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Norman G.R., Streiner D. Biostatistics: the bare essentials
Norman G.R., Streiner D.  Biostatistics: the bare essentials









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: Biostatistics: the bare essentials

: Norman G.R., Streiner D.

:

McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Reprint of the 1994 Decker original. Offers a witty, synopsis of biostatistics for the nonspecialist; i.e., a physician or researcher with no background in statistics. Includes short explanations of how to run specific functions using SPSS/PC, BMDP, and Minitab computer software.


: en

: Computer science//

:

ed2k: ed2k stats

: 1998

: 260

: 20.11.2005

: | | ID
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$2\times 2$ contingency table      151
$2\times 2$ contingency table, measures of association for      163166
Actuarial approach to survival analysis      184186
additive rule      3031
Adequacy, Kaiser Meyer Olkin Measure of Sampling      132133
Alpha in significance testing      44
Alternate hypothesis      40
AM      see Arithmetic mean
Analysis of covariance      120125
Analysis of variance      see ANOVA
Analysis, factor      see Factor analysis
Analysis, log-linear      157159
Analysis, survival      see Survival analysis
Ancova      see Analysis of covariance
Anomalous values      202204
ANOVA in multiple regression      109 110
ANOVA, advanced topics in      119128
ANOVA, factorial      see Factorial ANOVA
ANOVA, Friedman two-way      172173
ANOVA, one-way      see One-way ANOVA
ANOVA, repeated-measures      8896
Antiimage correlation matrix      132
Area of normal curve      27
Area of normal curve, table for      237239
Arithmetic mean      15
Arithmetic mean, uses of      21
Association for categorical data      163169
Association for ranked data      176181
Average      15
Bar charts      69
Bartlett test of sphericity      132
BDI      see Beck Depression Inventory
Beck Depression Inventory      25
Bell curve      19 23
Beta in multiple regression      113
Beta in significance testing      44
Between-subjects factor      91
Binomial distribution      3336
BMDP in ANCOVA      128
BMDP in ANOVA, factorial      8182
BMDP in ANOVA, one-way      72
BMDP in ANOVA, repeated-measures      95
BMDP in data analysis      13
BMDP in data description      22
BMDP in measures of association for categorical data      169
BMDP in measures of association for ranked data      181
BMDP in paired t-test      87
BMDP in principal components and factor analysis      142
BMDP in regression analysis, logistic      128
BMDP in regression analysis, multiple      118
BMDP in regression analysis, nonlinear      128
BMDP in regression analysis, simple      107
BMDP in significance testing for categorical frequency data      162
BMDP in significance testing for ranked data      175
BMDP in survival analysis      195
BMDP in t-test      63
Bonferroni correction in one-way ANOVA      67
Box plots      4849
Case-control study      150
Categorical data, measures of association for      163169
Categorical data, significance testing for      150162 (see also Significance testing)
Cattells scree test      134135
Central limit theorem      24
Central limit theorem in ANOVA      92
Central tendency, measures of      1516
Central tendency, measures of, uses of      2021
Chi-squared test      151153
Chi-squared test, critical values for      244
Chi-squared test, Mantel Cox      190191
Chi-squared test, Mantel Haenszel      156157
Chi-squared test, McNemar      155156
CHICC score      100
CI      see Confidence intervals
Clinical importance      48
Coefficient of determination      103104
Coefficient, beta      113
Coefficient, contingency      164
Coefficient, correlation      see Correlation coefficient
Coefficient, factor score      140141
Coefficient, phi      164
Coefficient, standardized regression      113
Coefficient, standardized regression in factor analysis      135
Cohens kappa      164166
Cohort study      150
Communality, term      131
Comparing two groups      5863
Computer      see BMDP Minitab SPSS/PC
Computer in factor analysis      140141
Computer in multiple regression      1 16
Conditional probability      3132
Conditional probability in survival analysis      186
confidence intervals      47
Confidence intervals in correlation      106
Contingency coefficient      164
Contingency table      151
Continuity, Yates correction for      153
Continuous data      3
Controlled trial, randomized      150
Correction, Bonferroni      67
Correction, Yates      153
Correlation coefficient      103104
Correlation coefficient in multiple regression      110
Correlation coefficient, interpretation of      104106
Correlation coefficient, Pearsons      104
Correlation coefficient, Pearsons, critical values for      245
Correlation in multiple regression      112
Correlation matrix in factor analysis      131133
Correlation, confidence intervals and significance tests in      106
Correlation, mean differences in      215
Correlation, point-biserial      177178
Correlation, Spearman rank      177
Covariance      104
Covariance in survival analysis      191193
Covariance, analysis of      120125
Cox proportional hazards model      191193
Cramers V      164
Critical values      50
Critical values for chi-squared test      244
Critical values for F test      246249
Critical values for Pearsons correlation coefficient      245
Critical values for t-test      241
Crossed factors in ANOVA      7980
Cubic, term      119
Cumulative frequency polygon      12
Cumulative probability      186
Curve, bell      19
Curve, normal      2628
Curve, normal, area of      237239
Curve, survival      186
DATA      613
Data in survival analysis      183184
Data, categorical      163169
Data, histogram and bar chart      69
Data, ordinal      8 17
Data, ranked      176181
Data, specific point of      14
Data, transforming      206210
Data, types of      34
Data, usefulness of      6
Database      see BMDP Minitab SPSS/PC
Database in multiple regression      116
Death probability      see Survival analysis
Deduction      205
Degrees of freedom      6566
Degrees of freedom in multiple regression      109
Dependent probability      3132
Dependent variable      3
Descriptive statistics      2 211212
Determination, coefficient ol      103104
Deviation, mean      18
Deviation, standard      see Standard deviation
Discrete data      3
Discrimination in point-biserial correlation      178
Dispersion, measures of      1619
Dispersion, measures of, uses of      202f
Distribution of variance      136
Distribution, binomial      3336
Distribution, Gaussian      23
Distribution, normal      see Normal distribution
Distribution, rectangular      24
Dot plots      7
effect size      51
Effect size in one-way ANOVA      70
Effect size in t-test      62
Eigenvalue one test      134
Empirically derived probability      2930
Equal sample sizes in t-test      5960
Error in repeated-measures ANOVA      90
error, random      38
ES      see Effect size
Eta in one-way ANOVA      70
Exclusive events, mutually      3031
Existential variables      4
Expansion binomial      3334
Exponential      193
F test in regression analysis      103
F test, critical values for      246249
F test, partial      112
F-ratio in multiple regression      109
F-ratio, distribution of      66
FA      see Factor analysis
Factor analysis      129142
Factor analysis, definitions in      130131
Factor analysis, factors in, extracting      133134
Factor analysis, factors in, retaining and discarding      134135
Factor analysis, factors in, rotating      135139
Factor analysis, interpretation of      139 140
Factor analysis, matrix in, correlation      131133
Factor analysis, matrix in, loading      135
Factor analysis, use of      140141
Factorial ANOVA      7382
Factorial ANOVA, crossed and nested factors in      7980
Factorial ANOVA, graphing data in      7679
Factorial ANOVA, mean differences in      2f5
Factorial ANOVA, random and fixed factors in      79
Factorial ANOVA, sample size calculations in      80
Factorial ANOVA, sums of squares and mean squares in      76
Factorials      3334
Factorials, complexity of      136
Far outliers in box plots      49
Fences in box plots      49
Fishers exact test      153155
Fixed factors in ANOVA      79
Freedom, degrees of      6566
Freedom, degrees of in multiple regression      109
Frequency polygon      1012
Frequency, significance testing for      see Significance testing
Friedman two-way ANOVA      172173
Gamblers fallacy      32
Gaussian distribution      23 (see also Normal distribution)
Geometric mean      21
GM      see Geometric mean
graphing      8
Graphing of ANOVA      7679
Group comparison      5863
Harmonic mean      61
Hazard, term      185
Hazards model, Cox proportional      191193
Hierarchical stepwise regression      113115
Homoscedasticity      92
Honestly significant difference      68
HSD      see Honestly significant difference
Hypothesis testing in correlation      106
Hypothesis testing in inferential statistics      40
Hypothesis testing, constructs in      130
Identity matrix in factor analysis      132
Imputing data      205206
Independent samples      32 212
Independent variable      3
Inferential statistics      2 3852
Inferential statistics, box plots in      4849
Inferential statistics, clinical importance in      48
Inferential statistics, concepts of      3839
Inferential statistics, confidence intervals in      47
Inferential statistics, elements of      40
Inferential statistics, errors in      4346
Inferential statistics, hypothesis testing in      40
Inferential statistics, one- and two-tail tests in      4647
Inferential statistics, populations in      39
Inferential statistics, samples in      39
Inferential statistics, samples in, estimation of      4951
Inferential statistics, signal-to-noise ratio in      4243
Inferential statistics, significance testing in      4f
Inferential statistics, standard deviation and error in      4041
Inferential statistics, statistical significance in      48
Inferential statistics, z-test in      4142
Inner fence in box plots      49
Interquartile range      1718
Interquartile range in box plots      49
Interquartile range, uses of      2021
Interval, confidence      47
Interval, confidence in correlation      106
Interval, variable of      45 211 212
Interval, variable of, graphing of      8
Interval, variable of, t-test and      5859
Interval, width of      8
IQR      see Interquartile range
Kaiser criterion      134
Kaiser Meyer Olkin measure of sampling adequacy      132133
Kaplan Meier approach to survival analysis      186187
Kappa, Cohens      164166
Kappa, weighted      166167
Kendalls tau      178179
Kendalls W      179180
KMO      see Kaiser Meyer Olkin measure of sampling adequacy
Kruskal Wallis one-way ANOVA      172
kurtosis      1920
Latent variables      129 130
Lawley test      134
Least significant difference      68
Least-squares analysis      102
Leptokurtic, term      19
Life table analysis      see Survival analysis
Line, regression      102
Log-linear analysis      157159
Log-rank test, Mantel Cox      190191
Logarithm in data transformation      209
Logistic regression      125126
LSD      see Least significant difference
Mann Whitney U test      171
Mantel Cox log-rank test      190191
Mantel Haenszel chi-squared test      156157
Marginals      31
Matched observations in significance testing      155156
Matrix, correlation      131133
Matrix, factor      135 140141
McNemar chi-squared test      155156
Mean      14 1516
Mean deviation      18
Mean in binomial distribution      35
Mean square in ANCOVA      122 123
Mean square in ANOVA, factorial      76
Mean square in ANOVA, one-way      66
Mean square in multiple regression      109
Mean survival      183
Mean, arithmetic      21
Mean, confidence interval around      47
Mean, difference among      215
Mean, geometric      21
Mean, harmonic      61
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