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Eliezer Sh., Ghatak A., Hora H. — Fundamentals of Equations of State
Eliezer Sh., Ghatak A., Hora H. — Fundamentals of Equations of State

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Название: Fundamentals of Equations of State

Авторы: Eliezer Sh., Ghatak A., Hora H.

Аннотация:

The equation of state was originally developed for ideal gases, and proved central to the development of early molecular and atomic physics. Increasingly sophisticated equations of state have been developed to take into account molecular interactions, quantization, relativistic effects, etc.

Extreme conditions of matter are encountered both in nature and in the laboratory, for example in the centres of stars, in relativistic collisions of heavy nuclei, in inertial confinement fusion (where a temperature of 109 K and a pressure exceeding a billion atmospheres can be achieved). A sound knowledge of the equation of state is a prerequisite for understanding processes at very high temperatures and pressures, as noted in some recent developments.

This book presents a detailed pedagogical account of the equation of state and its applications in several important and fast-growing topics in theoretical physics, chemistry and engineering.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2002

Количество страниц: 384

Добавлена в каталог: 14.11.2008

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
'Clamshell' focusing mirror      233
'Drowning of spectral lines'      3
'Fireball' of matter      311
Acoustic velocity      14
Adiabatic compression      22
Adiabatic law      224
Adiabatic process      170
Aluminium EOS      210
Antiparticle      311
Astrophysics      11 257
Atomic weight      17
Avogadro number      22 37
Bernoulli equation      195
Black body radiation      4 11 267 283
Bohr, orbits      117
Bohr, radius      11 108
Boltzmann equation      185 188
Boltzmann factor      52
Boltzmann's constant      3 37
Boltzmann's law      35
Boltzmann's relation      23
Boltzmann's statistics      24
Bootstrap philosophy equation      311
Bose gas      68
Bose — Einstein condensation      62
Bose — Einstein distribution      58
Bose — Einstein equation of state      49
Bose — Einstein statistics      49 55
Bosons      13 318
Boyle — Mariotte law      16 82
Bremsstrahlung      222 238
Bremsstrahlung, inverse      236
Bremsstrahlung, losses      225
Cannon ball      242
Cannon ball, scheme      244
Canonical momenta      35
Carnot, cycle      17
Carnot, process      16 224
Central core      232
Chandrasekhar      76 82 289 295
Chandrasekhar, limit      301
Changes of symmetry      8
Chemical forces      8
Chemical kinetics      1
Chemical potential/s      19 88 102
Chemical reactions      19
Chemically reacting gases      17
Classical statistics      50 59
Cold fusion      5
Collective, Collisions      239
Collective, Effects      190
Compressibility      6 160 163 198
Compressibility, isothermal      160
Compression energy      232
Compton wavelength      5 265
Conservation law      15
Copper EOS      210
Coriolis forces      194
Corona (hot)      232
Coulomb collisions      4 185 188 190
Coulomb interactions      96
Coulomb logarithm      193 236
Coupling of radiation      13
Critical phenomena      8
Critical point      21
Critical pressure      21
Critical temperature      21
Dalton's law      17 21
de-Broglie wavelength      105 108
Debye — Grueneisen EOS      251
Debye — Grueneisen equation      241
Debye — Hueckel      241
Debye — Hueckel, EOS      96
Debye — Hueckel, model      96
Debye, characteristic temperature      157
Debye, energy      158
Debye, length      98
Debye, model of solids      157
Debye, relation      201
Debye, specific heat      203
Debye, temperature      252
Degeneracy      4
Degeneracy, parameter      323
Degenerate gas (completely)      354
Degrees of freedom      22
Density of states      321
Density of stellar material      261
Density, ripples      243
Deuterium      221
Diatomic molecule      22 35
Dirac's relativistic equation      76
Dirac-delta function      106
Dissipative terms, 'artificial'      236
Distribution function      185
Distribution function, electron      116
Distribution of energy      23
Double layers      237
Dufong — Petit law      16 155 211
Dugdale — MacDonald formula      164
Eddington      286
Einstein, model of solids      155
Einstein, temperature      156
Electric fields      185
Electric fields, internal      222 242
Electric fields, strong      237
Electron, distribution electron interactions      120
Electron, distribution function      116
Electron, distribution phonon interactions      153
Electron, gas (degenerate)      262
Electronic partition function      47
Electrostatic atom model      3
Elementary particle physics      305
Energetic neutrinos      306
Energy      99
Energy conservation      1
Energy conservation, equation      167
Energy source      221
Energy, interactions      97
Energy, potential      106
Enthalpy      19
Entropy of an Ideal Gas      182
Entropy of radiation      1 16 22 23 24 30 75
Entropy, increase      182
Entropy, uniform      230
Equation of continuity      165 191
Equation of motion      191 195
Equation of state      153 249
Equation of state, model      10
Equation of state, non-degenerate      246
Equation of state, pressure-energy relation      201
Equation of state, relation      160
Equation of state, single temperature      246
Equation of state, two-temperature      246
Equipartition of energy      37
Euler equation      167 225
Eulerian coordinates      225
Evolution of a star      258 279
Exchange and quantum corrections      149 157 337
Extreme relativistic limit      84
Fast electrons      231
Fermi — Dirac      5 49
Fermi — Dirac, distribution      67
Fermi — Dirac, distribution function      69
Fermi — Dirac, electron Gas      228
Fermi — Dirac, equation of state      66 337
Fermi — Dirac, Fully degenerate      228
Fermi — Dirac, functions      326 333
Fermi — Dirac, integrals      151
Fermi — Dirac, model      240
Fermi — Dirac, statistics      105
fermions      5 13 318
ferromagnetism      8
First Jaw of thermodynamics      15 54
Flux limiter parameter      239
Fokker — Planck Coefficients      188
Fokker — Planck equation      188
Free energy      30 57 75 88
Free energy, Gibbs      88
Free energy, Helmholtz      57 75
Friction      15
Fusion reactions      225
Gas constant      37
Gaussian density profile      223 224
Gay-Lussac law      16
Generalized coordinates      35
Gibbs' free energy      33 88
Gibbs' paradox      31 33
Gibbs' potential      17
Glass balloons      232
Grand partition function      30 56 66
Gravitation      184 194
Gravitational constant      6 268
Gravitational force      267
Gravitational potential      258
Gravitational potential energy      274 293
Grueneisen, coefficient      200
Hadron physics      306
Hagedorn model      306
Hamilton's equations      189
harmonic oscillator      42
Heat      15
Heat, transport      15
Helmholtz free energy      57 75
Hohlraum radiation      244 245
Homogeneous star      274
Hugoniot, curve      180 201
Hugoniot, data      152
Hugoniot, experiments      164
Hugoniot, point      218
Hugoniot, pressure      203 217
Hugoniot, relation      176 179
Hydrodynamic codes      246
Hydrostatic equilibrium      267 354
Ideal equation of state      3
Ideal gas      259
Ignition, homogeneous      225
Ignition, process, central      232
Ignition, temperature      222
Ignition, volume, model      225 244
Impact of accelerated particle      198
Increase of fusion      5
Inertial confinement fusion      221 222
Inertial confinement fusion, laser induced      235
Inhomogeneity fields      239
Interionic forces, effect of      96
Intermediary statistics      14
Intermolecular forces      64
Internal energy      16
Inversion temperature      21
Ionization      9 89
Ionization, equilibrium      86
Ionization, potential      102
Ionization, processes      22
Ionization, reaction      90
Irreversibility      16
Isentropic compression      224 225
Isentropic process      22
Isolated ions      96
Isothermal compressibility      160
Isothermals      16
Kinetic equations      185
Kinetic pressure      15 195
Krook collision term      188
Lagrangian coordinates      225
Landau — Ginzburg equation      305
Lane — Emden equation      287
Laser induced inertial confinement      235
Laser pulse shape      231
Lawson criterion      223 225 353
Lead EOS      210
Liouville, distribution function      189
Liouville, equation      189
Liouville, Theorem      24 188
Lorentz frame      307
Loschmidt number      22 37
Loss of information      189
Mach number      181
Madelung model      6
Magnetic confinement      222
Many-body physics      305
Mass conservation      191
Mass conservation, equation      165
Maxwell — Boltzmann distribution      23 26 188
Maxwellian distribution      188
Mie — Grueneisen equation of state      152
Modes of vibrations      153
Molar volume      17
Molecular structure      17
Momentum conservation      191
Momentum conservation, equation      166
Most probable distribution      23
Multi-particle computations      185
N-particle problem      186
Near equilibrium processes      16
Neutrality condition      98
Neutrinos      6
Neutron stars      1 299
Newton's mechanics      184
Non-interacting molecules      86
Nonlinear effects      239
Nonlinear force      242 243
Nuclear explosives      198
Nuclear fusion      8 221
Nuclear fusion controlled      221
Nuclear fusion energy      221
Nuclear reaction time      353
Nuclear reactions      8
Optical path length      236
Osmotic pressure      96
Pair production      4 19
Parametric instabilities      238
Parity      306
Partition function      28 308
Partition function, electronic      47
Partition function, rotational      44
Pauli exclusion principle      308
Pellet, 'double shell'      233
Pellet, collapse      229
Perfect gas      37 261
Phase transitions      8 249
Phase transitions, solid-liquid      8
Photon momentum      53
photons      51
Picnonuclear reactions      5
Piston velocity      179
Planck distribution      52
Planck's constant      27
Planck's law      54
Plasma, beam, interactions      249
Plasma, compression      225
Plasma, fully ionized      229
Poisson equation      106 150
Polarization shift      53 3
Polytropic model      286
Potential energy function      106
Pressure      8 16 128 257
Pressure, and energy      315
Pressure, and other forces      184
Pressure, and temperature inside a star      269
Pressure, at the centre of a star      270
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