Главная    Ex Libris    Книги    Журналы    Статьи    Серии    Каталог    Wanted    Загрузка    ХудЛит    Справка    Поиск по индексам    Поиск    Форум   
blank
Авторизация

       
blank
Поиск по указателям

blank
blank
blank
Красота
blank
Lipson H., Cochran W. — The Determination of Crystal Structures
Lipson H., Cochran W. — The Determination of Crystal Structures

Читать книгу
бесплатно

Скачать книгу с нашего сайта нельзя

Обсудите книгу на научном форуме



Нашли опечатку?
Выделите ее мышкой и нажмите Ctrl+Enter


Название: The Determination of Crystal Structures

Авторы: Lipson H., Cochran W.

Аннотация:

The scope of this book is quite simply denned; we have tried to cover the subject of crystal-structure determination from the stage at which a set of structure amplitudes has been obtained to the final accurate positioning of the atoms. Some of the steps—such as the calculation of structure factors and the summation of Fourier series—are routine ones, and are described first, but the last five chapters are concerned with the more difficult problems of the derivation of atomic positions, and in these chapters we have attempted to preserve some degree of logical order in the treatment. Nevertheless, we have emphasized throughout the book that each problem requires individual treatment, and that no single sequence of methods is likely to prove universally successful.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Математика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1953

Количество страниц: 345

Добавлена в каталог: 23.08.2009

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
blank
Предметный указатель
$B_{10}H_{14}$      256 259
$Cr_{2}Al$      61 125
$CuFe_{2}O_{4}$      50
$CuSeO_{4}.5H_{2}$      140
$CuSO_{4}.5H_{2}O$      60 85 118 121 130 135 140 171 176 210
$Fe_{3}Al$      142
$MgAl_{2}O_{4}$      50
$MgFe_{2}O_{4}$      51
$MnCr_{2}O_{4}$      50
Abbe's theory      18
Absences, accidental      29 283 307
Absences, systematic      29 57 318
Absolute intensities      12 132 216 254 285
Absolute molecular configurations      142
Absorption      40 41 133 148 286
Absorption coefficient      133
Absorption edge      141 227
Absorption, infra-red      123
Accuracy of atomic co-ordinates      149 277
Accuracy of atomic co-ordinates by difference synthesis      298 308
Accuracy of atomic co-ordinates by differential synthesis      279
Accuracy of atomic co-ordinates by Fourier synthesis      105 278
Accuracy of atomic co-ordinates by least squares      280
Accuracy of atomic co-ordinates by steepest descents      284
Accuracy of atomic co-ordinates, assessment of      307
Accuracy of intensity measurements      148 289
Accuracy of unit-cell dimensions      277
Acentric distribution of intensities      37 39
Acetanilide      123
Acridine      129
Additive field (Hollerith)      98
Adenine hydrochloride      302 ff
Agreement residual      146
Alpha doublet      286
Alums      28 47 115 119 135 212
Ambiguity factor (of implication diagram)      161
Aminoacids      278
Analcite      51 118
Analogue machines      322
Aniline hydrochloride      133
anthracene      243 262 278
Antiferromagnetism      144
Antisymmetry      90 103
Arle - Hauptmann inequalities      259 ff
Artificial temperature factor      215 297
Asymmetric unit      155 181 249 258 265
Asymmetric unit, Fourier synthesis of      106
Atomic Radii      111 315
Atomic scattering factor      8 60
Atomic scattering factor, depression      140 142 227
Axes, transformation of      316
Axis of rotation      21
B.T.M. punched-card machine      97
Babinet's theorem      72
Banerjee's equation      261
Barn (unit of neutron scattering)      143
Beevers - Lipson $3^{\circ}$      91 ff
Beevers - Lipson strips, $6^{\circ}$      89 ff 99 101
Benzene ring      296
Benzene ring, Fourier transform of      239
Beryl      117
Beryllium sulphate      28
Beta isoprene sulphone      296
Beta-glycylglycine      191
Biaxial crystals      28
Biphenylene      236
Bixbyite      168
Body-centred lattice      25 32 128
Bond lengths (accuracy of)      277 309
Bounded projection      80
Bragg's law      1 4 17
Cadmium      111
Calciferol      208
Cauchy's inequality      252
Central row of reflexions      39
Centre of inversion      22
Centre of symmetry      22 28
Centre of symmetry, detection of      118
Centred cell      25 29
Centric distribution of intensities      37
Centrosymmetry, detection of      28 35 40 118
Cholesteryl iodide      176 208 220
Cleavagc      122 138
Close-packed structures      112
Cobalt      50
Collator (Hollerith)      99
Colour code for models      114 327
Combination of Fourier transforms      230 ff 233
Complexes, ionic      113
Computation of Fourier synthesis      89 ff
Computation of Fourier transforms      103
Computation of structure factors      58 ff
Condensed-ring compounds      229
Congruent set of points      163
Contours (on electron-density maps)      104 107
Control cards (Hollerith)      100
Convolution      155 266
Coronene      138 239
Correctness of structures      144
Cosine tables      60 323
covalent bond      114
Cryolite      58 70
Crystal class      28
Crystal structure models      114 327
Crystal system      27
CuK$\alpha$ radiation      88 142 171 283
Curvature of electron-density function      279 308
Curve      8 16 62 149 294
Curve, anisotropic      149 302
Curve, standard      64 102
Cyanite      112 120
Cyclotomic sets      169
Cysteinyl glycine sodium iodide      177
Cytidine      147
Dekaborane      256 259
Depression of scattering factors      141 227
Determinantal equalities      262 264
Determinantal inequalities      259
Deuterium      143
Diacetylene dicarboxylic acid      148
diamagnetic susceptibility      121
diamond      306
Dibenzyl      289 296
Dichlorobenzidine      147
Difference synthesis      203 298 308 311
Differential synthesis      279 301
Diffraction effects in Fourier synthesis      205
Diffraction grating      1 4 16 72
Diffraction of light      2 16 72 75
Diffraction spectroscope      109 236
Diffuse reflexions      9 17 124 243
Diglycylglycine ethyl ester hydrobromide      224
Diglycylglycine ethyl hydrochloride      193 ff 224
Diopside      108 132 199
Direct methods of structure analysis      125 ff 246
Distribution of intensities      35 ff 127 258
Donnay - Harker law      122
Double reflexions      30 206
Durene      115 202
Electron counts      106
Electron density      11
Electron density maps      104 285
Electron diffraction      143 243
Empirical scattering factors      63
Enantiomorphic equivalent points      45
Enantiomorphic space groups      157
Equality relationships between F's      261 ff
Equivalent points      23 33 42 54
Error function      36
Error synthesis      210
Errors in Fourier synthesis      285 ff
Etch figures      28
External symmetry      21 ff
Extinction      134 144 148 286 307
Extinction, optical      109
Extinctions, space-group      29
FACE - Centred lattice      26 51
Fc figure fields (structure-factor graphs)      71
FeK$\alpha$ radiation      14
Flavanthrone      229 235
Fly's eye      71 ff 140 221 237
Fourier integral      150
Fourier machines      325
Fourier methods      199 ff
Fourier projections      79 ff 105 200
Fourier projections, generalized      221
Fourier series for calculation of structure factors      65 101
Fourier series for electron density      11 76
Fourier summations      82 ff
Fourier summations, subdivision of cell      88
Fourier synthesis, electron counts from      106
Fourier synthesis, one-dimensional      80 213
Fourier synthesis, optical      108 206 244 326
Fourier synthesis, photographic      107 326
Fourier synthesis, plotting contours of      104 107
Fourier synthesis, three-dimensional      79 80 82 105
Fourier synthesis, two-dimensional      79 ff 83
Fourier transform      1 2 15 18 65 74 227 243 291 292
Fourier transform, combination      230 ff 233
Fourier transform, computation of      103 234
Fourier transform, experimental observation of      241
Fourier transform, method for structure factors      65 74 149
Fourier transform, optical      75 236 245
Fourier transform, texture of      238
Fraunhofer diffraction      75 236
Friedel's law      28 118
Fringe function      15 234
Fringes, diffraction      19 108
Fundamental set      154 ff 163 197
Fundamental space      154 ff
Gallium      146
Gamma brass      128
Gaussian atoms      267 279
Gaussian distribution of errors      281 287
Gaussian distribution of F's      258
General equivalent points      9 41 42 47 56 318
Generalized projections      175 179 221
Geranylamine hydrochloride      105
Ghost peaks in Fourier synthesis      211
Glide plane      24 ff
Glutamine      272
Glycine      114
Glycylglycine, $\beta$      191
Graphical determination of parameters      125
Grating, diffraction      1 4 16 72
Haemoglobin      195 241
Harker - Kasper inequalities      246 250 269
Harker - Kasper inequalities, applications      254 ff
Harker - Kasper inequalities, limitations      258
Harker section      157 ff 180 193
Harmonic analysers      321
Heavy-atom method      49 140 166 175 182 206 244
Herglotz's theorem      259
Hermann - Mauguin symbols      26 46 318 319
Hermitian matrix      264
Heusler alloys      142
Hexachlorobenzene      156
Hexamethylbenzene      138 206
Higher-layer-line synthesis      221
Hollerith machine      97
Homometric sets      167 169 198
Homometric structures      145 167 198
Homopolar forces      111
Horse methaemoglobin      195 241
Huggins masks      107 ff 322
Human oxyhaemoglobin      195
Hydrogen atoms      105 144 148 306
Hydrogen bond      114 315
Hydroxyproline      267 ff
I.B.M. punched-card machine      97
Identical operation      22
Image formation      18 108 204
Image-seeking function      164
Implication diagram      159 ff 186
Indicative field (Hollerith)      98
Indirect methods of structure determination      127 ff
Inequalities      246 250
Infra-red absorption      123
Intensity statistics      32 35 61 118 134 156 169 174 188
Interatomic distances      111 189 210
Interatomic forces      111
Interatomic vectors      14 33 151
Interaxial angles      7
Interference of light      20 108
Interval of division of unit cell for Fourier synthesis      88
inversion      22 90
Inversion axes      22 46
Ionization spectrometer      134
Ions      113 120
Isomorphism      50 140
Isomorphous-replacement method      140 193 212 244
Isoprene sulphone      296
Isotopes      143
Isovectorial sets      167 187 198
K electrons      141- 143
Key punch (Hollerith)      99
Lattice      1 3
Lattice constants      3
Lattice parameters      3
Lattice symmetry      23
Laue groups      28
Laue photographs      28 128
Laue's equations      4 ff 11 15 124
Layer lines      27 128
Least squares      280 ff 300 310
Limit of resolution      88 205
Limiting sphere      152 170 257 281
Magnesium paratoluene sulphonate      216
magnetic susceptibility      120 233
Manganese      143
Marcasite      109 126
Master pack (punched cards)      99
Meccano      322
Melamine      121
Mercury      150
Metaboric acid      275
Metatolidine      239
Metatolidine dihydrochloride      36 ff 62 116 120 136 207
MICA      122
Mica plates      109
Miller indices      4
Minimum function      166
Mirror plane      22
Mixed series      166
Models, crystal-structure      114 327
Models, projection of      114
Molybdenum target      142
Monoclinic system      23 26 53 67
Morphology      118 122
Multiple peaks (Patterson)      153
Multiplicity      47 50 56 281 318 319
Multiplier bar      322
Multiplying punch (Hollerith)      99 101
naphthalene      133 228 236
Neutron diffraction      143 250
Nickel      143
Nickel sulphate heptahydrate      114 200
Nicol prism      109
Non - Harker peaks      161 185 193
Non-equivalent molecules      116
1 2
blank
Реклама
blank
blank
HR
@Mail.ru
       © Электронная библиотека попечительского совета мехмата МГУ, 2004-2017
Электронная библиотека мехмата МГУ | Valid HTML 4.01! | Valid CSS! О проекте