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Meyerhof W.E. — Elements of Nuclear Physics
Meyerhof W.E. — Elements of Nuclear Physics

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Название: Elements of Nuclear Physics

Автор: Meyerhof W.E.

Аннотация:

This book presents certain elements of nuclear physics at a level suitable for undergraduate physics students or for nuclear engineers. The material is also useful to scientists in other fields who wish to have more than a descriptive understanding of nuclear physics. The book grew out of a one-quarter course in nuclear physics for students who had as their physics preparation only a one-year college course, as well as a survey course in atomic physics, but whose mathematical preparation included calculus and ordinary differential equations.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1967

Количество страниц: 279

Добавлена в каталог: 18.10.2010

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Absorption coefficient      92n
Absorption curve      83 92
Absorption edge      99
Abundance, influence of shell effects on      49
Abundance, of occurrence of stable nuclides      39
Abundance, of stable isotones      49
Abundance, of tin isotopes      39
Abundance, relative, table of      255—260
Abundance, systematics of      37—40
Activity      116
Allowed beta transition      151 159
Alpha decay      135—146 see
Alpha decay, decay constant of      138—141
Alpha decay, decay energy of      136 139
Alpha decay, energy conservation in      136
Alpha decay, hindrance factor in      140 144
Alpha decay, momentum conservation in      136
Alpha decay, penetrability in      141—143
Alpha decay, Q value of      136
Alpha decay, regions of instability to      137
Alpha particle, capture and loss of electrons by      80
Alpha particle, fine structure in spectra of      146
Alpha particle, ionization in matter by      79 8J
Alpha particle, long-range      146
Alpha ray      114 see “Alpha
Alpha-particle model of nucleus      36
Alpha-particle scattering      4 185—188
Alvarez, L.      161
Anderson, C.D.      2 101
Angular momentum, coupling in odd-odd nuclei of      64
Angular momentum, nuclear, qualitative discussion of      6
Angular momentum, nuclear, table of      255—260
Angular momentum, of even-A nuclei      6
Angular momentum, of odd-A nuclei      6 57
Angular momentum, orbital, brought into a reaction      193
Angular momentum, orbital, of one particle, classical      14n 20
Angular momentum, orbital, of two particles, classical      180n
Angular momentum, orbital, quantum-mechanical      20
Angular momentum, orbital, selection rule for      126 128 159 179 197
Angular momentum, quantum-mechanical addition law of      6
Angular momentum, relation between classical and quantum expressions of      21
Angular momentum, total, of one nucleon      55
Angular-momentum conservation, in beta decay      159
Angular-momentum conservation, in compound-nucleus formation      197
Angular-momentum conservation, in gamma decay      128
Angular-momentum conservation, in nuclear reaction      179
Angular-momentum conservation, in two-particle collision      188
Annihilation radiation      104
Antineutrino      see “Neutrino”
Aston, F.W.      4
Asymmetry energy      42
Atomic number      4
Atomic weight, table of      251—253
Attenuation of gamma rays      91—93
Auger effect      100 134 161
Average binding energy      see “Binding energy”
Bacber, R.F.      245
Banlett, J.H.      47
Barkla, C.G.      3
Barrier      see “Coulomb barrier” “Fission “Potential
Barrier penetration      30 199 203
Barrier penetration, for rectangular barrier      28—31
Barrier penetration, in alpha decay      141 145
Barrier penetration, in beta decay      155
Barrier penetration, in fission      217n
Bequerei, H.      2 135
Berko, S.      104
Beta decay      146—165 see
Beta decay, allowed transitions in      151 159
Beta decay, classification of      157—160
Beta decay, condition for      44 150
Beta decay, decay constant of      150—154 157—160
Beta decay, energy conservation in      150
Beta decay, f function for      157 158
Beta decay, Fermi decay in      151 159
Beta decay, Fermi function for      155
Beta decay, ft value of      158 160
Beta decay, Gamow-Teller decay in      151 153
Beta decay, inverse      163
Beta decay, Kurie plot for      155
Beta decay, momentum conservation      111 150
Beta decay, parity conservation in      164
Beta decay, Q value of      150
Beta decay, shape of spectrum in      154—157
Beta decay, superallowed transition in      159
Beta ray      114 see “Spectrometer”
Beta ray, absorption curve of      83
Beta ray, polarization of      165
Beta spectrum      154—157
Bethe, H.A.      172 245n
Binding energy, average, of molecules in liquid      36
Binding energy, average, per nucleon      34—36
Binding energy, in mirror nuclei      65 67
Binding energy, nuclear      32—40
Binding energy, of atomic electrons      33
Binding energy, of magic nuclei      49
Binding energy, total      33
Binding energy, total, from semiempirical mass formula      41
Blackett, P.M.S.      178n
Blatt, J.B.      35n 36n 62n 127n 129n 194n 197n 247n
Bloch, F.      77n
Bohr correspondence principle      26
Bohr model of H atom      14
Bohr, N.      3 14 26 172 214
Born, M.      15 18
Bound state      18 see
Boundary condition      see “Wave function”
Branching ratio      117 146
Breit-Wigner resonance formula      198
Bremsstrahlung      74
Brink, D.M., 227n      231n
Brueckner, K.A.      40
Burcham, W.E.      3n 11 62n 74n 79n 85n 91n 104n 157n 165n 194n
Capture reaction      174 180
Center of mass, coordinate of      21
Center of mass, kinetic energy of      176
Center of mass, separation of motion of and about, classical      21
Center of mass, separation of motion of and about, quantum-mechanical      22
Center-of-mass system      87 176
Centrifugal barrier      145 199
Centrifugal potential      145
Chad wick, J., 2, 3, 4, 114n      146
Channel      195n
Charge cloud around nucleon      227 228
Charge independence      see “Nuclear force”
Charge, nuclear      3 '
Charged particles, detection of      107
Charged particles, energy loss of      74—85
Charged particles, mean charge in matter of      79
Charged-particle cross section      see “Cross section”
Charged-particle reaction      see “Nuclear reaction”
Chemical scale of atomic weight      33
Classification of decay      see “Alpha decay” “Beta “Gamma
Cloud chamber      79 107
Coherent scattering      247
Collective models      60
Collision, elastic      87
Collision, of charged particles      185—189
Collision, of nucleons in nucleus      47 173
Compound elastic scattering      173
Compound nucleus, angular momentum conservation in formation of      197
Compound nucleus, decay of      198—200
Compound nucleus, energy levels of      196
Compound nucleus, formation of      195—198
Compound nucleus, parity conservation in formation of      197
Compound nucleus, qualitative discussion of      173
Compound nucleus, resonances in      174 198
Compton effect      91 93—99
Compton wavelength      94 262
Compton, A.H.      13
Condon, E.U.      2 141
Conservation, of angular momentum, energy, momentum, parity      see “Angular momentum conservation” “Energy “Momentum “Parity
Conversion coefficient      134
Conversion factors      262
Cooper, J.A.      114n
Correspondence principle      26
Coulomb barrier      142
Coulomb cross section      185—191
Coulomb energy      41
Coulomb excitation      181
Cowan, C.L., Jr.      163
Cross section, charged-particle induced      203
Cross section, Coulomb      185—191
Cross section, definition of      181
Cross section, differential      184 240
Cross section, differential, for j-wave scattering      240
Cross section, differential, for p-p scattering      248 249
Cross section, differential, in terms of scattering amplitude      237
Cross section, elastic scattering      198
Cross section, energy dependence of      185—187 194—211
Cross section, evaluation of $\pi{\lambda}^{2}$ in      197
Cross section, for capture of 1-Mev neutrons      51
Cross section, for charged-particle production      201
Cross section, for compound-nucleus formation      195—191
Cross section, for elastic alpha-particle scattering by ${Fe}^{50}$      209
Cross section, for elastic neutron scattering by ${Co}^{50}$      208
Cross section, for elastic neutron scattering by Cd      195
Cross section, for elastic proton scattering by ${Co}^{50}$      190
Cross section, for fission      217—219
Cross section, for fission, of ${U}^{235}$ by neutrons      216
Cross section, for fission, of ${U}^{238}$ by neutrons      218
Cross section, for n-p scattering      244—248
Cross section, inelastic scattering      201
Cross section, inelastic scattering, for ${Si}^{38}(n,n')$      202
Cross section, integrated      185
Cross section, integrated, for n-p scattering      245
Cross section, integrated, in terms of scattering amplitude      237
Cross section, neutron, low-energy      200
Cross section, neutron, low-energy, for molecules      247
Cross section, neutron, low-energy, qualitative discussion of      191—194
Cross section, partial      184
Cross section, reaction, for ${Co}^{59}(p,n)$      204
Cross section, reaction, for ${Co}^{59}(p,n)$, total      238
Cross section, reaction, for ${S}^{32}(d,p)$      210
Cross section, resonance formula for      198
Cross section, resonances in      193
Cross section, spin factor in      197
Cross section, total      184
Cross section, total, for neutrons on ${U}^{335}$      216
Cross section, total, for neutrons on Cd      195
Cross section, total, for pions on proton      228
Curie, definition of      116
Curie, I.      146
Curie, M.      2 135
Curie, P.      2 135
Current density      29n
Daughter nuclide      114 117
Davis, R.      164
Davisson, C      14
De Benedetti, S.      127n
de Broglie wave      12—15
de Broglie wave, effect on location of particle      77
de Broglie wave, frequency in terms of energy      13 17
de Broglie wave, wavelength, in terms of momentum      13
de Broglie wave, wavelength, of neutron or proton      14
de Broglie wave, wavelength, reduced      191 192
de Broglie, L.      13
Dearnaley, G.      108n
Decay      see “Compound nucleus” “Radioactive
Decay constant, definition of      114
Decay constant, of alpha decay      138—141
Decay constant, of beta decay      150—154 157—160
Decay constant, of electron-capture decay      161 163
Decay constant, of gamma decay      124—135
Decay constant, quantum-mechanical calculation of      152
Decay energy, in alpha decay      136
Decay energy, in beta decay      44 150
Decay energy, in mirror nuclei      66
Deformed nucleus      59 135
Degenerate energy level      27 53
Delayed neutron emission      211
Delta ray      77n 79 81
Density, of nuclear energy levels      62
Density, of states, for particles      199
Density, of states, for photons      153
Density, of states, in beta decay      154 155
Density, of states, in cubical box      153
Density, table of      251—254
Detectors      104—107 see
Deuteron, ground-state wave function      233
Deuteron, radius of      235
Deuteron, structure of      232
Deuteron, virtual state of      246—248
Deutsch, M.      104
Differential cross section      see “Cross section”
Diffraction of neutrons, by crystals      91
Diffraction of neutrons, by nuclei      193
Dipole moment      127
Dirac equation      101 149n 163
Dirac, P.A.M.      17
Direct reaction      172 203—211 see
Distance of closest approach of charged particles, in general collision      190
Distance of closest approach of charged particles, in head-on collision      5 188
Doppler shift      123n
Effective range approximation      246
Einstein, A.      13
Elastic collision      87
Elastic scattering      see “Cross section” “Nuclear
electric dipole moment      50 127
Electric multipole radiation      127—129
Electromagnetic radiation      see “Gamma decay” “Gamma “Photon”
Electron decay      see “Beta decay”
Electron energy distribution, in beta spectrum      156
Electron energy distribution, in Compton effect      97
Electron, absorption curve of      83
Electron, capture and loss by charged particle of      79
Electron, Compton wavelength of      94 261
Electron, energy loss of      80—82
Electron-capture decay      44 161—163
Electron-capture decay, inverse      164
Electron-positron pair      102 134 see “Pair “Pair
Electron-positron pair, creation by gamma ray of      101
Elements, formation of      38
Elements, table of      251—254
Ellis, C.D.      114n
Elsasser, W.M.      47
Endoergic reaction      177 178
Energy conservation, classical law of      16
Energy conservation, in alpha decay      136
Energy conservation, in beta decay      150
Energy conservation, in Compton effect      93
Energy conservation, in electron-capture decay      161
Energy conservation, in gamma decay      122
Energy conservation, in nuclear reaction      175
Energy conservation, in pair production      102
Energy conservation, in photoelectric effect      99
Energy dependence of cross section      185—187 194—211
Energy distribution, of beta rays      156
Energy distribution, of Compton electrons      97
Energy distribution, of neutrons after collision      88—91
Energy distribution, of positrons in gamma-ray pair production      103
Energy levels, degenerate      27 53
Energy levels, density in nuclei of      62
Energy levels, in closed box      27 153
Energy levels, in harmonic oscillator potential      53
Energy levels, in infinite square well potential      53
Energy levels, in rounded-well potential      56
Energy levels, isomeric      56
Energy levels, occupation number of      55
Energy levels, of ${A}^{38}$      162
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