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Vincenti W.G., Kruger C.H. — Introduction to Physical Gas Dynamics
Vincenti W.G., Kruger C.H. — Introduction to Physical Gas Dynamics



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Название: Introduction to Physical Gas Dynamics

Авторы: Vincenti W.G., Kruger C.H.

Аннотация:

This book is the outgrowth of a series of courses developed and introduced to instruct students in the general features of high-temperature and nonequilibrium gas flows. The aim is to bring students to the point where they can understand more advanced treatises in the relevant sciences, as well as the pertinent research literature in gas dynamics.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Издание: 1st edition

Год издания: 1975

Количество страниц: 538

Добавлена в каталог: 19.12.2009

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Gas constant, ordinary      8
Gas constant, universal      7 524
Gas mixture, equations of state for      169 170
Gas mixture, kinetic theory of      368 406
Gas mixture, pressure at equilibrium      4
Gas mixtures, thermochemical data for      171
Generalized rate equation      235
Gibbs equation      74
Gibbs equation for symmetrical diatomic gas      233
Gibbs free energy      70
Gibbs’s theorem      80
Grey absorption coefficient      470
Grey-gas approximation      470 478
Ground state      129
Groups of quantum energy states      98
Harmonic oscillator, equilibrium      134 137
Harmonic oscillator, nonequilLbrium      198
Harmonic wave, in radiative flow      499
Harmonic wave, in reactive flow      261
Heat bath      198
Heat flux, one-sided radiant      441 449
Heat flux, radiant      440 449
Heat of reaction      83
Heat-flux vector      345 369
Heat-flux vector, given by Chapman-Enskog solution of Boltzmann equation      391
Heat-flux vector, given by Chapman-Enskog solution of Krook equation      384
Heat-flux vector, in gas mixture      406
Heat-flux vector, radiant      437 440 449 464
Heat-flux vector, translationaJ      325 326
Heisenberg’s uncertainty relation      89
Helmholtz free energy      75 118
Helmholtz free energy of reacting system      146
Heteronuclear molecule      134
High-frequency speed of sound      266 502
Hohlraum      446
Homonuclear molecule      134
Hot-gas limit      498
Hydrogen bromide      211
Hydrogen iodide      55 63 211
Ideal dissociating gas, equilibrium properties      157
Ideal dissociating gas, rate equation for      233
Impact parameter      331 351 355
Imperfect gas      119
Impulsively moving wall, acoustic response to      267 503
Index of refraction      445
Indistinguishability of particles      95
Induced emission      455 461 462
Integrated intensity      470
Integro-exponential function      482
Intensive property      70
Intermolecular forces      2 21 333 348 408
Intermolecular potential      403
Intermolecular potential energy      348
Internal energy      65 88 95 128 141 326
Internal energy of complex gas mixture      170
Internal energy of electronic excitation      131
Internal energy of rotation      133
Internal energy of translation      124
Internal energy of vibration      135
Internal energy, subdivision of      127
Internal molccular energy      126 326
Internal molecular structure, contribution to thermodynamic properties      11 126
Inverse collision      38 331 351
Inverse replenishing collision      39
Inverse-power molecules      356
Ionization characteristic temperature for      163 524
Ionization characteristic temperature, degree of      163
Ionization characteristic temperature, equilibrium relations      162
Ionization nonequilibrium      520
Ionization nonequilibrium, flow with      251
Ionization rates, in air      230
Irreversibility      68 341
Irreversible process      61
Irreversible statement of second law      68 69
Isentropic exponent      194
Isentropic speed of sound      488
Isolated system      60
Isothermal speed of sound      488
Isotropic radiation field      442
Kirchhof’s law      450 452
Knudsen number      14 380 425
Krook equation      377 422 432
Lagrange’s method      103
Landau and Teller, theory of      204
Law of mass action, for asymmetrical diatomic gas      139
Law of mass action, for ideal dissociating gas      158
Law of mass action, for symmetrical diatomic gas      148 153
Law of mass action, from chemical thermodynamics      82
Law of mass action, from kinetic theory      55
Law of mass action, from statistical mechanics      139 148
Law of mass action, general forms of      82 167
Lees solution      429
Lennard — Jones potential      357
Line of centers      36
line width      453
Line-shape factor      460
Linearized rate equation      239
Liouville equation      332
Liouville’s theorem      41
Local characteristic time of rate process      236
Local equilibrium      178 197 245
Local equilibrium condition      237 241 530
Local equilibrium, translational      344
Local relaxation time      204 236 239 241
Local thermodynamic equilibrium, assumption in radiative transfer      459
Loschmidt’s number      25 524
Low-frequency speed of sound      265 502
Mach angle      187
Mach angle, frozen and equilibrium      273
Mach line      187
Mach line, frozen and equilibrium      273
Mach number      190
Mach number, frozen and equilibrium      271
Mach number, isentropic and isothermal      506
Macroscopic gas dynamics, equations of      345 372 392
Macroscopic system      88
Macrostate      98
Mass action, law of      (see Law of mass action)
mass density      8 318 368
Mass flux      320 369
Mass fraction      153
Mass transport      18 372 406
Mass velocity      369
Maxwellian      362 364 405 419 430
Maxwellian distribution      35 44 125 334 386
Maxwellian molecules      362 364 405 419 430
Maxwellian, rigid-sphere model      3
Maxwellian, Sutherland model      3
Mean free path, magnitude of      25
Mean free path, molecular      12 54 360 414
Mean free path, Planck      466
Mean free path, radiative      445
Mean free path, Rosseland      469
Mean value      31 318 369
Mean velocity      1 319 368
Mechanical equilibrium      60
Mechanism of chemical reaction      211 213
microcanonical ensemble      120
Microstate      94
Microstates, enumeration of      93
Milne — Eddington approximation      492 494
Mixing of two gases by diffusion      112
Mixture of gases, chemical rate equation for      229
Mixture of gases, equilibrium properties of      165
Mixture of gases, frequency of collisions in      43
Mixture of thermally perfect gases      77
Model equation      377
Modified classical wave      502
Mole fraction      77
Mole-mass ratio      167
Molecular collisions, energy involved in      216 (see also Collisions molecular)
Molecular collisions, nature of      35
Molecular collisions, number required for equilibration of vibrational energy      205
Molecular diameter      25
Molecular magnitudes      23
Molecular model      2
Molecular partition function      108
Molecular spacing      25
Molecular speeds, estimate of      9
Molecularity of chemical reactions      213
Molecules, billard-ball model      4
Molecules, elastic-sphere model      4 356
Molecules, force field of      3
Molecules, internal structure of      4
Molecules, inverse-power      356
Mollier diagram      161 185
Moment equations      346 364
Moment, of the distribution function      319
Momentum density      318
Momentum equation      (see Conservation equations)
Momentum flux, molecular      320 324
Momentum flux, radiative      439
Momentum transport      17 324 391 406
Momentum-flux tensor      328
Monatomic gas      8 129
Most probable speed      47
Mott — Smith solution      418
Natural coordinates      301
Natural line width      453
Navier — Stokes equations      317 386 392
Nemst’s heat theorem      116 123
Nitric oxide      135 205 230 524
Nitrogen, atomic      132 230 524
Nitrogen, diatomic      135 205 230 524
Nonequibrium, chemical      61 210
Nonequibrium, radiative      436
Nonequibrium, rotational      408
Nonequibrium, translational      316
Nonequibrium, vibrational      198
Nonequilibrium effects, general discussion of      197
Nonequilibrium flow      (see Flow)
Nonlinear effects in wave propagation      269
Normal shock wave      (see Shock wave)
Normalization condition of distribution function      30 318
Normalization condition of wave function      91
Nozzle flow      183 293
Nozzle flow, experimental results with chemical non-equilibrium      299
Nozzle flow, singular point in      288 296
Number density, molecular      318 368
Number density, standard      25 524
Oblique shock wave      (see Shock wave)
Opaque gas      498
Open system      60 71 72
Optical depth      463
Optical thickness      480
Optically thick gas      467
Optically thin gas      467
Ordinary gas constant      8
Oscillator strength      458
Oxygen, atomic      131 230 524
Oxygen, diatomic      135 205 230 524
Partial pressure      9 57 82
Particle in rectangular box      91
Partition function      108—110
Partition function for electron spin      164
Partition function, electronic      130
Partition function, internal      127
Partition function, rotational      133
Partition function, translational      122
Partition function, vibrational      135
Partly dispersed wave      283
Pauli exclusion principle      96
Peculiar velocity      319 369
Perfect gas, equation of state      4 31 122 324
Photodissociation      453
Photoionization      453
Photon      437
Photon, Distribution function      438
Photon, energy      437
Photon, momentum      437
Photon, Number density      437 439
Photon, velocity vector      439
Physical constants, values of      524
Planck function      448
Planck mean absorption coefficient      466
Planck’s constant      89 524
Plane of collision      37
Polyatomic molecules, effect of internal structure      20 126
Potential function      257 488
Prandtl number      20 404
Prandtl — Glauert equation      272
Prandtl — Meyer flow      187
Prandtl — Meyer flow, differential equation for      189
Pressure      4 31 324 369
Pressure in the interior of a gas      35
Pressure on a wall      34
Pressure tensor, molecular      328 410
Pressure tensor, radiative      441 449
Pressure, radiative      441 449
Products, chemical      63 210
Quantum energy states      89
Quantum energy states of harmonic oscillator      134
Quantum energy states of particle in rectangular box      92
Quantum energy states of rigid rotator      132
Quantum energy states, close spacing of      96 98
Quantum energy states, division into groups      98
quantum mechanics      88 89 343 359
Quantum number      92
Quasi-equilibrium in chemical kinetics      213 215
Quasi-equilibrium in radiative transfer      458
Radiation-induced wave      502
Radiative energy density      439 449
Radiative energy density in flow equations      476 498
Radiative equilibrium      446 456
Radiative nonequilibrium      473
Radiative pressure      441 449
Radiative pressure in flow equations      476 498
radiative recombination      453
Radiative transfer, equation of      443 460 463 470
Radiative transfer, interaction with gas motion      473
Radiative transfer, moments of equation of      491
Random motion      2
Rankine — Hugoniot equations      413
Rate constant      212
Rate constant for constituents of air      231
Rate constant for dissociation reaction      223
Rate constant for recombination reaction      225 532
Rate equation for complex gas mixtures      229
Rate equation for dissociation reaction      223
Rate equation for dissociation-recombination reaction      226
Rate equation for ideal dissociating gas      233
Rate equation for moving fluid      249
Rate equation for recombination reaction      225
Rate equation for small departures from an equilibrium reference state      239
Rate equation for symmetrical diatomic gas      232
Rate equation for vibration      202
Rate equation, generalized      235
Rate equation, linearized      239
Rate process, chemical      210
Rate process, coupled chemical and vibrational      228
Rate process, vibrational      198
Ratio of specific heats      8 11
Ratio of specific heats for frozen gas      194
Ratio of specific heats, relationship to isentropic exponent      194
Reactants, chemical      63 210
Reaction equilibrium, equation of      77
Recombination reaction, kinetics of      224
Reduced mass      50 350
Reference state of zero energy      156
Reflectivity, radiant      451
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