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: An introduction to quarks and partons

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This book is excellent for upper level undergraduates or lower level physics graduate students. It is a useful resource for understanding the basic concept of the standard model. For some sections a knowledge of matrix mathematics is assumed, however, a great deal of the book can be understood even without this background.


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: 1979

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$B (x\mathcal{F}_{3} / \mathcal{F}_{2})$      241243
$D^{*} \rightarrow D_{\gamma}$      68
$D_{13}(1520)$      133 135142 146147
$f_{ijk}$, SU(3), structure constants      32
$g_{A}/g_{V}$      107 109110 117 119 419421
$J^{PC}$, $q\bar{q}$ mesons      87
$K^{*} \rightarrow K\gamma$, symmetry breaking      64 68
$L_{\mu\nu}$      174 177 237 294297
$L_{\mu\nu}$, quark and $\sigma_{S} / \sigma_{T}$      222
$qq\bar{q}\bar{q}$ mesons      429441
$q\bar{q}$, fusion      311 319325
$q\bar{q}$, parity      8689
$q\bar{q}$, potential      7 370376
$SU(2) \times U(1)$      261263 332336 443448
$SU(3) \times SU(3)$      110119 303
$SU(6) \times O(2)_{L,x}$      101104 107
$SU(6) \times O(2)_{L,x}$, violation by $p_T$      143144
$SU(6) \times O(3)$      8092
$SU(6) \times O(3)$, decay vertex failure      95
$SU(6)_W$      95119 (see also Melosh transformation)
$SU(6)_W$, breaking in $^{3}P_0$      119125
$SU(6)_W$, vertex symmetry, violation      137
$U(6) \times U(6)$      9395
$W_{\mu\nu}$      see also L_{\mu\nu}
$W_{\mu\nu}$, $\sigma_{S} / \sigma_{T}$ computation      222
$W_{\mu\nu}$, electromagnetic      178180 294297
$Z^0$      334336 446
$\lambda$ matrices, quark-gluon couplings      
361363
$\lambda$ matrices, SU(3, 4)      30 36
$\omega\rightarrow\pi\gamma$      6566
$\Omega^{-}$ (omega minus), Pauli statistics      9
$\phi$ decays      67 350 357 Vector Zweig
$\psi$ meson      348354 (see also Charmonium Zweig
$\psi$ meson, $e^{+}e^{-}$ production      251
$\psi$ meson, $\phi$ comparison      357
$\psi$ meson, colour      166167
$\psi$ meson, decay theory      354364
$\psi$ meson, glueball      428
$\psi$ meson, leptonic width      251 348 355358 428
$\psi$ meson, radiative decays      54
$\psi'$      251 254 348349 351
$\psi'$, $\chi$ production      364370 373
$\psi''$      349350
$\Sigma, \Sigma^{*}, \Lambda$ masses      388395 424
$\sigma_{S} / \sigma_{T}$, quark-parton model      184185 188189 221222 285286
$\sigma_{S} / \sigma_{T}$, spacelike      184185 188189
$\sigma_{S} / \sigma_{T}$, timelike      285286 289293
$^{3}P_0$ model      102103 119125 155157
Active Quark      249 303
Additivity, quark electromagnetic transitions      143
Adler sum rule      235
Adler Weisberger sum rule      105
Angular distributions in $e^{+} e^{-}$ annihilation      281290
Angular distributions in lepton scattering      175 177 180 188189
Angular distributions in neutrino interactions      237 240241
Angular distributions, $\psi'$ decay      366369
Anomalous magnetic moment, light quark      176 186 392 416418
Anomalous magnetic moment, massive quark      126 128 417
Anomalous magnetic moment, proton      176177 418
Antiparticles, SU(2) transformation      28
Antiquarks      11 38 5459
Antiquarks, in SU(2)      2628 54
Antisymmetric representation      40 45 46 58
Antisymmetric representation, SU(4)      379380 383
Antisymmetric representation, SU(6)      56 6061
Antisymmetric wavefunctions, colour      338339
asymptotic freedom      217221 255 344 351 357 407 409410 448 451
Automodelity      316 (see also Counting rules)
Axial charge, Melosh transformation      114
b quark      444 447448
Bad operators      206 (see also Good operators)
Bag      see MIT bag
Bar magnet, Zweig rule analogy      74
Baryon number, of q and q      38
Baryons      5 7
Baryons, colour      338339
Baryons, decuplet      19
Baryons, qqq orbital excitations      8086
Baryons, qqq states      3940 339
Baryons, SU(6)      5962
Bethe Salpeter model      157158
Bjorken sum rule      298301
Bogoliubov model      420
Boosts, configuration mixing      105 106 117119 143144
Boundary conditions, MIT bag      412413 422 426
Breit frame      190 267268 297
Cabibbo angle      233 245 255257 261 332333 336 381384 444
Callan and Gross relation      188 236
Casimir operators, magnitudes in SU(3)      35
Casimir operators, SU(2)      2425
Casimir operators, SU(3)      3236 9091 341 346
Cat's ears diagram      209210
Centre of mass motion      82
Charge      see also Quark charges
Charge conjugation      27 111
Charge conjugation, fragmentation functions      268
Charge conjugation, of $q\bar{q}$ system      8687
Charge operator, matrix elements      63 6566
Charge, baryon number      25
Charge, isospin breaking      18
Charm      348385 (see also GIM current Charmed Charmonium)
Charm in Weinberg Salam model      332
Charm, baryons      378381 391 393394 404405
Charm, mesons      377385 398399 401402
Charm, mesons, semileptonic branch ratio      255 339
Charm, mesons, SU(4)      376381
Charm, mesons, weak decays      381385
Charm, production      254259 279
Charm, SU(4) eigenvalue      37
Charmed quark      5 331332 336 339 348385
Charmed quark and strange quark connection      255256
Charmed quark in sea      196
Charmed quark, $\lambda_{15}$ in SU(4)      37
Charmed quark, effective mass      393
Charmed quark, magnetic moment      68 391394 398399
Charmonium      331 348378
Charmonium, $c\bar{c}$ in $\eta$, $\eta'$      79 351 354
Charmonium, $\chi$ decays      358360 364367
Charmonium, $\eta_{c}$      356358 361363
Charmonium, axial decays      359360 367
Charmonium, ideal mixing, vectors      79
Charmonium, potential      370376
Classification, baryons      83 8586
Classification, mesons      87 349 384385 432
Clebsch Gordan coefficients, SU(2)      41 43
Coherent scattering      194 317
Collinear (decay) processes, SU(6)w      99
Colour      9 159168 337347 443 Charmonium Gluons Han Quantum
Colour in $e^{+}e^{-}$ annihilation      165167 254255 337
Colour in Drell Yan process      321322 338
Colour magnetic field      421422 425
Colour, $\pi^{0} \rightarrow \gamma\gamma$ decay      162 337338
Colour, bibliography      450
Colour, confinement      342344 426
Colour, evidence summary      337340
Colour, grand unification      443448
Colour, hyperfine splitting      344347 386399 404 421425
Colour, octets      165167
Colour, Pauli statistics      338339
Colour, quark charges      443
Colour, recoupling      440441
Colour, saturation of quark forces      340343 426
Colour, singlets      165167 340344 426 428 430431
Colour, symmetry      163167
Commutation relations, SU(2)      2325 334
Commutation relations, SU(3)      32
Compton amplitudes      296
Configuration mixing      143144 (see also Melosh transformation)
confinement      8 337 410428
Conjugate representation      2628 4750
Connected diagrams      see Zweig rule
Constituent Interchange Model (CIM)      326327
Constituent quarks      107
Contact interaction      89 (see also Hyperfine splitting Fermi
Convection current      132 141
Coulomb potential      7 360361 370371 410 Electromagnetic
Coulomb scattering      175176 188189
Counting rules      248250 314319
Coupling constant      see Asymptotic freedom Gluons
Covariant norm      97
CP violation      443444
Cross-sections, $AB \rightarrow CD$      314
Cross-sections, $AB \rightarrow CX$      310
Cross-sections, $AB \rightarrow \mu\bar{\mu}$      320323
Cross-sections, $ep \rightarrow eh +...$      269
Cross-sections, $e\mu \rightarrow e\mu$      174176 186 312
Cross-sections, $e^{+}e^{-} \rightarrow AB$      283
Cross-sections, $e^{+}e^{-} \rightarrow AB$, $h + ...$      268 277 283 286290
Cross-sections, $e^{+}e^{-} \rightarrow AB$, $p\bar{p}$      252 283285
Cross-sections, $e^{+}e^{-} \rightarrow AB$, $\gamma\chi$      367368
Cross-sections, $e^{+}e^{-} \rightarrow AB$, $\mu^{+}\mu^{-}$      252 284285 312
Cross-sections, $e^{+}e^{-} \rightarrow AB$, $\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$      253 283 285286
Cross-sections, $\nu p \rightarrow \mu + ...$      236239 244 260
Cross-sections, $\nu p \rightarrow \mu h + ...$      269
Cross-sections, counting rules      314
Cross-sections, ep, polarised      295297
Cross-sections, ep, unpolarised      177180 187189 208 236 317
Cross-sections, photoabsorption      180181 221222 296
Cross-sections, W-absorption      238
Cryptoexotic mesons      see $qq\bar{q}\bar{q}$
Csi $(\Xi, \Xi^{*})$      394395 403404
Current algebra      104106
Current matrix elements, single quark      143
Current mixing      145
Current quark      107
Current quark, $SU(3) \times SU(3)$      111
Current quark, electromagnetic nonrelativistic reduction      116
Current quark, meson representations      112
Current quark, nucleon representations      109 112113 118
Current-constituent quarks      see also Current quark
Current-constituent quarks, electromagnetic interaction      143145
Decay vertices, symmetries      93125
Deep inelastic scattering      178185 (see also Electron scattering Neutrino Partons Quasi-elastic Scaling Scaling Structure
Delta ($\Delta$)      8 95 100 130 387388
Deuteron      341
Dimuons      256257
Dipole, operator      114
diquark      85 303
Dirac equation in cavity      411414
Disconnected diagrams      see Zweig rule
Distribution functions      see Fragmentation functions Partons Structure
Down quark      5 6 GIM Valence
Down quark in MIT bag      411428
Down quark, effective mass      392
Down quark, momentum distribution      246256
Drell Yan process      320326 338
Drell Yan West relation      206208
Duality, diagrams      101
Duality, diagrams, unitarisation      75
Duality, diagrams, valence-sea      227 235 246
effective mass      343 387396 411421
Elastic scattering      192195 223226 Electron Form Large Impulse Quasi-elastic
Electric dipole transitions      366 368369
Electric quadrupole, $\gammaP \rightarrow \Delta$      130
Electromagnetic interactions      see also Electron-positron annihilation Electron
Electromagnetic interactions in explicit quark models      126168
Electromagnetic interactions, breaking isospin      18
Electromagnetic interactions, pseudoscalar mesons      6970
Electromagnetic interactions, quark      126
Electromagnetic interactions, vector mesons      6470 251
Electromagnetic mass shift      70 387 396 400405
Electromagnetic mass shift, baryons      402405
Electromagnetic mass shift, mesons      400402
Electron scattering      172198 226233 273277 294305 451
Electron scattering, charm production      258259
Electron scattering, cross-section definition      172
Electron scattering, from muon      173176 185186 189 312 314
Electron scattering, from muon, counting rules      314
Electron scattering, from muon, cross-section      174175 186 312 314
Electron scattering, from muon, helicity conservation      189
Electron scattering, from muon, Mott cross-section      175
Electron scattering, from muon, stu formalism      185186 189 312 314
Electron scattering, from nucleus      193195 223226
Electron scattering, from nucleus, scaling      223226
Electron scattering, from proton      see also Form factor Inclusive Structure
Electron scattering, from proton, counting rules      314 317
Electron scattering, from proton, elastic      177178 208 314 317
Electron scattering, from proton, inelastic      178182 187 208 226233 294306 317
Electron scattering, from proton, nuclear partons      193
Electron scattering, from proton, polarised      294306
Electron scattering, from proton, size and nuclear scaling violation      193195 223225
Electron scattering, from Quark      187
Electron scattering, heuristic approach      188189
Electron scattering, inelastic      178185 187189 192195 208 226233
Electron scattering, kinematics      172181
Electron scattering, stu formalism      185189
Electron-positron annihilation      250255 277293 451
Electron-positron annihilation, $e^{+}e^{-} \rightarrow \mu^{+}\mu^{-}$      312
Electron-positron annihilation, $\sigma_{S} / \sigma_{T}$      285286 289293
Electron-positron annihilation, angular distribution      281290
Electron-positron annihilation, charm production      254 279 286
Electron-positron annihilation, colour      165167 337
Electron-positron annihilation, exclusive      283286
Electron-positron annihilation, inclusive      268 277293
Electron-positron annihilation, massive quark model      212213
Electron-positron annihilation, polarisation      286290
Electroproduction, helicity structure      140 294305
Elementary particle, counting rules      316
Equivalent representations      28
Eta ($\eta$), $c\bar{c}$ content      79 351 354 409
Eta ($\eta$), mixing with $\eta'$      6970 78 408409
Euler angles      444 (see also Cabibbo angle)
Exotic mesons      8687 (see also $qq\bar{q}\bar{q}$ mesons)
Fermi Breit Hamiltonian      89 91 370 396397 423
Final state interactions      190 293
Fine structure      386
Fixed angle scattering      313317 326327
FKR quark model, nonrelativistic comparison      153
Flavour      5
Flavour, $qq\bar{q}\bar{q}$ multiplet      433
Flavour, asymptotic freedom of $\alpha_{s}$      218
Flavour, isospin doublet      38
Flavour, q and lepton unity      442448
Foldy Wouthuysen transformation      108109
form factors      see also Structure functions
Form factors, $F_{1,2}(x)$      188
Form factors, $G_{E,M}$      177178 223 252 284285
Form factors, $W_{1}$, $\nu W_{2}$      179 188
Form factors, counting rules      249 313314
Form factors, Dirac      176177 285
Form factors, Drell Yan West relation      206208
Form factors, e+e annihilation      252253 284286
Form factors, elastic proton      177
Form factors, in OFPT      202205
Form factors, parton model      202205
Form factors, Pauli      176177 285
Form factors, pion      253 285 312
Form factors, scaling violation      192195 223225 251253 313
Fragmentation      266267 276
Fragmentation, fragmentation functions      267273 276281 305 308 310
Free quarks      190 226
Fujimura model      153155 (see also Relativistic quark models)
Fundamental representation      18 21 30 5253 377
Fundamental representation, transformation under rotations      22 27
Fundamental representation, Young diagrams      47
G-Parity      27 5659 65
Gauge bosons      237 332337
Gauge bosons, of grand unified theory      446447
Gauss' theorem      426
Gell Mann Nishijima relation      38 336
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