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Poynting J.H., Sir Thomson J.J. — Heat (A text book of physics): Eighth Edition
Poynting J.H., Sir Thomson  J.J. — Heat (A text book of physics): Eighth Edition



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Название: Heat (A text book of physics): Eighth Edition

Авторы: Poynting J.H., Sir Thomson J.J.

Аннотация:

This volume on Heat is the third of a series forming a Text-Book on Physics. The first two volumes dealt with tho Properties of Matter and Sound, and the succeeding volumes will deal with Magnetism and Electricity, and Light.
The Text-Book is intended chiefly for the use of students who lay most stress on the study of the experimental part of Physics, and who have not yet reached the stage at which the reading of advanced treatisos on special subjects is desirable. Tо bring the subject within the compass thus prescribed, an account is given only of phenomena which are of special importance, or which appear to throw light on other branches of Physics, and the mathematical methods adopted are very elementary. The student
who possesses a knowledge of advanced mathematical methods, and who knows how to use them, will, no doubt, be able to work out and remember most easily a theory which uses such methods. But at present a large number of earnest students of Physics are not so equipped, and tho authors aim at giving an account of the
subject which will be useful to students of this class. Even for the reader who is mathematically trained, there is some advantage in the study of elementary methods, compensating for their cumbrous form. They bring before us more evidently the points at which various assumptions are made, and they render more
prominent the conditions under which the theory holds good.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель без номеров страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Издание: 8th

Год издания: 1928

Количество страниц: 354

Добавлена в каталог: 15.08.2019

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$\r{A}$ngstr$\" o$m, method of measuring heat conductivities      98
$\r{A}$ngstr$\" o$m, result for copper      99
Absolute scale of temperature      10 12 266 294—295 299—302
Absolute scale of temperature, comparison with airthermometer scale      269
Absolute scale of temperature, efficiency      267
Absorptive powers of surfaces      228
Actinometer      253
Adiabatic change, expansion of radiation enclosure      338—341
Adiabatic change, gas equation      295
Adiabatic change, temperature change in      285
Adiabatics on indicator diagram      261
Adiabatics on indicator diagram, steeper than isothermals      287
Air, coefficient of pressure increase with constant volume      46—48
Air, collision frequency      147
Air, convection of      91
Air, dust particles in      168—172
Air, effect of, on evaporation      162 163
Air, effusion of      141
Air, expansion of, by heat      3
Air, expansion with rise of temperature under constant pressure      42
Air, heat conductivity of      90—92 106 107
Air, intrinsic energy of      296 $\textit{et seq.}$
Air, isothermals of      190 191
Air, mean free path of      147
Air, specific heat of      83 84 85 118—120
Air, thermometric use of      10
Air, transparency to radiations      235
Air, value of specific heat ratio for      289—296
Air, viscosity of      146 147
Air-pressure, relation of, to melting-point of ice, and boiling-point of water      5 6
Air-thermometer by Bottomley      50
Air-thermometer by Callendar      50 51 52
Air-thermometer by Regnault      48—49
Air-thermometer, scale      269 294—295 299—302
Aitken, dust counter      169
Aitken, on boiling      165
Aitken, on dew      219 233
Aitken, on dust as a condensing agent      168—170
Alcohol (ethyl), used for thermometers      9
Alcohol (methyl), heat conductivity of      106
Alcohol, boiling-point      12 175
Alcohol, critical constants of      193
Alcohol, expansion of, under a pull      187
Alcohol, heat conductivity of      106
Alcohol, osmosis of      327
Alcohol, specific heat of      80—81 182
Alcohol, vapour tension of      159
Aluminium, atomic heat      87
Aluminium, atomic weight      76
Aluminium, specific heat of      81 87
Amagat, on the volume-pressure relation in air      298
Amaury      see "Jamin"
Ammonia, radiations, absorbed by      235
Ammonia, specific heat of      85
Andrews, on the isothermals and critical point of carbon dioxide      188—190
Aniline, boiling-point      12
Aniline, specific heat of      80
Anticyclone over cyclone      58
Argon, boiling-point      199
Argon, critical pressure of      199
Argon, critical temperature      199
Argon, motion of molecules in      139
Argon, value of specific heat ratio for      138
Atmosphere, decrease of temperature with height in the      296
Atmosphere, water in the      209—219
Atomic heat      83 84 87 130
Atomic hypothesis      129—132
Atomic weight      84 87
atoms      130 $\textit{et seq.}$
Avogadro's law      137
Balance wheel of chronometers      27
Barnes and Callendar, on specific heat of water      79—80 127
Bartoli and Stracciati on specific heat of water      78—80 127
Bartoli, on radiation      248 333
Benzene, critical constants of      193
Berget, heat conductivity of mercury      99
Berthelot, on latent heat of steam      179
Beryllium, atomic heat      87
Bismuth, electric conductivity of      100
Bismuth, heat conductivity of      100
Bismuth, velocity of light in      100
Boilers, heat conductivity of walls of      90
Boiling      163—167
Boiling-points      175 199
Boiling-points of water as a fixed point on thermometric scales      4 5
Boiling-points relation of, to pressure      163—168
Boiling-points, determination of      175
Boiling-points, rise of      321—322
Bolometer      222 227 228 253
Boltzmann, on energy of molecules      139
Boltzmann, on radiation      248 253
Borate of lead, radiation of      227
Boron, atomic heat      87
Boron, specific heat of      82 87
Bottomley, air thermometer      50
Bottomley, constant volume thermometer      50
Boyle's law      41 46 134 137 152 189 298 308 315 329
Boys, on radiomicrometer      221
Boys, on the ice calorimeter      73
Brass, electric conductivity of      100
Brass, expansion of, by heat      3 9 19 22 26
Brass, heat conductivity of      92 98 99 100
Brass, radiation reflective power of      230 231
Brass, specific heat of      66—68
Breezes      see "Winds"
Bridges, expansion of iron by heat in      17 25
Bromine, atomic heat      84 87
Bromine, atomic weight      84 87
Bromine, specific heat      84 87
Bubbles, formation of      163 165 166
Bubbles, stability of      167
Bumping      165 168
Bunsen, on latent heat      205
Bunsen, on the influence of pressure on melting-point      204
Bunsen, the ice calorimeter of      72—73 205
Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, method of measuring linear expansion of metals      19 20
Cagniard de la Tour, on the critical point of alcohol      88
Cailletet and Collardeau, on the critical constants of water      191—192
Cailletet and Mathias, on the critical volume      192
Cailletet, on liquefaction of gases      197
Calcium carbonate, molecular heat      87
Callendar      see also "Barnes"
Callendar, compensated air thermometer      51—52
Callendar, constant volume air thermometer of      50
Callendar, on pressure increase of air kept at constant volume with rise of temperature      48
Callendar, the platinum resistance thermometer of      11
Calorimeter, Bunsen's ice      72—73
Calorimeter, Joly's differential steam      75—76
Calorimeter, Joly's steam      73—75
Calorimeter, mode of using      66 $\textit{et seq.}$. 95 179
Calory      65
Camphor, sublimation of      208
Cane sugar, aqueous solution of      326
Capstick, on specific heat ratio      293
Carbon dioxide, boiling and melting points of      199
Carbon dioxide, corresponding pressure and volume of      196
Carbon dioxide, critical constants of      196
Carbon dioxide, critical temperature and pressure of      199
Carbon dioxide, effusion of      141
Carbon dioxide, equation of      194 195
Carbon dioxide, expansion with rise of temperature under constant pressure      42
Carbon dioxide, intrinsic energy of      299
Carbon dioxide, isothermals of      188—192
Carbon dioxide, molecular heat      85
Carbon dioxide, molecular weight      85
Carbon dioxide, radiations absorbed by      235
Carbon dioxide, specific heat      85 86 293 294
Carbon monoxide, boiling and melting points      199
Carbon monoxide, critical temperature and pressure      199
Carbon monoxide, molecular heat      85
Carbon monoxide, molecular weight      85
Carbon monoxide, radiations absorbed by      235
Carbon monoxide, specific heat      85
Carbon, atomic heat      86
Carbon, specific heat of      81 82 86
Carnelly, on melting-points      204
Carnot engine as a temperature scale      10
Carnot engine, action of      262—264
Carnot engine, cycle      262—264 337
Cazin, on specific heats of air      293
Centigrade scale      4
Change of state      83 157—208
Chemical energy      114—115 117 129 136
Chimneys, convection in      59—63
Chloride of potassium, dissociation of, in solutions      326
Chlorine, atomic weight      83
Chlorine, radiations absorbed by      235
Chlorine, specific heat      84
Chree, on heat conductivity      104
Chronometers, balance wheel of      27
Circulation of air, conditions requisite for      60—63
Cl$\' e$ment and Desormes, on specific heat      291—292
Clausius, on entropy      277
Clay, radiating power of      240
Cleavage of matter      129
Clouds      160 169 182 215 217 313
Clouds, cumulus      216—217
Clouds, rate of fall of drops in      217—218
Clouds, ripple      216
Clouds, strato-cumulus      216
Coal, available heat from      282 283
Coal, radiating power of hot      240
Cohesion      133 199
Collardeau      see "Cailletet"
Collision frequency of gas molecules      147
Compensation measuring bars and pendulums      26 27
Compression of matter      129
Condensation on nuclei      168 $\textit{et seq.}$
Conduction, definition      88
Conductivity of electricity      100
Conductivity of heat      88—107
Conductivity of heat, and by Lees      101—103
Conductivity of heat, Berget's experiments      99
Conductivity of heat, by bar methods      96
Conductivity of heat, by Kundt      100
Conductivity of heat, definition of      93
Conductivity of heat, Despretz's experiments      96
Conductivity of heat, diffusivity      94
Conductivity of heat, experiments by Senarmont      101
Conductivity of heat, experiments by Wiedemann and Franz      100
Conductivity of heat, Forbes's experiments      97
Conductivity of heat, Gray's experiments      99
Conductivity of heat, in gases      106—107 147 148
Conductivity of heat, in liquids      103 $\textit{et seq.}$
Conductivity of heat, in solids of low conducting power and crystals      101
Conductivity of heat, in solids, by Peclet's method      95
Conductivity of heat, in the three states of matter      90 $\textit{et seq.}$
Conductivity of heat, measurements      94
Conductivity of heat, Neumann and $\r{A}$ngstr$\" o$m's method      98
Conductivity of heat, passage from one body to another      88
Conservation of energy      108 116—118
Convection in gases      90 91
Convection in liquids      90
Convection in water      38 90 91
Conversion of thermometric scales      5
Copper, atomic heat      87
Copper, atomic weight      87
Copper, electric conductivity of      100
Copper, emissive power of      226 227 255
Copper, expansion of, by heat      17 22
Copper, heat conductivity of      89 90 96 98 99 100
Copper, specific heat of      81 87
Copper, velocity of light in      100
Cork, heat conductivity of      103
Coronas      217
Correlation of different forms of energy      116
Corresponding pressures      196
Corresponding temperatures      195
Corresponding volumes      196
Cotton, heat conductivity of      91 103
Coulier, as to condensation on nuclei      168
Critical constants      190—195
Critical points      188—195 199
Critical pressure      190—192 199
Critical volume      191 192
Crookes, on radiometer      149 150
Crova, on solar radiation      254 256
Crystals, heat conductivity of      101
Cubical dilatation      see "Volume-Expansion"
Cyclones, method of forecasting      57—60
D'Arsonval, radiomicrometer      221
Dalton, atomic hypothesis used by      129
Dalton, volume expansion of gases with heat under constant pressure      42
Dark lines in solar spectrum      243
Davy lamp      92
Davy, Sir H., on heat energy      111—112
Day, W. S., on specific heat of water      77
Day, W. S., on the mechanical equivalent of heat      124 125
De la Provostaye and Desains, on radiation      226 227 229—231
De Vries, on osmosis      327—328
Defant, on raindrops      218
Delayed boiling      165
Desormes      see "Cl$\' e$ment"
Despretz, method of measuring heat conductivity      96 97 103 104
Dew      218—219
Dew point, measurement of      209—215 219
Dew, formation of      233
Dewar, on liquefaction of gases      197—198 199
Dewar, on melting-point of ice under pressure      204
Diamond, specific heat of      81 82
Dieterici, on latent heat of steam      180
Diffusion of gases      134 142
Diffusion of matter      129
Diffusion of radiation      231
Diffusivity of heat      94
Dilatometer, use of, in measuring expansion of liquids with heat      36—37
Dines, hygrometer of      210—211
Dissipation of energy      278
Distillation      161—163
Doppler's principle applied to radiation      338
Drops, formation of      165
Drops, vapour pressure of      316 317
Dulong and Petit's experiments on expansion of mercury with heat      30—31
Dulong and Petit's law of heat capacity      86
Dulong and Petit's law of radiation      246—248
Dumas, method of determining vapour density      176—177
Dust, deposit of, on relatively cold bodies      152
Dust, in air      169 170
Dust-counter      169
Dust-free region about hot bodies      152
Dutrochet, on osmosis      327
Ebonite, heat conductivity of      103
Ebonite, transparent to long wave radiations      234
Effusion of gases      140 $\textit{et seq.}$
Eider-down, heat conductivity of      103
Elasticity, relation of specific heat to      288—290
Electric arc, temperature of      12
Electric currents used to measure temperatures      11 12
Electrical energy      113 114 118 129
Electrical energy, analogies with entropy      276—277
Ellicott's pendulum      26
Emissivity of heat      94 226
Energy, available      279—281
Energy, balance of, in an enclosure      237—240
Energy, change of, in adiabatic expansion      340—341
Energy, chemical      114
Energy, conservation of      108 $\textit{et seq.}$
Energy, dissipation of      278
Energy, distribution of, in spectrum      341—342
Energy, electrical      113
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