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Shore S.N. The Tapestry of Modern Astrophysics
Shore S.N.  The Tapestry of Modern Astrophysics









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: The Tapestry of Modern Astrophysics

: Shore S.N.

:

This textbook introduces the physical processes of cosmic bodies, planetary atmospheres, stellar outflows, and nebular environments. Shore (Indiana University) describes the phenomena of radiative transfer, the structure of stars, the composition of the interstellar medium, the dynamics of galaxies, and cosmological models.


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: 23.03.2006

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$V/V_{max}$ test      807808
21 cm line      see Hydrogen 21
Abel equation      731732
Absorption      see Opacity
Absorption coefficient, H I 21 cm line      484
Absorption coefficient, synchrotron      536
Absorption coefficient, thermal bremsstrahlung      193194 243
Absorption coefficient, total for absorption line      197198
Abundances      see Element abundances
Accretion disks, $\alpha$-model      438439
Accretion disks, boundary layers      445447
Accretion disks, formation of, by stream impact      435
Accretion disks, magnetic fields      442445
Accretion disks, spectral energy distribution      440441
Accretion disks, vertical structure      436437 439440
Accretion disks, viscous      437440
Accretion from a stream inner Lagrangian point      434435
Accretion from a wind (Bondi Hoyle accretion)      432434
Accretion, black holes      447 707708
Accretion, cooling flows      723730
Accretion-induced collapse      387
action      76
Adiabatic temperature gradient      235 302
Advection-dominated accretion flow (ADAF)      447
Agglomeration equation      6869 519
Alfven radius      430
Alfven speed      50
Alfven waves      5051
Algol paradox      417418
Algorithms, CLEAN      149150
Algorithms, maximum entropy method (MEM)      151154 159160
Algorithms, Richardson Lucy      163165
Algorithms, shift-and-add      145
Algorithms, stochastic time series      148149
Ambipolar diffusion      51 542543 586588
Antenna temperature, definition of      484
Aperture synthesis      140142
Aperture synthesis, phase closure      141
Apsidal motion      1011 94 orbital)
Apsidal motion and internal stellar structure      421422
Asteration      679
Asteroseismology      see Helioseismology
Astronomical Unit, Roemers determination of      106
Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB)      373377
Atmospheric eclipses      414417
Autoionization      197
Baades window      633
Backwarming      229230
Balbus Hawley instability      see Instabilities magnetorotational
Balmer limit      194
Baroclinicity      308309 420
Barred spiral galaxies      see Galaxies spiral
Bayes Theorem      150151
Bernoulli equation      43
Biachi identities      88
Biases      161162
Biases, Lutz Keller      108109 (see also Parallax)
Biases, Malmquist      807808 (see also $V/V_{max}$ test)
Biasing (cosmological density fluctuations)      827830
Big Bang Nucleosynthesis      680682 798805
Binary stars, classification relative to Roche radius      419420
Binary stars, common envelope      423425
Binary stars, eclipsing      119120 414417
Binary stars, effects of angular momentum loss      426430
Binary stars, effects of mass transfer      426428
Binary stars, emission of gravitational waves      428430
Binary stars, evolutionary stages of (Cases A, B, C)      422423 427
Binary stars, formation of      453457
Binary stars, light curves      119120 239241 414417
Binary stars, magnetic braking      430
Binary stars, mass determinations      118119
Binary stars, mass function      119 361
Binary stars, masses      360361
Binary stars, neutron stars in      400401
Binary stars, pre-main sequence      453455
Binary stars, reflection effect in      239241
Birthline      366 (see also Star formation)
BL Lac objects (blazars)      see Galaxies active
Black holes      92 9697
Black holes in active galactic nuclei      703708
Black holes in binary systems      452453
Blackbody radiation      see Planck Radiation Law
Blackbody radiation, cosmic background radiation      770771
Blackbody radiation, Rayleigh Jeans approximation      28 129
Blackbody radiation, Wien approximation      28
Blast wave, adiabatic      574575
Blast wave, free expansion phase      577
Blast wave, snowplow phase      579
Blue compact dwarf galaxies      see Galaxies irregular
Blue stragglers      456457
Bolometric correction      112 401402
Boltzmann collision integral      55 66
Boltzmann distribution      see Distribution function Boltzmann
Boltzmann equation      5455 66
Boltzmann equation and H theorem      6768
Boltzmann equation for photon scattering      210211
Bondi Hoyle accretion      432434
Bonner Ebert mass      590
Born approximation      262
Bose Einstein distribution      see Distribution function Bose
Bose Einstein integral, defined      35
Bosons      see Distribution function Bose
Boundary layers      445447 450452
Boussinesq approximation      234
Breit Wigner resonance      335
Brightness temperature      129 483
Brown dwarfs      278 369
Brunt Vaisala frequency, defined      618
C shocks      see Magnetic fields and shocks
Calibration, backgrounds      156157
Calibration, Hubble constant      753754
Calibration, infrared      127128
Calibration, Morgan Keenan spectral types      274
Calibration, optical      109111
Calibration, period-luminosity relation      742744
Carbon stars      278 349351 375376
Cataclysmic variables, types of      447448
CCDs      see Detectors charge-coupled
CCDs, cD galaxies      see Galaxies elliptical
Champagne flow      574
Chandrasekhar mass      298 382383 387 395
Charge transfer      474475 551552 563564
Chemical evolution of galaxies      669688 (see also Galaxies)
Chemical evolution of galaxies, observations      349351 647 670672
Chemical evolution of galaxies, solar system abundances      350 669672 802804
Chemical evolution of galaxies, closed-box models      677683
Chi-square statistic      152
Christoffel symbol      83
Classification      see Taxonomy and specific subject
Clausius Mossotti equation      501
clean      see Algorithms CLEAN
Clusters of galaxies, Local Group      720721
Clusters of galaxies, mass to light ratio      812
Clusters of galaxies, properties      719720 723
Clusters of galaxies, Schechter luminosity function      751
Clusters of galaxies, X-ray emission from      723730
Coagulation      see Agglomeration equation
Colliding stellar winds      see Under Stellar wind
Collision frequency in plasma      52
Collision rates      171172 465466
Collisional ionization      172
Color-magnitude diagram      see Hertzsprung Russell diagram Isochrones
Common envelope      see Binary stars
Common envelope, U UMa stars and stellar structure      424
Compton effect      see Scattering Compton
Compton scattering length (y)      213
Compton wavelength      209
Condensation temperature      505
Conduction      see Diffusion thermal
Conduction, thermal, effect on cooling instability      594595
Conductivity, thermal conduction coefficient      301
Continuity equation      41 49 54 293
Convection      232237 302306
Convection, Boussinesq approximation      234
Convection, effects of variable molecular weight      237
Convection, mixing length theory      234237 305306
Convection, overshooting      305
Convection, Rayleigh Benard      233236
Convection, Schwarzschild criterion      302
Convection, semiconvection      304305
Convergence point for clusters      see Parallax convergence
Convolution      163 732733
Cooling flows      see Clusters of galaxies X-ray
Cooling processes and fine structure transitons      466
Cooling processes and shocks      562563
Cooling processes, molecular      548549
Cooling processes, rate      472474 592593 595597
Copernican Principle      757758 809
CORAVEL      see Spectrographs correlation
Coriolis acceleration      12
Correlation function      613614 625627 815817 828830
Cosmic background radiation (CBR)      769774
Cosmic background radiation (CBR) as limitation to structure formation      822823
Cosmic background radiation (CBR) from fine structure lines      769770 771772
Cosmic background radiation (CBR), decoupling epoch      773 789
Cosmic background radiation (CBR), fluctuations      834836
Cosmic background radiation (CBR), measurement of fluctuations      830833 836
Cosmic background radiation (CBR), temperature      770772
Cosmic rays      527533 547548
Cosmic rays and heating      595
Cosmic rays and time-dependent synchrotron emission      711712
Cosmic rays, energy distribution      529531
Cosmic rays, ionization rate from      475 531 547
Cosmic rays, nucleosynthesis by spallation      680682
Cosmic rays, propagation      531533
Cosmic rays, leaky box model for propagation of      531533
Cosmic scale factor      762 764767
Cosmological constant ($\Lambda$)      774776 793 826
Cosmological density parameter ($\Omega$)      776778
Cosmological dimming      756
Cosmological distance scale and luminosity functions      750751
Cosmological distance scale, steps in calibration      740742
Cosmological gravitational lenses      836841
Cosmological lookback time      783790
Cosmological models, cosmological constant-dominated      774775 814815
Cosmological models, Newtonian      844845
Cosmological models, relativistic      see Friedmann Robertson Walker equations
Cosmological principle      see Copernican principle
Cosmology, large scale structure      101102 830836
Coulomb barrier      331
Coulomb integral      52 302
Curie Weiss law      515
Curvature scalar      88
Curvature, cosmic      777778
Curve of growth      201203 478482
D-fronts      see H II regions as shocks
Damping factor      335
Dark matter      699700 811815
Dark matter and cosmological density parameter      776778
Dark matter and dark energy      814815
Dark matter and galactic rotation curves      697700
Dark matter in clusters of galaxies      720723 730731
Dark matter, galactic halos      699700
De Sitter solution (also called Einstein-de Sitter)      598 791 Cosmological Inflation)
de Vaucouleurs law      693
Debye length      48 52 356
Debye temperature      518
Debye Hueckel model for screening      356
Deceleration parameter      765
Decoupling epoch for cosmic background radiation      773 789
Degeneracy parameter, defined      292
Degenerate gas      2829 291292 380385
Degenerate gas, thermonuclear runaway      372 448450
Density waves      661668
Departure coefficients      468
Detailed balance      3536 5455 6869 169171 176177 344 464 536 617618
Detailed balance and Compton scattering      210211
Detailed balance, ionization equilibrium      196197
Detectors      120128
Detectors, bolometers      126128
Detectors, charge-coupled device (CCD)      124125
Detectors, multianode microchannel array (MAMA)      125126
Detectors, photographic plate      120123
Detectors, photomultiplier      123124
Detectors, proportional counter      128
Deuterium      530532 799805
dielectric constant      501502
Dielectronic recombination      468
Diffuse interstellar band (DIB)      511514 553554
Diffuse interstellar radiation field (DIRF)      493 (see also Dilution factor)
Diffusion and Fokker Planck equation      65
Diffusion and semiconvection      305
Diffusion coefficient      65
Diffusion coefficient, radiative      190 300
Diffusion coefficient, thermal      see Diffusion thermal
Diffusion equation, time-dependent accretion      438
Diffusion in plasma      5155 65
Diffusion, ambipolar      see Ambipolar diffusion
Diffusion, cosmic rays      531532
Diffusion, Ficks law      65
Diffusion, induced by gravitational settling      5354
Diffusion, magnetic fields      407408
Diffusion, radiation      190 299301 440
Diffusion, radiatively driven dynamics      248249
Diffusion, thermal conduction      301302
Diffusion, turbulent      376377 410 687
Diffusion, viscous energy dissipation      457458
Dilution factor      231 241242 493
Dispersion measure      538 540541
Distance scale      see Cosmological distance scale
Distribution function, Boltzmann      2325
Distribution function, Bose Einstein      3435 511
Distribution function, Fermi Dirac      2934
Distribution function, Maxwellian      2123 641642
Distribution function, Planck      2628
Distribution function, Schwarzschild      641642
Doppler boosting      714
Doppler imaging      223224 417
Double diffusive convection      305
Dredge-up      375377 (see also Asymptotic giant branch (AGB))
Dreiser field      49
Dust and radiative equilibrium      242
Dust, broad extinction features      500501 513
Dust, charge of      507508
Dust, composition of      500501 504506 514518 544546
Dust, interstellar dust to gas ratio      506
Dust, surface reactions      544546
Dust, wavelength dependent extinction      498500
Dynamical friction      3839
Dynamical instability      316
Dynamo      see Magnetic fields generation
Dynamo number      409
Eddington approximation      174 181 237
Eddington factor      178179
Eddington luminosity      245246 707
Eddington Barbier relation      185 414
Einstein coefficients      see Transition probabilities
Einstein field equation      89
Einstein radius      838
Einstein summation convention      82
Element abundances      349351 (see also Neutron reactions Radionuclides Thermonuclear Chemical
Elliptical galaxies, fundamental plane      694695 748749
Emission lines, nebular diagnostics      462472
Emission mechanisms, synchrotron      533536
Emission mechanisms, thermal bremsstrahlung      192194
Energy generation, gravitational contraction      329330 363
Enthalpy      see Thermodynamics enthalpy
entropy      16 2021
Entropy, Boltzmann form of      21 67
Entropy, cosmological      773774 800801
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