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Adams S. — Relativity: An Introduction to Space-Time Physics
Adams S. — Relativity: An Introduction to Space-Time Physics



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Название: Relativity: An Introduction to Space-Time Physics

Автор: Adams S.

Аннотация:

Provides the essential principles and results of special relativity as required by undergraduates. The text uses a geometric interpretation of space-time so that a general theory is seen as a natural extension of the special theory. Although most results are derived from first principles, complex and distracting mathematics is avoided and all mathematical steps and formulae are fully explained and interpreted, often with explanatory diagrams.; The emphasis throughout the text is on understanding the physics of relativity. The structure of the book is designed to allow students of different courses to choose their own route through the short self-contained sections in each chapter. The latter part of the book shows how Einstein's theory of gravity is central to unraveling fundamental questions of cosmology.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2000

Количество страниц: 273

Добавлена в каталог: 09.12.2009

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Предметный указатель
Newton, determinism      8
Newton, gravity      15
Newton, mechanistic world-view      8
Newtonian cosmology      228
Newtonian mechanics      10
Nuclear fission      92 97
Nuclear recoil      172
Olber Paradox      263
Operational approach      38
Pair production      168
Parallel transport      211 216
Parallel transport, space-like transport      217
Parallel transport, time-like transport      217
Particle accelerator      100—101
Particle accelerator, collider      103 165
Particle accelerator, fixed target device      165
Particle horizon      263
Penrose      179 245
Penrose, Penrose process      246
Penrose, The Emperor's new Mind      128
Penzias      238
Photon      63 88 200
Photon absorption      170
Photon, energy      166
Photon, mass      128
Photon, momentum      87 120
Pions      60 168 171 176
Poincare      46
Pound, Rebka and Snider      202
Primitive concepts      10
Principia      1 5 8 29
Principle of relativity      47 120 185
Proper length      64 66 73 120
Proper lifetimes      60
Proper time      50 66 120 158 159
Ptolemy      1
Pulsar      242 253
Pulsar, PSR B1913+16      253
Pythagoras's theorem      148 151 224
Pythagoras's theorem in many dimensions      135
Pythagoras's theorem, generalized      225—226
Quantum theory      153 180
Quasar      197 198 236
Quasar, 3C273 and 3C279      203
Quasar, QSO957+561      197
Radar reflection measurements      220
Radiation pressure      21 27 87 91 120 256 267
Radio interferometers      203
Recession velocity      231
Red shift      198 229 235 243
Red shift and scale factor      258
Red shift, doppler      201
Red shift, gravitational      201 257
Red shift, infinite      241 243
Reference frames      11 30
Reference frames, freely falling      194 218 223 249 256
Reference frames, inertial      37 48 50 185
Reference frames, non-inertial      185—186
Relativistic doppler formula      262
Relativity, galilean      120 192
Relativity, general theory      223—227
Relativity, principle of relativity      48—49
Resonant scattering      203
Rest energy      93
Rest mass      81 163
Riemann      221 223
Robertson      229
Romer      2
Rotation      151 187
Rotation of 2D axes      134
Rotation of a vector      213
Rotation of spacetime axes      142
Scaling factor      224 230 231
Schwarzschild radius      243 258
Schwarzschild surface      240—241
Second, definition      140
Shapiro time delay      204 205 215 219
Simultaneity      67—69 143—144 156
Simultaneity and length contraction      73
Simultaneity, operational definition      68
Singularity      230 245
Slipher      229 235
Soldner      195
Space-time      113 131 136 140 148 151 173 215
Space-time, calibration      157
Space-time, curvature      209 215 244 256 257
Space-time, diagram      136 138
Space-time, displacement vector      151
Space-time, dragged by Earth      220
Space-time, expansion      232
Space-time, geometry      146 150—152 208—209 226—227 244
Space-time, near Earth      210 218
Space-time, rotation      153 174 153
Space-time, stretching      218 226
Space-time, trigonometry      155
Special relativity      48
speed of light      19 22 75 120 140 159 248
Speed of light as a limit      79
Speed of light in water      80
Speed of light, invariant      48
Speed of time      159
star trails      6
Stellar aberration      39 40 42 119 123
Stellar aberration, relativistic explanation      119 123
Stokes ether drag theory      46
Supernova 1987A      49
Synchronization      68—71 76 116 179
Taylor      253
Tensor      226 227
Tevatron at Fermilab      100
Thomson      4
Thomson, discovery of the electron      27
Thomson, measurement of e/m      84
Time dilation      50—67 76 104—105 145 156 253 260
Time dilation equation      54 120
Time dilation equation, derivation from Lorentz transformation      115
Time dilation equation, derived from geometry      152
Time dilation, experimental tests      57
Time dilation, gravitational      200 206 243 253 257 260
Time Machine      246
Time projection chamber      104
Time travel      63
Time, imaginary      140
Twin paradox      105 146 206
Universe, age      230
Universe, Big bang model      230
Universe, critical density      258
Universe, Einstein universe      233
Universe, Einstein — de Sitter universe      233
Universe, energy density of the early universe      237
Universe, expanding universe      230—233 257 262
Universe, finite but unbounded      229
Universe, Freidmann — Lemaitre universes      233
Universe, inflation      233
Universe, radiation era      238
Universe, recollapse      233 236
Universe, static finite      229
Universe, temperature      237
Universe, types of universe      231
Upsilon meson      101
Velocity addition      116
Velocity addition, classical      74
Velocity addition, relativistic      76 78 119 120 155
Velocity transformation      117 121
Vertex detector      103
Vesot      203
Viking      204
Virgo cluster      232
Virtual particles      247
Vulcan      17 220
Weber bar      250
Weightlessness      192
Wheeler      32
White dwarfs      242
Wilson      238
Worldline      137 143 146 148 153 158 173 215 222
Worldline, curved in time and space      208—209
Wormhole      246
Young      2 22 40
Young, double slit experiment      25
Zwicky      197
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