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Hernandez D. — Qualitative Representation of Spatial Knowledge
Hernandez D. — Qualitative Representation of Spatial Knowledge

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Название: Qualitative Representation of Spatial Knowledge

Автор: Hernandez D.

Аннотация:

This book develops, for the first time, a qualitative model for the representation of spatial knowledge based only on locative relations between the objects involved.
The core of this book is devoted to the study of qualitative inference methods that take into account the rich structure of space. These methods can be applied to quite a number of areas characterized by uncertain or incomplete knowledge, as for example geographic information systems, robot control, computer-aided architectural design, and natural language information systems.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Computer science/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1994

Количество страниц: 202

Добавлена в каталог: 05.12.2010

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$left-back_2$      40
$left-back_3$      40
$left-front_2$      40
$left-front_3$      40
$left_1$      40
$left_2$      40
$left_3$      40
A-neighborhood      131
A-percept      (see Analogic percept)
Absolute space representation      107
Abstract maps      76—80 102 150
Acceptance area      46 46—51 87 119 121
Acceptance area, heterogeneous non-overlapping      49—51
Add      84 89
AddtoNet      95
adjacency      11
Adjacency, information      135
Adjacency, physical      81
Agenda      88
Analog      20
Analogic percept      143
Analogical data structures      154
Analogical representation      (see Representation analogical)
And orientation      43
applications      105—115
Arc consistency      (see Consistency arc)
Area      30
Arrangement      29 29—33
ASR      (see absolute space representation)
ASSIGN — TENTATIVE — STATUS      98
Associational structure      152
Assumption      9
ATMS      (see Truth maintenance system assumption-based)
Attachment surfaces      122
Axis shape      122
B-neighborhood      131
Back      2 40
Backi      40
Backjumping      74
Backmarking      74
Backs      40
Backtrack-free search      73
Bit-string      81
C-neighborhood      131
Cardinal directions      138
Cartesian coordinate system      (see Coordinate system Cartesian)
Cartesian tuples of relations      (see Relations Cartesian
Cell matrices      146
Center of gravity      118
Checking consistency      80
Checking consistency, data structures      81—83
Checking consistency, links      82
Checking consistency, nodes      82
Checking consistency, path finding      80 130
Chose reelle      18
Circular dependency      96
cleanup      95
Close proximity      47
Close to      120
Closure computation      83—87
Coarse reasoning      102—103
Cognition, computational models      153
Cognitive map      107—112 143—145 154
Cognitive map, hierarchy of descriptions      143
Cognitive map, raw      107 145
Cognitive requirements      153
Collinear      6 40
Collinearity      40
Collision parallelogram      133
combine      91
Commonsense, inference      150
Comparable nodes      87
Comparatives      10
Comparing magnitudes      119 121
Completeness      140
Composition of orientation relations      (see Relations orientation composition)
Composition of relations      (see Relations composition)
Composition of topological relations      (see Relations topological composition)
Composition of topological/orientation pairs      (see Relations topological/orientation composition)
Composition tables      68 81 155—165
Computational geometry      146
ComputeClosure      84
ComputeEffects      89
Concept formation      18
Configuration      32
Conflict set      74
Connection      137 139
Connectivity      111
Consistency      15
Consistency improvement      71—74
Consistency improvement, forward checking      74
Consistency improvement, generate-and-test approach      71
Consistency improvement, heuristics      74—75
Consistency improvement, hybrid algorithms      73—74
Consistency improvement, look-ahead algorithms      73
Consistency improvement, look-back algorithms      74
Consistency, adaptive      73
Consistency, arc      72
Consistency, k-      72
Consistency, node      72
Consistency, object      123
Consistency, path      72
Consistency, strong      3—72
Consistency, strong k      72
Constraint      70
Constraint network      80
Constraint propagation      72 71—73 83—91 130 150 154
Constraint reasoning      69—75
constraint relaxation      91 99 99—102 150 154
Constraint relaxation, additional knowledge      102
Constraint relaxation, structured      100—102
Constraint satisfaction problem      70 70—75 154
Constraint satisfaction, backtracking algorithm      71
Constraint, explicit      72
Constraint, implicit      72
Constraint, metric      135
Constraint, topological      135
Constraint, uninformed withdrawal      100
Constraint, universal      72
Constraint, weakened      100
Contact, cover      123
Contact, information      123
Contact, inverse      127
Contact, multiple      127
Contact, simple      123
Containment at border      36
context      9 113 121
Continuity      11
Contradiction      83
Convex      (see Objects convex)
Convex polygon      135
Convex-hull      137
Coordinate system, cartesian      25
Coordinate system, polar      132
Corner orientations      88
Cross-section, shape      122
Cross-section, sweep      122
CSP      (see Constraint satisfaction problem)
Cutting mechanism      147
CYCORD      (see Relations cyclic
Database theory      146
Database, pictorial      147
Database, relational      146
DD — ERASE      96
DD — INSTALL      95
Declarative representation      (see Representation declarative)
Declarative/procedural distinction      20
Default reasoning      9
Degree of coarseness      87
Deictic      (see Reference frame deictic)
Deixis system, primary      29
Deixis system, secondary      29
Delineative rectangle      27 122
Dependency, information, recording      95
Dependency, network      92
Dependency-directed backtracking      74
Depiction      141
Depiction, axioms      141
Design requirements      135
Dex-relation      45
Diagnostic-search      135
Diagrammatical      (see Representation)
Diagrammatical, differences      120
DIMENSION      18
Dimension, nominal      18
Dimension, ordinal      18
Dimension, preference      134
Direction relations      147
Direction systems      138
Direction-nemes      117
Discrete rotation      133
Distance      121 138
Distance, between orientations      43
Distance, mathematical concept      121
Distance, ruled out      33
doc      (see Degree of coarseness)
DOCREC system      133
Document layout      40 133
Domain structure      61
DPS system      135
Dual-coding hypothesis      80
Duration      119 130
Emergent properties      21
Envisionment      82 105
Episode      7
Erase      96 98
Euclidean geometry      1 153
Explicit      (see Reference frame explicit)
Extension, positive      11
Extensions, of basic model      117—128
Extrinsic      (see Reference frame extrinsic)
fixed-point      (see relations composition fixed-point)
Flush translation operator      119 133
FOG system      120
Form primitives      122
Forward-checking      (see Constraint satisfaction)
Frame problem      15
Front/back distinction      41
functional decomposition      81
Functionality      113
Functionality, Punt’s retina      111
Furniture layout      135
Fuzz constriction      144
Fuzzboxes      144
Fuzzes      144
Fuzzy map      144
Fuzzy sets      134
Garbage collection      95
Generalized Cylinders      122
Geo-relational algebra      146
Geometric data types      146
Global network      81
Granularity      8 10 139
Granularity, levels of      38
Graph search      151
Gravitation      118
Hierarchical decomposition      81
Hierarchical organization      102—103
history      105
Homogeneity      11
Hybrid system      145
Hybrid system, depictorial component      146
Hybrid system, propositional component      146
Hybrid system, propositional/depictorial      82
H_CONTACT      135
Iconic index      147
Iconic notation      64
Ideal meaning      145
Identification      9
Identity      11
Image Representational System      143
Image Symbol Structures      143
Image, axioms      141
Imagery debate      19
Imagination process      146
Imaging process      80
IMPLICIT      (see Reference frame implicit)
Indexing mechanism      92
Individuals, theory of      139
Information, content      81 87 150
Information, degradation      69
Information, granularity      14
Information, relative      9
Information, relevance      14
inheritance hierarchies      152
Inside/outside distinction      36
Inspection, inference by      141
Inspection, process      80 146
Integer vector multiplication operator      119 133
Interpretation      141
Intertwined polygons      49
Interval algebras      130—132
Interval-based temporal logic      (see Temporal logic interval-based)
Intervals      130
INTRINSIC      (see Reference frame intrinsic)
Intrinsic front      133
Justificand      92
justification      74 92
K-consistency      (see Consistency k-)
Kinematic simulation      143
Knowledge representation      13—23
Knowledge Representation Model      16—19 150
Knowledge representation, issues in      14—16
Knowledge, about time      130
Knowledge, access      15
Knowledge, acquisition      105
Knowledge, assertional      15
Knowledge, assimilation      15 105 144 154
Knowledge, commonsense      7
Knowledge, incomplete      105
Knowledge, inference      15
Knowledge, innate      18
Knowledge, matching      15
Knowledge, metric      150—151
Knowledge, non-spatial      151—152
Knowledge, path      151
Knowledge, terminological      15
Knowledge, uncertain      105
Knowledge, use      106 154
Knowledge, vague      9
Landmark      151
Left relation, semantic content      134
Left/right distinction      41
LILOG-project      143 145
Line drawings, interpretation of      66
Linear programming      144
Lines of travel      133
Linguistic mechanisms, relation to      60
Linguistically motivated research      145—146
Localization, area      146
Localization, expressions      143 145
Localization, process      46
Location      30
Look-ahead      (see Constraint satisfaction look-ahead
Look-back      (see Constraint satisfaction look-back
Mapping      143
Mapping, between worlds      17
Mapsee system      141
Mark      97
Maxdoc      88
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