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Furui S. — Digital Speech Processing, Synthesis, and Recognition
Furui S. — Digital Speech Processing, Synthesis, and Recognition

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Название: Digital Speech Processing, Synthesis, and Recognition

Автор: Furui S.

Аннотация:

A study of digital speech processing, synthesis and recognition. This second edition contains new sections on the international standardization of robust and flexible speech coding techniques, waveform unit concatenation-based speech synthesis, large vocabulary continuous-speech recognition based on statistical pattern recognition, and more.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Наука/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Издание: 2-nd

Год издания: 2000

Количество страниц: 452

Добавлена в каталог: 03.03.2007

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$\mathrm{F}_1-\mathrm{F}_2$ plane      16
$\mu$-law      142
$\pi$-type four-terminal circuits      223
%correct      322
A posteriori probability      363 365
A* search      312
a-Law      142
Abdominal muscles      10
Accent      10
Accent component      230
Accuracy      322
Acoustic background      303
Acoustic model      314
Adaptation on line      336
Adaptation to environmental variation      380
Adaptation, backward (feedback)      143 151
Adaptation, forward (feedforward)      143
Adaptation, instantaneous      336
Adaptive bit allocation      163
Adaptive delta modulation (ADM)      151
Adaptive differential PCM      143 148
Adaptive differential PCM (ADPCM)      151 158
Adaptive inverse filtering      114
Adaptive PCM, (APCM)      143
Adaptive prediction      147
Adaptive prediction, backward      149 151
Adaptive prediction, forward      149
Adaptive predictive coding      143
Adaptive predictive coding with adaptive bit allocation (APC-AB)      166
Adaptive predictive coding, (APC)      149 153
Adaptive predictive DPCM (AP-DPCM)      149
Adaptive quantization      138 143
Adaptive quantization, backward      151
Adaptive transform coding (ATC)      163
Adaptive transform coding (ATC) with VQ (ATC-VQ)      179
Adaptive vector predictive coding (AVPC)      180
Adjustment window condition      269
AEN (articulation equivalent loss)      201
Affine transformation      336
Affricate sound      11
Air Travel Information System (ATIS)      323
Alexander Graham Bell      1
Aliasing distortion      47
All-pole model      89
All-pole polynomial spectral density function      90
All-pole spectrum      68
All-pole speech production system      68
Allophones      219 229
Allophonic variations      320
Amplitude density distribution function      21
Amplitude level      20
Analog-to-digital (A/D) conversion      45 51
Analysis-by-synthesis (A-b-S) method      42 71 190
Analysis-by-synthesis coder      196
Analysis-synthesis      73 135
Anti-model      347
Antiformant      30 127
Antiresonance      30
Antiresonance circuit      27 224
AR process      91
Area function      33 111
Arithmetic coding      134
Articulation      9 11 27 30
Articulation equivalent transmission loss (AEN)      201
Articulation, manner of      12
Articulation, place of      12
Articulators      11
Articulatory model      223
Articulatory movement      11
Articulatory organs      11 246
Articulatory units      381
Artificial intelligence (AI)      382
Aspiration      11
Auditory critical bandwidth      251
Auditory nerve system      7
Auditory scene analysis      385
Audrey      243
Augmented transition network (ATN)      312
Autocorrelation function      52 53 251 252
Autocorrelation method      87 252
Automation control      301
Autoregressive (AR) process      89
Average branching factor      322
Back-propagation training algorithm      401
Backward prediction error      102
Backward propagation wave      33
Backward variable      285
Bakis model      279
Band-pass bank      76 159 251
Band-pass filter (BPF)      82 70 250
Band-pass lifters      252
Bark-scale frequency axis      251
Basilar membrane      251
Baum — Welch algorithm      282 288
Bayes' rule      313
Bayes' sense      364
Bayesian learning      335
Beam search method      311
Bernoulli effect      10
Best-first method      311
BIC (Bayesian information criterion)      325 328
Bigram      316
Binary tree coding (BTC)      178
Blackboard model      310
Blind equalization      361
Bottom-up      308
Boundary condition at the lips and glottis      115
Boundary condition for the time warping function      268
Breadth-first method      311
Cascade connection      225
Case frame      312
Centroid      176 337 394
Cepstral analysis      79
Cepstral coefficient      62 77 251
Cepstral distance (CD)      202
Cepstral mean normalization (CMN)      325 341 361
Cepstral mean subtraction (CMS)      341 361
Cepstrum      62
Cepstrum method      252
CHATR      238
Cholesky decomposition method      89
City block distance      269
Claimed speaker      364
Class N-gram      317
Cluster-splitting method (LBG algorithm)      176 395
Clustering      332
Clustering-based methods      176
Coarticulation      16 245 378
Coarticulation, dynamic model of      383
Code vectors      176 393
Code-excited linear predictive coding (CELP)      193
Codebook      176 281 393
Codeword      279
Coding      45 47 199
Coding bit rate      200
Coding delay      200
Coding in frequency domain      159
Coding in time domain      141
Coding methods, evaluation of      199
Cohort speakers      364
Complexity of coder and decoder      200
Composite sinusoidal model (CSM)      126
Concatenation synthesizer      238
Connected word recognition      295
Connection strength      399
Consonant      6
context      308
Context-dependent phoneme units      229 247
Context-free grammar (CFG)      312
Context-oriented-clustering (COC) method      237
Continuous speech recognition      246
Conversational speech recognition      246
Convolution      387
Convolutional (multiplicative) distortion      344
Corpus      314
Corpus-based speech synthesis      237
Cosh measure      256
Covariance method      87
CS-ACELP      205
Customer (registered speaker)      354
CV syllable      228 247
CVC syllable      228 247
DARPA speech recognition projects      323
Database for evaluation      386
Decision criterion (threshold)      356
DECtalk system      236
Deemphasis      51
Delayed decision encoding      173
Delayed feedback effect      8
Deleted interpolation method      316
Delta modulation (DM or AM)      149
Delta-cepstrum      262 363
Delta-delta-cepstrum      263
Demisyllable      229 297
Depth-first method      311
Detection-based approach      344
Devocalization      266
Diaphragm      10
Differential coding      148
Differential PCM (DPCM)      145 148
Differential quantization      149
Digital filter bank      70
Digital processing of speech      386
Digital signal processors (DPSs)      386
Digital-to-analog (D/A) conversion      51
Digitization      45
Diphone      229 247
Diphthong      13
Discounting ratio      317
Discourse      264
Discrete cosine transform (DCT)      163
Discrete Fourier transform (DFT)      57 163
Discriminant analysis      364
Discriminative training      293 347
Distance (similarity) measure      176 249
Distance (similarity) measure based on LPC      252
Distance (similarity) measure based on nonparametric spectral analysis      251
Distance normalization      364
Distinctive features      20
Distortion rate function      135
Divergence      363
Double-SPLIT method      278
Dual z-transform      68
Duration      230 234 264
Durbin's recursive solution method      89 105 108
Dyad      229 247
Dynamic characteristics      367
Dynamic programming (DP) matching      266 277 297
Dynamic programming (DP) matching, asymmetrical      270
Dynamic programming (DP) matching, staggered array      272 249
Dynamic programming (DP) matching, symmetrical      270
Dynamic programming (DP) matching, unconstrained endpoint      270
Dynamic programming (DP) matching, variations in      270
Dynamic programming (DP) method      287
Dynamic programming (DP) method, CW (clockwise)      300
Dynamic programming (DP) method, O(n) (order n)      301
Dynamic programming (DP) method, OS (one-stage)      301
Dynamic programming (DP) path      270
Dynamic spectral features      262 367 378
Dynamic spectral features (spectral transition)      262 367 378
Dynamic time warping (DTW)      260 266
Ears      7
EM algorithm      290
Energy level      248
entropy      322
Entropy coding      133
Equivalent vocabulary size      322
Error deletion      323
Error insertion      323
Error rate      323
Error substitution      323
Euclidean distance      250
Evaluation factors for speech coding systems      199
Evaluation methods for speech processing technologies      385
Evaluation methods, objective      200
Evaluation methods, subjective      200
F-ratio (inter- to intravariance ratio)      363
False acceptance (FA)      354
False rejection (FR)      354
Fast Fourier transform (FFT)      57 251
Feedforward nets      399
FFT cepstrum      69
Filler      305
Filler speech model      303
Filter bank      70
Fine structure      64
Finite slate VQ (FSVQ)      182
First-order differential processing      114
Fixed prediction      147
Formant      14 127
Formant, bandwidth      19
Formant, frequency      14 39
Formant, frequency, extraction      71
Formant-type speech synthesis method      224
Forward and backward waves      223
Forward prediction error      102
Forward propagation wave      33
Forward variable      283
Forward-backward algorithm      282 283
Forward-type AP-DPCM      153
Fourier transform      53
Fourier transform, pair (Wiener — Khintchine theorem)      54
Frame      60
Frame interval      60
Frame length      60
Frequency resolution      60
Frequency spectrum      52
Fricative      10
Full search coding (FSC)      178
Fundamental equations      35
Fundamental frequency (pitch)      10 24 79 230 351
Fundamental period      10
Gaussian      291
Gaussian mixture      305
Gaussian mixture model (GMM)      325 371
Generation rules (rewriting rules)      312
Glottal area      42
Glottal source      10
Glottal volume velocity      42
Glottis      10
Good — Turing estimation theory      317
Grammar      314
Granular noise      150
Hamming window      58
Hanning window      58
Hard limiters      399
Harmonic plus noise model (HNM)      220
Harpy system      311
Hat theory of intonation      230
Hearing      7
Hearsay II system      310
Hidden layers      399
Hidden Markov model (HMM)      278
Hidden Markov model (HMM) coding      184
Hidden Markov model (HMM) composition      344 363
Hidden Markov model (HMM) decomposition      344
Hidden Markov model (HMM) evaluation problem      282
Hidden Markov model (HMM) left-to-right      279
Hidden Markov model (HMM) linear predictive      371
Hidden Markov model (HMM), continuous      279 290
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