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Polchinski J. Ч String theory (volume 2). Superstring theory and beyond
Polchinski J. Ч String theory (volume 2). Superstring theory and beyond



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Ќазвание: String theory (volume 2). Superstring theory and beyond

јвтор: Polchinski J.

јннотаци€:

Volume 2: Superstring Theory and Beyond, begins with an introduction to supersymmetric string theories and goes on to a broad presentation of the important advances of recent years. The book first introduces the type I, type II, and heterotic superstring theories and their interactions. It then goes on to present important recent discoveries about strongly coupled strings, beginning with a detailed treatment of D-branes and their dynamics, and covering string duality, M-theory, and black hole entropy, and discusses many classic results in conformal field theory. The final four chapters are concerned with four-dimensional string theories, and have two goals: to show how some of the simplest string models connect with previous ideas for unifying the Standard Model; and to collect many important and beautiful general results on world-sheet and spacetime symmetries.


язык: en

–убрика: ‘изика/ вантова€ теори€ пол€/“еори€ струн/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1998

 оличество страниц: 531

ƒобавлена в каталог: 25.09.2005

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
Modular transformations      34 38 156
Modular weights      297
Moduli space      see also "Complex structure" "Kaehler
Moduli space as spacetime      404 417
Moduli space for toroidal compactification      76Ч78 81 91Ч92 427Ч428 455Ч458
Moduli space with 16 supersymmetries      159 460 475
Moduli space with 8 supersymmetries      462Ч465 475
Moduli space, (2, 2), product form      381 389Ч390
Moduli space, branches      172Ч174 373 412Ч415 419Ч421
Moduli space, D1-D5 system      221Ч222
Moduli space, dilaton-axion      296 428 457
Moduli space, IIB theory      91Ч92
Moduli space, K3      417Ч419 427Ч428 474
Moduli space, metric on      362 374
Moduli space, orbifold      296Ч297 472
Moduli, physical effects      291 324Ч326 331 370Ч373 445
Moduli, physical effects in threshold correction      298Ч300 349
Moebius invariance      233
Moebius strip      39 41Ч42 135
monodromy      240 252 410 471
Montonen Ч Olive duality      186Ч187 428 470
Multicritical behavior      268Ч270
Narain compactification      73Ч79 83 468
Naturalness problem      282 350 369
Neumann boundary condition      141 143 152
No-ghost theorem      25 50 232Ч233
No-scale models      371
Noncommutative geometry      149 161
Nonlinear sigma model      106Ч108 247 311 469 471
Nonperturbative definition (of string theory)      180Ч181 208Ч211
Nonperturbative effects      49 134 145 178 343 366Ч373 421Ч422 425 see "Strong
Nonrenormalization theorems      133Ч134 300
Nonrenormalization theorems, $\alpha^{'}$ corrections      111Ч117 185 321Ч325 382Ч383 472
Nonrenormalization theorems, perturbative, violation by instantons      323Ч325 367Ч368 372 472
Nonrenormalization theorems, string corrections      469 473
Nonrenormalization theorems, string corrections, 16 supersymmetries      133Ч134 159 194 460Ч461
Nonrenormalization theorems, string corrections, 32 supersymmetries      133Ч134 180
Nonrenormalization theorems, string corrections, 4 supersymmetries      361Ч362 364Ч365 444
Nonrenormalization theorems, string corrections, 8 supersymmetries      381 383Ч384 410Ч411 428Ч429
Normal ordering      2 7 43
NS algebra      7 43
NS boundary condition      5Ч8 15Ч16
NS boundary condition, vertex operators      10Ч13 16Ч18
NS-NS charge      81
NS-NS charge in supersymmetry algebra      81Ч82
NS-NS charge, magnetic      81Ч82 145 183Ч185 189
NS-NS fields      87
NS-NS fields, background      106
NS-NS fields, tadpole      37Ч42
NS5-brane      470
NS5-brane, heterotic      195
NS5-brane, IIA      202Ч204 426
NS5-brane, IIB      182Ч186 202Ч204
NS5-brane, IIB, multiple      186
Null state      231Ч233 236Ч239 243Ч245 252Ч253
Null state, decoupling of      98 101Ч102 119 121
Old covariant quantization (OCQ)      3 20Ч23 25
One-loop string amplitudes      31Ч42 126Ч134 135 146Ч147 155Ч160 298Ч300 374 468Ч469 472
Operator product expansion (OPE)      43 82Ч83 95Ч96
Operator product expansion (OPE) and bosonization      11Ч12 17Ч19
Operator product expansion (OPE) in Sugawara construction      69Ч71
Operator product expansion (OPE), $j^{a}j^{b}$      66 68
Operator product expansion (OPE), $j_{B}b$      24
Operator product expansion (OPE), $j_{B}\beta$      24
Operator product expansion (OPE), $T_{B}T_{B}$      3Ч4
Operator product expansion (OPE), $T_{B}T_{F}$      3Ч4
Operator product expansion (OPE), $T_{B}\mathscr{O}$      233
Operator product expansion (OPE), $T_{F}T_{F}$      3Ч4 280
Operator product expansion (OPE), $T_{F}\mathscr{A}$      10
Operator product expansion (OPE), $X^{\mu}X^{\nu}$      2 49 106 134
Operator product expansion (OPE), $\beta_{\gamma}$ CFT      17Ч19
Operator product expansion (OPE), $\lambda^{A}\lambda^{B}$      49
Operator product expansion (OPE), $\mathscr{J}_{\alpha}\mathscr{J}_{\beta}$      357
Operator product expansion (OPE), $\mathscr{O}_{m}\mathscr{O}_{n}$      234
Operator product expansion (OPE), $\mathscr{V}_{\alpha}\mathscr{V}_{\beta}$      114
Operator product expansion (OPE), $\psi\mathscr{A}_{\nu}$      14
Operator product expansion (OPE), $\psi^{\mu}\psi^{\nu}$      2 49
Operator product expansion (OPE), $\psi^{\mu}\Theta_{\alpha}$      112
Operator product expansion (OPE), $\psi_{l}\psi_{l^{'}}$      252
Operator product expansion (OPE), B C      106 134
Operator product expansion (OPE), closure and locality      26 52Ч55 74
Operator product expansion (OPE), H H      11
Operator product expansion (OPE), N = 2 superconformal      37 47 375
Operator product expansion (OPE), superconformal current algebra      339
Operator product expansion (OPE), W W      253
Orbifolds      274Ч301 331ff 471Ч472
Orbifolds, $\mathbb{Z}_{3}$      283Ч291 300 309Ч310
Orbifolds, $\mathbb{Z}_{4}$      291Ч292 300
Orbifolds, asymmetric      279
Orbifolds, fixed points      311
Orbifolds, fixed points, blowing up      296Ч297 309Ч310 312Ч313
Orbifolds, K3      300Ч301 417 425 427
Orbifolds, modular invariance      276Ч279
Orbifolds, non-Abelian      275
Orbifolds, nonsingularity of CFT      275 410 425
Orbifolds, T-duality      295Ч296
Orbifolds, twisted sector      286Ч288 296Ч298
Orbifolds, twisting construction      55Ч59
Orientifold      196 422
Orientifold plane      138 142Ч144 147 151 175 206Ч208
P invariance      see "Parity"
p-brane      see "Black p-brane" "D-brane" "M2-brane" "M5-brane" "NS5-brane"
p-form      see "Differential forms"
p-form gauge field      85 451Ч452 see "R-R
p-form gauge field, field strength      86
p-form gauge field, self-dual      91 452
p-p' string      153Ч155 162Ч164
P-p' string, $#_{ND} = 4$      162Ч164 197
P-p' string, $#_{ND} = 8$      191
Parafermion CFT      251Ч252 269 391Ч392 471
Parallel transport      304 463
Parity and anomalies      95Ч98 285 304 329Ч330
Parity and T-duality      137
Parity, spacetime      27Ч28 127
Parity, world-sheet      27Ч31 41
Partition functions      235Ч236 266 272 471
Partition functions and bosonization      13
Partition functions with twists      33Ч34 156
Partition functions, BPS states      171 190
Partition functions, GSO projected      32Ч37 51Ч53 55Ч58
Pati Ч Salam unification      348
Pauli Ч Villars regulator      95 285
Peccei Ч Quinn (PQ) symmetry      333Ч335 360Ч362 365Ч366 371Ч372 382Ч383 473
Physical states      1 3 20Ч23 28 45
Picture changing operator (PCO)      118Ч121 126 469
pictures      108Ч110 118Ч121 147
Planck scale, eleven-dimensional      199 212
Poincare duality      86 450Ч452
Point group      275
Primary field      see "Highest weight state" "Tensor
Projective plane      39 42
Projective space      310Ч311 320 398 404 465
Proton decay      355Ч356 472
Pseudospin      67 244
quantum mechanics      210 225Ч226 429
Quatemionic manifold      464
R symmetry      393 444
R-R charge in supersymmetry algebra      144Ч145
R-R charge of black p-brane      219
R-R charge of D-brane      141Ч152 425
R-R charge of D-brane, value      147
R-R charge of orientifold plane      142Ч143
R-R charge, vanishes for strings      88Ч89 92 381
R-R fields      9Ч10 27 87 334
R-R fields, background      106
R-R fields, coupling of dilaton      87Ч89
R-R fields, effect of T-duality      137Ч138
R-R fields, tadpole      37Ч42
Ramond (R) boundary condition      5Ч9 15Ч16
Ramond (R) boundary condition, vertex operators      13Ч15 19
Ramond algebra      7 43
Ramond Ч Neveu Ч Schwarz (RNS) superstring      29
Rank (algebra)      61 77 326 421 457Ч458
Rank (form)      10 85 450
Rational CFT      255Ч259 272Ч273
Refermionization      131Ч133 156Ч157
Relevant interaction      166 264Ч266 268-271
Renormalization      393 445
Renormalization group      259Ч266 346 350 369
Ricci flatness      308Ч309
Ricci form      308Ч309
Riemann surfaces      13 122Ч124
Riemann tensor      96 113
Riemann Ч Roch theorem      121Ч123
Roots      61Ч63 67Ч68 425
Roots, lattice      74Ч75
S-duality (weak-strong)      179Ч182 186Ч187 190Ч192 198Ч199 205Ч207 422Ч429
S-matrix      124
Scale transformation      259Ч263
Scherk Ч Schwarz mechanism      363Ч364
Short multiplet      170 449
Simple current      240Ч241 272 354
SO(10)      64Ч65 82 289 338 346
SO(8) spin      22Ч23
SO(N)      60 62
SO(n), traces      99
Soliton      173 182 203Ч205 426
Sp(k)      60 62
Space group      275
Special Kaehler geometry      319Ч320 381Ч383 390 405 464Ч465
Spectral flow      14 379 387
Sphere amplitudes      112Ч118 134
Sphere amplitudes, relation to disk      116
Spin      22Ч23
Spin connection      203 303
Spin connection and (2, 2) supersymmetry      311Ч312 376
Spin connection, embedded in gauge connection      284 291 304 324 418Ч419
Spin field      15 19 131Ч132
Spin field, current algebra      54 66
Spin field, four-dimensional      341 356
Spin structure      122Ч124 127 130Ч132
Spin-statistics relation      19 29 33 35 49 52 55 82 332
Spinor representations      430Ч439
Spinor representations, products      435Ч437
Spinor representations, SO(N)      437Ч438
Spinor representations, under subgroups      438Ч439
Standard model      178 274 326 370Ч373 421Ч422
Standard Model, anomalies      94 98
Standard Model, chirality      98 282 288Ч289 329Ч331
Standard Model, CP symmetry      331Ч335
Standard Model, gauge couplings      298 314 343Ч352
Standard Model, gauge group      64Ч65 81 289Ч290
Standard Model, gauge quantum numbers      337Ч338 340Ч343 352Ч355
Standard Model, generations      64Ч65 288Ч292 313Ч315 324Ч326 387Ч388 471Ч472
Standard Model, hierarchy problem      281Ч282 350 369
Standard Model, proton stability      355Ч356
Standard model, supersymmetric      346Ч348
Standard Model, Yukawa couplings      314 318
State-operator isomorphism      see "Vertex operators"
Statistical mechanics      219 224Ч225 260 266Ч271
Stokes's theorem      450
String coupling      see "Coupling constants"
String field theory      210 259
String metric      205
String scale      343Ч350
String tension      150 164Ч167 180
String-string duality      425 429
Strong coupling limit, heterotic string      190Ч194 205Ч208 421Ч429
Strong coupling limit, type I superstring      190Ч194
Strong coupling limit, type IIA superstring      198Ч199
Strong coupling limit, type IIB superstring      179Ч181
Strong CP problem      333Ч335 472
Structure constants      59
SU(1, 1)      296 428
SU(5)      64Ч65 82 289 338 345Ч348 352Ч356
SU(N)      60 63
Sugawara construction      69Ч72 82 243 247 250 339 468
Super-Riemann surface      121Ч124
Superconformal algebra      3Ч4 7 272
Superconformal algebra as constraint      20 45
Superconformal algebra, general N      45Ч49
Superconformal algebra, N = 2      37 47Ч48 82 375Ч376
Superconformal algebra, primary field      105
Superconformal current algebra (SCCA)      338Ч342
Superconformal field theory (SCFT)      467Ч468
Superconformal field theory (SCFT), (1, 1)      2Ч5 254Ч255
Superconformal field theory (SCFT), (2, 2)      292 311Ч312 380Ч415 473
Superconformal field theory (SCFT), (2, 2), Landau Ч Ginzburg models      392Ч394
Superconformal field theory (SCFT), (2, 2), minimal models      390Ч392
Superconformal field theory (SCFT), (4, 4)      417Ч418
Superconformal Killing vector      123
Superconformal transformation      2 10 43 103Ч104
Supercurrent      2Ч5 50
Superderivative      103Ч104
Superfield      104
Supergravity      468
Supergravity, d = 4, N = 1      293Ч295 315 359Ч362
Supergravity, eleven-dimensional      84Ч87 198Ч199 201 453
Supergravity, long-distance      160 176 213Ч214
Supergravity, toroidally compactified      187Ч189 454Ч457
Supergravity, type I      52Ч53 92Ч93 98Ч101
Supergravity, type I, same as heterotic      93 192
Supergravity, type IIA      28Ч29 87Ч90 96
Supergravity, type IIB      28Ч29 90Ч92 98
Supermanifold      see "Superspace"
Supermembrane      see "M2-brane"
Supermoduli space      121Ч126
Supermoduli space, boundary of      102Ч103
Superpartner scale      343 350 369
Superpotential      443Ч447
Superpotential, Calabi Ч Yau      315Ч320 325 390
Superpotential, constraints from holomorphicity      322Ч323 359Ч362 367Ч368
Superpotential, Landau Ч Ginzburg/linear sigma model      392 398 400
Superpotential, nonperturbative contributions      323Ч324 371Ч372
Superpotential, orbifold      294Ч296
Superspace      103Ч108 134
Superspace, actions      105Ч108 469
Superstring      see "Type 0" "Type "Type "Type
Supersymmetry (spacetime)      471 see "BPS "Nonrenormalization"
Supersymmetry (spacetime) and $sin^{2}\theta_{w}$      346Ч348 473
Supersymmetry (spacetime) and GSO projection      29Ч30 50Ч51 359
Supersymmetry (spacetime) and hierarchy problem      281Ч282
Supersymmetry (spacetime) and vanishing of vacuum amplitude      35 38 146
Supersymmetry (spacetime) as means of studying strong coupling      178Ч227
Supersymmetry (spacetime) in specific systems, D0-Dp system      168
Supersymmetry (spacetime) in specific systems, F-string-D-string system      164
Supersymmetry (spacetime) in specific systems, heterotic string      79Ч82
Supersymmetry (spacetime) in specific systems, type I/II superstring      144
Supersymmetry (spacetime) in statistical mechanics      269
Supersymmetry (spacetime) vs world-sheet      29
Supersymmetry (spacetime), 16 supersymmetries      457Ч461
Supersymmetry (spacetime), 32 supersymmetries      452Ч457
Supersymmetry (spacetime), 4 supersymmetries      440Ч447
Supersymmetry (spacetime), 8 supersymmetries      461Ч465
Supersymmetry (spacetime), conditions for unbroken, D-brane systems      152Ч155 175Ч177
Supersymmetry (spacetime), conditions for unbroken, general CFT      356Ч359 374 473
Supersymmetry (spacetime), conditions for unbroken, orbifolds      282Ч283 300
Supersymmetry (spacetime), conditions for unbroken, smooth manifolds      302Ч305
Supersymmetry (spacetime), d = 2      449
Supersymmetry (spacetime), d = 4, N = 1      440Ч447
Supersymmetry (spacetime), d = 4, N>1      448Ч449
Supersymmetry (spacetime), transformations      173 203 302 443
Supersymmetry breaking      473
Supersymmetry breaking at tree level      362Ч364
Supersymmetry breaking by D-branes      139Ч140 152Ч155 168 175Ч177
Supersymmetry breaking in loop expansion      364Ч366
Supersymmetry breaking, dilaton-mediated      370
Supersymmetry breaking, nonperturbative      366Ч373
Supersymmetry breaking, scale      369
Symmetries, continuous      327Ч328
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