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Sommerfeld A. — Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics
Sommerfeld A. — Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics



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Название: Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics

Автор: Sommerfeld A.

Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1956

Количество страниц: 408

Добавлена в каталог: 19.11.2008

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
"Vis viva"      13
$\Gamma$-space      207f.
$\mu$-space      207f.
Absolute impossibility of reaching      74
Absolute temperature scale      30
Absolute zero      70
Absorptive power      138
Adiabatic process      19f.
Affinity, chemical      47 72
Ammonia, synthesis of      86
Aristoteles      13
Atmosphere      8
Atmosphere, equilibrium of      348
Atomic beams, method of      179
Avogadro      10 11
Avogadro number      see "Loschmidt — Avogadro number"
Avogadro's law      10
bar      8
Barometric formula      180
Becker, R.      133
Bernoulli, D.      169
Berthelot, D.      72
Bethe, H.A.      277
Black body radiation      135
Boiling point depression      111
Boiling point, rise in      111
Boltzmann distribution      251
Boltzmann factor      179 223
Boltzmann's combinatorial method      211
Boltzmann's constant      141 213 252
Boltzmann's principle      213f.
Boltzmann's statistics      124
Boltzmann, L.      55 140 162 169 205 207 212 213
Born, M.      39 212 293 302
Bosch, C.      86
Bose — Einstein distribution      266 354
Bose — Einstein distribution, gas      272f.
Bose — Einstein distribution, statistics      73 261f. 266f.
Bose, S.N.      261
Boyle and Mariotte, law of      see "Boyle's law"
Boyle's law      8 21
Braun — Le Chatelier principle      46
Brown, R.      181
Brownian motion      181
Caloric condition (for perfect gas)      15 46
Calorie      5 6
Canonical distribution      256
Caratheodory's proof      39
Caratheodory, C.      39 40
Carnot's ratio      30 68
Carnot, cycle      27f.
Carnot, L.      22
Carnot, S.      22 26 28 43
Casimir, H.B.G.      166
catalyst      see "Catalyzer"
Catalyzer      13 370
Change of state      see "Process"
Change of state, virtual      48
Chapman, S.      298
Characteristic equation      see "Equation of state"
Charles' law (the law of Gay-Lussac)      9
Chemical constants      87f.
Chemical potentials      87f.
Chlorine-hydrogen mixture      86
Clapeyron's equation      44 68 97f.
Claret, from cold cellar      41
Clausius, K.      73 80 163 298
Clausius, postulate      27
Clausius, R.      25 26 27 38 39 44 154 169 182 197
Cloud chamber      103
Coefficient of tension      3 43 74
Cohesion energy      353
Cohesion forces (van der Waals)      197
Collision equation for electrons      333f.
Collision equation for molecules      293f. 323f.
Collision integral      299f.
Collision invariants      306
Collision moments      314 327f.
Collisions, law of      297f.
Compressibility      4
Conduction of heat      204 340 342f.
Conduction of heat in anisotropic body      155
Conductivity, thermal      333f.
Contact potential      159
Continuity, equation of      153
Couette flow      317 332
Critical point      67
Curie constant      123 127 192
Curie point      121 127 192
Curie temperature      see "Curie point"
Curie — Weiss law      127
Curie's law for paramagnetic substances      123
CYCLE      4 22
Dalton's law      10 77
Dalton, J.      10
Daniell cell      115
Darwin — Fowler method      212 259
Darwin, C.G.      212 259
De Boer, J.      57
de Haas, G.L.      70
de Haas-Lorentz, Mrs.      47
Debye's theory of specific heat      247f.
Debye, P.      70 74 125 135 247
Degeneration of gases      266f. 274 277
Degeneration, characteristic temperature of      280
Degeneration, degree of      270
Degrees of freedom, additional in retarded equilibrium      50
Degrees of freedom, dying out of (freezing)      234 240
Degrees of freedom, thermal      3 18 239
Degrees of freedom, thermodynamic      108
Delbrueck, M.      253
Demagnetization      74f. 134
Density fluctuations      291 355
Dewar      20
Diesel engine      37
Diesselhorst, H.      277
Dieterici, C.      196
Differential, perfect      2 14 31
Diffusion      206
Diffusion, increase in entropy due to      80
Diffusion, thermal      163
Dilute solutions      92f.
Dipole      145
Dirac, P.A.M.      261
Dirichlet's discontinuous factor      381
Dissociation of steam      81
Doering, W.      133
Doppler's effect      179
Drude's equation      343
Drude's method      276
Drude, P.      276 344
Dufour, L.      163
Duhem — Margule conditions      90
Dulong — Petit rule      236 248
Efficiency      27f.
Effusion, thermal      163
Ehrenfest, P.      47 208 210
Ehrenfest, T.      47 208 210
Einbinder, H.      349
Einstein condensation      273 349
Einstein's equation      183
Einstein's reversal of Boltzmann's principle      213
Einstein, A.      181 240 261
Electric field strength, impressed      160
Electro-motive force      117
Electron gas in metals      276
Elementary cells in phase space      212 219
Emden, R.      40 357
Emmisivity      138
Energetics      13
Energy      13 40f.
Energy, conservation of      13 153
Energy, dissipation of      165f.
Energy, distribution      179
Energy, flux of      17 24 339
Energy, limiting      279 342
Ensemble, Canonical      267
Ensemble, Grand Canonical      267 290
Ensemble, microcanonical      267
Enskog, D.      168 295 322
Enthalpy      13 16 24 42f.
entropy      25f.
Entropy and probability      213
Entropy at absolute zero      71
Entropy increase in diffusion      80
Entropy, additivity of      34
Entropy, constant      230
Entropy, decrease of      41
Entropy, flux of      154 165
Entropy, increase      36
Entropy, local generation of      152f. 166 328 336
Entropy, source density      328 336
Entropy, theorem      34 320f.
Equation of state      3 10
Equation of state, Dieterici      188
Equation of state, Gay-Lussac      9
Equation of state, magnetic      121f.
Equation of state, perfect gas      9f.
Equation of state, Van der Waals      55f.
Equilibrium conditions      48
Equilibrium, cyclic      369
Equilibrium, detailed      351
Equilibrium, liquid and gas      65
Equilibrium, retarded      36
Equilibrium, state of      19
Equilibrium, thermal      1 34
Equilibrium, thermodynamic      1 47f.
Equilibrium, unconstrained      47
Equilibrium, unstable      66
Equipartition, law of      174 238
Equivalence of heat and work      6 13
Eucken, A.      234 332
Euler's equation      317
Evaporation, latent heat of      see "Latent heat"
Exner, F.      187
Extensive quantity      3 42
Faraday's equivalent charge      114
Fermi — Dirac distribution      266
Fermi — Dirac gas, complete degeneracy      277f.
Fermi — Dirac statistics      73 261f. 266f.
Fermi, E.      261
Ferro-magnetism      121f.
Ferro-magnetism, Weiss' theory of      125
Fluctuations      39 181
Fluctuations, higher powers      291
Fluctuations, mean square of      286
Fluid dynamics, fundamental equation of      310f.
Flux of current      339f.
Fourier, T.B.      153
Fowler, R.H.      1 212 260
Free energy      42f. 53
Free enthalpy      42f.
Free enthalpy per electron      158 278
Freezing of degrees of freedom      234 240
Galvanic cell, emf      113
Gas degeneration      73 266f.
Gas, diatomic      230f.
Gas, mixture      77f. 226
Gas, monatomic      227
Gas, polyatomic      233
Gas, thermometer      68
Gas, universal constant      9 12
Gaussian distribution      178
Gay-Lussac's experiment      20 25
Gay-Lussac's law      see "Charles' law"
Gay-Lussac, J.      10 20 71
Giauque, W.J.      70 135
Gibbs — Helmholtz fundamental equation      72 118
Gibbs' condition      250f.
Gibbs' paradox      80
Gibbs' phase rule      106f.
Gibbs, W.J.      44 47 48 87 212 250
Giorgi's M.K.S. system      7
Glaser, W.      141
Grad, H.      307 323
Gram-mol      11
Guldberg and Waage, law of      77f.
Guldberg, C.M.      81 83
H-Theorem      302f.
Haber, F.      86
Hardy      358
Heat, "content"      7
Heat, conduction of      204 340 342f.
Heat, equivalent, mechanical      6
Heat, flux      154 319
Heat, quantity of      6
Heat, substance      26
Heat, transfer      27
Heating      6
Helmholtz — Gibbs law      118
Henry's law of absorption      112
Hertz's dipole      145
Hertzfeld, K.F.      323
Hilbert, D.      205
Ideal gas      see "Perfect gas"
Impressed electric field strength      160
Indicator diagram      5 103
Integrating denominator      2 31
Intensive quantity      3 42
Internal transformations      163
Inversion curve      61
Irreversible processes      19f. 152f.
Isentrope      26
Isentropic process      20f.
Ising, E.      187
Isolated system      34
Isotherm      21 23
Jaeger, G.      277
Jaumann, G.      165
Jordan, P.      259
Joule — Kelvin process      23f. 47 60
Joule, heat      6
Joule, J.P.      22 23
Kamerlingh-Onnes, H.      63 125 135
Kapitza, P.      63
Kappler, E.      185 186 353
Kelvin's clouds      233
Kelvin's postulate      27
Kelvin's temperature scale      10 68f.
Kelvin, Lord      see "Thomson W."
Kilogram-mol      11
Kinetic theory of gases      169f. 293f.
Kirchhoff's law      136
Kirchhoff, G.R.      136
Knudsen, M.      199
Kroenig, A.      169
Kronecker's symbol      312
Kundt, A.      203
Kurlbaum, F.      149
Langevin's function      124 187f.
Langevin, P.      122 181
Latent heat      99
Latent heat of fusion      100
Law of mass action      77f.
Law of thermodynamics, first      13f.
Law of thermodynamics, second      26f.
Law of thermodynamics, Second, differential form      155
Law of thermodynamics, third      71f.
Law of thermodynamics, Zeroth      1
Law of very large numbers      286
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