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Kirk J., Melrose D., Priest E. — Plasma astrophysics
Kirk J., Melrose D., Priest E. — Plasma astrophysics

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Название: Plasma astrophysics

Авторы: Kirk J., Melrose D., Priest E.

Аннотация:

This volume presents the lecture notes of the 24th Advanced Course of the Swiss Society for Astrophysics and Astronomy in March 1994 at Les Diablerets. In three lectures on magnetohydrodynamics, on kinetic plasma physics and on particle acceleration leading experts describe the physical basis of their subjects and extend the discussion to several applications in modern problems of astrophysics. In style and presentation the texts are well-suited for graduate work in plasma astrophysics, one of the very important tools of modern astronomy. The themes developed in this book will be helpful in understanding many processes in the universe from the solar corona to active galaxies.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1995

Количество страниц: 334

Добавлена в каталог: 27.07.2014

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Absorption, Alfven wave      42
Absorption, coefficient      129 see
Absorption, gyromagnetic      171 179
Absorption, Landau damping      124
Absorption, phase mixing      80f
Absorption, resonant      82
Absorption, self-absorption      184
Acceleration of particle, general bulk      162
Acceleration of particle, general efficiency      277
Acceleration of particle, general MHD frame      59
Acceleration of particle, general pre-acceleration      166
Acceleration of particle, general time scale      166
Acceleration of particle, specific, betatron      230
Acceleration of particle, specific, diffusive shock      167 230 256ff
Acceleration of particle, specific, Fermi      164
Acceleration of particle, specific, magnetic pumping      230
Acceleration of particle, specific, resonant      155ff
Acceleration of particle, specific, shock-drift (or fast Fermi)      230 239ff
Active galactic nuclei, cosmic ray acceleration      302
Active galactic nuclei, hot spot      293
Active galactic nuclei, jets      293
Active galactic nuclei, observations      291
Adiabatic expansion      246
Adiabatic invariant      159
Alfven critical point      55
Alfven velocity      38
Ampere equation      13
Amplification factor      252 255
Analytic function      61
Annihilation of magnetic field      57
Anti-reconnection theorem      62
Arcade      29 32 106
Archimedes spiral      54
Auroral kilometric radiation      175
Beat condition      200
Bohm diffusion      282
Braiding of field lines      82 see
Bulk acceleration      163
Buoyancy (magnetic)      36
Cerenkov resonance      122
Charge density      12 114
Chromosphere      3
Clumps of Langmuir waves      203
Coalescence of waves      197 200
Collapse of Langmuir waves      204
Compactness      297
Compactness, magnetic      299
Compton scattering      191ff
Conductivity      116
Corona, coronal bright points      75 77
Corona, coronal holes      52 75 80
Corona, coronal loops      75
Corona, general parameters      3f 75
Corona, heating      74ff 80
Cosmic rays, acceleration      274ff
Cosmic rays, confinement times      144
Cosmic rays, energy losses      300
Cosmic rays, maximum energy      294 299
Cosmic rays, observations      142 275
Cosmic rays, secondary cosmic rays      276
Cosmic rays, self-confinement      147
Cosmic rays, streaming speed      149
Cosmic rays, transport equation      261
Cosmic rays, two-fluid model      290
Current      73
Current density      12 114
Current sheet      14 56 59ff 99
Current sheet, dynamics      62
Current, current-free plasma      31
Cutoff of wave mode      119
Cyclotron frequency      119
Cyclotron maser, analytic estimate      174
Cyclotron maser, applications      175ff
Cyclotron maser, free energy      177
Cyclotron maser, general      172ff
Cyclotron maser, growth rate      174
Cyclotron maser, loss-cone driven      173
Cyclotron maser, mode      173
Cyclotron maser, semirelativistic approximation      172
Damping      see "Absorption"
De Hoffmann — Teller frame of reference      236
Decay of magnetic field      14
Decay of waves      197
Dielectric constant or tensor      116
Diffusion of magnetic field      14 41 56f
Diffusion of particles in space      140
Diffusion of particles in space, Bohm      282
Diffusion of particles in space, coefficient      229
Diffusion of particles in space, compound      154
Diffusion of particles in space, cross-field      151 153f
Diffusion of particles in space, Kolmogorov turbulence      270
Diffusion of particles in space, pitch-angle      157
Diffusion of particles in space, quasi-linear      129 142
Diffusion of particles in space, steady state      159
Diffusion of particles in space, strong      162
Diffusion of particles in space, weak      162
Diffusive shock acceleration, diffusion approximation      258 260
Diffusive shock acceleration, escape probability      265
Diffusive shock acceleration, injection      235
Diffusive shock acceleration, irreversibility      257
Diffusive shock acceleration, isotropy      257
Diffusive shock acceleration, maximum energy gain      264
Diffusive shock acceleration, particle spectrum      263
Diffusive shock acceleration, pitch-angle scattering      257
Dispersion measure      189
dispersion relation      see "Waves"
Displacement current      13
Doppler effect      125
Einstein coefficients      128
Electric conductivity      12
electric field      16 57 205 226
Electric permittivity      12
Electron-positron pair      see "Pair plasma"
emission      see also "Specific processes"
Emission, curvature      211 215
Emission, cyclotron      167
Emission, cyclotron maser      170 172ff
Emission, free electron maser      216
Emission, gyromagnetic      167
Emission, soft X-ray      9
Emission, spontaneous      127
Emissivity      168
Entropy condition of shocks      44
Equation of Boltzmann      114
Equation of continuity      248
Equation of energy      290
Equation of fluid mechanics      12
Equation of Grad — Shafranov      34
Equation of induction      14 56
Equation of kinetic      see "Vlasov"
Equation of kinetic of waves      128 198
Equation of Kompaneets      193
Equation of Liouville equation      226
Equation of Maxwell      114
Equation of motion      21 226
Equation of Vlasov      114
Error function      15
evaporation      104
Faraday equation      13
Faraday rotation      189
Fermi acceleration processes      164 see
Fick's law      260
Filament      see "Prominence"
Flares, acceleration of electrons      163
Flares, acceleration of ions      164
Flares, electric field      109
Flares, emerging flux      106
Flares, emissions      8
Flares, energy      98 107
Flares, magnetoacoustic waves      164
Flares, models      28 99ff
Flares, observations      98
Flares, occurance      104
Flares, reconnection      99ff
Fluctuations in plasma      115
Flux pile-up      70 72 100
Flux tube (or fiber)      10 35ff
Fokker — Planck equation      151 229 281
Footpoint displacement      34
Force balance, magnetohydrostatic      25 35
Frozen-in magnetic field      17
Geomagnetic storm      48
Grad — Shafranov equation      34
Granulation      4
Gyrofrequency      125
Heating      see "Coronal heating"
Helicity      31 85
Hoffmann — Teller      see "de Hoffmann — Teller frame of reference"
Hot spots in jets      256 293
Index of refraction      see "Refractive index"
Induced Compton scattering      193
Induction equation      14 56
Instability, anisotropic electrons      156
Instability, bump-on-tail (or double hump)      124
Instability, compressional anisotropy      139
Instability, current sheet      60
Instability, electron cyclotron (maser)      167
Instability, external structure      92f
Instability, flux tube model      95
Instability, loss-cone      160
Instability, rarefactional anisotropy      139
Instability, Rayleigh — Taylor      188
Instability, spatial gradient      141
Instability, streaming ions      138 148
Instability, tearing mode      103
Instability, thermal instability      88
Instability, whistlers      156
Interstellar medium      228
Interstellar medium, anisotropy      145
Interstellar medium, MHD      36
Inverse Compton scattering      191ff 299
Joule heating      see "Ohmic heating"
Jovian decametric radiation      175
Kolmogorov spectrum      151
Kompaneets equation      193
Landau damping      124
Landau levels      213
Laplace's equation      29
Legendre polynomials      30 140
Linear response      116
Liouville equation      226
Lorentz force      21
Loss-cone      160
Mach number      44
Magnetic diffusivity      14
Magnetic field      8 10 303
Magnetic field, current-free      31
Magnetic field, energy (free)      28
Magnetic field, force-free      25 30f 75
Magnetic field, potential field      26
Magnetic field, pressure      22
Magnetic field, superstrong      212
Magnetic field, tension      22
Magnetic flux conservation      17
Magnetic helicity      31 85
Magnetic induction      12 see
magnetic moment      159 231
Magnetic overshoot      246
Magnetic permeability      12
Magnetohydrodynamics (or MHD), assumptions      13
Magnetohydrodynamics (or MHD), equations      12
Magnetoionic theory      119
Magnetosphere      157
Maxwell — Vlasov equations      see "Vlasov equation"
Maxwell's equations      12
Mean free path      10 234
Minimum energy theorem      27 31
Mode coupling      see "Three wave interactions"
Neutral sheet      53
Neutral streaming speed      148
Neutrinos      8
Neutron star      see "Pulsar"
Occupation number of waves      121
Ohm's law      12 57
Ohmic (or Joule) heating      16
Orbit tracing      253
Oscillations, global      8
Pair plasma      208 212 215 297 300
Petschek reconnection      66
Phase mixing      80
Photo-pion production      300
Photosphere      3
Planck distribution      121
plasma      9
Plasma beta ($\beta$)      25
Plasma emission, brightness temperature      195
Plasma emission, fundamental      197
Plasma emission, general      193ff
Plasma emission, harmonic      197
Plasma emission, polarization      195 198
Plasma emission, relativistic      215
Plasma emission, theory      196
Plasma emission, type III bursts      194
Plasma frequency      118
Polarization      168
Polarization vector      117
Potential field      26f
Power-law distribution of particles      251 263
Poynting flux      76
Probability of three-wave process      199
Prominence      6f 86ff
Prominence, energy equation      88
Prominence, flares      105
Prominence, observations      86
Prominence, thermal instability      88
Pulsars, curvature emission      211
Pulsars, electric field      205
Pulsars, Goldreich — Julian density      206
Pulsars, light cylinder      207
Pulsars, magnetosphere      205
Pulsars, millisecond pulsars      216
Pulsars, models      209
Pulsars, polar cap      207
Pulsars, polar gap      209
Pulsars, potential      209
Pulsars, radio emission      215f
Pulsars, wind      214
Quantum mechanical notation      121
Quantum recoil      124
Quasilinear diffusion      129ff 142
Quasilinear diffusion, absorption coefficient      129
Quasilinear diffusion, diffusion equation      130
Radiation      see "Emission"
Radio bursts of the Sun, spikes      8 176ff
Radio bursts of the Sun, type I      194
Radio bursts of the Sun, type II      194
Radio bursts of the Sun, type III      194 203
Radio emission of pulsars, curvature emission      215
Radio emission of pulsars, cyclotron instability      216
Radio emission of pulsars, free electron maser      216
Radio emission of pulsars, relativistic plasma emission      215
Radio emission of supernovae      303ff
Radio emission of supernovae, prompt emission      305
Radio emission of supernovae, spatial diffusion      306
Radio emission of supernovae, synchrotron flux      304
Radio emission of supernovae, time dependence      304
Rayleigh — Jean's limit      121
Rayleigh — Taylor instability      188 304
Recoil of emission      124
Reconnection      56ff
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