Электронная библиотека Попечительского советамеханико-математического факультета Московского государственного университета
 Главная    Ex Libris    Книги    Журналы    Статьи    Серии    Каталог    Wanted    Загрузка    ХудЛит    Справка    Поиск по индексам    Поиск    Форум Авторизация Поиск по указателям     Márton Elekes, Miklós Laczkovich — A cardinal number connected to the solvability of systems of difference equations in a given function class Обсудите книгу на научном форуме Нашли опечатку?Выделите ее мышкой и нажмите Ctrl+Enter Название: A cardinal number connected to the solvability of systems of difference equations in a given function class Авторы: Márton Elekes, Miklós Laczkovich Аннотация: Let ℝℝ denote the set of real valued functions defined on the real line. A map D: ℝℝ → ℝℝ is said to be a difference operator if there are real numbers a i, b i (i = 1, …, n) such that (Dƒ)(x) = ∑ i=1 n a i ƒ(x + b i) for every ƒ ∈ ℝℝand x ∈ ℝ. By a system of difference equations we mean a set of equations S = {D i ƒ = g i: i ∈ I}, where I is an arbitrary set of indices, D i is a difference operator and g i is a given function for every i ∈ I, and ƒ is the unknown function. One can prove that a system S is solvable if and only if every finite subsystem of S is solvable. However, if we look for solutions belonging to a given class of functions then the analogous statement is no longer true. For example, there exists a system S such that every finite subsystem of S has a solution which is a trigonometric polynomial, but S has no such solution; moreover, S has no measurable solutions. This phenomenon motivates the following definition. Let be a class of functions. The solvability cardinal sc( ) of is the smallest cardinal number κ such that whenever S is a system of difference equations and each subsystem of S of cardinality less than κ has a solution in , then S itself has a solution in . In this paper we determine the solvability cardinals of most function classes that occur in analysis. As it turns out, the behaviour of sc( ) is rather erratic. For example, sc(polynomials) = 3 but sc(trigonometric polynomials) = ω 1, sc({ƒ: ƒ is continuous}) = ω 1 but sc({f : f is Darboux}) = (2 ω )+, and sc(ℝℝ) = ω. We consistently determine the solvability cardinals of the classes of Borel, Lebesgue and Baire measurable functions, and give some partial answers for the Baire class 1 and Baire class α functions. Язык: Рубрика: Математика/ Тип: Статья Статус предметного указателя: Неизвестно ed2k: ed2k stats Год издания: 2006 Количество страниц: 20 Добавлена в каталог: 22.07.2009 Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID Предметный указатель Реклама     © Электронная библиотека попечительского совета мехмата МГУ, 2004-2021 | | О проекте