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Adams S. — Relativity: An Introduction to Space-Time Physics
Adams S. — Relativity: An Introduction to Space-Time Physics



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Название: Relativity: An Introduction to Space-Time Physics

Автор: Adams S.

Аннотация:

Provides the essential principles and results of special relativity as required by undergraduates. The text uses a geometric interpretation of space-time so that a general theory is seen as a natural extension of the special theory. Although most results are derived from first principles, complex and distracting mathematics is avoided and all mathematical steps and formulae are fully explained and interpreted, often with explanatory diagrams.; The emphasis throughout the text is on understanding the physics of relativity. The structure of the book is designed to allow students of different courses to choose their own route through the short self-contained sections in each chapter. The latter part of the book shows how Einstein's theory of gravity is central to unraveling fundamental questions of cosmology.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2000

Количество страниц: 273

Добавлена в каталог: 09.12.2009

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$W^{+}W^{-}$ threshold      105
$Z^{0}$ resonance      102
Abraham — Lorentz electron theory      4
Absolute elsewhere      139
Absolute motion      38
Absolute reference frame      113
Absolute space      35 187
Absolute time      5 27 36
Action-at-a-distance      17
Advance of perihelion      219—220 253
Airy's ether experiment      42
Aleph      60 102 104
Angles in spacetime      148 158
Annihilation      98
Antimatter      192
Arago's ether experiment      42
Aristotle      1 27 35
Aristotle, idea of force      28
Aristotle, question of place      5
B and D meson tracks      60
Bekenstein      247
Bell      253
Beta decay      127
Bhabha event      104
big bang      61 232 237 247
Binary pulsar      253
Binary pulsar, PSR B1913+16      254
Binary star system      249
Binding energy      93
Black holes      239—247 257
Black holes, critical density      240
Black holes, entropy      247
Black holes, ergosphere      245
Black holes, event horizon      241 244—247
Black holes, evidence      247
Black holes, mini-black holes      247
Black holes, non-rotating      245
Black holes, photon sphere      241
Black holes, rapidly rotating      245
Black holes, Schwarzschild radius      240
Black holes, trapped surface      241
Black-body radiation      238
blue shift      244
Bolyai      221
Bondi      180
Bottom quark      101
Bradley      40
Bucherer      85
Calorimeters      104
Cartesian co-ordinates      7
Cartesian mesh      224
Causal connections      139
Centrifugal force      185 186 189 245
Cerenkov radiation      49
CERN      59 60 100 102 192
Co-moving co-ordinates      231
Co-ordinate distance      231
Collapsed stars      240
Collisions      163
Compton effect      166 168 174
Copernicus      1 37
Coriolis forces      32 36
Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE)      237 239
Cosmic background radiation      239 257
Cosmic censorship hypothesis      245
Cosmic rays      58
Cosmological constant      229 233 239
Covariance      48 113 120
Critical density      236
Crommelin      196
Crookes radiometer      87
Curvature      209 211 215 216 222 240 248
Curvature of a spherical surface      213
Curvature, intrinsic      213 261
Curvature, positive curvature      229
Curvature, radius of curvature      210 214 262
Curvature, radius of curvature near Earth      216 218
Dark matter      237
de Sitter      229
Deceleration term      233
Deflection of light by gravity      194—196 215 218 257 259
Descartes      28
Deterministic chaos      8
Deuteron fusion      86
Dicke      238
Diffraction      22 23
Doppler effect      22 57 120 126 171 229 258
Eddington      195 203 233
Einstein      47 87 88 93 195 223 253
Einstein '...Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies'      4
Einstein — Rosen bridge      246
Einstein's law of gravitation      227
Einstein, acceleration and gravitation      190
Einstein, deflection of starlight      193
Einstein, Einstein And de Sitter Universes      229
Einstein, gravity and relativity      37
Einstein, Mach's principle      188
Einstein, purpose of mechanics      5 30
electromagnetic field      17 20
Electromagnetic waves      19 27 248
Electron-positron collider      102
Electron-volt      96
Energy conservation      11
Energy equivalent of 1 u      93
Energy-momentum invariant      120
entropy      247
Eoetvoes      189
Epstein      181
Equivalence principle      186—188 192—194 205 214—215 223 227 244 249 256—259
Escape velocity      228 237 239 261
Euclid axiom of the parallels      221
Euclid Elements      221
Events      136 173
Exit cone      241
Expansion redshift      262
Faraday      1 3 17 19
Fitzgerald      46
Fizeau      80
Fizeau ether drag      80
Fizeau ether experiment      42
Flatland      211—212
Foucault      2
Foucault, pendulum      5 32 188
Foucault, speed of light in air and water      22
Four-displacement      174
Four-momentum      159—162 174
Four-momentum, Lorentz transformation      174
Four-vector (4-vector)      151 173
Four-velocity      159 174
Free-fall      189
Fresnel      2 80
Fresnel drag hypothesis and coefficient      42 43 122
Friedmann      232
Friedmann — Lemaitre universe      236
Galactic halos      237
Galaxy formation      237
Galilean relativity      36—38 47
Galilean transformation      110
Galileo      1 15 28 30 38 47
Galileo 'Dialogue Concerning Two New Sciences'      28 35
Galileo, free-fall      37
Galileo, Galilean Relativity      36 37
Galileo, Pisa experiment      188
Galileo, thought experiment      190
Gamma factor      55
Gamow      238
Gauss      221
Gauss's theorem      236
General covariance      227
General relativity      194 220 223 226 232 240 248 256
General relativity, equations      227
General relativity, paraphrased      209
General relativity, Schwarzschild solution      240
General relativity, weak field approximation      199 219
Generalized co-ordinates      223
GEO 600      252
Geodesics      208 210 212 216 222 227
Geometry of curvature      207
Geometry of space      30
Geometry of space-time      194 222—223
Geometry of the universe      228
Geometry, Cartesian      131
Geometry, Euclidean      135 136 146 208 212 218
Geometry, fifth dimension      213
Geometry, flat space      236
Geometry, fourth dimension      150
Geometry, local      218
Geometry, non-Euclidean      212 214 218 221 256
Geometry, visualising non-Euclidean geometries      222
Geostationary satellite      31
Gluon      105
Gravitational lens      197
Gravitational lens, Einstein ring      198
Gravitational lens, focal length      199 257
Gravitational lens, microlens      198
Gravitational radiation      248—257 264
Gravitational radiation, dipole radiation      249
Gravitational radiation, quadrupole radiation      249
Gravitational red shift      262
Gravitational telescope      256
Gravity and acceleration      190
Gravity and geometry      214
Gravity and light      193
Gravity and time      199
Gravity, Einstein's theory      226
Gravity, field theory      248
Gravity, gravitational collapse      242
Gravity, gravitational field      186 206 210 215 222
Gravity, gravitational forces      15 185 191
Gravity, gravitational repulsion      229
Gravity, gravity paradox      228
Gravity, non-linear      224
Gravity, strength of gravity      259
Gravity, tidal effects      215—216 244 249 253 258 261
Grossmann      223
Gyroscope precession      220 246
Half-life      58 60
Hamiltonian mechanics      4
Hawking radiation      247
Haystack radar antenna      204
Hewish      253
Hubble constant      198 230 235 257
Hubble law      229—231 257 263
Hubble period      230 257
Hubble Space Telescope      61 247
Hulse      253
Inelastic collision      138 163
Inertia      9 27 37 81 187—188 190
Inertial forces      36 185 189 191 256
Inertial mass      190
Interference      22 25
Interferometer      25
Interferometer for gravitational waves      252
Interferometer, sensitivity to gravitational waves      254
interval      148 173
Interval, invariance      149 153 157
Interval, null or lightlike      152
Interval, spacelike      152
Interval, timelike      152
Invariants      7 48 96 120 135 148 163
jet      105
k-calculus      180
Kaufmann      85
Kepler      1 87
Kepler laws of planetary motion      16
Kinetic energy, Newtonian      94
Kinetic energy, relativistic      94 120
Lagrange      4
Lambda particle      124
Laplace      239
laws of physics      185 192 223
Laws of thermodynamics      247
LEAR      192
Lebedew      21
Lederman      101
Lemaitre      232
Length contraction      62—66 73 76 144 156 214
Length contraction, derived from Lorentz transformation      115
Length contraction, formula      116 120
LEP      60 102 103
Light clock      48 51 54 64
Lightcone      138 143 148 158
Linear momentum      8 10 81—82 91
Lisa      254 256
Lobachevski      221
Lorentz      4 19 46
Lorentz transformation      109—118 121 131 148 153 161 223
Lorentz transformation, first derivation      110
Lorentz transformation, second derivation      112
Lorentz — FitzGerald contraction      46 66
Lorentz, force equation      19 27
Luminiferous ether      2 20 22 38 40 43 46
Mach      29 36 187 188
Mach, Mach's Principle      31 187—188
Mach, Science of Mechanics      29 36 187
Magnetism      265—267
Mariner      204
Mass and energy      86 91—95 120 194
Mass conservation      82 86
Mass defect      93
Mass increase with velocity      81 85
Mass spectrometer      86
Mass, gravitational and inertial      189—190
Mass, relativistic      81 84 93 95 120
Matrix representation      225
Matter, classical view      7
Maxwell      1 4 45
Maxwell, Maxwell equations      4 18—19 27
Megaparsec      237
Mercury, advance of perihelion      16 219 253 259
Mercury, relativistic effects due to orbital motion      60
Meson      101
Metre, definition      140
Metric      225 226 240
Michelson      2 39 43 45 46 80
Michelson interferometer      26
Michelson — Morley experiment      43 45 46 50 66
Milne      228
Minkowski      131 136
Minkowski metric      226
Mitchell      239
Moessbauer effect      202
Momentum, relativistic      95 120 159
Momentum, transformation of 4-momentum      160
Momentum-energy invariant      160
Morley      39 43
Muons      58 59 62 104 177
Neutrinos      49 104
Neutron absorption      169
Neutron star      240 242 253
Neutron star, density      242
Newton      1 228 136
Newton first law of motion      8 89 186 223
Newton law of gravitation      11 16
Newton laws of motion      5 7 27
Newton second law of motion      8
Newton third law of motion      8
Newton, absolute space and time      5
Newton, bucket experiment      5 187
Newton, calculus      4
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