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Spirer H.F., Spirer L., Jaffe A.J. — Misused Statistics
Spirer H.F., Spirer L., Jaffe A.J. — Misused Statistics



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Название: Misused Statistics

Авторы: Spirer H.F., Spirer L., Jaffe A.J.

Аннотация:

Revised and updated edition of a standard in the field. Alerts readers to the problems, inherent in statistical practice-illustrating the types of misused statistics with well-documented, real-world examples, nearly half new to this edition, drawn from a wide range of areas, including the media, public policy, polls and surveys, political elections and debates, advertising, science and health care, and business and economics.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Математика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Издание: 2nd edition, revised and expanded

Год издания: 1998

Количество страниц: 280

Добавлена в каталог: 11.12.2011

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Accuracy      166
Affirmative action      156 — 157
AIDS virus      201
Aikens, C. Melvin      184
America Online      169 — 170
American Indians      see Native Americans
American Statistical Association      177
American Velvet Company      194 — 195
Arrest statistics      60 — 61
Association confused with causation      106 142
Astronomical measurements      57
Athens, plague of      199
Bailar, Barbara      237
Bangladesh      240
Basic data      55
Basic data, bias      16
Basic data, blatant flaws      15
Basic data, invalid      15
Behuniak, Peter      204
Bias      151 165
Bias crimes      63
Bias, cultural      52
Bias, interviewer      173
Bias, sponsor      174 — 175
Bias, wording      174
Birthrate, developing nations      68 — 69
Birthrate, teenage      207
Brass, W.      184
Brazil      9 68
Breast cancer risk      197 — 198
Cannell, John Jacob      204
Causation      106
Census      64 148
Census, ancient      1
Central tendency      99
Childhood cruelty      141
City of New York, child care centers      23
City of New York, rating of streets      58
Cleveland, William S.      76
Coefficient of determination      122 124
Comparable worth      193
Confidence interval      168 172
Confidence level      167 172
Conjoint Analysis      190
Consumer Price Index      3 78 81 88
Controlled experiment      142
Correlation coefficient      105 119
Crimean war      3
Current Population Survey      151
Data, deliberate suppression of      25 — 26
Data, guesses      57
Data, mythical number      56
Dawes, Robyn      196
Death rates      184
Defense expenditures      198
Definition      130 — 135
Definition, change in      28 41 48
Definition, comparability      39
Definition, crime      38
Definition, race      39 — 41
Deflated dollars      46 88 90
Deming, W. Edwards      34 144
Discrimination against women      182 — 183
Discrimination against women faculty      186
Divorce no-fault      214
Divorce rate      48 — 49
Dreyer, Nancy      222
Drug use      70
Ectoplastistics      14
Ectoplastistics, asbestos damages      222
Ectoplastistics, defined      211
Ectoplastistics, estimates      216
Ectoplastistics, refugee counts      223
Education, national testing      203 — 204
Egypt      68
Employment      132
Eugenics      9
Experiment      16 124
Explanatory variable      120
Family Income      170 — 171
Farber, Henry      200
Favazza, Armando      205
Federal judges, female      29
Feldstein, Martin S.      103 104
Felthaus, Dr. Alan      141
Forecasting      71 — 72 109
Franklin, Benjamin      18
Galantner, Marc      219
Gould, Stephen Jay      9
Governmental misuses of statistics, Britain      230 — 231
Governmental misuses of statistics, China      241 — 242
Governmental misuses of statistics, Ethiopia      231
Governmental misuses of statistics, Pakistan      240
Governmental misuses of statistics, Sudan      231
Governmental misuses of statistics, United States      229 — 230 235 236 239
Governmental misuses of statistics, United States, WIC Program      233
Governmental misuses of statistics, USSR      232
Graduate Management Admissions Test (GMAT)      115 — 119
Graduate Records Examination (GRE)      115
Guesses      57
Gunn, Joel      183
Herrenstein, Richard J.      9 10
Home prices      76 84
Homelessness      9 16
Illegal aliens      58 — 59
Illegitimacy rate      206
Immigrants      65 — 66
Inca civilization, use of statistics by      227 228
India, food supply of      135 — 137
Intelligence Quotient (IQ)      9 10 52
jargon      208
Kagay, Michael      174
Kami, Edi      182
Kellert, Dr. Stephen      141
Kerridge, David      194
Labor force, definition of      133 — 135
Land mines, Cambodia      5
Leading questions      152 178
LISREL®      191
Literary Digest      157 — 158
Lobbyists      216
Logarithmic scale, use of      78
Lott, John R.      174
MacNeal, Edward      201
Margin of error      167 169
Marriage crunch      234
Mean      20 99 203
Media      7
Median      20 205
Megamisuse      7
Methodology      20
Misinterpretation      179
Misinterpretation of findings      18
Misinterpretation of findings, achievement tests      19
Misuses of statistics, blatant misinterpretation      138
Misuses of statistics, by governments      229
Misuses of statistics, categories of      13
Misuses of statistics, conflicting numbers      136 137
Misuses of statistics, definition      1 217
Misuses of statistics, deliberate      4
Misuses of statistics, faulty interpretation      7
Misuses of statistics, flawed basic data      7
Misuses of statistics, incomprehensibility      93
Misuses of statistics, incorrect methodology      7
Misuses of statistics, lack of knowledge      7
Misuses of statistics, lack of source      58 — 60
Misuses of statistics, misclassification      62
Misuses of statistics, miscounting      60
Misuses of statistics, missing baseline      76
Misuses of statistics, missing zero      76
Misuses of statistics, percentages      200
Misuses of statistics, spurious precision      212
Misuses of statistics, twisting on the axis      78
Modem Maturity      159
Moorman, Jeanne      235
Morton, Samuel George      6 10 11
Moynihan, U.S. Sen. Daniel P.      104
Murray, Charles      9 10
Mycenaean civilization use of statistics by      228
Mythical number      see Data
National Assessment of Educational Progress      85
Native Americans      27 — 28 64
New York Times/CBS polls      176
Neyman, Jerzy      126
Nicaragua      68
Nielsen Media Research      169 — 170
Nightingale, Florence      3 4
Nonrespondent      161 178
Nonsampling errors      173 175
Null hypothesis      143
Ockham, William of      181
Ockham’s razor      181
Ogbum, William F.      243
p-value      144 — 146
Paired comparison preference test, beer brands      140
Parsimony, principle of      see Ockham’s razor
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC)      30
Personal bankruptcy      110
Peterson, Richard      215
Polling, political      8
Population Association of America      235
Poverty, definition of      130
Poverty, in Bangladesh      240
Poverty, index      43
Poverty, level      42
Poverty, line      42
Poverty, threshold      43 131
PRECISION      166 — 170
Precision, estimate of a mean      169
Precision, estimate of a proportion      167
Prosecutor’s fallacy      197
Puerto Rican immigrants      65 — 66
Questionnaires      23 63 70
R-squared      122
Racism      9
Reagan, President      10 11 139
Reeves, Richard      240
Refugees      5
Regression      21 108 110
Regression, multiple      186
Regression, stepwise multiple      188
Residual      121
Respondent, self-chosen      158 — 159
response rate      149 161 178
Responses, types of      153
Roosevelt, Franklin D.      157
Rush, David      233
Rwanda      223
Sample, random      23 — 24 169
Sample, size of      23 — 24 168 169
Sampling      2
Sampling error      24 165 170 177
Sampling, U.S. Census      15 237
Samuelson, Douglas A.      52 190
San Francisco Public Library      224
scatterplot      104 — 107
Scholastic Achievement Test (SAT)      19 115
Self-mutilation      205
Shalala, Donna E.      206
Shapiro, Barbara K.      182
Shays, U.S. Rep. Christopher      152 — 153
Significance, statistical      236
Singer, Max      217
Sleep deprivation      216
Social Security      21 30 103
Standard deviation      120
Standard error      168
Statistical Abstract of the U.S.      210
statistical significance      144
Surveys      147
Surveys, longitudinal      70
Surveys, sample      148
Surveys, size of      149
Surveys, verification      150
Telephone interviewing      160 162 176
The Bell Curve      9 10 52
Thinking about percentages      139
Thinking, common sense      206
Thinking, lack of      25
Thinking, statistical      194
Thomas, David H.      183
Thurber, James      216
Time series chart      85
Tufte, Edward      76
Tukey, John      75 106
U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs      65
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics      3 134 200 236
U.S. Bureau of the Census      2 20 58 65 134 162 235
U.S. Census      28 64 65 148
U.S. Census Bureau      see U.S. Bureau of the Census
U.S. Constitution      2
U.S. Department of Agriculture      62 233
Uncertainty      166
Underground economy      69
Unemployment      236
Unemployment rate      171
Unemployment rate, definition of      134
Unemployment rate, measurement of      151
Uniform Crime Reports      61
United Nations Demographic Yearbook      45
United Nations Statistical Yearbook      45
Variability      166
Variability, sample size      24
Variables, independent      187 — 188
Variance      120
Variance, explanation of      187 — 188
Verifiability of results      25
Violence against women      213
Wainer, Howard      76 85
Weitzman, Lenore      214
Wilson, Pete      172
World Health Organization      231
Yankelovich, Daniel      176
Zaire      223
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