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Collins P.D.B., Martin A.D., Squires E.J. — Particle Physics and Cosmology
Collins P.D.B., Martin A.D., Squires E.J. — Particle Physics and Cosmology

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Название: Particle Physics and Cosmology

Авторы: Collins P.D.B., Martin A.D., Squires E.J.

Аннотация:

This readable introduction to particle physics and cosmology discusses the interaction of these two fundamental branches of physics and considers recent advances beyond the standard models. Eight chapters comprise a brief introduction to the gauge theories of the strong and the electroweak interactions, the so-called grand unified theories, and general relativity. Ten more chapters address recent concepts such as composite fermions and bosons, supersymmetry, quantum gravity, supergravity, and strings theories, and relate them to modern cosmology and experimental astronomy.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1989

Количество страниц: 507

Добавлена в каталог: 17.11.2013

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$B^{0}$ mesons and CP violation      151
$B^{0}$ mesons, decays      143 151
$B^{0}$ mesons, time evolution      144
$B^{0}-\overline{B}^{0}$ mixing      142
$B^{0}-\overline{B}^{0}$ oscillations      144
$D^{0}-\overline{D}^{0}$ mixing      142 148
$e \equiv det(e^m{}_{\lambda})$      262 266 268
$F_{N}$      4 see
$f_{\pi}$, pion decay constant      75 110 192
$G_{F}$      4 see
$K^{0} - \overline{K}^{0}$ mixing      142
$K^{0} - \overline{K}^{0}$ mixing in composite models      206
$K_{L}$, $K_{S}$ mesons      149
$K_{L}$, $K_{S}$ mesons and CP violation      149
$K_{L}$, $K_{S}$ mesons, mass difference      149 197 217 272
$M_{p}$      4 see
$n\overline{n}$ oscillations      180
$R_{\mu\nu}$, Ricci Tensor      264 373
$R_{\mu\nu}{}{}^{mn}$      261
$sin^{2} \theta_{w}$      7 87 124
$sin^{2} \theta_{w}$ in GUT      160 162
$sin^{2} \theta_{w}$ in supersymmetric GUT      250
$sin^{2} \theta_{w}$, determination of      126
$U(1)_{PQ}$ chiral symmetry      120
$U(N)_{L} X U(N)_{R}$ chiral symmetry      69
$\alpha$ of QED      4 5 54 122 299 413
$\alpha$ of QED, running of      9 55 126 161
$\alpha$ of QED, value of      122
$\alpha^{'}$, Regge slope      317 321 328 331
$\alpha_{GUT}$      161 250 427
$\alpha_{p}$, gravitational coupling of baryons      440
$\alpha_{s}$ of QCD      8 10
$\alpha_{s}$ of QCD, determination of      23 132
$\alpha_{s}$ of QCD, renormalized      57
$\alpha_{s}$ of QCD, running of      58 161
$\beta$ decay      6 80
$\beta$ decay, double      154
$\beta$ function      63 131
$\beta$ function coefficients      58 65 161
$\beta$ function coefficients with supersymmetry      249
$\eta$ mesons      12 16 77
$\gamma$ matrices      36
$\gamma$ matrices in 2 dimensions      337
$\gamma$ matrices in curved space      268
$\gamma$ matrices in d dimensions      304 358
$\gamma$ matrices, chiral representation of      225
$\gamma$ matrices, standard representation of      36
$\gamma$ matrices, trace relations of      105 107
$\gamma^{5}$ matrix      36 107 304
$\gamma^{5}$ matrix in higher dimensions      341 358
$\kappa$ of general relativity      262 267 271
$\kappa$ of general relativity and strings      334
$\kappa$ of general relativity and SUGRA      278 282
$\lambda$      267 see
$\lambda$ matrices      45 46
$\lambda$ matrices of SU(3)      45 68
$\lambda$ matrices of SU(5)      169
$\Lambda_{C}$      see "Lambda of QCD"
$\Omega$-baryon      12
$\overline{MS}$ scheme      62 131
$\phi$ inflaton field      400
$\phi$ meson      12
$\pi^{0}$ decay      110 210 450 466
$\psi(c\overline{c})$ meson      12 16 21
$\rho$ meson      12
$\rho$ parameter of W-S model      89 90 125
$\rho$ parameter of W-S model and radiative corrections      126
$\rho$ parameter of W-S model in composite models      216
$\rho$ parameter of W-S model, determination of      127
$\rho_{c}$      377 see
$\Sigma$ baryon      12
$\tau$ lepton      1 2
$\tau$ number $L_{\tau}$      2
$\theta$ problem of QCD      120
$\theta$ term in QCD      118
$\theta-$vacuum      118
$\upsilon$ decays      132
$\Upsilon(b\overline{b})$ meson      12 16 21
$\varepsilon$, $\varepsilon^{'}$ parameters      151 387 407
't Hooft — Polyakov monopoles      398 424
't Hooft's anomaly condition      211
Abelian group      43
Abell clusters      434
Action S      31
Action S for free relativistic particle      319
Action S for free relativistic string      325
Action S for particle in gravitational field      268
Adjoint representation      46 50 173
Adjoint spinor      37
Age of universe $t_{0}$      376 397
Aharonov — Bohm effect      49
Aharonov — Bohm effect and monopoles      423
Air showers      449
Air showers and Cygnus X3      464
Air showers, arrays      450
Air — Cerenkov telescopes      450 464
Airy's method for $G_{N}$      271
Altarelli — Parisi equations      131
Analyticity      312
and composite models      202
Angular momentum for strings      328
anomalies      101
Anomalies and gravitons      349
Anomalies and non-planar diagrams      347
Anomalies in $\pi^{0} \to \gamma\gamma$      110
Anomalies in composite models      209
Anomalies in d=10 SUGRA      310 346 349
Anomalies in string theory      345
Anomalies, cancellation of      108 166 347
Anomalous magnetic moment      48 123 205
Anomaly cancellation      108 166 209 347
Anti-screening      10
Antibaryons      13 387
Antilepton      1
Antiparticle      1 38 159 387
Antiparticle spinor      37 159 182
Antiprotons in cosmic rays      449
Antiquark $\overline{q}$      1 11
Antisymmetric tensor      107
Antisymmetric tensor in 11 dimensions      307
Appelquist — Carazzone decoupling      211
Area as action for string      321
asymptotic freedom      10 22 58
Auxiliary fields      229 233
Auxiliary fields in SUGRA      279
Axial current, partial conservation of      75
Axial divergence of OCD      111
Axial extension of QED      107
Axial gauge      47
Axial U(1) problem      78 111
Axial U(1) transformation      69 102 119
Axial vector      37
Axial vector anomaly      102
Axino $\overline{a}$      392
Axion a      120
Axion a and SN1987A observations      463
Axion a as cold dark matter      393
Axion a in cosmic rays      448
Axion a, constraints on      121 393 454 463
Axion a, cosmological limits      393
Axion a, radiation by stars      445
B - L conservation      171 181 404
B - L violation      184
B meson      12 142 151
b quark      1 2 94 140 147
Background metric      275
Bare coupling      54
Bare mass      55
Baryon number B      1 3 12 14
Baryon number B and creation of universe      387 404
Baryon number B as U(1) generator      44
Baryon number B, conservation      69
Baryon number B, creation by Higgs decay      407
Baryon number B, dilution of by inflation      407
Baryon number B, non-conservation of      171 180 207 387
Baryon, color wavefunction of      11
Baryon, energy density $\rho_{B}$      377 387 394
Baryon, number density $n_{B}$      381 387 390
Baryon, table of      12
Baryon:photon ratio $\eta$      381 387
Baryosynthesis      387 407 409
Biassed galaxy formation      434
big bang      375
Big crunch      375
Bilinear identities for spinors      38 227
Bilinear spinor quantities      37
Binary galaxies and missing mass      390
black body spectrum      380 382
Black holes as source of dark matter      390 392
Black holes, formation from stellar collapse      447
Black holes, lifetime of      447
Black holes, primordial      477
Boost, Lorentz      258
Bootstrap hypothesis      314 318
Boson number density      378
Boson propagator      40 47
Bosonic string, classical      319
Bosonic string, excited state of      329 331
Bosonic string, quantum      326
Bosonic string, tachyon      329
Bosonic string, vacuum state      327
Bottom quark      see "b quark"
Bottomonium      16
Box diagram      145
Branch points      314
Brans — Dicke field from Kaluza model      297
Broken generators      73
Broken generators of SU(5)      173
Bubbles and distribution of galaxies      394 436 438
c quark      1 2 140 148
Cabibbo angle $\theta_{c}$      79 140
Calabi — Yau manifolds      358
Cascade baryon $\Xi$      12
Casimir energy in Kaluza — Klein theories      417
Casimir operator in ETC      195
Causality and quantum gravity      275
Causality problem in early universe      398
CDM, cold dark matter      393 413
Chan — Paton method      343
Chaotic inflation      409
Chaplain — Manton terms      310
Charge conjugate spinor      37 159 182
Charge conjugation C      38 81 143 159 225 304
Charge conjugation matrix      38 225
Charge conservation      6 43
Charge quantization      110
Charge quantization and monopoles      423
Charge quantization from Kaluza model      298
Charge quantization in GUT      159 165
Charge, renormalized      54
Charged current (cc)      79 88 140
Charged current (cc), leptonic      94
Charged current (cc), quark      93
Charm quark      see "c quark"
Charmonium      16
Chern — Simons term      349
Chiral anomaly      102 see
Chiral families      360
Chiral fermions      39 359
Chiral fields      7 69 159
Chiral representation      225 304
Chiral spinor      see "Weyl spinor"
Chiral symmetry      69 119
Chiral symmetry in composite models      209
Chiral symmetry, breaking      74 120
Chirality operator in d=10      358
Chirality problem in 11 dimensions      306
Chirality problem in N=8 SUGRA      291
Christoffel symbols $\Gamma^{\lambda}_{\mu\nu}$      260
Christoffel symbols $\Gamma^{\lambda}_{\mu\nu}$ of Robertson — Walker metric      373
Christoffel symbols $\Gamma^{\lambda}_{\mu\nu}$ of sphere      265
Christoffel symbols $\Gamma^{\lambda}_{\mu\nu}$, relation to Ricci tensor      265
Classical equations from Einstein Lagrangian      262
Classical mechanics      31
Classical mechanics from general relativity      267
Closed string      319 322
Closed string, boundary condition on compact manifold      352
Closed string, equation of motion      321
Closed string, graviton      331 337
Closed string, one-loop amplitude for      335
Closed string, spinning      342
Closed Universe      370
Co-moving coordinates      372
Co-moving observer      370 374
Cold dark matter (CDM)      393 413
Coleman — Mandula Theorem      223
Coleman — Weinberg potential      99 407
Collinear singularity      130 133
COLOR      3 8 11 45
Color lines of force      16 22
Compact manifold      302
Compactification      294 307 363 413
Compactification and chiral fermions      358
Compactification and SUSY      356
Compactification and symmetry breaking      360
Completeness relation for polarization vectors      35
Completeness relation for spinors      41
Complex representations      164 359
Composite fermions      208
Composite gauge bosons      213
Composite Higgs      190 192 219
Composite models      198
Composite models and new dynamics      220
Composite models and parity      217
Composite models and supersymmetry      212
Composite models and the standard model      213
Composite models, anomaly condition in      211
Composite models, dynamics in      209
Composite models, Z boson decay in      216
Compositeness scale      200
Compositeness scale, bounds on      204
Condensates      74
Condensates in extended technicolor      195
Condensates in technicolor      191
confinement      10 14 17 58 200
Conformal anomaly      330 336
Conformal anomaly and fermionic modes      350
Conformal factor      326
Conformal gauge      322
Conformal rescaling      335
Connection      260 see
Connection fields in general relativity      260
Conserved current      32 43
Conserved quantity      43 45
Constituent quark mass      13 17
Continuity equation      32 43
Contravariant component      257 259
Convective equilibrium of star      444
Cooper pairs      189
Correlation length and symmetry breakdown      404
Cosmic domains      394
Cosmic rays      448
Cosmic rays and discovery of particles      440
Cosmic rays, composition of      448
Cosmic rays, energy spectrum of      441
Cosmic rays, flux of      448
Cosmic rays, maximum energy of      441 449
Cosmic rays, monopole limits on      429
Cosmic rays, source of      448
Cosmic strings      430
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
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