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Kruegel E. — The Physics of Interstellar Dust
Kruegel E. — The Physics of Interstellar Dust

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Название: The Physics of Interstellar Dust

Автор: Kruegel E.

Аннотация:

"In this single volume, readers are introduced to the composition, morphology and size distribution of dust grains, their growth and destruction mechanisms, dynamical behaviour, optical properties, spectral features and basic surface reactions. Also discussed are the roles dust plays in star formation and the spectral appearance of protostars and dusty galactic nuclei." Written in a concise and clear manner, this book will prove valuable reading for advanced undergraduates and graduate students. Active researchers in astronomy, planetary science and solid state physics in need of a source of detailed information will also appreciate this work.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2003

Количество страниц: 559

Добавлена в каталог: 28.06.2005

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$C_{2}H_{2}$ (acytelene)      226—227
$C_{2}H_{4}$ (ethylene)      226—227
$C_{2}H_{6}$ (ethane)      226—227
$E_{B-V}$      217ff 339
$H_{2}^{+}$-molecule      208ff
$R_{V}$      218ff 239
$SiO_{4}$-tetrahedron      231ff 355
$\pi$-bonds      226ff
$\sigma$-bonds      226ff
10 $\mu m$ silicate feature      235 334ff 337 389
2175 ${\AA}$ bump      218—219 231 234
Absorption coefficient      420 460
Absorption coefficient, by mass      222
Absorption coefficient, definition      45
Absorption coefficient, grey approximation      406
Absorption coefficient, physical background      14
Absorption efficiency of small particles      81—85
Absorption efficiency, definition      47
Absorption efficiency, infrared approximation      243—245
Accretion disk      494ff
Accretion disk, $\alpha$-disk      502
Accretion disk, flat blackbody      518
Accretion disk, grazing angle      410ff
Accretion disk, inflated      414 522ff
Accretion disk, Kepler      498ff
Accretion disk, spectral energy distribution      518ff
Accretion of gas on grains      275ff
Acoustical phonon branch      256—257
Activation barrier      229 278 281
Adsorption      278 281
Albedo      45 219 234
Ambipolar diffusion      485ff
Amphiboles      231
Amplitude scattering matrix      57—58
Anomalous dispersion      24
Anomalous refraction      342
Antenna pattern      401
Antenna temperature      402
Anthracene $(C_{14}H_{10})$      379ff
Asymmetry factor in scattering      46 57 86 122—123 128
Atmosphere of Earth      126 224 296
Babinet's theorem      103ff 112 114 120 123 137
Balmer decrement      219
Balmer lines      457
Barnett effect      372—373
benzene      226ff 377 379 386
Binding energy of atomic nucleus      461—466
Birefringence      342
Blackbody      106 123 132 156 216—222 245ff 400 503
Blackbody, radiation      156 170ff 184 383 450
Bloch theorem      212—213
Bloch walls      370
Bohr magneton      351 357ff 439 544 545
Bohr radius      160 208ff 439 457 544 545
Boltzmann factor      38
Boltzmann statistics      145ff 160 240 242 360 419
Bose statistics      153ff 194
Bosons      152ff
Bragg law      207
Bravais lattices      203ff
Bremsstrahlung      455
Brightness temperature      400ff 420 443 458
Bronzite $((Mg,Fe)SiO_{3})$      233
Brownian motion      39—40 72 292ff 351ff 362 367 372
Bruggeman mixing rule      74ff 395
Calcite      342
Calory, definition      303
Canonical distribution      163—164
Carbon cylinders      333ff
Carbon monoxide (CO)      185 224 306 427 437 475
Carbon monoxide (CO), destruction and formation      436—437
Carbon monoxide (CO), level population      421ff 429ff
Carbon monoxide (CO), optically thin lines      457
Carbon monoxide (CO), properties of molecule      428ff
Carbon, amorphous      74—77 97 123—124 131ff 224ff
Carbon, bonding      227ff
Carbonaceous grains      224ff
Carnot cycle      302
Cauchy principle value      65—69
Chandler period      349
Charge equilibrium      285ff
chemical potential      156 158 165
Chemisorption      278
Cigars      95ff 143 334ff
Circular polarization of light      61ff 342ff
Clausius — Clapeyron equation      301ff
Clausius — Mossotti relation      73 102
Close-packed structure      228 233
CNO-cycle      467
CO luminosity      458—459
Coated particles      72 78 83 97 132—133 224 334 390
COLOR      216ff 223 513 525
Color excess $(E_{B-V})$      217ff 339
color temperature      251 272ff 459 526ff
Commutation rules      178
Composite grains      see "Fluffy grains"
Conduction band      211
Conductivity, electric      33—37 67—68 140ff 212 230
Conductor      see "Metal"
Conjugate momenta      161 175ff
Conventional cell      202ff
Coordination number      232—233
Coordination polyhedron      233
copper      35—36 229
Coriolis force      373
Cornu spiral      113 115
Cosmic abundance of elements      76 78 224 355 392 433 445 462
Covalent (homopolar) bonding      208ff 225 232
Critical damping      16 370
Critical saturation      305ff
Cross section of ellipsoids      93—99
Cross section, definitions      44ff
Crystals      201ff
Crystals, classes      203ff
Crystals, space groups      205
Crystals, standing waves      258ff
Crystals, symmetry operations      205ff
Crystals, systems      204ff
CS lines      515ff see
CSF      211
Cubic close-packed structure      233
Cubic lattice      4 101 204 277 342 356
Curie law      357ff 362
Curie temperature      356ff
Current density      8ff 25ff 68 213 353
Cutoff wavelength      259—261 380 385—386 391 408
Cyclotron frequency      36
Cylinders, extinction efficiency of      319ff
Davis — Greenstein mechanism      347 365ff
de Broglie wavelength      152 192
Debye $T^{3}$-law      261
Debye frequency      260ff
Debye polarization      361ff
Debye relaxation      40—41 138—139 363ff
Debye temperature      212 259ff 271 380
Degeneracy parameter      158 194
Degree of freedom      161ff 174 242 378ff
Degree of linear polarization      62—63 86 128ff 324
Density of vibrational modes      258ff
Depletion of elements      224—225 275—276 355—356
Depolarization field      101ff
Deuterium, fusion in stellar interiors      466—467
Deuterium, hyperfine line      444—445
Diamagnetism      7 355
diamond      227ff
Dichroism      344
Dielectric permeability      2ff 41 67—68
Dielectric permeability of dielectric      20ff
Dielectric permeability of metal      33ff
Dielectrics      7ff
Diffraction pattern      103 107
Diffraction pattern, behind a half-plane      113ff
Diffraction pattern, behind a sphere      111ff
Diffuse interstellar medium      218ff 274 389 392ff
Diffusion of photons      405
Dipole field      83
Dipole moment      2 27 38 71 83 89
Dipole moment, quantum mechanical      179
Dipole potential      92 100
Disorder time for Brownian motion or alignment      41 293 367—368
Dispersion measure      446
Dispersion relation of dielectric permeability      4 20ff
Dispersion relation of magnetic permeability      68—69
Distance modulus      216 218
DNA      214
Domain, magnetic      359 369—370
Drag      289ff 300
Drude profile      32 34ff 137 141—142 218
Dulong — Petit rule      262
Dust-to-gas mass ratio      223—224 276 392 395 405 436 460 535
Ebert — Bonnor spheres      456ff 484 492 513
Eddington factor      405—406
Effective medium theories      71ff
Effective optical depth      327ff
Efficiency, definitions for absorption, scattering etc      44—47 141
Efficiency, electrostatic approximations      82ff
Einstein coefficient      31 183ff
Einstein — de Haas effect      372
Electric dipole absorption      81 82 85 139—143
Electric dipole scattering      81 139—143
Electric displacement      2 9
electric polarizability      3 14—15 58 83—84 134 139 214 277
Electric susceptibility      2—6 65—68 102
Electron radius, classical      29
Ellipsoids      74 90ff 134 334ff
Elliptical coordinates      91ff
Emden equation      474ff
Emission measure      455
Emissivity      126 240ff
energy bands      197—198 212ff
Energy density of blackbody radiation      170 173
Energy density of electric field      13
Energy density of magnetic field      14
Enstatite $(MgSiO_{3})$      233
entropy      5 69 148 162ff 174 305ff
Equipartition of energy      242ff 292 293 351 352
Ergodic hypothesis      161ff
Escape probability of photons      423 434
Euler's constant      117
Euler's equations of rotation      347ff
evaporation      214 281ff
Evaporation, temperature and pressure      303ff
Exchange field      357ff
Excitation temperature      419ff 443
Faraday rotation      33 37
Fermat's principle      23
Fermi energy      87 158 193ff 211
Fermi statistics      157ff 194
Fermi temperature      194 212
Fermi velocity      86
fermions      152ff 194 466
Ferrimagnetism      359
Ferromagnetic relaxation      369ff
ferromagnetism      7 357ff
Figure axis      349ff
Fine structure constant      2 186
Fluffy grains      71ff 79 394—395
Fourier series      187 207 212
Fourier transforms      19 364
Fragmentation      482—484
Free charges      8
Free energy      165ff
Free enthalpy      165ff 308ff
Fresnel zones      109ff
Friction coefficient      293 352
Fullerenes      230
Galactic nuclei      531ff
Galactic nuclei, dynamical evolution      532ff
Galactic nuclei, Hot spots      415ff
Galactic nuclei, infrared emission      535ff
Galactic nuclei, stellar components      418ff
Galaxies, infrared emission of      526ff
Garnett mixing rule      73ff
Gaunt factor      449 450 455
Giant molecular clouds (GMC)      427ff 459
Gibbs potential      see "Free enthalpy"
Globules      506ff
Grain alignment      347ff
Grain charge      285ff
Grain destruction      298ff
Grain destruction, evaporation      303ff
Grain equilibrium temperature      243ff
Grain formation      301ff
Grain motion      289ff
Grain size distribution      124 234ff 276 330 392—394 460
graphite      97 133ff 142ff 194 214 273 392 525
Graphite, properties      36
Graphite, structure      228ff
Gravitational collapse      479—480 487ff 508ff
Gravitational instability      see "Jeans criterion"
Green's identity      108—109 541
Group velocity      37—38
HAC      231
Hamiltonian      175ff 188 189 208
harmonic oscillator      15ff
Harmonic oscillator, classical, absorption cross section      30
Harmonic oscillator, classical, dissipation of energy      18—19
Harmonic oscillator, classical, emission      26ff 174ff
Harmonic oscillator, classical, forced oscillations      17ff
Harmonic oscillator, classical, free oscillations      16 19
Harmonic oscillator, classical, phase shift      18
Harmonic oscillator, classical, scattering cross section      29—30
Harmonic oscillator, classical, transients      16
Harmonic oscillator, quantum mechanical      149 179ff 193
Heat capacity, definitions      168ff
Helium      132 395 421 437 445 453 508
Helium, Helium II      194
Helium, hyperfine line      445
Helium, nuclear burning      462ff
Helmholtz potential      see "Ree energy"
Hertzsprung Russell diagram      224 486 513
Hexagonal close-packed structure      228
HII regions      377 426 435 448ff 457 478 524 538
Homogeneous nucleation      307ff
Homogeneous phase      165
Homogeneous wave      12
Hooke's law      187
Huygen's principle      106ff
Hydrogen bridges      213
Hydrogen burning      465ff
Hydrogen, atomic, HI clouds      438ff
Hydrogen, atomic, hyperfine line      439
Hydrogen, molecular      435ff
Ice Mantles      78 398ff
Inertia ellipsoid      348
Inhomogeneous wave      12
Initial mass function (IMF)      470ff 482 531 534
insulators      see "Dielectrics"
Intensity of radiation, definition      396ff
Intensity of radiation, moments of      403
Interstellar extinction curve      see "Reddening curve"
Interstellar radiation field (ISRF)      247—249 268ff 415 506
Ionic bonding      209ff
Ionization equilibrium      158ff
Ionization front      452
Iron, properties of      357—358 372 461 463
Isotropic scattering      46 86 123 127 132
Jeans length and mass      480ff
Jeans stability criterion      482ff 532
Kelvin — Helmholtz timescale      474
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