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Tolman R.C. — Relativity, thermodynamics, and cosmology
Tolman R.C. — Relativity, thermodynamics, and cosmology

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Название: Relativity, thermodynamics, and cosmology

Автор: Tolman R.C.

Аннотация:

This landmark study by a distinguished physicist develops three important themes: a coherent and inclusive account of Einstein’s theory of relativity; the extension of thermodynamics to special and general relativity; and the applications of relativistic mechanics and relativistic thermodynamics in the construction and interpretation of cosmological models.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/Гравитационное взаимодействие/Космология/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1934

Количество страниц: 503

Добавлена в каталог: 07.10.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Adams      212
Ames      460
Anderson      58
Bainbridge      58
Birge      138 139 142 201 497
Birkhoff      252
Blackett      58
Bohr      382 486
Boltzmann      352 353
Boltzmann — Stefan equation      139
Born      100
Boundary conditions for electrical media      110
Bradley      144
Campbell      211
Carnot cycle involving velocity      169
Chazy      209
Christoffel symbols      173
Clock paradox      194
Clock, effect of potential on rate      192
Complete static system      80
Comstock      16
Conservation of angular momentum      77
Conservation of electric charge      85 109 264
Conservation of mass, energy, and momentum for electromagnetic systems      89—93 113—118
Conservation of mass, energy, and momentum for mechanical systems      69—62 74—77
Conservation of mass, energy, and momentum for particles      42 49 61
Conservation of mass, energy, and momentum in general relativity      226—229 261 286
Constants, table of      497
Constitutive equations      102 104 108 263
Coordinates, co-moving      301 364
Coordinates, Galilean      37
Coordinates, natural      180
Coordinates, proper      33 180
Cosmic rays      68 161 382 386 418 476
Cosmological constant      189 191 341 344 402 412 473
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous)      361
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), application of mechanics      361
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), application of thermodynamics      420
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), assumption of spatial isotropy      362
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), behaviour of light rays      387
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), behaviour of particles      383
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), change in energy with time      379
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), change in matter with time      381
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), correspondence to actual universe      478
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), density and pressure      376
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), density of matter      379
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), density related to spatial curvature and cosmological constant      473
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), derivation of line element      364
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), different expressions for line element and interpretation thereof      370 375
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), Doppler effect      389 392
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), Einstein — de Sitter open model      416
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), Friedmann model with conservation of energy      408
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), geometry      371
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), Lemaitre model with conservation of mass      408
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), models which expand continuously from a non-static state      412
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), models which expand continuously from a static state      409
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), models with transformation of matter into radiation      434 441 475
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), oscillatory behaviour      401 402 404 412 435 439
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), periodic behaviour      401 429
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), reversible and irreversible behaviour      417 424 426 427 432 439
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), time dependence for closed models      394
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), time dependence for open models      403
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), transfer of origin of coordinates      372 464
Cosmological models (non-static, homogeneous), transformation of matter into radiation      362 417 434 441 475
Cosmological models (static)      331
Cosmological models (static), de Sitter model, behaviour of particles and light rays      349
Cosmological models (static), de Sitter model, comparison with actual universe      369 474 476
Cosmological models (static), de Sitter model, density and pressure zero      348
Cosmological models (static), de Sitter model, derivation of line element      336
Cosmological models (static), de Sitter model, Doppler effect      364
Cosmological models (static), de Sitter model, geometry      346
Cosmological models (static), Einstein model, behaviour of particles and light rays      341
Cosmological models (static), Einstein model, comparison with actual universe      344
Cosmological models (static), Einstein model, density and pressure      339
Cosmological models (static), Einstein model, derivation of line element      336
Cosmological models (static), Einstein model, Doppler effect      343
Cosmological models (static), Einstein model, geometry      337
Cosmological models (static), Einstein model, instability      406
Cosmological models (static), Einstein model, thermodynamic equilibrium      423
Cosmological models, general remarks      5 10 332 361 482
Current vector      96 103 107 268 262
Dalembertian      268
Dallenbach      100
de Sitter      9 16 17 333 336 337 346 348 349 359 408 410 412 413 415 418 419 486
Deflexion of light in gravitational field      209 286
Density of matter in space      461
Dimensions of space-time      29
Dingle      252 253
Doppler effect in de Sitter model      354
Doppler effect in Einstein model      343
Doppler effect in non-static model      389 392
Doppler effect, general treatment      288
Dugan      451
Eddington      182 205 222 267 362 403 411 454
Ehrenfest      269 285 316 319
Eichenwald      116
Einstein      1 2 3 4 7 9 10 12 15 19 110 152 165 167 168 169 185 187 188 189 198 199 213 214 225 232 236 239 291 319 333 335 337 339 341 344 412 415 438 469
Electrodynamics      84 258
Electromagnetic field tensors      96 103 269
Emission theories of light      16
Energy content      120
Energy-momentum tensor, for electricity      99 115 261
Energy-momentum tensor, for matter      71 189 215
Energy-momentum tensor, for perfect fluid      216
Energy-momentum tensor, for radiation      217 269 273
Entropy content      121
Entropy vector      184 294
Eoetvoes      179 192
Equilibrium between hydrogen and helium      140
Equilibrium between matter and radiation      146
Equilibrium in Einstein universe      405 423
Equilibrium, chemical      129 311
Equilibrium, thermal      130 312 315
Equilibrium, thermodynamic      125 127 307 308
Euclidean space      31
Field of charged particle      265
Field, corresponding to flow of radiation      273
Field, electromagnetic      84 95 102 105 258 262
Field, gravitational      185—91
Field, spherical      239 241 250
Field, weak      236
Final state of a system      134 326
First law of thermodynamics      120 152 292
First postulate of relativity      12
Fitzgerald      23
Free energy      123
Friedmann      337 362 408 412
Galilean transformation      21
Galileo      3 179 192 213
General relativity      165
Geodesic      172
Geometry corresponding to space-time      30
Gerlach      54
Gibbs      124
Heat content      123
Heat, relativistic interpretation      297
Heckmann      408
Helmholtz      124
Holetschek      447
Hopmann      447
Hubble      332 344 345 356 359 363 446 447 448 450 451 452 453 454 456 457 458 459 460 461 465 466 472 479
Humason      345 356 359 446 447 448 450 451 452 453 454 456 465 466 472 479
Hupka      57
Illingworth      13
interval      31 169 181
Isotopes      144
Jeans      476
Joule heat      112
Juettner      6 119 136
Kaufmann      53
Kennedy      9 13 14
Kennedy — Thorndike experiment      14
kinetic energy      47
Kinsey      58
Kretschmann      3 168
La Rosa      17
Lagrangian function      222
Lanczos      348
Laub      14 110
Laue      8 59 64 108 289
Lemaitre      240 251 347 362 407 408 410 411 412
Lense      239
Lenz      424
Levi-Civita      168
Lewis      8 44 123 124
Light rays and particles, interaction of      285
Line element, de Sitter      335
Line element, Einstein      335
Line element, non-static homogeneous universe      364
Line element, Schwarzschild      202 349
Lipschitz      186
Lorentz      4 18 19 23 84 85 88 94 100 258
Lorentz rotation      32
Lorentz transformation      18
Lorentz transformation for acceleration      27
Lorentz transformation for contraction factor      27
Lorentz transformation for electromagnetic densities and stresses      92
Lorentz transformation for electromagnetic field      87 106
Lorentz transformation for energy      154
Lorentz transformation for entropy      157
Lorentz transformation for force      46
Lorentz transformation for heat      157
Lorentz transformation for mass      45
Lorentz transformation for mechanical densities and stresses      64 68 69
Lorentz transformation for pressure      154
Lorentz transformation for temperature      158
Lorentz transformation for velocity      25
Lorentz transformation for volume      153
Lorentz transformation for work      156
Lorentz — FitzGerald contraction      13
Mach      3 185
Macroscopic density      68
Macroscopic electrodynamics      261
Magnitudes      See "Nebulae"
Marjorana      16
Mass of electron      53
Mass of particle      43
Mass of radiation      271
Mass, energy and momentum, relations between      48
Mass, longitudinal      55
Mass, transverse      55
Maxwell      84 91 100 101 258
Maxwell — Lorentz field equations      84 258
Maxwell’s equations      101
McCrea      411
McVittie      411
Mechanics      42 214
Metric and gravitation      176
Michelson      9 13
Michelson — Morley experiment      13
Miller      13 17
Milne      364
Minkowski      4 9 28 52 101
Minkowski force      52
Morley      9 13
Mosengeil      162
Nebulae, actual diameters and masses      458
Nebulae, distances      453
Nebulae, distribution in space      459
Nebulae, magnitudes      446 448
Nebulae, relation of coordinate position, to apparent diameter      467
Nebulae, relation of coordinate position, to distance      465
Nebulae, relation of coordinate position, to luminosity      462
Nebulae, relation of coordinate position, to nebular counts      468
Nebulae, relation of coordinate position, to red-shift      469
Nebulae, relation of magnitude, to apparent diameter      457
Nebulae, relation of magnitude, to distance      453
Nebulae, relation of magnitude, to nebular counts      461
Nebulae, relation of magnitude, to red-shift      454
Neddermeyer      58
Nernst      122 123
Neumann      322 344
Newton      3 12 15 42 46 73
Newton’s theory as a first approximation      198
Nicholson      451
Noble      83
Occhialini      58
Oliphant      58
Oppenheimer      58 150 151
Pauli      115 228
Pencil of light      274
Perfect fluid, behaviour of      218
Perfect gas      136
Perihelion, advance of      208
Petit      451
Planck      2 122 152 291
Planck law      140
Planetary motion      205
Plesset      58 150
Podolsky      251 252 285
Poisson’s equation      185 188 199
Potential, generalized electromagnetic      96 258
Potential, gravitational      183
Potential, Newtonian      199
Potential, scalar      86
Potential, thermodynamic      123
Potential, vector      86
Poynting vector      90
Principle of covariance      166
Principle of equivalence      174
Principle of Mach      184
Proper coordinates      33 180
Proper quantities, use of      7
Proper volume      496
Pulse of light      279
Radiation, black body      139
Radiation, dynamics of black body      161
Radiation, energy-momentum tensor      217 269 272
Radiation, flow of      272
Radiation, mass      271
Red-shift      see "Nebulae"
Relativity of all kinds of motion      176
Relativity of uniform motion      12
Reversibility and irreversibility      121 294 296 424
Reversibility and rate      132 319
Ricci      168
Riemann — Christoffel tensor      185
Riemann — Christoffel tensor, contracted      187
Right-angled lever      79
Ritz      16
Robertson      298 337 347 348 356 362 395
Roentgen      116
Rowland      108 116
Russell      451
Rutherford      58
Sakur — Tetrode equation      138
Sampling of universe      486
Schur’s Theorem      368 372
Schwarzchild      202 245
Sears      451
Second law of thermodynamics      121 152 162 293 296
Second postulate of relativity      15
Seeliger      322
Shapley      446 447 448 460
Signature of line element      31
Slipher      356 454
Southerns      179 192
Space and time, ideas as to      17
Space-time continuum      28
Spatial contraction      22
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