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Clarke C.L.A., Cormack G.V. — Information Retrieval: Implementing and Evaluating Search Engines
Clarke C.L.A., Cormack G.V. — Information Retrieval: Implementing and Evaluating Search Engines



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Название: Information Retrieval: Implementing and Evaluating Search Engines

Авторы: Clarke C.L.A., Cormack G.V.

Аннотация:

Information retrieval is the foundation for modern search engines. This textbook offers an introduction to the core topics underlying modern search technologies, including algorithms, data structures, indexing, retrieval, and evaluation. The emphasis is on implementation and experimentation; each chapter includes exercises and suggestions for student projects. Wumpus, a multi-user open-source information retrieval system developed by one of the authors and available online, provides model implementations and a basis for student work.
The modular structure of the book allows instructors to use it in a variety of graduate-level courses, including courses taught from a database systems implementation perspective, traditional information retrieval courses with a focus on IR theory, and courses covering the basics of Web retrieval. Additionally, professionals in computer science, computer engineering, and software engineering will find Information Retrieval a valuable reference.
After an introduction to the basics of information retrieval, the text covers three major topic areas — indexing, retrieval, and evaluation — in self-contained parts. The final part of the book draws on and extends the general material in the earlier parts, treating specific application areas, including parallel search engines, link analysis, crawling, and information retrieval over collections of XML documents. End-of-chapter references point to further reading; end-of-chapter exercises range from pencil and paper problems to substantial programming projects.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Технология/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2010

Количество страниц: 632

Добавлена в каталог: 18.06.2014

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$f_{t,d}$      48
$l_{avg}$      48
$l_{d}$      48
$L_{t}$      34
$l_{\mathcal{C}}$      34
$N_t$      48
$q_t$      51 271
$\alpha$-nDCG      459
$\delta$ code      193—194 209
$\Delta$-value      191
$\gamma$ code      193 209 214
$\mathscr{IMMEDIATE{\ }MERGE}$      233—235 239
$\mathscr{INPLACE}$      236—237
$\mathscr{LOGARITHMIC{\ }MERGE}$      240—242 249
$\mathscr{PAT}$      160 169
$\mathscr{REBUILD}$      229 243
$\mathscr{REMERGE}$      229 233
$\omega$ code      194—195
$\textbf{docid}$      48
$\textbf{docLeft}$      64
$\textbf{docRight}$      64
$\textbf{firstDoc}$      49
$\textbf{first}$      33
$\textbf{lastDoc}$      49
$\textbf{last}$      33
${SVM}^{light}$      397—399
abandonment      540
Abstract data type      33 48 160 577
Accumulator      145 493
Accumulator pruning      147—151 493
Accuracy      322 335
Active learning      337
Active Server Pages      510
Adaptive algorithm      38 62 65 304
Adaptive coding      177
Adaptive compression      190
AdaRank-MAP      399
Adhoc task      24
ADT      see "Abstract data type"
Advanced search      160
Adversarial IR      507
Alternative hypothesis      427
Anchor text      277 507 513 536—537 555
Antony and Cleopatra      14
AOL query log      480
Apache      27
Arabic      98
Arithmetic coding      186—189 189 223
Arithmetic mean      44 68 409
ASCII      13 91
ASP      510
Assessment      8 67 73 411 441—446
Average precision      71 408
Average response time      75
B-tree      113
Background language model      290
Backlinks      534
Bag of words      60 145 151 158
Bagging      376 385—387
Basque      94
batch updates      229—231
Bayes' rule      see "Bayes' Theorem"
Bayes' theorem      260 333
Bengali      97
Bernoulli trials      418
Bias      413
Bigram      19 96 115
Binary document format      11
Binary Independence Model      261—263
Binary interval      187
Binary search      39 107 111 133 217 220
Binomial distribution      418 491
Bit buffering      208
Blind feedback      see "Pseudo-relevance feedback"
Blocking      186 216
Bloom filter      131
BM1      273
BM11      273
BM15      273
BM25      73 138—139 258 272 296 301 312 354
BM25F      258 277—279 539
body      193
Bonferroni correction      428
Bookstein, Abraham      267
Boolean retrieval      52 63—66 137 573
Boosting      376 387—388
Bootstrap      424
Bootstrap aggregation      386
Bosak, Jon      11 29
Bose — Einstein statistics      300
Bpref      461
Branch prediction      199 208 595
Bray, Tim      169
Browser extensions      526
Buckley, Chris      71
Burrows — Wheeler compression      191
Burst trie      133
Byte-aligned coding      205—206
bzip2      191
Cache      41 479—484 544
Cache hierarchy      481
Cache line      594
Cache policy      482—483
Candidate phrase      39
Candidate solution      63
Carnegie Mellon University      27
Case normalization      84
Categorization      4 310 320 376
Central limit theorem      431 439
CGI      510
Chaining      107 121 122
Chinese      95—96 98
CJK languages      95—96
Classification      312 331—366
Classification, binary      331
Classification, decision trees      360 364—366
Classification, feature engineering      338—339
Classification, kernel methods      357
Classification, linear classifier      349—353
Classification, multicategory      388—394
Classification, perceptron algorithm      352
Classification, probabilistic      339—349
Classification, Rocchio's method      354
Classification, SVM      353
Clef      98
Cleverdon, Cyril      460
Clickthrough curve      540
Clickthrough inversion      540
ClueWeb09 collection      25
Clustering      4 215 224 337
Code      177
Code tree      179 181 183
Codepomt (Unicode)      91 95 97
Combiner      502
Common Gateway Interface      510
Compression model      19 177—180 188—190 196 202 361—363
Confidence interval      416—426 432 470
Confidence level      416
Contingency table      332
Continuation flag      205
Cosine similarity      56 72
CPU cache      109 124 594
Cranfield paradigm      460
Cranfield tests      460
Crawler trap      557
Cross-entropy      361 373
Cross-validation      384—385 399
Cutting, Doug      27 504
Cutts, Matt      553
Damping factor (PageRank)      518
DDS      see "Deadline-driven scheduling"
De Morgan's laws      65
Deadline-driven scheduling      478
Decision tree      360 364—366
DECO algorithm      539
Decoder      175
Decoding performance      204—209 223
Decompounding      94 98
Deep Web      511
Degrees of freedom      423
Delta code      see "$\delta$ code"
Density function      see "Probability density function"
Desktop search      3 251
DFR      see "Divergence from randomness"
DICTIONARY      33 106—110
Dictionary compression      216—222
Dictionary group      217
Dictionary interleaving      114—118 221—222
Dictionary operations      106
Dictionary, hash-based      107
Dictionary, sort-based      107
Dictionary-as-a-string approach      108
diff      252
Digital library      4
Dijkstra, Edsger      86
Dimensionality reduction      338 356
Dirichlet smoothing      291 295
Disk seek      111 145 233 238 493
distribution      417
Distribution, binomial      418 491
Distribution, empirical      419
Distribution, exponential      473
Distribution, Gaussian      417
Distribution, geometric      192 196 210
Distribution, normal      417
Distribution, Poisson      267—268 473 548
Distribution, Student's t-distribution      423
Distribution, Zipfian      see "Zipf's law"
Divergence from randomness      287 298—302
Diversity      455—460 537
DMC      190 361
Docid index      49
document      7—8 45
Document format, binary      11
Document format, HTML      9
Document format, Microsoft Office      13
Document format, OOXML      13
Document format, PDF      11
Document format, PostScript      11
Document format, raw text      13
Document format, SGML      11
Document format, XML      11 565
Document length normalization      78 139 271—273 295 296 299 301
Document Map      105 214
Document partitioning      490—493 496
Document reordering      214—216
Document structure, logical      11
Document structure, physical      11
document type declaration      570
Document Type Definition      see "DTD"
Document, element      7 564
Document, update      7
Dot product      55
Double index      86
DTD      568—570
Duplicate Web page      549
Dutch      94 95 98
Dwell time      541
Dynamic Markov compression      see "DMC"
Dynamic page      510
Dynamic programming      492
Dynamic rank      517 535
EBCDIC      91
effect size      426
Effectiveness      8 67 538 584
Efficiency      8 75 468
Eigenvalue      529
Eigenvector      529
Eliteness      267 299 301
Empirical distribution      419
Encoder      175
English      95
Enterprise search      4 511
entropy      180 223 360
Entropy of English text      190 191
Entropy, relative      296
Ergodic      529
Euclidean distance      56
Exhaustivity      8 584
Exponential search      see "Galloping search"
Extensible Markup Language      see "XML"
F-measure      68 371
False negative      332
False positive      332
Fault tolerance      472 496—498
FCFS      see "First-come first-served"
Feature engineering      338—339
Feedback      see "Pseudo-relevance feedback"
File system search      3
Filtering      4 310 313 320
filtering, spam      325 342
Finite-context model      178 190
Finnish      94 95 97
Fire      98
First-come first-served      473 474 478
First-order language model      19
Fisher, Ronald Aylmer      414 427
Fixed-effect model      440
Fixed-point iteration      519
Flash      13
Flat index      see "Schema-independent index"
FLWOR expression      574
Follow matrix      523
Forward index      131
Fragmentation      233 242
Fragmentation, internal      108 123 124 483
French      94 95
Frequency index      49
Front coding      219—221
Function word      89
Fusion      376 377—381
Galloping search      42—44 62 65 111 246
Gamma code      see "$\gamma$ code"
Garbage collection      245—250
Gaussian distribution      417
GC-list      160—162
Generalizability      415
Generalized concordance list      see "GC-list"
Generative model      286 289
Geometric mean      44 409
Geometric mean average precision      see "GMAP"
Geometric partitioning      240—242
German      95 98
GMAP      410 422
Goldilocks      75
Golomb code      196—200 209
Gosset, William Sealy      423
GOV2 collection      25
GPU      504
Graded relevance      see "Relevance"
Gradient descent      348
Granularity      112
GROUPING      124
gzip      191
Hadoop      504
Hamlet      87 90 290 508
Harmonic mean      68
Harmonic mean, weighted      68
Hash table      107
Hathaway, Anne      51
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