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Farrell P.M. Recursive Block Coding for Image Data Compression
Farrell P.M.  Recursive Block Coding for Image Data Compression









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: Recursive Block Coding for Image Data Compression

: Farrell P.M.

:

Develops a new image data compression technique, namely recursive block coding, that has its roots in non-causal models for 1d and 2d signals. The underlying theoretical basis provides a multitude of compression algorithms that encompass two source coding, transform coding, quad tree coding, hybrid coding and so on.


: en

: Computer science/ /

:

ed2k: ed2k stats

: 1990

: 297

: 16.11.2005

: | | ID
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1d model bit allocation algorithm      77
1d model coding results      108124
1d model hybrid predictive/transform coding      137146
1d model rate distortion analysis      7376
1d model RBC algorithm      1921
1d model simplified algorithm      25
1d model, boundary response for      2129 241
1d model, derivation of      1619
1d model, DST for      2829
1d model, normalized variance for      263267
1d model, variance reduction for      8891 265266
2d model alternative algorithm      42 44
2d model boundary response      3435 3742 241
2d model coding results      123137
2d model DCT design      123124
2d model noncausal image models      3134
2d model rate distortion analysis      7680
2d model RBC algorithm      3537
2d model two source decomposition      33
2d model, bit allocation for      8182 124 125 126 129
2d model, minimum variance models      30
2d model, NCI model and      32
2d model, variance reduction for      9193
Ac energy      163165 166 187 188
Adams, W.C.      63
Adaptive coding class rate allocation      160 163166
Adaptive coding future work      188189
Adaptive coding individual image designs      177
Adaptive coding of quad tree segmentation      198203
Adaptive coding variable rate scheme      155
Adaptive coding, adaptive DCT      156166
Adaptive coding, adaptive RBC      166175
Adaptive coding, adaptive segmentation      191192 198203
Adaptive coding, bit allocations for      186187
Adaptive coding, coding parameters      269282
Adaptive coding, coding results      163 175186
Adaptive coding, threshold coding      155156 247
Adaptive coding, zonal coding and      146
Aerial image      see Image ensemble
Airplane image      176; see also Image ensemble
Artifacts      see Distortion Tile effect
Autocorrelation function      4 51
Autoregressive (AR) models      1013
Autoregressive moving average (ARMA)      31
Baboon image      176
Baboon image interpolating functions      48 51
Baboon image MSE results      113114
Baboon image residual coefficients      4446; see also Image ensemble
Bandwidth reduction      9394 108
Basis vectors      29 213214
Bentley, J.L.      232
Bilinear interpolation      204205 220 234
Bilinear patches      46
Bit allocation      5865
Bit allocation 1d algorithm      77
Bit allocation 2d algorithm      8182
Bit allocation 2d DCT coding      124 125 126
Bit allocation adaptive coding      155 160 163166
Bit allocation adaptive RBC      173 186
Bit allocation choice of transform      5358
Bit allocation color coding      8394
Bit allocation component distortions      8084
Bit allocation distortion minimization scheme      8084
Bit allocation for hybrid coding      139143 146
Bit allocation for zero level quantizer      220221
Bit allocation image ensemble scheme      8488
Bit allocation integral constraint      6567 242 243
Bit allocation piecewise exponential approximation      6265
Bit allocation rate distortion functions      5861 7172
Bit allocation, approximations for      6165
Bit allocation, boundary breakthrough and      111
Bit allocation, closed form for      242 243
Bit allocation, derivation of algorithm      75 7980
Bit allocation, normalized variances and      86 111
Bit allocation, optimal      59
Bit allocation, segmentation threshold and      217
Bit allocation, zonal coding and      95
Block classification scheme      155166
Block distortion      8084; see also Distortion Tile
Blurring      108 186
Boundary distortion, boundary breakthrough      83 111 125 215
Boundary distortion, core distortion and      76 82
Boundary distortion, weighting function for      7475 7879;
Boundary overshoot      144145
Boundary residual 2d RBC      3435 3742
Boundary residual coefficients      4446
Boundary residual, VQ and      234
Boundary response alternative 2d algorithm      42 44
Boundary response corner response      42 46 76 79 124125 234
Boundary response for 1st-order AR      2129
Boundary response for 1st-order Markov sequence      241
Boundary response image reconstruction      203206
Boundary response interpolating functions      4648
Boundary response partial differential equations      252
Boundary response RBC rate distortion      7284
Boundary response, spatial domain      2325 3742
Boundary response, transform domain      2223 3435
Boundary response, two source decomposition      6
Boundary response, varying block size and      213
Boundary variance, residual variance and      8889
Buildings image      168; see also Image ensemble
Buzo, A.      228
C shell      97 100102
Causality, autoregressive models and      10 1316
Centroids      232
Charge couple device (CCD)      1
Chen, W.H.      57 71 156 187
Chrominance      97 100
Clustering methods      232
Codebook, design of      228230
Codebook, for vector quantization      4 225226
Codebook, transform domain and      227
Codebook, tree codebook      232
Codebook, vector dimension and      236
CODELIST      101102
Coding of quad tree segmentation      198203 211218
Coding recommendations for RBC      242243
Coding VQ performance considerations      231233; see also Transform coding Specific problems
Coefficient variances, adaptive coding      158163; see also Variance
color coding      9394 97 100 243
Computer system, for algorithm simulations      97102
Coon's patches      4648
Core distortion      82
Core residual      76 124125 234
Corner points, adaptive RBC and      166 168 173
Corner points, boundary breakthrough and      125
Corner points, quad tree segmentation and      198 200 203
Corner points, unequal block sizes and      211
Corner points, VQ and      235
Corner response      42 46 76 79 124125 234
Correlation coefficient hybrid predictive/transform coding      138139
Correlation coefficient image ensemble grouping      108110
Correlation coefficient, normalized variance distribution and      263
Correlation coefficient, variance reduction ratio and      265266
Couple image      see Image ensemble
Covariance      1415 31 138
Cox, R.V.      156
Data compression, need for      14
dc coefficient, 2d DCT design      123
dc coefficient, adaptive coding and      160 162
dc coefficient, Gaussian model for      57
DCT      see Discrete cosine transform
DESIGNLIST      101102
Deterministic modeling      910
Difference equations      23 250252
Differential equations      23 249250
Differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), differential VQ and      234
Differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), hybrid coding and      4 137
Differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), slope overload and      143144
Differential VQ      233234
Digitization      1
Discrete cosine transform (DCT)      3
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) 1d coding results      111123
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) adaptive coding      156166 177186 269282
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) adjacent block correlation      51
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) coefficient models      57
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) correlation coefficients      139
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) for quad tree residual      211217
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) hybrid design      142
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) image ensemble scheme      8488 110113
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) KLT approximation      57
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) normalized variances      110113 266267
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) quantizer design      5357
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) RBC complexity vs.      241
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) residual rd function      211213
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) subjective quality      114 121
Discrete cosine transform (DCT) tile effect      114 123 128
Discrete cosine transform (DCT), varying block size and      215
Discrete cosine transform (DCT), VQ vs.      237
Discrete Fourier Transform      3
Discrete sine transform (DST)      3 257262
Discrete sine transform (DST) 1st-order Markov residual      28
Discrete sine transform (DST) average residual variance      90
Discrete sine transform (DST) harmonic decay      3839
Discrete sine transform (DST), 1d boundary response and      22
Discrete sine transform (DST), adaptive RBC and      166175
Discrete sine transform (DST), defined      257
Discrete sine transform (DST), varying block size and      213215
Discrete sine transform (DST), VQ and      235
Distortion boundary breakthrough      83 111 125 215
Distortion fidelity criterion      55
Distortion hybrid predictive/transform coding      140
Distortion image quality measures      102104
Distortion transform optimization      5556
Distortion, adaptive RBC and      186
Distortion, component distortions      82
Distortion, h-plots      104108
Distortion, rate distortion functions      5861
Distortion, RBC minimization scheme      8084
Distortion, variable block size and      214217; see also Boundary distortion Rate Residual Tile Specific parameters
DPCM      see Differential pulse code modulation
DST      see Discrete sine transform
Edge pixels, VQ and      233234; see also Boundary response
Equitz, W.H.      232
Fast KLT coding      28 57
Fault lines      52
Fidelity criterion      55
Filter order      12
Filter, h-plots and      108
First-order autoregression      13 2129
Fourier series, 2d minimum variance model      30
Gaussian model      57 187
Generalized Lloyd algorithm      228
Gersho, A.      233
Gibson, J.D.      57
Giesler, C.E.      63
Glisson, T.H.      63
Granularity, zero level quantizers and      242 243
Gray, R.M.      228
Haar transform      3 211212
Hang, H.M.      236
Harmonic decay      3839
Hartley residual rd function      211213
Haskell, B.G.      236
Helmholtz equation      252
Hosaka Plots (h-plots)      104108 111112 128
Huang, J.J.Y.      61 56
Human visual system, MSE design modification      188
Hybrid predictive/transform coding      4 137146
Hyperbolic sine      23 3839 241 260
Image classification, adaptive coding and      155166
Image ensemble      9697
Image ensemble 1d coding results      113120 121123
Image ensemble 2d coding results      134137
Image ensemble adaptive coding      158163 176186
Image ensemble adaptive DCT      166 176
Image ensemble adaptive RBC      168173 174
Image ensemble average ac energy      164
Image ensemble average residual energy      170
Image ensemble class transition thresholds      158 169
Image ensemble coding difficulty      109
Image ensemble color test images      100
Image ensemble hybrid coding      141146 151154
Image ensemble monochrome test images      97
Image ensemble prediction variance reduction ratios      93
Image ensemble quad tree segmentation results      206208 219224
Image ensemble RBC coding results      108124
Image ensemble row by row differences      141
Image ensemble segmentation threshold performances      218
Image ensemble, bit allocations      111 166 174
Image ensemble, coding results for      243247
Image ensemble, design of      8488
Image ensemble, quantizer design and      9697
Image ensemble, variances for      128
Image ensemble, VQ and      238 239
Image processing, simulation facilities      97102
Image quality measures      102104
Image variance      see Variance
Integer bit allocation      6567 242 243
Interblock redundancy      51 242
Interpolator      25 4448 51 204205 220 234
Jain, A.K.      5 63 156
K-means algorithm      232
Karhunen Loeve Transform (KLT)      3 4
Karhunen Loeve Transform (KLT), 1d algorithm and      19
Karhunen Loeve Transform (KLT), 1st-order Markov process      28
Karhunen Loeve Transform (KLT), fast KLT coding      28 57
Karhunen Loeve Transform (KLT), optimal approximation of      53 57
Karhunen Loeve Transform (KLT), tile effect and      5
Karhunen Loeve Transform (KLT), transform optimization and      56
Karhunen Loeve Transform (KLT), VQ and      235
Kurtenbach, A.J.      62
LANDSAT      2
Laplacian model      57 63 65 188
LBG algorithm      228230 232233
Lenna image 1d DCT bit allocation      69
Lenna image residual coefficients      4446
Lenna image residual rd function      211; see also Image ensemble
Lenna image, coding results for      245
Lenna image, interpolating functions and      48 51
Lim, J.S.      5
Linde, Y.      228
Linear interpolator      25 204205 220 234
Lloyd Max quantizers      56 242
Lloyd Max quantizers bit allocation      7172
Lloyd Max quantizers for Laplacian source      63 65
Lloyd Max quantizers pdf      57
Lloyd Max quantizers tiffany image      119120
Lloyd Max quantizers, adaptive coding and      187
Lloyd Max quantizers, normalized variances and      8687
Lloyd, S.P.      56
Lookabaugh, T.      229
Lossless compression      2
Luminance      5 93 97 100
Lynda image      see Image ensemble
Marr, D.      247
Max, J.      56
Mean residual energy (MSE)      102104 113114
Mean residual energy (MSE) 1d coding results      113 120 123
Mean residual energy (MSE) 2d coding results      134137
Mean residual energy (MSE) for adaptive coding      184 188
Mean residual energy (MSE) for VQ      239
Mean residual energy (MSE) hybrid predictive/transform coding      138
Mean residual energy (MSE) normalized image variance      103
Mean residual energy (MSE), bicubic patches and      48
Mean residual energy (MSE), boundary breakthrough and      125
Mean residual energy (MSE), hybrid RBC and      143 153 154
Mean residual energy (MSE), quad tree coding and      195196 208 223
Mean residual energy (MSE), slope overload and      143144
Meiri, A.Z.      5 6 48
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