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Farhang-Boroujeny B. — Adaptive filters: theory and applications
Farhang-Boroujeny B. — Adaptive filters: theory and applications

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Название: Adaptive filters: theory and applications

Автор: Farhang-Boroujeny B.

Аннотация:

Adaptive filtering is an advanced and growing field in signal processing. A filter is a transmission network used in electronic circuits for the selective enhancement or reduction of specified components of an input signal. Filtering is achieved by selectively attenuating those components of the input signal which are undesired, relative to those which it is desired to enhance. This comprehensive book is both a valuable student resource and a useful technical reference for signal processing engineers in industry. The author is experienced in teaching graduates and practicing engineers and the text offers good theoretical coverage complemented by plenty of application examples.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Технология/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1999

Количество страниц: 275

Добавлена в каталог: 09.04.2011

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
A posteriors estimation error      172 422 446
A priori estimation errors      422 446
Acoustic echo cancellation      23—44
Acoustic echo cancellation, application in teleconferencing      23
Acoustic echo cancellation, application m hand-free telephony      247
Acoustic echo cancellation, autoregressive modelling of speech and      389
Acoustic echo cancellation, echo return loss enhancement (ERLE)      318
Acoustic echo cancellation, echo spread      24 274
Acoustic echo cancellation, implementation using partitioned FBLMS algorithm      274 275
Acoustic echo cancellation, implementation using subband adaptive fillers      317—319
Acoustic echo cancellation, ITU-T standard G      167 306
Active noise control (ANC)      24—25 247
Active noise control (ANC), cancelling loudspeaker      25
Active noise control (ANC), error microphone      25
Active noise control (ANC), multiple microphones/loudspeakers      25
Adaptation approaches, based on Wiener filter theory      7
Adaptation approaches, method of least-squares      7—9
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling      388—403
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, application to acoustic echo cancellation      389
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, backward prediction and      392
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, block diagram      393
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, bounds on the step-size parameter      395
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, computational complexity      389
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, computer simulations      398—403
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, convergence analysis      394—398
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, convergence analysis, convergence in the mean      395—396
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, convergence analysis, convergence in the mean square      396—398
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, delayed LMS algorithm and      393
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, eigenvalue spread problem in      395 398
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, excess mean-square error      397
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, implementation issues      388
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, LMS-Newton algorithm and      388 395
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, misadjustment      395 397
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, stability      394
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, structural complexity      388
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, summary of the algorithms      391 394
Adaptive algorithms based on autoregressive modelling, time constant      395
Adaptive beamforming      see "Beamforming"
Adaptive channel estimation      11 489
Adaptive differential pulse-code modulation      20
Adaptive equalization      see "Channel equalization"
Adaptive filler applications      9—27
Adaptive filler applications, interference cancelling      21—27
Adaptive filler applications, inverse modelling      11—15
Adaptive filler applications, modelling/idemificaiion      10—11
Adaptive filler applications, prediction      15—20
Adaptive filter algorithms      see also "Names of specific algorithms"
Adaptive filter algorithms, real and complex form      9
Adaptive filter structures      3—6
Adaptive filter structures, lattice      6 357 381—383
Adaptive filter structures, linear combiner      4 414 472
Adaptive filter structures, non-recursive (FIR)      5 50 140 357
Adaptive filter structures, recursive (I1R)      5 50 323 357
Adaptive filter structures, transversal      4 140 460
Adaptive filter structures, Volterra      6
Adaptive filters, algorithms      see "Adaptive filter algorithms"
Adaptive filters, applications      see "Adaptive filter applications"
Adaptive filters, structures      see "Adaptive filter structures"
Adaptive lattice filler, LMS algorithm for      382 383
Adaptive lattice filter      381—383 see
Adaptive lattice filter, computer simulations      384 385
Adaptive lattice filter, learning curves      384 385
Adaptive lattice filter, misadjustment      382 384
Adaptive lattice filter, normalized step-size parameters      382
Adaptive lattice filter, PARCOR coefficients perturbation and misadjustment      384
Adaptive lattice filter, performance in a non-stationary environment      386
Adaptive line enhancement      18 324 see
Adaptive line enhancement, applications      18
Adaptive line enhancement, computer simulations      164—166
Adaptive line enhancement, learning curve      165
Adaptive line enhancement, modes of convergence      166
Adaptive line enhancement, notch filter using      18 335
Adaptive linear combiner      4 331 382 414 472
Adaptive noise cancelling      see "Active noise control" "Noise
Adaptive transversal filters      4 140 see
Aliasing      181 295 307 315 317
All-pole filters      15 19 379
All-zero filters      15 379
Analogue equalizer      324 346
Antenna arrays      26 see
Applications of adaptive filters      see "Adaptive filter applications"
Augmented normal equations      448—449
Autocorrelation function      37 38 41
Autocovariance function      38
Autoregressive (AR) model      15 357
Autoregressive (AR) modelling of random processes      386—388 see
Autoregressive (AR) modelling of random processes, application in fan converging algorithms      388
Autoregressive (AR) modelling of random processes, description of      586
Autoregressive (AR) modelling of random processes, forward and backward predictors and      386
Autoregressive (AR) modelling of random processes, innovation process      386
Autoregressive (AR) modelling of random processes, linear prediction and      15
Autoregressive (AR) modelling of random processes, model order      387
Autoregressive (AR) modelling of random processes, modelling or arbitrary processes      387
Autoregressive (AR) modelling of random processes, reconstruction of      387
Autoregressive (AR) modelling of random processes, spectral estimation using      17 387
Autoregressive (AR) modelling of random processes, speech coding, in      19 20
Autoregressive parameters      386
Autoregressive power spectrum      17 387
Autoregressive processes      see "Autoregressive modelling of random processes"
Autoregressive-moving average (ARMA) model      15
Backward linear prediction      357 359—360 see
Backward linear prediction, fast recursive algorithms and      439
Backward linear prediction, relations between forward prediction and      361
Backward linear prediction, Wiener equation for      360
Backward prediction      see "Backward linear prediction"
Backward prediction error      360
Backward prediction-error filter      362
Band-partitioning      201 204 205 224 293
Baseband processing of signals      178
Beamforming      25—27 166—169 180—184
Beamforming, array power gain      167 182
Beamforming, array/bcam/direciivity pattern      26 168
Beamforming, broad/wide-band      27 184
Beamforming, complex baseband signals and      180
Beamforming, examples      181 167
Beamforming, Frost algorithm      196
Beamforming, Griffiths and Jim beamformer      196
Beamforming, phase-quadrature baseband, equivalent      180
Beamforming, phase-shifter      26
Beamforming, phasor notation      180
Beamforming, spatial response      168
Beamforming, temporal and spatial filtering      25
Block estimation of the least-squares method      8
Block implementation      247
Block index      248
Block LMS (BLMS) algorithm      247 248—251 see
Block LMS (BLMS) algorithm, conventional LMS algorithm and      248—251
Block LMS (BLMS) algorithm, convergence behaviour      250
Block LMS (BLMS) algorithm, derivation of, alternative      279
Block LMS (BLMS) algorithm, method of steepest-descent and      249
Block LMS (BLMS) algorithm, misadjustment      250 283—285
Block LMS (BLMS) algorithm, modes of convergence      250
Block LMS (BLMS) algorithm, simulation results      251
Block LMS (BLMS) algorithm, step-size parameter      249 250
Block LMS (BLMS) algorithm, time constants      250
Block LMS (BLMS) algorithm, vector formulation      249
Block processing      247 248
Bruun's algorithm      230
Bruun's algorithm, sliding transform, as      230—233
Canonical form of the performance function      106
Cauchy integral theorem      33
Cauchy — Schwartz inequality      367 411
Causal and non-causal systems      35 36
Causal and non-causal systems, an example of non-causal systems      36
Channel equalization      11—14 71 161 247 see
Channel equalization, computer simulation      159—164
Channel equalization, decision directed      13
Channel equalization, dominant time constants      163
Channel equalization, examples      71 74
Channel equalization, learning curve      162 164
Channel equalization, noise enhancement      74
Channel equalization, partial response signalling      13
Channel equalization, spectral inversion property of      163
Channel equalization, target response      13
Channel equalization, training      13
Channel identification      11 489
Channel noise      12 159
Characteristic equation      90
Circular convolution      248 252
Circular matrices      254—245
Circular matrices, diagonalization by DFT matrix      254
Class IV partial response      15 345
Coding      see "Speech coding"
Complementary eigenfilters      322
Complementary filter banks      298—302 310
Complementary filter banks, complementary condition      301 311
Complementary filter banks, pictorial representation      301
Complex gradient operator      178
Complex LMS algorithm      178—180 248
Consistent dependency      91
Constrained optimization problem      172 173 184 310
Conventional LMS algorithm      see "Least-mean-square algorithm"
Conversion between lattice and transversal predictors      373—375
Conversion factor      447
Conversion from z-domain to s-domain      349
Correlation      see "Auto-correlation" "Cross-correlation"
Correlation matrix      52
Cost functions      50 see
Cross-correlation function      37 38
Cross-correlation vector      52
Cross-covariance function      38
Custom chip      176 320 388
Data Transceiver      13
Decimation      294 see "Multirate
Decision-directed mode      11 13
Deconvolution      11
Degenerate eigenvalues      90
Delayed LMS algorithm      321 393
Desired signal      2 49 414
Differential pulse-code modulation      20
Differentiation with respect to a vector      53
Discrete cosine transform (DCT)      204 225
Discrete cosine transform (DCT), DCT filters      205
Discrete cosine transform (DCT), DCT filters, characteristics of      220
Discrete cosine transform (DCT), DCT filters, transfer functions of      205
Discrete cosine transform (DCT), DCT matrix      221
Discrete cosine transform (DCT), non-recursive sliding realization of      235
Discrete cosine transform (DCT), recursive sliding realization of      229
Discrete Fourier transform (DFT)      224 248
Discrete Fourier transform (DFT), DFT matrix      224 254
Discrete Fourier transform (DFT), linear convolution using      252—254
Discrete Fourier transform (DFT), non-recursive sliding realization of      231
Discrete Fourier transform (DFT), real DFT      224
Discrete Hartley transform (DHT)      225
Discrete Hartley transform (DHT), non-recursive sliding realization of      234
Discrete sine transform      221 225
Discrete sine transform, DST filters      223
Discrete sine transform, non-recursive sliding realization of      236
Discrete-time systems      29
DPT filter banks      294—298 see
DPT filter banks, decimation      294
DPT filter banks, decimation factor      294
DPT filter banks, DFT analysis filter bank      294
DPT filter banks, DFT synthesis filter bank      297
DPT filter banks, interpolation      296
DPT filter banks, interpolation factor      296
DPT filter banks, prototype filter      294 311
DPT filter banks, subband and lull-band signals      295
DPT filter banks, weighted overlap-add method for analysis filter banks      295—296
DPT filter banks, weighted overlap-add method for analysis filter banks, time aliasing      296
DPT filter banks, weighted overlap-add method for synthesis filter banks      296—298
Echo cancellation in telephone lines      21—23
Echo cancellation in telephone lines, adaptive echo canceller      22
Echo cancellation in telephone lines, carrier systems (trunk lines)      22
Echo cancellation in telephone lines, data echo canceller      23
Echo cancellation in telephone lines, echo spread      22
Echo cancellation in telephone lines, four-wire and two-wire networks      21
Echo cancellation in telephone lines, frequency domain processing      23
Echo cancellation in telephone lines, hybrid circuit      21
Echo cancellation in telephone lines, short and long-delay echoes      22
Echo cancellation in telephone lines, subscriber loops      21
Echo return loss enhancement (ERLE)      318
Eigenanalysis      89—99 see "Eigenvalues" "Eigenvectors"
Eigenanalysis, eigenfiters      97
Eigenanalysis, eigenvalue computations      90
Eigenanalysis, examples      101 116
Eigenanalysis, minimax theorem      94
Eigenanalysis, properties of eigenvalues and eigenvectors      90—99
Eigenanalysis, unitary similarity transformation      93
Eigenfilters      97 322
Eigenproblem      310 311
Eigenvalue spread      131 268 273 276 304
Eigenvalue spread, reduction through transformation      211—215 224
Eigenvalues, arithmetic and geometric averages      215
Eigenvalues, bounds on      97
Eigenvalues, computations      90
Eigenvalues, defined      90
Eigenvalues, degenerate      90
Eigenvalues, distribution of      215
Eigenvalues, least-mean-square algorithm and      143
Eigenvalues, numerical examples      99—104
Eigenvalues, performance surface and      108
Eigenvalues, power spectral density and      97—98
Eigenvalues, properties      90—99
Eigenvalues, recursive least-squares algorithm and      430
Eigenvalues, steepest descent algorithm and      122—125 127
Eigenvectors, basis, as a      93
Eigenvectors, correlation matrix and      93
Eigenvectors, defined      90
Eigenvectors, eigenfilters      97
Eigenvectors, mutually orthogonal      91
Eigenvectors, orthogonal subspaces of      92
Eigenvectors, power spectral density and      97—98
Eigenvectors, properties      90—99
Eigenvectors, steepest descent algorithm and      122—125 127
Eigenvectors, subspace of repeated eigenvectors      92
Eigenvectors, unitary matrix of      92
Ensemble averages      37 149
Equalization      see "Channel equalization"
Ergodicity      46
Ergodicity, correlation-ergodic      46
Ergodicity, ergodic in the strict sense      46
Ergodicity, mean-ergodic      46
Error signal      2
Estimation based on time averages      see "Ergodicity"
Estimation error      49
Euclidian norm or length      94
Excess mean-square error      152
Exponentially weighted average      238
Extended Levinson — Durbin algorithm      378
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm      257—265 293 see
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm, block diagram      258
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm, comparison of constrained and unconstrained algorithms      265
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm, comparison with the subband adaptive filters      319—320
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm, constrained and unconstrained      259
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm, convergence analysis, alternative      281
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm, convergence analysts      259—261
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm, derivations of      285—291
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm, disadjustment equations      264
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm, processing delay (latency)      265
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm, real- and complex-valued signal cases      263
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm, round-off noise in      263 264
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm, selection of block length      265
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm, step-normalization      261
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm, summary      262
Fast block LMS (FBLMS) algorithm, transform domain LMS (TDLMS) algorithm and      281
Fast Fourier transform (FFT)      230 252 273 296
Fast recursive least-squares algorithms      8—9 439 see "Fast
Fast transversal filters (FTF)      see "Fast transversal recursive least-squares algorithms"
Fast transversal recursive least-squares (FTRLS) algorithms      439 460—466
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