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Collins P.D.B., Martin A.D., Squires E.J. — Particle Physics and Cosmology
Collins P.D.B., Martin A.D., Squires E.J. — Particle Physics and Cosmology



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Название: Particle Physics and Cosmology

Авторы: Collins P.D.B., Martin A.D., Squires E.J.

Аннотация:

This readable introduction to particle physics and cosmology discusses the interaction of these two fundamental branches of physics and considers recent advances beyond the standard models. Eight chapters comprise a brief introduction to the gauge theories of the strong and the electroweak interactions, the so-called grand unified theories, and general relativity. Ten more chapters address recent concepts such as composite fermions and bosons, supersymmetry, quantum gravity, supergravity, and strings theories, and relate them to modern cosmology and experimental astronomy.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1989

Количество страниц: 507

Добавлена в каталог: 17.11.2013

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Cosmic strings and galaxy formation      394 434
Cosmic strings and inflation      436
Cosmic strings and structure formation      432
Cosmic strings and superstrings      436
Cosmic strings, detection of      435
Cosmic strings, energy density of      399 423
Cosmions      391 453
Cosmological constant, $\Lambda$      267 357 374 397
Cosmological constant, $\Lambda$ and GUT scale      404
Cosmological constant, $\Lambda$ and inflation      400 403
Cosmological constant, $\Lambda$ and supersymmetry      235
Cosmological constant, $\Lambda$ in d=11 SUGRA      308
Cosmological constant, $\Lambda$ in Kaluza — Klein theories      416 417 419
Cosmological constant, $\Lambda$ in natural units      397
Cosmological constant, $\Lambda$ in SUGRA      282 284
Cosmological constant, $\Lambda$, problem      420
Cosmological principle      370
Cosmology      369
Cosmology and topological defects      421
Cosmology as laboratory for HE physics      419
Cosmology, higher dimensional      413
Coulomb gauge      34
Coulomb's law      5
Coupling, color, $g_{s}$, $\alpha_{s}$      8
Coupling, electromagnetic, e, $\alpha$      5 122
Coupling, evolution of      65
Coupling, Fermi $G_{F}$      7 81
Coupling, gravitational $G_{N}$      4
Coupling, Higgs      91
Coupling, matching at thresholds      67
Coupling, minimal      48
Coupling, weak      7 87 124
Couplings in GUT      160
Couplings in Kaluza model      303
Couplings in string theory      334
Couplings, tables of      4 47 89
Covariant component      257 259
Covariant derivative $D_{\mu}$      48 233 260
Covariant derivative $D_{\mu}$ for Weinberg — Salam model      84
Covariant derivative $D_{\mu}$ in general relativity      260
Covariant derivative $D_{\mu}$ of Georgi — Glashow model      424
Covariant derivative $D_{\mu}$ of SU(3) gauge theory      52
Covariant derivative $D_{\mu}$ of SU(5) gauge theory      170 173
Covariant derivative $D_{\mu}$ of SU{2) gauge theory      50
Covariant derivative $\partial_{\mu}$      32
Covariantly constant spinor      357
CP conjugate state      143
CP eigenstates      144 148
CP invariance      68 81
CP invariance and creation of universe      404
CP problem      120
CP violation      149
CP violation and baryogenesis      387 407
CP violation and matter-antimatter asymmetry      387 407
CP violation and the critical density      394
CP violation by $\theta$ term      118
CP violation in $K^{0}$ decays      149
CP violation in B decays      150
CP violation in KM Matrix      94
CP violation, direct      151
CP violation, magnitude of      142
CP violation, strong      118
CPT invariance      144
Crab Nebula      446 458
Creation ex nihilo      404
Critical density $\rho_{c}$      397
Critical density $\rho_{c}$ and dark matter      390 394
Critical density $\rho_{c}$ and structure formation      413
Critical density $\rho_{c}$ of universe      377
Critical density $\rho_{c}$ versus monopole density      399
Critical density $\rho_{c}$, relation to CP violation      394
Critical temperature for Higgs symmetry breakdown      402
Cross section for $e^{+}e^{-}\to \mu^{+}\mu^{-}$      21
Cross section for W, Z production      135
Cross section for Z production      28
Cross section, differential      20 25
Cross section, pp, $p\overline{p}$ total      30
Cross section, total      29
Crossing      312 313
Current algebra      76 196
Current for spin $\frac{1}{2}$ particle      37 43
Current for spin 0 particle      33 43
Current quark mass      2 13 77
Current, charged      79 88 93 140
Current, electromagnetic      48 89
Current, neutral      83 89 93
Curvature      264 371
Curvature and inflation      400
Curvature in solutions of Friedmann's equations      375
Curvature of space      370
Curvature scalar R      262 264 266 372
Curvature tensors      261 263 372
Cygnus X3      464
Cylinder condition      295 296
D mesons      12 148
d quark      1 2 79 84 140
D'Alembertian operator $\sqcup^{2}$      32
D-type SUSY breaking      236 239
Dark matter      377 see "Cold"
Dark matter and structure formation      413
Dark matter, detection of      394
Dark matter, evidence for      389
Dark matter, nature of      390
Dashen's formula      196
Davis's solar neutrino experiment      451
de Sitter universe      400
Decay constant $f_{B}$      146
Decay constant $f_{\pi}$      75 121 191
Decay constant $\upsilon_{a}$      121
Decay width $\Gamma$      20 315
Decay width $\Gamma$ for $H \to f \overline{f}$      97
Decay width $\Gamma$ for $H \to gg$      98
Decay width $\Gamma$ for $H \to W^{+}W^{-}$      97
Decay width $\Gamma$ for $H \to ZZ$      97
Decay width $\Gamma$ for $H \to \gamma\gamma$      98
Decay width $\Gamma$ for $\nu_{2} \to \nu{1}\gamma$      156
Decay width $\Gamma$ for $\pi \to \mu\nu$      75
Decay width $\Gamma$ for $\pi^{0} \to \gamma\gamma$      111
Decay width $\Gamma$, $B^{0}$ mesons      144
Decay width $\Gamma$, $K^{0}$ mesons      148
Decay width $\Gamma$, general formula      20
Decay width $\Gamma$, muon      124
Decay width $\Gamma$, semileptonic      141
Decay width $\Gamma$, W boson      134
Decay width $\Gamma$, Z boson      134
Deceleration parameter q      376 397
Decoupling temperature of microwave background      380
Decoupling theorem      211
Decoupling time $t_{d}$      381 398 401 410 434 432
Decoupling time $t_{d}$ and causality problem      397
Decoupling time $t_{d}$ and Jeans mass      411
Deep inelastic scattering      15 23 127
Delta resonance $\Delta$      12
Density fluctuations in early universe      392 410
Density fluctuations, due to cosmic strings      432 435
Density inhomogeneities, limit on      381
Density of early universe      379
Density of universe      397
Density parameter $\Omega$      377 397
Density parameter $\Omega$ and inflation      404
Density perturbations, Harrison — Zeldovich      410 413
desert      159 172 383
Deuterium in early universe      385 386
Differential cross section      20
Differential cross section for $AB \to cX$      26
Differential cross section for $ep \to eX$      24 25
Differential cross section for $q \overline{q} \to q \overline{q}$      26
Differential cross section for $\nu N \to \eta X$      25
Diffractive scattering      15
Dilaton field      297
Dilaton field as the inflaton      409
Dimensional regularisation      61
Dimensional transmutation      10
Dimensions of fields      59
Dimensions of space time      293
Dimensions of space time for consistent string theory      326 328 331 340
Dimensions of space time, origins of      399 413
Dirac current      37
Dirac equation      35
Dirac equation in d dimensions      303
Dirac mass      181
Dirac matrices      see "\gamma matrices"
Dirac spinor      see "Spinor"
Dirac's quantization condition      423
Direct CP violation      151
Divergence, degree of      59
Domain walls and inflation      438
Domain walls and the microwave background      438
Domain walls in universe      436
Domain walls, energy density of      399 437
Domain walls, surface tension of      438
Domain walls, thickness of      437
Domains in phase transitions      398 404 407 436
Doppler shift of radiation from galaxies      389
Doppler shift, due to expansion of universe      378
Double $\beta$-decay      154
Drell — Yan mechanism      28 134
Dual lattice      355
Dual models      311 318
Dual tensor $\overline{F}_{\mu\nu}$      107
Dual tensor $\overline{G}_{\mu\nu}$      111
Duality      317
Duality diagrams      344
Duality in string theory      333
Dynamical symmetry breaking      74
Dynamics of universe      375
e-folds of inflation N      406 408 409 410
E6      167 360 362
E6 x E8      360
E8 x E8      345 351 355 366
E8 x E8, breaking of      360
Early Universe      369
Effective field theory      67
Einstein Lagrangian      261 262 278
Einstein's equation      263 267 271 374
Einstein's equation and quantum theory      273
Einstein's equation in Kaluza — Klein theories      297 415
Einstein's equation in presence of matter      267
Einstein's equation, including $\Lambda$      271 374
Einstein's general relativity      253
Electric charge      1 5
Electric charge, equality of      158 165
Electric charge, quantisation of      159 165 199 298 423
electric field      33
Electromagnetic coupling      see "$\alpha$ of QED"
Electromagnetic current      48 89
Electromagnetic interaction      5 46
Electromagnetic potential $A_{\mu}$      33 49
Electromagnetism unified with gravity      293 297
Electron $e^{-}$      1 2 84
Electron $e^{-}$ in cosmic rays      499
Electron $e^{-}$, charge of      5 158
Electron $e^{-}$, coupling to Higgs      91
Electron $e^{-}$, magnetic moment      124 205
Electron $e^{-}$, mass in W-S model      91
Electron $e^{-}$, mass of      2
Electron degeneracy pressure      441 445
Electron number $L_{e}$      2
Electron-positron annihilation and polarization asymmetry      127
Electron-positron annihilation and supersymmetry      245
Electron-positron annihilation, into $W^{+}W^{-}$      82 97 137 218
Electron-positron annihilation, into $\mu^{+}\mu^{-}$      20
Electron-positron annihilation, into hadrons      21 63 132
Electron-positron annihilation, into HZ      139
Electroweak model      83 see
Electroweak radiative corrections      126
Electroweak theory and SUGRA      286
Embedding      365
Energy density of baryons $\rho_{B}$      377 384 387 390
Energy density of universe      377 390 397
Energy-energy correlations      133
Energy-momentum tensor $T_{\mu\nu}$      267 277 372
Energy-momentum tensor $T_{\mu\nu}$ of matter      372
Energy-momentum tensor $T_{\mu\nu}$ of matter at rest      373
Energy-momentum tensor $T_{\mu\nu}$ of non-relativistic matter      373
Energy-momentum tensor $T_{\mu\nu}$ of radiation      374
Energy-momentum tensor $T_{\mu\nu}$ of relativistic matter      373
Energy-momentum tensor $T_{\mu\nu}$, during inflation      404
Entropy density of early universe      379
Eoetvoes's experiment      272
Equivalence principle      254 272
Equivalence principle, test of by SN1987A neutrinos      463
Equivalence theorem      100
ETC      193
Euler characteristic      359
Euler — Lagrange equations      31 32
Evolution equations, Altarelli — Parisi      130
Evolution of stars      440
Evolution of universe      367
Exceptional groups      165 167
Excited leptons      208
Excited quarks      208
Excited vector bosons      215
Expanding Universe      369
Extended technicolor (ETC)      193
Extensive air showers      449 450 464
Extra dimensions and observable effects      295
F-type SUSY breaking      236
False vacuum and inflation      404
Families      1 94 199 202 294 360
Family replication and high dimensions      294
Fayet — Iliopoulos model      239
Fermi coupling $G_{F}$      4 7 81 124 216
Fermi coupling $G_{F}$ in composite models      216
Fermi coupling $G_{F}$, determination of      124
Fermion masses      39 91 182 187
Fermion masses in compactified string theory      362
Fermion masses in GUT      163
Fermion masses in SU(5)      174
Fermion masses in SUGRA      286
Fermion masses in technicolor theories      192
Fermion masses, bounds on      127
Fermion masses, problem in composite models      212
Fermion masses, radiative corrections to      190
Fermion masses, table of      2
Fermion number density      378
Fermion propagator      41 47
fermions      1 35
Fermions in strings      337 341
Ferromagnetism and broken symmetry      403
Feynman gauge      41
Feynman rules      40 47
Field strength tensor in high dimensions      307 349
Field strength tensor of electromagnetism      33 297
Field strength tensor of Georgi — Glashow model      424
Field strength tensor of SU(2) gauge fields      52
Field strength tensor of SU(3) gauge fields      53 68
Field strength tensor, electroweak      85
Field theory at finite temperature      401
Fifth force      271
Fine structure constant $\alpha$      4 54 122 161
Fine structure constant $\alpha$ from Kaluza model      299
Fine tuning      177 249 284
Fine tuning and universe density problem      397
First order formalism      263
Fixed points of non-freely acting group      363
Flat space      255 263 265 370 396
Flat Universe      370 376 396
Flatness problem in early universe      396 400
Flavor      1 2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
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