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Sleeman D., Brown J.S. Ч Intelligent tutoring systems
Sleeman D., Brown J.S. Ч Intelligent tutoring systems

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Ќазвание: Intelligent tutoring systems

јвторы: Sleeman D., Brown J.S.

јннотаци€:

The first volume to appear on this topic and now a classic in the field, "Intelligent Tutoring Systems" provides the reader with descriptions of the major systems implemented before 1981. The introduction seeks to emphasise the principal contributions made in the field, to outline continuing research issues, and to relate these to research activities in artificial intelligence and cognitive science. Subject areas discussed are as varied as arithmetic, algebra, electronics, and medicine, together with some informal gaming environments


язык: en

–убрика: Computer science/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1988

 оличество страниц: 345

ƒобавлена в каталог: 09.12.2005

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
Abelson, R.      14
Accommodation      53 75 76
ACE      5 99Ч117 243
advice      80 90 228 235Ч236 254 297 301
Advice, generation      151Ч152
Advice, genetic graph and      74
Advice, student model and      67
Airplane flying      54
Algebra      3Ч4 8 138 154 185Ч198
Algebra, competence      26 27 36
Algebra, concatenation interpretation      38
Algebra, conceptual transition from arithmetic      27 36Ч43
Algebra, constraint equations      39Ч40 41 43
Algebra, equality, concept of      39Ч43 44
Algebra, errors model      25Ч48
Algebra, notation      37Ч39
Algebra, planning      43Ч45
Algebra, quadratic equations      309Ч329
Algebra, rules/mal-rules      185 189Ч190 197
Algebra, schemas      28 30
Algebra, symbolic integration      300
Algebra, symbolic values      37 38Ч39
Analogy      51 53 56 61 66 71 74 75
Anderson, B.      85
Apprentice systems      132
Appropriate prior estimate      284
Arithmetic      1 8 23 27 53 132 137 149 310
Arithmetic, division      86 87
Arithmetic, parentheses      86 87 92
Arithmetic, precedence errors      93
Arithmetic, subtraction      86 87 88 93 157Ч182
Artificial intelligence (explicit references to)      3 4 99 132 133 283 309
Assimilation      53 75 76
Augmented transistion network (ATN)      244
Automatic programming system      124 131
Automobile horn system      204
Ballard, J.P.      204
Bayes Law      207 292
Beard, M.      53
Belief measure      73Ч74 75 209 217
Bell, A.G.      245
BIP-II      53Ч54
BIP-II, Curriculum Information Network      215
Black, R      317
Blocks world programs      58 130
Blount, S.      54 214
Bobrow, D.G.      5 117 208
Bobrow, R.J.      243
Bottom-up procedures      148 166
Breen, M.      203
Brooks, R.      132 204
Brown, J.S.      2 3 4 5 6 7 16 23 47 51 52 53 58 80 81 97 112 116 132 133 137 140 149 151 153 157 160 171 185 204 206 207 214 227 228 237 239 244 245 246 279 284 309
Bruce, B.C      208
Buchanan, B.G      7 197 198 201 209 213
BUGGY      47 48 53 54 81 83 137 140 149 157Ч182 185
Bugs, student      3 4 1.3Ч24 81 157 185 198 309
Bugs, student, causal reasoning      58
Bugs, student, compound      159 164Ч167 172 176
Bugs, student, drilling and      163 164
Bugs, student, gaming environment      96
Bugs, student, identification      see УDiagnosisФ
Bugs, student, interacting      23Ч24
Bugs, student, Leeds modelling system (LMS)      185 189
Bugs, student, logically equivalent      164 176Ч177
Bugs, student, multiple      189
Bugs, student, origin      4 22
Bugs, student, patterns in      22 24
Bugs, student, plans and      see УPlansФ
Bugs, student, primitive      159 167 168 176 177
Bugs, student, programming plans      124 127
Bugs, student, reducing space of      164Ч166
Bugs, student, relative likelihood      151
Bugs, student, role in learning      2 80 137
Bugs, student, subskill definition and      177 180
Bugs, student, subsumed by other bugs      168 169
Burton, R.R,      2 3 4 5 6 7 9 16 23 47 51 52 58 80 81 97 111 112 116 132 133 137 140 149 151 157 160 167 171 185 206 207 214 227 228 237 239 244 245
Calculator world      130
Can, B.      51 52 54 55 58 67 68 116 132 206 207 214
Carbonell, J.R      51 53 117 206 309
Case method dialogue      201Ч223
Chart      123 131
Chess      82 92 289
Chisholm, I.H,      4
Circuit simulator      81 207 227 228 237 245
Circuit simulator, causal fault propagation      235
Clancey, W.J.      3 5 81 88 185
Classroom      71 97Ч98 182 322
Coach      2 9 51 52 228 284
Coach, advice      80 90 228 235Ч236 254 297 301
Coach, approach probabilities      295
Coach, case method tutor      see УGUIDONФ
Coach, classroom performance      97Ч98
Coach, constructivist position      80
Coach, declarative knowledge and      61
Coach, dialogue      see УTutorial dialogueФ
Coach, electronic troubleshooting      230 234 235Ч236 238 239 254 267Ч269 277
Coach, example selection      4 288 293
Coach, expert-based      52 53 54Ч56
Coach, for learning processes      73
Coach, incomplete articulate knowledge and      82
Coach, informal learning activities      79Ч98
Coach, intervention strategy      66 71Ч72 80 89 90 91 94 128 132 228 254 296 312
Coach, islands of rules and      61
Coach, issues and examples paradigm      85 90Ч92
Coach, learning capacity      70 75 288 298Ч299 304 305 309
Coach, multiple explanations      65Ч66 69
Coach, posed problems      288
Coach, principles      see УTutoring strategiesФ
Coach, procedural knowledge and      61
Coach, programming      119 124Ч129 130 132
Coach, self-improving      see УSelf-improving tutorФ
Coach, shortcomings      3
Coach, student model conservatism and      69 73
Coach, subskills and      160
Coach, theory of learning and      3 70Ч75 80Ч81 229
Coach, topic choice      64Ч65 66
Coach, tutorial behaviour trace      93
Coach, tutorial knowledge and      79
Coercion      7 169Ч171 172
Collins, A      3 4 17 52 58 66 117 132 185 206 219
Comparison algorithm      108Ч111
Comparison algorithm, incomplete arguments and      115 117
Comparison algorithm, NL-FL interface and      114
Complex computer systems      153Ч154
Complex explanations      99Ч117
Complex explanations, form of arguments      100 101Ч104
Complex explanations, grammar      100Ч101
Complex explanations, natural language      see УNatural language interfaceФ
Complex explanations, problem solution graph      101
Complex explanations, systems protocol      101 104Ч107
Computer assistant      132
Computer expert      2 151 152
Computer expert, advice generation      152
Computer expert, alternative strategies and      94 95
Computer expert, articulate model      81 82 83 230Ч237
Computer expert, Bayes Law and      207
Computer expert, black box      81 82
Computer expert, decision trees      228 231 245
Computer expert, electronics      see УElectronics expertФ
Computer expert, explanations and      65
Computer expert, MACSYMA      139
Computer expert, MYCIN-like expert systems      202Ч208
Computer expert, optimal game      91Ч92
Computer expert, SOPHIE II      see УElectronic troubleshooting expertФ
Computer expert, SOPHIE III      see УElectronics expertФ
Computer expert, student overlay model and      4 67Ч68 69 81 84 94
Computer expert, tutoring topic and      64
Correction      51 56 58 75
Correction, student overlay model and      68
Cost effectiveness      8Ч9
Counter-examples      80
Credit allotment      6
Cresswell, M.S.      318
Curriculum Information Network      215
Dahl, O.J.      132
Davis, R      27 37 38 85 201 202 211 213
DEBUGGY      4 9 167Ч177
DEBUGGY, classification procedure      171
DEBUGGY, compounding hypothesis set      169
DEBUGGY, diagnosis      167Ч173
DEBUGGY, initial hypothesis set      167Ч168
DEBUGGY, non-systematic mistakes      7
DEBUGGY, reducing initial hypothesis set      168Ч169 182
DEBUGGY, student model      6
Decision trees      228 231 245
Declarative knowledge representation      61 62 66 93
Decomposition      123
DeKleer, J.      2 5 7 5.3 206 228 246 279
DENDRAL      245
Derivation tree      150
Deutch, B.G.      208
Deviation      56 58 71
Deviation, simulated student testbed and      59
Deviation, student overlay model and      67 68
Diagnosis      2 4 6 9Ч10 13 79 81 137Ч138 157Ч182 185
Diagnosis, best match and      163
Diagnosis, coercion      7 169Ч171 172 175
Diagnosis, consistent error and      163
Diagnosis, differential hypothesis      94
Diagnosis, factors complicating      158 162Ч167
Diagnosis, framework      158 161Ч162
Diagnosis, generate and test approach      149
Diagnosis, interactive system      173Ч177
Diagnosis, medical      see УMedical diagnosisФ
Diagnosis, multiple      166
Diagnosis, naive system      161Ч162 167
Diagnosis, noise      6 7 163 167 169Ч171 172
Diagnosis, performance lapses and      162Ч163
Diagnosis, rules/mal-rules and      196Ч197
Diagnosis, skill lattice and      181
Diagnosis, student interview      190 191
Diagnosis, student plans      137Ч154
Diagnosis, subskills and      160 173 175 181Ч182
Diagnosis, test design      6 171Ч173 180 182
Dialogue analysis      117
Differential student model      see УStudent modelФ
Dijkstra, E.      132
Diode      264Ч267
Discourse knowledge      208Ч209 223
Discovery learning      1 9 65 79 80 229
Discovery learning, intervention strategy and      89
Discovery learning, quadratic equations      309 310
Domain knowledge representation, causal-association network      204
Domain knowledge representation, coaching      81Ч83 201Ч202 203
Domain knowledge representation, debugging and      13 14 20Ч22
Domain knowledge representation, discourse knowledge and      208Ч209
Domain knowledge representation, frame-based      5 203 204
Domain knowledge representation, functional perspective      15Ч17
Domain knowledge representation, goal structure and      13 14 17Ч19 203 206
Domain knowledge representation, GUIDON      210Ч214
Domain knowledge representation, mal-rules      4 186
Domain knowledge representation, misconceptions and      13 15 20Ч22
Domain knowledge representation, multiple forms of expertise and      206 207
Domain knowledge representation, network representation      53
Domain knowledge representation, rule-based      4 186 201 202Ч203 204 210Ч214 219
Domain knowledge representation, script-based      14Ч15 16Ч19 23
Domain knowledge representation, semantic net      53
Domain knowledge representation, simulation model      245Ч251
Domain knowledge representation, SOPHIE      53 227Ч281
Domain knowledge representation, subset viewpoint      51
Domain knowledge representation, tutorial interactions and      13 17Ч20 53 205
Donaldson, M.      27
Doyle, J.      278
Dugdale, S.      85 329
Durnin, J.H.      177
El      254
EL, dependency relations      141
Elaboration      68
Electronic troubleshooting      2 8 51 53 132 206 227Ч281
Electronic troubleshooting, circuit-specific knowledge and      276Ч277
Electronic troubleshooting, coaching and      see УCoachФ
Electronic troubleshooting, conflict-trace strategy      263Ч264 267
Electronic troubleshooting, expert      8 230Ч237 245 254 267Ч268
Electronic troubleshooting, flexibility      234
Electronic troubleshooting, function block model      233 234
Electronic troubleshooting, local propagator and      260Ч267
Electronic troubleshooting, strategies      230 231 232 233Ч234 237
Electronic troubleshooting, tactics      230 231
Electronic troubleshooting, training course      237Ч238
Electronic troubleshooting, workbench      234Ч235
Electronics expert      252Ч254 255
Electronics expert, behaviour tree      254 255 271Ч272 274Ч275 277 278
Electronics expert, circuit-specific knowledge      269Ч270 275
Electronics expert, coaching      267Ч268 269
Electronics expert, coincidences      260Ч262 268 269 277
Electronics expert, component experts      256 257Ч259
Electronics expert, conflicts      260Ч261 262Ч263 267 268 269 277
Electronics expert, corroborations      260Ч261 262 267 268 277
Electronics expert, diode model      264Ч267
Electronics expert, fault modes      262Ч264 266 267 270 271 274
Electronics expert, local propagator      254Ч279
Electronics expert, module modes      270Ч274 275Ч276
Electronics expert, multiple faults      278
Electronics expert, qualitative database      254 255 273
Electronics expert, range arithmetic      259 261Ч262
Electronics expert, shortcomings      277Ч279
Electronics expert, single fault presupposition      277Ч278
Electronics expert, state-to-state rules      275Ч276
Electronics expert, topological faults      278
Elementary Mathematics Project      85
EMYCIN      203Ч204 223
Encouragement strategy      89 326
Entrapment      219
Equilibration      53
Errors, arbitrary      27
Errors, cancellation      32 33
Errors, consistent      163 189
Errors, copying      194
Errors, diagnostic routines      92Ч93
Errors, executive      27 43 45
Errors, extrapolation technique and      27
Errors, generalized distribution      33
Errors, impoverished base knowledge and      27
Errors, planning      43Ч45
Errors, processing      25 27 43 45Ч47
Errors, prototype misinterpretation      32
Errors, reciprocal      32 33
Errors, structural      27
Errors, subskills      163
Evaluations, formative      9
Evaluations, statistical      7 309 328
EXCHECK      2 51
Expected example distance      284
Expert      see УComputer expertФ
Explanation      279Ч280
Explanation, complex      see УComplex explanationsФ
Explanation, genetic graph and      65Ч66 75
Explanation, GUIDON      202 204Ч205
Explanation, learning overlay and      69
Explanation, local propagator and      254Ч255 256
Explanation, multiple      65Ч66 67
Explanation, MYCIN      141
Explanation, script-based systems      65
Explanation, SOPHIE III      251Ч252 254Ч255 256
Explanation, structure      228
Explanation, tutoring and      2 88
Exploration      2 141 234 283Ч284
Exploration, program planning and      128Ч129 130
Extrapolation technique      25 26 27Ч36 47
Extrapolation technique, generalization      27 28 33Ч35 47
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