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Douglas Clark C.H. Ч The basis of modern atomic theory
Douglas Clark C.H. Ч The basis of modern atomic theory

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Ќазвание: The basis of modern atomic theory

јвтор: Douglas Clark C.H.

јннотаци€:

T HE purpose of this volume is to provide a clear account of the general experimental and logical basis of recent atomic theories. CO!lve"rsations with students prove that many who are familiar with atomic models fail to appreciate the experimental background, but that, when explanations are offered, no difficulty exists in arousing interest. Some time ago, the author read a paper entitled" Atoms" before a Society composed mainly of students, and the measure of success which, in spite of difficulties, attended this effort, encouraged him to believe that something further ll1ight be attempted with advantage. The result is embodied in the present \vork, \vhere very little previous knowledge is assumed. The argument goes back to Dalton's theory, from which point the subject is carefully reasoned, the relevant experimental work being quoted at each step. Attention has been specially paid to certain points which, though evidently essential to the argument, appear to have been insufficiently emphasised hitherto.


язык: en

–убрика: ‘изика/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

»здание: 1st edition

√од издани€: 1926

 оличество страниц: 292

ƒобавлена в каталог: 09.08.2009

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
Abegg      214 265
AbeggТs      214Ч5
Absorption bands, edges of      146Ч7 203Ч5
Acetic acid, structure of      224Ч5 242 247
Acetylacetone compounds      248Ч9
Acids, definition of      239
Action, PlanckТs quantum of      134Ч5 145Ч7 180
Action, PlanckТs quantum of, unit of      188Ч9
Adam      75 80
Affinity, chemical, transmission in chains      242Ч5
Affinity, chemical, transmission in residual      246Ч8
Agglomeration theory      138
Aliphatic compounds, X-ray spectra of      74Ч5
Alpha particles, charges of      89
Alpha particles, effects of, passing through matter      90Ч2 100Ч1 159-61
Alpha particles, elm ratio for      88
Alpha particles, identical with helium nuclei, p      92
Alpha particles, mass of      89 159
Alpha particles, neutralized, in nuclei      117 120 161Ч2
Alpha particles, shape of, no      166
Alpha particles, size of      110
Alpha particles, Tracks of      90Ч2
Alpha particles, velocities of      88
Alpha rays      82 87
Alpha rays, scattering of, by gases      92Ч3 105
Alternate induced polarities, effect of      242Ч5
Aluminium, specific heat of      141Ч2
Andrade      95 99 112 122 164Ч5 281
angular momentum      179Ч80 183 187 190Ч1
Angular momentum, velocity      179 183 187
Anticathode      58
Arc spectra      172Ч4
Aronberg      112 122
Arrhenius      22 39 149 156
Astbury      74Ч 79 80
Aston      55Ч8 77 113 116 122 159 281
Atomic diameter, definition of      16
Atomic diameter, determination of      16 17
Atomic heat of argon      7 137 150
Atomic kernel      214
Atomic models, BohrТs      175
Atomic models, BuryТs      232
Atomic models, LangmuirТs      222
Atomic models, Lewis      213
Atomic models, ThomsonТs      168 220
Atomic models, types of      157Ч8
Atomic nature of electricity      23
Atomic nuclei      92 100Ч1
Atomic nuclei as dipolar spheres      245
Atomic nuclei, charges of      103Ч9 115
Atomic nuclei, energy levels in radioactive      164Ч5
Atomic nuclei, masses of      92 109 115
Atomic nuclei, negative electrons in      109
Atomic nuclei, parts of      159Ч62
Atomic nuclei, sizes of      109
Atomic nuclei, stability of      118
Atomic nuclei, structure of      165Ч6
Atomic number, definition of      102
Atomic number, significance of      102Ч11 119
Atomic sheath      214
Atomic shells      222Ч3
Atomic weights      3
Atoms, absolute mass of      5 13Ч14
Atoms, DaltonТs theory of      1Ч3
Atoms, high frequency spectra of      106Ч9 112Ч3
Atoms, optical spectra of      108 112 172Ч4 200Ч1 207 209
Avogadro number      4 13Ч5 34 136
Avogadro number, hypothesis of      4Ч5 15
Baeyer      166
Balmer      172 210
Balmer series      172 175Ч6
Barkla      103 105 121 155
Barlow      61
Barratt      210
Bartlett      78
Bases, definition of      239
Becker      153
Becquerel      81 96 97
Begeman      29
Bell      210
Benedicks      138 154
Bernal      79
Bernouilli      1 5 261
Berzelius      60
Beta rays      82 93Ч5
Beta rays, origin of      94 163
Beta rays, tracks of      94Ч5
Beta rays, velocities of      94
Bieler      166 167
Bishop      20
Bjerrum      154
Black body      6 130Ч1
Blackett      93 98
Blanc      122
Blondlot      59 77
Bodlander      265
Bodoszewski      9
Bohr      18 34 112 3 122 158 175
Bohr theory, general, of atomic structure      205Ч9
Bohr theory, of line spectra      175
Bolometer      132
Boltwood      98
Boltzmann      6
Born      69 78 262 268
Bosanquet      262 268
Bothe      99
Bowen      231 265
Boyle      1 2
BoyleТs law      1 5
Bozorth      79
Brackett      172Ч3
Bragg, W. H.      38 40 62 3 78 79 282
Bragg, W. L.      62Ч6 78 79 168-9 210 231 262 266 268 282
Bravais      61
Briggs      213 268
Brockman      252 267
Broek, van den      102 120
Bronsted      114 122
Brown      9
Brownian movement      8
Bucherer      37 40 94 98
Burgess      246 267
Burton      15 20
Bury      232 266
Calcite, crystalline structure of      72
Campbell      268 279
Cannizaro      4 19
Carbonelle      9
Carbonyls      249
Carnot      273Ч4
CarnotТs principle      273Ч4
Cassini      261
Cassinian ovals      261
Cathode rays      50Ч3
Caven      241 266
Chadwick      109 121 166 166 167
Characteristic x-rays      59 103 106Ч9
Charles      5
CharlesТ law      5
Chelate groups      255
Chemical affinity, transmission in chains      242Ч5
Chwolson      166 167
Circular orbits (Hydrogen)      176 186Ч9
Circular orbits (Hydrogen), energy associated with      177
Circular orbits (Hydrogen), periodic times of      187 194Ч5
Circular orbits (Hydrogen), radii of      186
Clausius      16Ч7 22
Cluster theory      47
Co-ordination, centric and cyclic      255
Co-ordination, chelate      255
Co-ordination, numbers      248Ч9 252-4
Co-ordination, SidgwickТs rule concerning      253Ч4
Co-ordination, valency of radicals in      248 250Ч1
Collie      278 280
Colloidal solutions      9 14
Combination relationships      164Ч5 169 173Ч5-
Comolecules      227
Compounds      2
Compounds, complete and incomplete      224Ч5
Compounds, spectra of      171
Compounds, structures of      212 seq.
Compton      153 156
Constitutive properties of atoms      221
Contravalency      215
Correspondence principle      205
Coster      121 211 267
Covalency      224
Cranston      282
Crehore      166 167
Crookes      8 19 49Ч51 77 83Ч4 97
Crossed polarities      255
Crowther      99 104 281
Crystal structure, data for inorganic crystals      65Ч72
Crystal structure, determination of (Braggs)      62 seq.
Crystal structure, determination of (Hull)      76
Crystal structure, determination of (Laue)      61Ч2
Crystal structure, organic crystals      72Ч6
Crystallography, principles of      59 63
Cunningham      19 33
Curie, Mme      81 93 96 97 98 123
Curie, P.      81 93 96 97 98 123 256Ч7 267
Dabrowski      20
Dalton      1Ч4
DaltonТs Atomic Theory      1Ч3
Danysz      166
Darwin      76 80 104 119 121 123 167
Dauvillier      254
Davey      78 79
de Broglie      9 12 20 34 155 203Ч5 211
Debus      18
Debye      69 78 79 80 141 155 262 268
Degrees of freedom      6Ч7 136Ч40
Delta rays      95
Demargay      81 96
Dempster      58 77 116 122
Dependence of reaction velocity on temperature      149
Diamagnetism      256
Diamond, crystal structure of      67 70Ч1
Diamond, specific heat of      141Ч3
Differential Calculus, applicability of      272Ч3
Diffusion coefficient      42 45Ч6
Disintegration, artificial      159Ч62
Disintegration, radioactive      81 seq.
Dolejsek      121
Dorn      97
Double bond, explanation of, in octet theory      217
Duane      155 156
Dulong      7 139 141
Duplets      223
Dushman      149 156
Eastman      237 252 266
Eddington      279
Edlund      237 266
Effective atomic numbers      250Ч1
Effective atomic numbers of complex compounds      252Ч3 255
Ehrenfest      122
Ehrenhaft      34 40
Einstein      12 19 136 140Ч8 151-3 154 155 269Ч72 279 281
EinsteinТs law of      145
Electric discharge in gases      49Ч50
Electricity, atomic nature of      23 seq.
Electrolysis      21Ч3
Electromagnetic mass      36Ч8 94 274
Electromagnetic theory of light      129Ч30
Electromagnetic waves      59 125Ч30
Electronic charge, evaluation of (Millikan)      29 35
Electronic charge, evaluation of (Planck)      136
Electronic charge, evaluation of (Rutherford)      34 88Ч9
Electronic charge, evaluation of (Thomson)      27
Electronic charge, evaluation of (Townsend)      25Ч7
Electronic charge, evaluation of (Wilson)      27Ч9
Electronic theory of valency      214 seq.
Electronic theory of valency, conclusions of      264
Electrons      23 36Ч9
Electrons in matter, evidence for existence of      49 53 94 100Ч1
Electrons, angular velocity of      179 183 187
Electrons, distribution of, among sub-groups      208 254Ч5 258
Electrons, effective mass of      177 8
Electrons, e\m ratio for negative      36Ч7 51-2
Electrons, lone pairs of      239
Electrons, vibrations of      129 135Ч6
Electrovalency      224
Element, definition of      2 117Ч8
Elementary chaos      6
Elements, high frequency spectra of      106Ч9
Elements, periodic classification of      17 seq.
Elements, transmutation of      85 277Ч8
Elliptic orbits (Hydrogen)      189 seq.
Elliptic orbits (Hydrogen), eccentricity of      193
Elliptic orbits (Hydrogen), energy of      192Ч3 198
Elliptic orbits (Hydrogen), geometrical properties of      193Ч7
Elliptic orbits (Hydrogen), precession of      198Ч9
Ellis      94 99 163Ч5 167
Elster      41
Energy, distribution of, among wavelengths      131Ч5
Energy, dualistic theory of      274
Energy, electronic, in orbit      177Ч8
Energy, mass of      270Ч1 274
Enright      25 39
entropy      6
Equipartition law      6Ч7 136Ч40
Errors, law of      6
Eucken      137 154
Fabry      171
Fajans      69 78 118 120 123 260 268
Faraday      22Ч4 39 49 126Ч7 153 256
Federow, von      61
Ferro-magnetism      256
Fine structure of hydrogen lines      189Ч90 196 198Ч200
Fitzgerald      153
Fletcher      12 20
Fluorine molecule, octet structure of      216Ч7
Fluorspar, crystal structure of      67 7
Flurscheim      242Ч3 266
Foote      202 211
Foppl      221
Foucault      124
Fowler      77 210 229 265
Franck      147 155 202 211
Frankenheim      61
Free valencies      247
Freedom, degrees of      6Ч7 136Ч40
Frequency of atomic vibrations      141Ч2
Fresnel      130
Frictional electrification, nature of      127
Friedrich      61 78
Gamma rays      82 95
Gas equation      5
Gas equation, ions      25Ч30 41-9
Gaseous conduction      41Ч9
Gases, liquefaction of      8Ч9
Gases, mean free path in      16Ч17
Gases, molecular speeds in      16
Gases, viscosity of      16Ч17
Gay Lussac      3Ч4 18
Geiger      34 90Ч1 97 98 99 104-5 121
Geitel      41
General effect of substitution in organic compounds      241Ч2
General theory of atomic structure (Bohr)      205Ч9
Giesel      97
1 2 3
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