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Collins P.D.B., Martin A.D., Squires E.J. — Particle Physics and Cosmology
Collins P.D.B., Martin A.D., Squires E.J. — Particle Physics and Cosmology



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Название: Particle Physics and Cosmology

Авторы: Collins P.D.B., Martin A.D., Squires E.J.

Аннотация:

This readable introduction to particle physics and cosmology discusses the interaction of these two fundamental branches of physics and considers recent advances beyond the standard models. Eight chapters comprise a brief introduction to the gauge theories of the strong and the electroweak interactions, the so-called grand unified theories, and general relativity. Ten more chapters address recent concepts such as composite fermions and bosons, supersymmetry, quantum gravity, supergravity, and strings theories, and relate them to modern cosmology and experimental astronomy.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1989

Количество страниц: 507

Добавлена в каталог: 17.11.2013

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Flavor changing neutral currents      93
Flavor changing neutral currents in technicolor theories      197
Flavor changing neutral currents, suppression of      93 146 197
Flavor symmetry      14 68
Flux      32 448
force      3 31 213
Force in composite models      213
Force, between hadrons      15 213
Force, between quarks      10
Force, gravitational      4
Force, Lorentz      37 46
Force, strong      8 213
Force, van der Waals      15
Force, weak      7
Form factors and compositeness      206
Four dimensional strings      363 366
Four vector      18 32
Four vector, potential      33
Four vector, scalar product      19
Four-fermion interaction      60 79 125 178
Free streaming Jeans mass $M_{J}$      392 394
Free streaming of hot dark matter      392
Freund — Rubin compactification      307
Friedmann's equations      370 374
Friedmann's equations and inflation      400
Friedmann's equations and structure formation      413
Friedmann's equations in Kaluza — Klein theories      416
Friedmann's equations in natural units      397
Friedmann's equations, non-relativistic derivation      375
Froth and distribution of galaxies      394 438
Fundamental constants      4
Fundamental constants and structure formation      412
Fundamental constants in Kaluza — Klein theories      413
Fundamental constants, variation with time      413
Fundamental representation      45 46
G-parity in string theory      341
Galaxy, clusters      390 410 413
Galaxy, formation      394 410 413 434
Galaxy, halo of monopoles      429
Galaxy, luminosity of      389
Galaxy, magnetic field of      428 449
Galaxy, mass distribution in      389
Galaxy, mass of      389
Galaxy, motion within      389
Galaxy, rotation period of      429
Galaxy, seeded by black holes      448
Galaxy, size of      370
Gauge bosons      10 49 51 53
Gauge bosons of SU(5), GUT      168
Gauge bosons, table of      10
Gauge couplings      see "$\alpha$" " " "
Gauge couplings and renormalization      57
Gauge couplings, variation with time      413
Gauge Fields      49 50 53 84 168
Gauge fields and SUGRA      280
Gauge fields and SUSY      233
Gauge invariance, global      42
Gauge invariance, local      48
Gauge symmetry      48 50
Gauge symmetry from Kaluza model      299 302
Gauge theories      42 83
Gauge theories as renormalizable theories      60
Gauge theories, symmetry breakdown at finite temperatures      402
Gauge theories, Yang — Mills      50
Gauge transformation      33 48
Gauginos      225 233 243
Gauginos in SUGRA      289
GCT, generalised coordinate transformation      259
Gell-Mann matrices      45
Gell-Mann — Okubo mass formula      77
General coordinates      254
General relativity      4 253 370
General relativity from local SUSY      277
General relativity in higher dimensions      296
General relativity, connection with Newtonian gravity      269
General relativity, curvature tensors of      263
General relativity, first order formalism      263
General relativity, Palatini formalism      263
Generalised coordinate transformation (GCT)      259
Generations      1 94 202 294 360
Generators      44
Generators in GUT      160
Generators of SU(2) x U(1)      84
Generators of SU(3)      46
Generators of supersymmetry      224
Generators, broken      73
Generators, isospin SU(2), $T_{i}$      84
Geodesic      269
Georgi — Glashow SU(5) model      167
Ghosts      47
Ghosts in string theories      330
GIM mechanism      93 146 197
Gliozzi, Scherk, Olive (GSO) projection      341 342 351
Global gauge invariance      42
Glueballs      16
Gluino $\tilde{g}$      244 246 392
Gluon distribution      25 130
Gluon emission      22 26 64 130 133 136
Gluon g      8
Gluon g as gauge boson      53
Gluon g, field strength tensor      53 68
Gluon g, self coupling      8 47 53 129
Goldberger— Treiman relation      76
Goldstino      236 237 239 240 245
Goldstino in SUGRA      282
Goldstone bosons      73 90 100
Goldstone bosons and cosmic strings      432
Goldstone bosons, technicolor      191 196
Graded Lie algebra      223
Grand Unified Theories (GUTs)      158
Grand Unified Theories (GUTs) and cosmic strings      431
Grand Unified Theories (GUTs) and inflation      407
Grand Unified Theories (GUTs) and monopoles      426
Grand Unified Theories (GUTs) and supersymmetry      247
Grand Unified Theories (GUTs) as origin of matter-antimatter asymmetry      387
Grand Unified Theories (GUTs), general consequences of      159
Grand Unified Theories (GUTs), possible gauge groups      164 167
Grand Unified Theories (GUTs), SO(10)      166 184
Grand Unified Theories (GUTs), SU(5)      167
Grand Unified Theories (GUTs), successes and problems of      186
Gravitational constant, $G_{N}$      4 253 271 374
Gravitational constant, $G_{N}$ in Kaluza — Klein theories      297 416
Gravitational constant, $G_{N}$ in string theory      335
Gravitational constant, $G_{N}$ in SUGRA      281
Gravitational constant, $G_{N}$, dimensionless form of      388 440
Gravitational constant, $G_{N}$, magnitude of      271
Gravitational constant, $G_{N}$, measurement of      271
Gravitational constant, $G_{N}$, relation to $\kappa$      271
Gravitational constant, $G_{N}$, variation with time      414
Gravitational energy      4 375 445 459
Gravitational lensing      435
Gravitational mass      254
Gravitational potential      4
Gravitational radiation      4 274 435
Gravitino $\tilde{G}$      243 277
Gravitino $\tilde{G}$ as dark matter candidate      391 393
Gravitino mass $m_{3/2}$      288 392
Gravitino mass $m_{3/2}$ and cosmology      289 392
Gravitino mass $m_{3/2}$ in broken SUGRA      281 283 284
Gravitino mass $m_{3/2}$ in no-scale model      288
Graviton G      4 243 274 277 298
Graviton G and anomalies      349
Graviton G as state of closed string      331 337
Graviton multiplet      278 309
Gravity      4 253
Gravity and string theory      337
Gravity and supersymmetry breaking      242
Gravity, quantum      272
Gravity, unification with electromagnetism      293
Greissen cut off      449
Group, abelian      43
Group, exceptional      165
Group, freely acting      361
Group, generator      44
Group, grand unified      164
Group, isometry      300
Group, Lie      44
Group, list of Lie      165
Group, non-abelian      45
Group, order of      73 165
Group, parameter      44
Group, rank of      46 165
Group, structure constants of      44 173
Gut      see "Grand Unified Theories"
GUT scale      159
GUT scale and inflation      404
Hadron      8 11 13 15 213
Hadron jets      22
Hadron scattering      26
Hadronic energy scale      10
Hadronization      22
Halo of dark matter      389
Haplon model      201 212
Hard partons      23
Harmonic coordinate system      274
Harrison — Zeldovich density perturbations      410 413
Hawking radiation      447
Hawking temperature $T_{H}$      410 447
HDM, hot dark matter      391 413
Heavy elements in cosmic rays      448
Heavy elements, formation of      377
Heavy quarks      16
Heavy quarks and $\alpha_{s}$      67 131
Heavy quarks and Higgs detection      140
Heavy quarks, hadroproduction of      134
Heavy quarks, mass bounds      127
Hedgehog solution      425
Helicity $\lambda$      38
Helicity $\lambda$ for spin $\frac{3}{2}$ particle      40
Helicity $\lambda$ of photon      34
Helicity $\lambda$ of spin 2particle      35
Helicity states, number of      378
Helium abundance and variation of fundamental constants      414
Helium abundance in cosmic rays      448
Helium abundance in early universe      385 386
Helium burning in stars      445
Hercules X1      464 470
Heterotic string      350 366
Hexagon diagram      346
Hidden sector      282 284
Hierarchy problem      175 187 189 221 241 247 249
Higgs boson H      8 72 189 401 424
Higgs boson H, conjugate      92
Higgs boson H, coupling to fermions      91
Higgs boson H, coupling to WW      91
Higgs boson H, decay widths      97
Higgs boson H, mass      91
Higgs boson H, mass bounds      99 138 187
Higgs boson H, mass corrections      221
Higgs boson H, plasma mass of, at high temperature      401
Higgs boson H, properties of      96
Higgs boson H, search for      137
Higgs bosons and SUGRA      285
Higgs bosons in Georgi — Glashow model      424
Higgs bosons in GUTs      171 388
Higgs bosons in SUGRA      287
Higgs bosons, composite      192 219
Higgs bosons, number density of      400
Higgs bosons, supermultiplet      244
Higgs coupling in technicolor theories      192
Higgs coupling, to fermions      91
Higgs coupling, to WW      91
Higgs doublet      86
Higgs doublet, conjugate      92
Higgs field      72 86 172 189
Higgs field and inflation      405
Higgs field in SU(5) and monopoles      426
Higgs field, expectation value of, at finite temperature      400
Higgs field, GUT symmetry breaking in early universe      397 400
Higgs field, vacuum expectation value of      86 88 172 189 221 243 286 400
Higgs mass      91 187
Higgs mass in SUGRA      287
Higgs mass, bounds on      99 138 187
Higgs mass, corrections to      221
Higgs mass, renormalisation corrections      188
Higgs mechanism      70 85 401
Higgs mechanism in GUTs      171
Higgs mechanism in SUGRA      282
Higgs mechanism in SUSY      234
Higgs potential $V(\phi)$      72 86 99 189 401
Higgs potential $V(\phi)$ at finite temperature      401
Higgs potential $V(\phi)$ in no-scale model      288 289
Higgs potential $V(\phi)$ in SU(5)      172 174 176
Higgs potential $V(\phi)$ in SUGRA      281 282
Higgs potential $V(\phi)$ in SUSY      235 237 239 248
Higgs potential $V(\phi)$ of Georgi — Glashow model      424
Higgs potential $V(\phi)$, effective      285
Higgs potential $V(\phi)$, not satisfactory for inflation      407
Higgs representation in SU(5)      172 174 247
Higgs representation in supersymmetry      244
Higgs representation in Weinberg — Salam model      86
Higgs scalar H      see "Higgs boson"
Higgs symmetry breakdown, critical temperature for      402
Higgsino      244 392
High energy gamma rays      464
High temperature field theory      401
Higher dimensional cosmology      413
Higher dimensional theories      293
Higher dimensionality for strings      318
Holonomy group      358
Homogeneity of universe      370 410
Homotopy classes      113
Horizon and the formation of structure      410
Horizon problem      397 400
Horizon, distance to as function of time      397
Hot Big Bang      369 377 383
Hot dark matter (HDM)      391 413
Hubble expansion      370 375
Hubble radius      370
Hubble's constant H      374 376 397
Hydrogen burning in stars      442 445
Hypercharge, weak, Y      84 85 86 92
Hypercolor      200
Hypergluons      202 217
Hypersphere, 3 dimensional      370
Inertial coordinate system      255
Inertial mass      254
Inflation      399
Inflation and cosmic strings      436
Inflation and domain walls      438
Inflation and monopole problem      427
Inflation, chaotic      409
Inflation, double      438
Inflation, models of      405
Inflation, primordial      409
Inflaton field $\phi$      403 406 409 418
Inflaton potential and the formation of structure      411
Inflaton potential in Kaluza — Klein theories      418
Infrared singularity      130 133
Inhomogeneities of early universe      410
Inhomogeneities, due to cosmic strings      432 434
instantons      118
Intercept, Regge $\alpha(0)$      317 328
interval      255
Invariance of physical laws      257
Invariant interval      370
Invisible axion      121
Isometry group      300 301
Isoscalar vector boson      216
Isospin generators, Tiy      84
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
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