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Vincenti W.G., Kruger C.H. — Introduction to Physical Gas Dynamics
Vincenti W.G., Kruger C.H. — Introduction to Physical Gas Dynamics

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Название: Introduction to Physical Gas Dynamics

Авторы: Vincenti W.G., Kruger C.H.

Аннотация:

This book is the outgrowth of a series of courses developed and introduced to instruct students in the general features of high-temperature and nonequilibrium gas flows. The aim is to bring students to the point where they can understand more advanced treatises in the relevant sciences, as well as the pertinent research literature in gas dynamics.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Издание: 1st edition

Год издания: 1975

Количество страниц: 538

Добавлена в каталог: 19.12.2009

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Absolute reaction rates, theory of      216
Absorption      267
Absorption coefficient      444 446 457 460 463
Absorption coefficient, grey      470
Absorption coefficient, Planck mean      466
Absorption coefficient, Rosseland mean      469
Absorption lines      453
Absorption of radiation      455 461
Absorptivity, radiant      451
Accommodation coefficient      426
Acoustic equation, for radiative flow      496 497
Acoustic equation, for radiative flow for reactive flow      257
Acoustic theory, for radiative nonequilibrium      485 496
Acoustic theory, for reactive nonequilibrium      254
Acoustic wave, discrete      267 503
Acoustic wave, harmonic      262 499
Activation energy      214 223
Activation factor      215 221
Affinity      77
Air, chemical kinetics of      230
Air, chemical rate data for      231
Air, equilibrium constants for      168
Air, equilibrium properties at high temperatures      165 171
Air, physical constants for constituents of      524
Air, vibrational rate data for constituents of      205
Anharmonic correction, to internal energy      138
Anharmonic correction, to specific heat      138
Anharmonic effects in molecular vibration      137
Apse line      351
ApsevccLor      351
Arrhenius activation energy      214
Arrhenius equation      214
Assumption that $\Omega=W_{max}$, assessment of      110
Atom-conservation equations      141 167
Average speed      47
Average value      31
Avogadro’s number      7 24 524
B — G — K model      376 422
Backward reaction      224
Billiard-ball molecular model      4
Bimodal distribution function      418
Bimolecular collision rate      52
Bimolecular mechanism      213
Black body      450
Boltzmann constant      7 524
Boltzmann distribution      108
Boltzmann distribution, physical meaning of      106
Boltzmann equation      328 332 369
Boltzmann limit      105
Boltzmann limit, condition for validity of      105
Boltzmann number      490
Boltzmann statistics      105
Boltzmann’s relation      115
Bose — Einstein statistics      95 98 447
Bouguer number      490
Bound-bound transitions      453
Bound-free transitions      453
Boundary conditions for flow with translational nonequilibrium      426
Boundary conditions for radiative flow      495 499 504 508
Boundary conditions for reactive flow      250
Bremsstrahlung      454
Bulk viscosity      407
Bulk-viscosity coefficient      391 410 411
Burnett equations      385 416
Caloric equation of state      (see also Perfect gas Liquation
Caloric equation of state for complex gus mixture      170 523 526
Caloric equation of state for ideal dissociating gas      159
Caloric equation of state for symmetrical diatomic gas      154
Calorically perfect gas      8
Catalytic molecule      211
Center-of-mass reference frame      349
Chapman-Enskog distribution function      405
Chapman-Enskog expansion, Boltzmann equation      385
Chapman-Enskog expansion, Krook equation      379
Characteristic density for dissociation      158
Characteristic directions      272 302 303
Characteristic directions in linearized radiative flow      508
Characteristic temperature, for dissociation      153 524
Characteristic temperature, for electronic excitation      130
Characteristic temperature, for ionization      163 524
Characteristic temperature, for rotation      133 524
Characteristic temperature, for vibration      135 524
Characteristic time of rate process      236
Characteristics method of      300
Characteristics method of, theory of      273
Chemical equation      55 63 210
Chemical equilibrium      60
Chemical equilibrium by chemical thermodynamics      76 82
Chemical equilibrium by kinetic theory      55
Chemical equilibrium by statistical mechanics      139 148
Chemical equilibrium of complex mixtures      166
Chemical equilibrium, general equation for      76
Chemical kinetics      210 213
Chemical nonequilibrium      61 210
Chemical nonequilibrium, flow with      245
chemical potential      74
Chemical potential for thermally perfect gas      81
Chemical potential of translation      124
Chemical rate equation, general considerations      210 (see also Rate equation)
Chemical reaction, mechanism of      211 213
Chemical reactions, multiple simultaneous      65
Chemical thermodynamics      59
Chemical thermodynamics, alternative approaches to      59
Classical mechanics, use in statistical mechanics      89
Closed system      60
Cold-gas limit      498
Collision broadening      453
Collision frequency      13 379
Collision frequency in B — G — K model      379 384
Collision integral      41 354 361 370
Collision integral in Boltzmann equation      330
Collision integral, moments of      335 347 362 364
Collision rate      48
Collision theory of chemical reaction rates      210 216
Collision-dominated flow      380
Collisional invariants      348
Collisions, molecular      12 35 36 48 205 216 333 348
Collisions, molecular, small-deflection      360
Compatibility relations      302 303
Compressibility factor      154 172
Concave corner, linearized theory for      307
Concave corner, nonequilibrium flow over      306
Concave corner, nonlinear theory for      307
Concentration      56 211
Conservation equations, for chemically reacting gas mixture      372
Conservation equations, for equilibrium flow      345 380 386
Conservation equations, for flow through shock waves      179 516
Conservation equations, for flow with radiative nonequilibrium      474
Conservation equations, for flow with translational nonequilibrium      327 371 392 410
Conservation equations, for flow with vibrational or chemical nonequilibrium      246
Conservation equations, for radiative flow through normal shock wave      516
Conservation equations, for steady quasi-one-dimensional equilibrium flow      183
Conservation equations, for steady quasi-one-dimensional non-equilibrium flow      286
Conservation equations, in local natural coordinates      301
Conservation of energy      65
Conservation of mass in chemically reacting system      63
Continuity equation      (see also Conservation equations)
Continuity equation for chemical species      249 372
Continuity equation, B — G — K solution      431
Continuity equation, free-molecule solution      428
Continuity equation, Lees solution      429
Continuity equation, Navier — Stokes solution      425 428
Continuum radiation      454
Convex corner, nonequilibrium flow over      310
Couette flow      424
Coupled reactions      286
Coupling between chemical reactions and vibration      228
Cross-section for absorption of radiation      445
Cross-section, collision      332 353 355 370
Cross-section, momentum-transfer      358
Cross-section, Rutherford      361
Cross-section, total      357 360
Dalton’s law of partial pressures      9
Data, for constituents of air      135 205 230 524
Data, thermochemical      171
De Broglie relation      93
de Broglie wavelength      93 359
Deflection angle      351
Degeneracy of quantum energy level      110
Degenerate gas      105
Degenerate quantum states      110
Degree, of advancement of chemical reaction      63
Degree, of dissociation      152
Degree, of ionization      163
Depleting collision      36
Detailed balancing, principle of      42 166 200 224 456
Diatomic gas, equilibrium properties of      152
Diatomic gas, law of mass action for      153
Diatomic gas, rate equation for      232
Diatomic gas, statistical mechanics of      132
Differential approximation for radiative transfer      491 520
Diffraction effects      359
Diffuse reflection      426 481
Diffusion      15 250 372
Diffusion velocity      372 406
Diffusion, coefficient of      16 19 406
Diffusion, mutual      19
Diffusion, self      18
Direction of propagation of radiation      437
Discrete wave in radiating gas      503
Discrete wave in reacting gas      267
Disorder, molecular      113
dispersion      267
Dissociation energy      137 141
Dissociation reaction, kinetics of      222
Dissociation, characteristic density for      158
Dissociation, characteristic temperature for      153
Dissociation, degree of      152
Dissociation, effect on flow through normal shock wave      182
Dissociation-recombination reaction, kinetics of      226
Dissociation-recombination reaction, statistical treatment of      148
Distribution function      27 319
Distribution function as probability or expectation function      323 342
Distribution function for molecular speed      46
Distribution function for molecular velocity      44
Distribution function, Chapman — Enskog      405
Distribution function, Maxwellian      334
Distribution function, normalized      30 318
Distribution function, Photon      438
Doppler broadening      453
Drag, effect of nonequilibrium on      279 508
Eigenvalues      92
Einstein coefficients      454
Elastic collisions      348
Elastic reflection      5
Elastic-sphere molecules      4 356
Electron spin      163
Electronic excitation      130
Emission coefficient      444 457
Emission mean absorption coefficient      466
Emission-dominated approximation      477 494
Emission-dominated interaction      466
Energy density, molecular      319 324 326
Energy density, radiative      439 449
energy equation      (see Conservation equations)
Energy flux, radiant      439
Energy flux, translational      320 324
energy levels      110
Energy levels of rigid rotator      132
Energy of dissociation      137 141
Energy states in quantum mechanics      89
Energy states of harmonic oscillator      134
Energy states of particle in rectangular box      92
Energy transport      18 325 326 391 406
Energy zero      156
Energy, common zero in reacting system      141
Ensemble of systems      120
Enthalpy      66 325 326 528
entropy      66 113 338
Entropy and disorder      113
Entropy of an isolated system      69
Entropy of electronic excitation      139
Entropy of mixing      80
Entropy of reacting system      145
Entropy of rotation      138
Entropy of translation      123
Entropy of vibration      138
Entropy production      68
Entropy production by chemical nonequilibrium      75
Entropy production by vibrational nonequilibrium      206
Entropy, Calorimetric      124
Entropy, flow of      68
Entropy, statistical      124
Equation for small departures from uniform free stream      271 505
Equation of radiative transfer      443 460 463 470
Equation of radiative transfer, formal solution of      463
Equation of radiative transfer, moments of      491
Equation of state for system in chemical nonequilibrium      62
Equation of state for thermally perfect gas      7 31 122
Equation of state of reacting system      146
Equations of transfer      346 364 370
Equilibrium condition, fictitious local      237 241
Equilibrium constant      57
Equilibrium constant for constituents of air      168
Equilibrium constant, lelation to rate constants      225
Equilibrium flow      178 252 345
Equilibrium Mach line and Mach angle      273
Equilibrium speed of sound      258 259
Equilibrium, chemical      76
Equilibrium, condition for      41
Equilibrium, kinds of      60
Equilibrium, mechanical      60
Equilibrium, Radiative      446 456
Equilibrium, thermal      60
Equilibrium, thermodynamic      60
Equilibrium, translational      334
Equipartition of energy, principle of      11
Eucken’s relation      21 407
Euler’s equations      247
Exclusion principle      96
Expansion into a vacuum      112
Exponential approximation      483 520
Extensive property      70
Factorization property of partition function      127
Fermi — Dirac statistics      96 99
First law of thermodynamics      65
Flow velocity      1 319 369 373
Flow with chemical nonequilibrium      245
Flow with ionizational nonequilibrium      251
Flow with radiative nonequilibrium      473
Flow with translational nonequilibrium      375
Flow with vibrational nonequilibrium      245
Flux, molecular      33 320
Forces, external      322 330
Forces, intermolecular      2 21 333 348 408
Forces, surface      322 324
Forward reaction      222
Fowler and Darwin, method of      101
Free-free transitions      454
Free-molecule flow      428
Freezing, in nozzle flow      298
Frequency, of molecular collisions      48
Frequency, of radiation      437
Frozen flow      191 253
Frozen Mach line and Mach angle      273
Frozen speed of sound      258 259
Fully dispersed wave      292 520
Fully excited energy      133
Gas constant, for frozen gas      193
Gas constant, molecular      7
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