
Characteristic angle      99
Characteristic angle for Rayleigh scattering      216
Characteristic distance      137
Characteristic distance, effective      131 132
Characteristic radiation      87
Characteristic x rays      9
Characteristic, angle      99 412
Characteristic, thickness      238
Characteristic, time      270 279
Charge, electric      6
Charge, electron      2
Charge, strong      6
Charge, weak      6
Charged particle      8 142 387
Charged particle, accelerated      92 94 95
Charged particle, activation      310
Charged particle, colliding with an orbital electron      129
Charged particle, elastic scattering      130
Charged particle, equilibrium      13
Charged particle, heavier      9
Charged particle, heavy      8 11 14 92 97 117 119 120 130 145 157 159 170
Charged particle, intensity of the radiation emitted by      95
Charged particle, interactions with matter      141
Charged particle, light      92 97 117 119 121 130 154 157 159 188
Charged particle, moving with a uniform velocity      93
Charged particle, power emitted by      96
Charged particle, radiation emitted by      95
Charged particle, range      159
Charged particle, relativistic electric field produced by      98
Charged particle, stationary      93
Charged particle, transport      364
Charged particle, velocity of      92 105
Chart of the nuclides      347 348 350 352
Classical mechanics      24
Classificiation of forces in nature      6
Classificiation of fundamental particles      6
Classificiation of indirectly ionizing radiation      9
Classificiation of radiation      7
Clinical electron beams      114
Clinical photon beams      113
Cloud chamber      42 369
Cobalt      15
Cobalt-59      16 262 296
Cobalt-60      16 172 262 293 308 319 326
Cobalt-60 machine      262 383
Cobalt-60$m$      16
Cobalt-60, teletherapy machine      262 383
Cold neutron      170
Collision kerma      406
Collision loss      116 142
Collision stopping power      150
Collision, direct-hit      51 162
Collision, elastic      117 122
Collision, endothermic      122
Collision, exothermic      122
Collision, hard      142 154 161
Collision, inelastic      117 364
Collision, nuclear reaction      117
Collision, soft      142 154 161
Collision, two-particle      117
Complementerity principle      38
Compton      4 193 369
Compton atomic cross section      210
Compton attenuation coefficient      210
Compton cross section      214
Compton effect      31 188 183 252 257 369
Compton electron      8 105 254
Compton graph      207 212 259
Compton interaction      247
Compton scattering      193 241 252 257
Compton shift in energy      198
Compton wavelength      194 412
Compton wavelength of the electron      3
Computed tomography      382
Computerized tomography      186
Cone-beam CT      186
Conservation of energy in Compton effect      195
Conservation of energy in elastic scattering      125
Conservation of energy in head-on collision      127
Conservation of energy in nuclear reactions      122
Conservation of energy in pair production      227
Conservation of energy in photoelectric effect      221
Conservation of energy, relativistic      129
Conservation of momentum in Compton effect      195
Conservation of momentum in elastic scattering      125
Conservation of momentum in head-on collision      126
Conservation of momentum in nuclear reactions      122
Conservation of momentum in pair production      227
Conservation of momentum in photoelectric effect      221
Conservation of momentum, relativistic      128
Constant, fine structure      3 222
Constant, nuclear radius      19
Constant, Planck      2
Constant, reduced Planck      2
Constant, Rydberg      3 64 65 262 408
Continuous slowing down approximation      160
Control rods      168 174
Conversion electron      339
Coolant      174
Coolidge      4 369 376 383
Coolidge tube      40 395
Coolidge X-ray tube      40 395
Cormack      4 186 370
Correspondence principle      66
Coster — Kronig electron      88
Coulomb      404
Coulomb barrier      308 317
Coulomb force      48 68 141 349
Coulomb interaction      7 13 14 48 70 87 97 116 142 176 189 310 311
Coulomb potential      79 80
Coulomb repulsion      350
Coulomb repulsion correction      19
Coulomb scattering      130 136
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