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Fermi E. — Thermodynamics
Fermi E. — Thermodynamics

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Название: Thermodynamics

Автор: Fermi E.

Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/Термодинамика, статистическая физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1937

Количество страниц: 190

Добавлена в каталог: 21.08.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Absolute entropy      139
Absolute temperature      8
Absolute thermodynamic temperature      35 41
Absolute thermodynamic temperature, compared with gas thermometer temperature      42 53
Acidity of a solution      126 127
Adiabatic expansion of a gas      27 32 33
Adiabatic transformations      25
Adiabatic, equation of, for a Van der Waals gas      75
Adiabatic, equation of, for an ideal gas      26
Arbitrary additive constants of energy      13 14
Arbitrary additive constants of entropy      52 139 147
Atmospheric pressure      27
Atomic heat      21 143
Avogadro      8
Avogadro, number      57
Basic reaction of a solution      126 127
Boiling point of a solution      130 135 136
Boltzmann      56 140
Boltzmann, constant      57
Boyle’s law      8
Calorie      17
Carnot      see “Carnot cycle”
Carnot cycle      31
Carnot cycle, efficiency      34
Carnot cycle, properties      46
Carnot, reversible      32 35
Chemical content of a phase      86 87 88
Chemical equilibria, in gascous systems      98 109
Chemical equilibria, in solutions      123
Chemically homogeneous fluid      1
Chemically homogeneous solid      2
Chemically homogeneous systems      1
Clapeyron’s equation      63 66 68 84
Clausius’s postulate      30
Components of a system      86 87 88
Compressibility, adiabatic      26 27 32 33
Compressibility, isothermal      32 33
Compressibility, of a liquid      64
Conditions of equilibrium      56 57 80 83
Conservation of energy, principle of      11
Conservation of energy, principle of, for thermodynamic systems      15 17
Constant pressure transformations      7 82 83
Constant temperature transformations      78 79
Constant, arbitrary additive      see “Arbitrary additive constants”
Constant, Boltzmann’s      57
Constant, Planck’s      141
Continuity of state      63 64 70 71
Corresponding states, equation of      73
Critical isothermal      64 69
Critical point      64 69
Critical pressure      64
Critical volume      64
Cycles      6
Dalton’s law of partial pressures      10
Debye      143
Debye, formula for specific heats      143 144
Debye, temperature      143
Degree of freedom o r variability of a system      91
Density of an ideal gas      9
Description of a phase      86
Differential expression for the first law      20
Dilute solutions      113
Dissociation of a solute in solution      122 123 125 126 127
Dissociation of a solute in solution, effect of on boiling point, freezing point, and vapor pressure of the solution      137
Dissociation of a solute in solution, effect of on osmotic pressure      123
Distribution of a solute, between a gaseous and a liquid phase      129 130
Distribution of a solute, between two liquid phases      127 128
Dulong and Petit, law of      143
Dynamical state of a system      1 3
Effect of pressure, on chemical equilibria      111 112
Effect of pressure, on freezing point of water      68
Effect of temperature on chemical equilibria      110 111
Efficiency of a heat engine      34
Electrolyte in solution      137
Endothermal reactions      109
Energy, additive constant of      13 14
Energy, conservation of      11 15 17
Energy, definition, for dynamical systems      12
Energy, definition, for thermodynamical systems      16
Energy, of a gas at absolute zero      23
Energy, of a Van der Waals gas      74
Energy, of an ideal gas      23
Energy, partial      107
entropy      46 48 139 140 144
Entropy constant      52 139 147 148
Entropy, additivity      53
Entropy, as a perfect differential      60
Entropy, definition      50
Entropy, of a solid      145
Entropy, of a Van der Waals gas      75
Entropy, of an ideal gas      61 148
Entropy, statistical interpretation      57 141
Equation, Clapeyron’s      63 66 68 84
Equation, of corresponding states      73
Equation, of state      2
Equation, of state, of a Van der Waals gas      69
Equation, of state, of an ideal gas      8
Equilibrium, conditions of      56 57 80 83
Equilibrium, constants      99 106 109 130
Equilibrium, of liquid and solid      63 64 92 93
Equilibrium, of liquid and vapor      63 64 92 93
Equilibrium, of one component in two phases      127 128 129 130
Equilibrium, of solid and vapor      92 93
Equilibrium, states      4 50
Equivalence of the gas thermometer temperature and the absolute thermodynamic temperature      42 43
Exothermal reactions      109
First law of thermodynamics      11
First law of thermodynamics, applied to a cycle      17
First law of thermodynamics, in differential form      20
First law of thermodynamics, statement of      19
Free energy      77 78
Free energy, and equilibrium conditions      79 80
Free energy, of a solution      117
Free energy, of an ideal gas      82
Free energy, partial      107
Freezingpoint of a solution      130 137
Gas constant      8
Gas thermometer      8
Gas, perfect or ideal      8 9
Gas, perfect or ideal, adiabatic transformation      25
Gas, perfect or ideal, energy      23
Gas, perfect or ideal, entropy      61 148
Gas, perfect or ideal, free energy      82
Gas, perfect or ideal, work performed by      9
Gaseous reactions      98 109
Gay — Lussac      8
Gibbs      91
Gram-molecule      9
Heat      15 17
Heat, atomic      21 143
Heat, molecular      21
Heat, of fusion      109 110
Heat, of reaction      109 110
Heat, of transformation of solid phases      145
Heat, of vaporization      66
Heat, specific      21
Heat, specific, at low temperatures      142 143 144
Heat, unit of      17 18 19
Heat, work and, analogy between      14 15
Heat, work and, analogy between, capacity      20
Heat, work and, analogy between, engines      35 44
Heat, work and, analogy between, sources      29
Helmholtz      95 110
Helmholtz, equation      95
Homogeneous systems      1 2
hydrolysis      125 126
Ideal gas      8
Inflection, point of      64 69
Ionization, thermal      151 153
Isobaric transformations      7
Isochore of Van’t Hoff      81
Isochore of Van’t Hoff, as applied to the electric cell      95
Isochore transformation      7 79
Isoentropic transformation      75
Isothermal compression and expansion      32 33
Isothermal critical      64 69
Isothermal transformation      7
Isothermals of a saturated vapor      63
Joule effect      94
Joule’s experiment      22
Kelvin’s postulate      30
Kinetic equilibrium of chemical reactions      99
Kinetic interpretation of osmotic pressure      121 122
Kinetic proof of the law of mass action      99
Latent heat      66 137
Law, Avogadro’s      8
Law, Boyle’s      8
Law, Dalton’s      10
Law, Gay — Lussac’s      8
Law, of Dulong and Petit      143
Law, of mass action for gaseous equilibrium      99
Law, of mass action for solutions      125
Le Chatelier, principle of      109 111
Le Chatelier, principle of, as applied to chemical equilibria      111 112
Lowering of freezing point      130 137
Lowering of vapor pressure of a solution      134
Mass action, constant      109
Mass action, law of, for gaseous equilibria      99
Mass action, law of, for solutions      125
Mass action, law of, kinetic proof      99
Maximum work that a system can perform      78
Mechanical systems      1
Membranes, semipermeable for gases      101
Membranes, semipermeable for solutions      118
Mixture of gases      10
Molecular heat      21
Monatomic vapor      148
Monatomic vapor, entropy constant      148 149
Monatomic vapor, vapor pressure      149
Natural processes, direction of      56 57
Nernst’s theorem      139
Nernst’s theorem, applied to gases      147 148
Nernst’s theorem, applied to solids      142
Nonhomogeneous systems      3
Nonreversible engines and cycles      36 37
One-component systems      91
One-phase systems      91
Osmotic pressure      118 121
Osmotic pressure, in relation to the kinetic theory      122
Osmotic pressure, in relation to the pressure of an ideal gas      122
Osmotic pressure, of a normal solution      123
Osmotic pressure, of an electrolyte      123
Partial entropy      107
Partial free energy      107
Partial pressure      9
Partial pressure, Dalton’s law of      10
Partial thermodynamic potential      107
Perfect gas      8
Perfect gas, pressure of      8 9
Perpetuum mobile of the second kind      29
Phase      86
Phase, chemical content      86—88
Phase, rule      91
Phase, space      140
Planck’s constant      141
Point, critical      64 69
Point, of inflection      64 09
Point, triple      93
Probability of a thermodynamic state      57 141
Probability of a thermodynamic state, as related to the entropy      57 141
Quantum theory and specific heats      143
Quantum theory in relation to the entropy constant      141 142
Ratio of specific heats      24 25
Reaction box of Van’t Hoff      101
Reaction, endothermal and exothermal      109
Reaction, gaseous      98
Reaction, heat of      109 110
Refrigerating machine      44
Reversible cycles      32
Reversible electric cell      94
Reversible engines      32 35 36
Sackur — Tetrode formula      148
Sackur — Tetrode formula, applied to the calculation of the entropy of mercury vapor      150
Sackur — Tetrode formula, applied to the calculation of vapor pressure of a monatomic solid      149
Saha, N.M.      154
Saturated vapor      63
Saturated vapor, isothermals of      63
Second law of thermodynamics      29
Second law of thermodynamics, statement of      30
Semipermeable membranes, for gases      101
Semipermeable membranes, for solutions      118
Solutions, boiling point of      130 135 136
Solutions, theory of dilute      113 114 115
Solutions, vapor pressure of      130 132 135
Specific heat      21
Specific heat, Debye formula for      143 144
Specific heat, of a solid at low temperatures      143 144
Specific heat, of an ideal gas      23
Specific volume, energy, entropy      65 84
Standard state, for energy      12
Standard state, for entropy      50
State, dynamical      1 3 57 141
State, equation of      2
State, thermodynamical      1 3
Statistical interpretation of entropy      57 114
Statistical weight of a state      148
Sublimation      94
Systems containing moving parts      3
Temperature, absolute thermodynamic      35 41
Temperature, critical      64
Temperature, Debye      143
Temperature, gas thermometer      8
Thermal engines      44
Thermal insulators      16
Thermal ionization of a gas      151 153
Thermionic effect      151 155
Thermodynamical potentials      77
Thermodynamical potentials, at constant pressure      82
Thermodynamical potentials, at constant volume      80
Thermodynamical probability      57 140
Thermodynamical state of a system      1 3
Thermodynamical systems      1
Third law of thermodynamics      139
Transformations      4
Transformations from gray to white tin      145
Transformations, adiabatic      25
Transformations, constant pressure      7 82 83
Transformations, constant temperature      78 79
Transformations, cyclical      6
Transformations, isobaric, isochore, isothermal      7
Transformations, reversible      4
Triple point of water      93
Unit of heat      19
Van der Waals, energy of a gas      74
Van der Waals, equation of corresponding states      73
van der Waals, equation of state      69
Van der Waals, isothermals      70
Van’t Hoff, isochore      81
Van’t Hoff, reaction box      101
Vapor pressure, formula      67 149
Vapor pressure, of a solution      130 132 135
Variables of state      4
Work      5
Work, geometrical representation of      6
Work, performed by an ideal gas      9
Zero entropy, state of      139 140 141
Zero, absolute      8
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