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Название: Descriptive Complexity
Автор: N. Immerman
A basic issue in computer science is the complexity of problems. Computational complexity measures how much time or memory is needed as a function of the input problem size. Descriptive complexity is concerned with problems which may be described in first-order logic. By virtue of the close relationship between logic and relational databases, it turns out that this subject has important applications to databases such as analyzing the queries computable in polynomial time, analyzing the parallel time needed to compute a query, and the analysis of non-deterministic classes. This book is written as a graduate text and so aims to provide a reasonably self-contained introduction to this subject. The author has provided numerous examples and exercises to further illustrate the ideas presented.